Pachyrrhiza pictipennis Philippi

Irwin, Michael E. & Winterton, Shaun L., 2021, Revision of the Patagonian stiletto fly genus Pachyrrhiza Philippi (Therevidae Agapophytinae), Zootaxa 4975 (2), pp. 273-305: 290-293

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Pachyrrhiza pictipennis Philippi


Pachyrrhiza pictipennis Philippi  

( Figs 2 View FIGURE 2 , 3 View FIGURE 3 , 22–25 View FIGURE 22 View FIGURE 23 View FIGURE 24 View FIGURE 25 , 30D, G View FIGURE 30 , 31F View FIGURE 31 , 32 View FIGURE 32 , 34B View FIGURE 34 , 35 View FIGURE 35 )

Pachyrrhiza pictipennis Philippi, 1865: 704   — Reed (1888: 294) [catalogue]; Malloch (1932: 248) [redescription]; Stuardo-Ortiz (1946: 86) [catalogue]; Webb et al. (2013: 15) [catalogue]; Winterton et al. (2016: fig. 3) [phylogeny].

Baryphora pictipennis (Philippi)   — Kertész (1909: 167) [catalogue].

Dialineura pictipennis (Philippi)   — Kröber (1911: 489) [redescription], (1913: 24) [checklist].

Diagnosis. Parafacial with patch of black setae adjacent to gena; hind femur with 3–6 anteroventral macrosetae along segment length; prosternum with setae medially; wing dark infuscate with fenestrations; male without silver velutum pubescence on abdomen; mid coxa without setae on posterior surface; femora brown.

Redescription. Body length: 5.5–8.0 mm. Head with frons silver-grey pubescent with dark brown markings, lighter brown dorsally in female, silver pubescent around antennal base, small patch of setae on frons just above antenna, similar in length to setae on scape, female with short to moderate length setae distributed over frons; occiput grey to brown pubescent; parafacial with small patch of dark setae adjacent to gena; genal setae pale; antennal scape length approximately twice maximum width, brown (male) or dark yellow, brown suffusion dorsally (female), overlain with grey pubescence admixed with numerous large, erect macrosetae; flagellum brown to dark yellow with brown pubescence. Thorax with scutum and scutellum grey pubescent with, narrow dark medial stripe, lateral stripes broken to sub-tessellate, numerous erect black setae (longer and denser anteriorly in male); prosternum with pale setae present; pleuron with silver-grey pubescence, katatergite setae all white, sometimes admixed with black setae; mid coxa without setae on posterior surface; femora dark brown, sometimes with apices yellow, short dark setae on all surfaces admixed with relatively elongate dark setae ventrally, hind femur with 3–6 (sometimes more) anteroventral macrosetae distributed along entire length; tibiae yellow, dark grey-brown apically and basally; tarsi dark yellow with apices brown; wing dark infuscate, fenestrate in some radial and medial cells, costal cell brown infuscate; scutal chaetotaxy: notopleural, 4; supra alar, 1; post alar, 1; dorsocentral, 4–5; scutellar, 2. Abdomen dark brown, slight yellowish suffusion medially, intersegmental membrane pale, narrow male without silver velutum on tergites, male vestiture as short dark setae dorsally, longer pale setae laterally, female setae uniformly distributed, short, dark, erect; terminalia brown. Male and female genitalia as per genus description except: epandrium brownish, darker medially, distiphallus narrow distally.

Comments. Webb et al. (2013) noted that the syntypes deposited in the National Museum in Santiago, Chile could not be located yet could not be confirmed as destroyed. A ‘cotype’ determined by Kröber (1911: p. 489) as “ Dialineura pictipennis Phil.   ” is deposited in the USNM but cannot be part of the syntype series as it was collected decades after the original description was published. Pachyrrhiza pictipennis   is distinctive compared with other species in the genus based on the dark body colouration, extensive wing infuscation with small hyaline fenestrations distally and lack of silver velutum on the male abdomen; these are all evident in the original description and the figure plate provided by Philippi (1865: fig. 25); the identity of the species is not in question and a neotype is not necessary at this time. This species appears to be locally abundant in central Chile. Pachyrrhiza pictipennis   appears closely related to P. subpictipennis   sp. n. and P. elegantissima   sp. n. based on wing pattern and presence of a series of anteroventral macrosetae along the hind femur.

Type material. three syntype females, CHILE: Santiago Province: Region Metropolitana de Santiago, Cordillere (location unknown, presumed lost)   .

Other material examined. CHILE: Arauco Province: 9 males, 1 female, Naluelbuta National Park , 2 km E Cerro Anai [-37.801, -73.0153], Malaise in Araucaria   forest, 1–8.XII.2003, M.E. Irwin, 1253 m ( MEI166325, 166319–20, 166321, 166323, 166328–9, 166336, 166342, 167019; CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta, Centro de Informaciones [-37.8166, -73.00], 8.XII.1994, S.L. Heydon, E. Arias ( MEI116832; UCDC)   . Biobío Province: 4 males, 2 females, El Albanico, Ross & Michelbacher , 30.XII.1950 [-37.3322, -71.5225] ( MEI167452, 167463–5, 167467, 167476; CAS) GoogleMaps   . Choapa Province: 1 male, Quilimari [-32.1136, -71.5035], 13.XII.1950, Ross & Michelbacher ( MEI167475; CAS) GoogleMaps   . Concepción Province: 1 female, Concepción, Parque Bot. Hualpen [-36.7845, -73.1021], 10–15.II.1970 Malaise ( MEI112369; UCCC) GoogleMaps   . Curicó Province: 3 females, Camino al Relvo , 5 km E. Potrero Grande [-35.2061, -70.9627], Malaise in Nothofagus   forest, 14–24.X.2004, J.E. Barriga ( CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 10 males, 15 km E. Curicó, Cerro Hueca-Huecan [-35.0665, -71.1226], Malaise, 400 m, 10–22.I.1998, J.E. Barriga ( CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 6 females, Fundo la Montana Estero la Palma at Rio Teno , 6 km E Los Quenes [-34.9669, -70.9606], 14.I.1967, M.E. Irwin ( MEI167015, 167020–1, 167023, 167030, 167032; CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 9 females, Estero la Jaula, Curicó [-35.0145, -70.7465], I.1964. L. Peña, Nothofagus   ( MEI167180–88; CNC) GoogleMaps   . Elqui Province: 1 male, 1 female, Quebrada El Arrayán , 33 km S. La Villa [-30.1951, -70.9338], Malaise in vegetated ravine, 13–21.XI.2003, M.E. Irwin, 653 m ( CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 1 female, Quebrada El Arrayán , 15 km S. La Villa [-30.1045, -70.9901], pan trap in damp wash, 1.XI.2003, F.D. Parker, M.E. Irwin, 472 m ( CSCA) GoogleMaps   . Limari Province: 2 males, 8 km N San Pedro de Quile [-30.7506, -71.2531], 16.XI.1961, L. Peña ( MEI167417, 167480; CNC) GoogleMaps   . Milipilla Province: 2 males, El Bollenar , 2 km N. Pichi Alhue [-33.5729, -71.0215], Malaise in dry wash, 100 m, 1–10.I.2000, ME Irwin, E.I. Schlinger ( CSCA) GoogleMaps   . Ñuble Province: 12 females, 7.5 km E. Recinto [-36.8773, -71.5785], Malaise in dry riverbed, 760 m, 4–6.I.2000, M.E. Irwin, E.I. Schlinger ( MEI118861, 118867, 121224; CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 4 males, 2 km N. Las Trancas [-36.903, -71.481], Malaise in Nothofagus   forest, 6–9.I.2000, M.E. Irwin, E.I. Schlinger ( MEI12195 View Materials –8; CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 3 males, 2 km N. Las Trancas (-36.903, -71.481), hand netted, 4.I.2000, M.E. Irwin ( MEI121264–6; CSCA) GoogleMaps   ; 1 male, 1 female, Termas de Chíllan , 8 km E. Las Trancas (-36.906, -71.410), hand netted, 9.I.2000, M.E. Irwin ( MEI121215, 121267; CSCA) GoogleMaps   . Quillota Province: 9 males, Palma de Ocoa, Parque Nacional La Campana [-32.9324, -71.0781], Malaise in hillside draw, 6–13.XI.1997, M.E. Irwin, E.I. Schlinger ( MEI107556–64; CSCA) GoogleMaps   . Santiago Province: 10 males, 10 females, Queb. de la Plata, Rinconada, Maipú [-33.561, -70.783], 510m, [various dates] 26.X.1966 – 1.I.1967, M.E. Irwin ( CAS) GoogleMaps   ; 2 males, 26 females, El Canelo [-33.5788, -70.4499], 26.XI.1954, L.E. Peña ( CNC) GoogleMaps   ; 5 males, 2 km E. Corral Quemado [-33.35,-70.3], 2250 m, 11.XII.1994, S.L. Heydon, E. Arias ( MEI116834–8; UCDC)   ; 2 females, Pilay, Rio Peuco, ca. 45 km S. Santiago [-33.9481, -70.6413], 23–24.XI.1981, D.R. Davis, 800 m ( MEI167275, 167277; USNM) GoogleMaps   . Talca Province: female, Alto de Vilches , 26–28.I.1964, L. Peña, Nothofagus   ( MEI167161; CNC)   ; 1 male, El Radal [-35.459, -71.024], 900 m, 26.XI.1957, L. Peña, ( MEI079761; CNC) GoogleMaps   .


California State Collection of Arthropods


R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology


California Academy of Sciences


Universidad de Concepcion, Museo de Zoologia


Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History














Pachyrrhiza pictipennis Philippi

Irwin, Michael E. & Winterton, Shaun L. 2021

Dialineura pictipennis (Philippi)

Krober, O. 1911: 489

Baryphora pictipennis (Philippi)

Kertesz, K. 1909: 167

Pachyrrhiza pictipennis

Webb, D. W. & Gaimari, S. D. & Hauser, M. & Holston, K. C. & Metz, M. A. & Irwin, M. E. & Kampmeier, G. E. & Algmin, K. 2013: 15
Stuardo-Ortiz, C. S. 1946: 86
Malloch, J. R. 1932: 248
Reed, E. C. 1888: 294
Philippi, R. A. 1865: 704