Menochilus sexmaculatus (FABRICIUS 1781)

Fallahzadeh, M., Abdimaleki, R. & Saghaei, N., 2013, Contribution to the Knowledge of the Ladybird beetles (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae), Predators of Mealybugs (Hemiptera, Pseudococcidae) in Hormozgan Province, Southern Iran, Linzer biologische Beiträge 45 (1), pp. 673-679: 676-677

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Menochilus sexmaculatus (FABRICIUS 1781)


Menochilus sexmaculatus (FABRICIUS 1781)  

M a t e r i a l 2♀♀, Minab, 30.04.2009, ex M. hirsutus   on Abutilon fruticosum GUILL & PERR.   ( Malvaceae   ); 1♀, 733, Bandar-e-Abbas, 30.11.2009, ex P. solenopsis   on Sesamum orientale   L. ( Pedaliaceae   ); 1♀, Bandar-e-Abbas, 14.06.2010, ex P. solenopsis   on Lantana camara   L ( Verbenaceae   ); 533, Minab, 18.09.2010, ex P. solenopsis   on Hibiscus rosa-sinensis   L. ( Malvaceae   ); 5♀♀, 933, Rodan, 19.04.2010, ex P. solenopsis   on Solanum nigrum   L. ( Solanaceae   ); 433, Bandar-e-Abbas, 14.10.2010, ex M. hirsutus   on Ricinus communis   L. ( Euphorbiaceae   ).

R e m a r k s: It has been recorded as a predator of the mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis (TINSLEY) ( ZHOU et al. 2012)   .

D i s t r i b u t i o n: Japan, China, Formosa, India, Philippines, Ceylon, Malaysia, New Guinea, Micronesia, Indonesia, Timor and UAE ( RAIMUNDO et al. 2008).

Members of the family Coccinellidae   are questionably one of the most useful groups in biological control, whereas several species of them are used in biological control programs of scale insect species ( MAJERUS 1994), particularly on the mealybugs (BEN- DOV et al. 2012). In our survey, each species was directly observed feeding on eggs, nymphs, and adults of mentioned mealybug species. The Nephus (Sidis) hieckei riyadhensis FÜRSCH 1979   is new record for Iran. More work is needed to document the effectiveness of the native lady beetles, found throughout the world’s regions, as mealybug predators.