Pavonia exasperata Grings & Boldrini.,

Grings, Martin & Boldrini, Ilsi Iob, 2012, Two new species of Pavonia section Lebretonia subsection Hastifoliae (Malvaceae: Malvoideae) from southern Brazil, Phytotaxa 39, pp. 38-46: 44

publication ID 10.11646/phytotaxa.39.1.3


persistent identifier

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scientific name

Pavonia exasperata Grings & Boldrini.

sp. nov.

Pavonia exasperata Grings & Boldrini.  sp. nov.

( Figure 2View FIGURE 2 & 3 E–IView FIGURE 3)

Affinis Pavoniae friesii, sed ab ea mericarpiis majoribus, apiculatis et 2 aut 3-tuberculiis lateralibus acutis ambobus lateribus nervo medio, foliis basilaribus interdum lobatis differt.

Type:— BRAZIL. Rio Grande do Sul: near “Pedra do Segredo”, 26 abr. 2009, M. Grings & P. Brack 659 (holotype ICN!, isotypes CTES!, NY!). Subshrubs up to 0.8 m tall; stems covered with stellate trichomes, more dense in younger stems; sometimes with glandular trichomes, more dense in younger stems. Leaf blades subtriangular, triangular, ovate-triangular or suborbicular, sometimes with basal leaves slightly 3-5 lobed, 1.5– 6.5 × 0.8–3.9 cm, sagittate, hastate or subcordate, apex acute or subobtuse, margin crenate-serrate, ciliate, 5– 7-nerved, adaxial surface with sparse stellate trichomes, with sparse simple trichomes, seldom with sparse glandular trichomes, usually in young leaf blades, abaxial surface hoary stellate, usually with a tuft of setose trichomes in the base; petioles 0.8–3.5 cm long, indumentum similar to that of the stems and usually with a tuft of setose trichomes in the apex; stipules subulate 2–6 mm long, with short stellate trichomes and sometimes with setose trichomes in the apex. Flowers solitary in the leaf axils, peduncle 1.0– 3.6 cm long, articulated 3–6 mm beneath the epicalyx, indumentum similar to that of the stems and usually with sparse setose trichomes, more dense in the apex; epicalyx bracts 5, lanceolate or narrowly elliptic, somewhat more narrow in the base, 7–11 × 1–2(–3) mm, stellate-tomentose, sometimes with setose trichomes in the base; calyx 9–10 mm long, with more dense and larger stellate trichomes on the nerves; corolla white to pale-rose, petals 2.4–3.2 × 2.4–3.0 cm, with wine-red veins and claw; staminal column 7–10 mm long; free parts of the stamens 2–4 mm; styles (1–) 3–4 mm longer than the staminal column. Mericarps 4–6 × 3–4 mm, sparsely pubescent, apiculate, prominently carinate, median nerve compressed and with rugosities, tuberculate, with two or three acute and prominent tubercles on each side. Seeds smooth with a tuft of trichomes at opposite ends of the hilum.

Distribution: — Brazil, occurring in the Pampa biome ( IBGE 2004) only in Rio Grande do Sul state ( Figure 4View FIGURE 4).

Phenology: —Flowering specimens have been collected from December to May. This species has cleistogamous flowers, observed in the beginning of November, fruiting from November to May.

Habitat: —Forest edges, scrub and rocky grasslands.

Etymology: —From the Latin “ exasperatus”, meaning rugose, but with prominent tips, referring to the lateral acute tubercles of its mericarps.

Additional specimens examined (paratypes): — BRAZIL. Rio Grande do Sul: Bagé, BR 153, near the limit with  Caçapava do Sul, S 30º52'37.3" W 53º36'48.7", 01 November 2009, M. Grings & C. Buzzato 792 ( ICN)GoogleMaps  , property of Telmo Dias Dutra , 15 January 1992, Girardi-Deiro & Gonçalves 825 ( HAS)  ; Caçapava do Sul, BR 290 Km 313, 12 December 2009, M. Grings & R. Paniz 844 ( ICN)  , 07 December 1978, A. Krapovickas y C. L. Cristóbal 34213 ( CTES, ICN)  , Minas do Camaquá , 06 December 1978, A. Krapovickas y C. L. Cristóbal 34196 ( CTES, ICN)  , Guaritas , 12 October 1985, D. B. Falkenberg 2748 ( FLOR)  , Passo dos Enforcados , S 30º50'39.2" W 053º36'27.6", 03 November 2010, M. Grings & P. J. Silva Filho 1114 ( ICN)GoogleMaps  ; Lavras do Sul, Rincão do Inferno, Cabanha Macanudo , S 30º51'38.2" W 53º42'29.7", 06 December 2009, M. Grings, R. Paniz & R. Both 842 ( ICN)GoogleMaps  , s.l., 10 April 2008, I. I. Boldrini, R. Trevisan & A. Schneider 1498 ( ICN)  ; Santana da Boa Vista, Faz. Passo da Chácara , 29 March 1975, A. Sehnem 14597 ( PACA)  .

Pavonia exasperata  is similar to P. friesii Krapovickas (1977: 318)  and P. orientalis Krapovickas (1977: 320)  due to its similar narrow epicalyx bracts, usually sagittate leaf blades, and white or pale pink petals with basally vinaceous center and veins. However, P. exasperata  differs from these species mainly in its larger mericarps with two to three lateral tubercles at each side of the median nerve. In addition, this species may present slightly lobate leaf blades, especially in basal leaves.


Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural


Fundação Zoobotânica do Rio Grande do Sul


Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste


Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina


Instituto Anchietano de Pesquisas/UNISINOS