Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis, Nunes & Bellini, 2018

Nunes, Rudy Camilo & Bellini, Bruno Cavalcante, 2018, Three new species of Entomobryoidea (Collembola: Entomobryomorpha) from Brazilian Caatinga-Cerrado transition, with identification keys to Brazilian Cyphoderus, Pseudosinella and Trogolaphysa species, Zootaxa 4420 (1), pp. 71-96: 87-93

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Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis

sp. nov.

Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis   sp. nov. Nunes & Bellini

Figs. 44‒66 View FIGURE 44 View FIGURES 45–52 View FIGURES 53–57 View FIGURES 58–59 View FIGURES 60–66

Type material. Holotype female on slide, Brazil, Piauí State, Piracuruca municipality, Parque Nacional de Sete Cidades (04°05’56.94”S; 41°42’33.42”W), Caatinga (transitional zone between Caatinga and Cerrado biomes), 12‒14.v.2015, R.C. Nunes coll. Paratypes on slides, one male, two females and one juvenile, same data as holotype. Type material deposited at CC/ UFRN. GoogleMaps  

Description. Total length (head + trunk) of type series ranging between 2.23‒2.64 mm (holotype 2.23 mm). Habitus typical of the genus ( Fig. 44 View FIGURE 44 ). Specimens yellowish to brownish with blue pigment covering the antennae, lateral borders of the Th. II ‒III and Abd. I ‒III, proximal half of subcoxae I ‒III and proximal portion of the tibiotarsi I ‒III; eyepatches dark ( Fig. 44 View FIGURE 44 ). Heavily ciliate apically rounded or truncate scales covering Ant. I ‒II, base of Ant. III, ventral and dorsal head, dorsal trunk, ventral manubrium and dens. Legs and collophore without scales.

Head ( Figs 45‒52 View FIGURES 45–52 ). Antennae shorter than body length, antennal ratio as I: II: III: IV = 1: 1.67‒3.45: 1.48‒ 3.09: 2.55‒5.27 (holotype 1: 1.73: 1.91: 3.35). Ant. IV annulated and not subsegmented, without apical bulb, with 1 subapical shallow sensory organite and at least three types of chaetae: blunt sensilla, pin sensilla and ciliated chaetae ( Fig. 45 View FIGURES 45–52 ). Ant. III sense organ with 2 rods, 3 surrounding guard sensilla (one of them as small pin sensillum), plus some surrounding blunt sensilla and ciliated chaetae ( Fig. 46 View FIGURES 45–52 ). One specimen atypically with 2 rods, 1 small pin sensillum, 1 isolated guard sensillum close to pin sensillum and 2 sets of 3 guard sensilla ( Fig. 47 View FIGURES 45–52 ). Four prelabral ciliated chaetae. Labral formula 4 (a1–2), 5 (m0–2), 5 (p0–2), all smooth chaetae, posterior row larger ( Fig. 48 View FIGURES 45–52 ); two medial labral spines on papillae. Labial basolateral and basomedian labial fields with chaeta r reduced   , M1–2, E, L1–2 ciliated, a1–5 smooth; one specimen with M3 ciliated chaeta on only one side of head ( Fig. 49 View FIGURES 45–52 ). Labial palp with five smooth proximal chaetae. Labial palp papillae (and guard chaetae) formula as: H(2), A(0), B(5), C(0), D(4), E(4) + l.p.; lateral process finger-shaped reaching the papilla base. Outer maxillary lobe with basal and distal subequal and smooth; sublobal plate with 2 smooth appendages ( Fig. 50 View FIGURES 45–52 ). Ventral postlabial chaetotaxy with about 26 ciliated chaetae of different sizes on latero-median field plus scales (not represented); two transversal rows of posterior ciliated chaetae, one with 0‒4 and another with 0‒2 chaetae; cephalic groove with 3+3 anterior, 1+1 medial, and 1+1 posterior marginal ciliated chaetae, medial and posterior larger than the anterior ones ( Fig. 51 View FIGURES 45–52 ). Eyes 8+8, G ‒H lenses smaller, A ‒F subequal, with 4 interocular chaetae. Dorsal chaetotaxy with 16‒18 antennal (An), 5 anterior (A0–3, A5), 4 medio-ocellar (M1–4), 4 sutural (S2–5), 2 post-sutural (Ps2, Ps5), 5 postoccipital anterior (Pa1–3, Pa5–6), 2 postoccipital medial (Pm1, Pm3) and 5 postoccipital posterior (Pp1–5) chaetae ( Fig. 52 View FIGURES 45–52 ).

Thorax chaetotaxy ( Figs 53‒54 View FIGURES 53–57 ). Central mac formula from Th. II to Abd. IV as 7, 0/0,2,4,4. Th. II with 1 ms, 1 anterolateral sens (al), 2 anterior (a2?, a5), 2 medial (m2, m4) and at least 9 posterior (p3 complex, p5–6e) chaetae. Chaeta a5 and six chaetae from p3 complex as mac. Presence of 1 modified sensillum-like chaeta close to chaetal collar, at the dorsal midline, plus two posterior mic of uncertain homology, labelled with a “? ” ( Fig. 53 View FIGURES 53–57 ).

Th. III with 1 anterolateral sens (al), 2 anterior (a1, a4), 2 medial (m1, m6) and 3‒4 posterior (p1–3, p6; p 1 may be absent) chaetae ( Fig. 54 View FIGURES 53–57 ).

Abdomen chaetotaxy ( Figs 55‒59 View FIGURES 53–57 View FIGURES 58–59 ). Abd. I with 1 ms, 1 anterior (a6), 4 medial (m2–4, m6) and 1 posterior (p6) mic ( Fig. 55 View FIGURES 53–57 ). Abd. II with 1 anterosubmedial sens (as), 5 anterior (a2–3, a5–7), 3 medial (m2–3, m5) and 2 posterior (p5–6) chaetae; ‘ el? ’ present as ciliated mes ( Fig. 56 View FIGURES 53–57 ). Abd. III with 1 ms, 1 anterosubmedial sens (as), 2 anterior (a5, a7), 7 medial (m2–3, m5, am6, pm6, m 7i –7), and 3 posterior (p6–7) chaetae; ‘ el? ’ present as mic ( Fig. 57 View FIGURES 53–57 ). Abd. IV with 1 posterior (ps), 1 anterosubmedial (as) plus several median sens; mac formula as 2 ‘A’ (A3, A5), 2 ‘B’ (B4–5), 1 ‘T’ (T6), 1 ‘Te’ (Te4), 1 ‘D’ (D3), 3 ‘E’ (E2–4), 3 ‘F’ (F1–3) and 1 ‘Fe’ (Fe2); about 10 posterior ciliate chaetae ( Fig. 58 View FIGURES 58–59 ). Abd. V with 1 anterosubmedial (as) and 1 accessory sens (acc.p5), acc.p4 absent; 5 anterior (a1, a3, a5–6e), 5 medial (m2–3, m5–5e) 5 posteroanterior (p3a –5a, p6ai –6ae) and 6 posterior (p1, p3–5, ap6–6e) chaetae ( Fig. 59 View FIGURES 58–59 ).

Legs ( Figs 60‒61 View FIGURES 60–66 ). Subcoxae I, II and III with 2 pseudopores each. Trochanteral organ with 35‒40 spine-like chaetae ( Fig. 60 View FIGURES 60–66 ). Ungues with 4 inner teeth, one pair at the base, 1 unpaired median and 1 minute unpaired distal smaller tooth; outer side with 3 teeth, one basal larger and 1 pair of basal-median teeth. Unguiculi acuminate, with smooth lamellae. Tenent hairs capitate and weakly ciliated. Tibiotarsus III with a smooth inner distal chaeta, near the unguiculus ( Fig. 61 View FIGURES 60–66 ).

Collophore ( Figs 62‒63 View FIGURES 60–66 ). Anterior side with 17‒19 ciliated chaetae; 3+3 distal larger ( Fig. 62 View FIGURES 60–66 ); lateral flap with about 7 ciliated and 7 smooth chaetae ( Fig. 63 View FIGURES 60–66 ); posterior face without smooth chaetae and with approximately 80 ciliated chaetae.

Furcula ( Figs 64‒66 View FIGURES 60–66 ). Manubrium without large spines; ventral side with 3+3 apical chaetae; dorsal face with lateral rows of large ciliated mac, short and lanceolate ciliated, and ciliated chaetae of different sizes; manubrial plate with 5 ciliated chaetae and 3 pseudopores ( Fig. 64 View FIGURES 60–66 ). Dens dorsally with one outer row of 21‒27 robust ciliated spine-like mac (holotype with 21) and one scale-like chaeta distally; inner row with 25‒29 ciliated spines (holotype with 26) and one acuminate ciliated chaeta ( Fig. 65 View FIGURES 60–66 ). Mucro square with 4 teeth, 3 in one dorsal row and 1 internal median ( Fig. 66 View FIGURES 60–66 ).

Etymology. The species was named after its type locality, Piracuruca municipality, Piauí State, Northeast Brazil.

Distribution and habitat. See distribution and habitat of Cyphoderus equidenticulati   sp. nov. and Pseudosinella triocellata   sp. nov.

Remarks. Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis   sp. nov. resembles T. ernersti Cipola & Bellini, 2017   (in: Bellini & Cipola 2017) from Ceará State, Brazil; and T. quisqueyana Soto-Adames, Jordana & Baquero, 2014   from Dominican Republic by 8+8 eyes, labial basomedian field with chaetae M1 and M2 ciliated, maxillary and sublobal chaetotaxy, Th. II with 6 mac in p3 complex, Th. III and Abd. I without mac, Abd. IV with 4 inner mac (A3, A5, B4, B5), unguiculus shape, and mucro with 4 teeth ( Soto-Adames et al. 2014, Soto-Adames 2015, Bellini & Cipola 2017). Trogolaphysa pirarucaensis   sp. nov. still resembles mostly T. ernesti   by Ant. IV annulated (simple in T. quisqueyana   ), lack of pigmentation on mouth cone and Abd. IV (present in T. quisqueyana   ), and in several features of dorsal chaetotaxy of Th. II ‒III and Abd. I ‒V. However, the new species differs by: 1) trochanteral organ with 35‒40 spine-like chaetae (49 in T. ernesti   and 28 in T. quisqueyana   ); 2) Collophore anterior side with 3+3 distal mac (4+ 4 in T. ernesti   and 2+ 2 in T. quisqueyana   ); 3) Dens inner row with 25‒29 and outer row with 21‒27 spines, while in T. quisqueyana   there are 35‒42 inner and 25‒28 outer spines; 4) manubrial plate with 3 pseudopores and 5 chaetae (2 pseudopores and 6 chaetae in T. ernesti   ). In addition, the ventral head post-labial chaetotaxy of the new species presents 3+3 anterior chaetae surrounding the ventral groove (2+ 2 in T. ernesti   ); unguiculi lamellae are all smooth (one serrated in T. ernesti   ); and D1 chaeta on Abd. IV as mic (mac in T. ernesti   ). A summarized comparison among Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis   sp. nov., T. ernesti   and T. quisqueyana   is shown in Table 2.

Data based in: 1 Soto-Adames et al. (2014), 2 Bellini & Cipola (2017). Legends:? = unknown, mic = microchaeta(e), mac = macrochaeta(e).

Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis   sp. nov. can also superficially resembles T. hirtipes Handschin, 1924   from Southern Brazil, by body mostly yellowish, Ant. IV annulated, and mucro with 4 teeth, but can be readily distinguished by the presence of dens with two rows of spines (one in T. hirtipes   ).


Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte














Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis

Nunes, Rudy Camilo & Bellini, Bruno Cavalcante 2018

Trogolaphysa piracurucaensis

Nunes & Bellini 2018

T. hirtipes

Handschin 1924

T. hirtipes

Handschin 1924