Lucilia adpressa (Vell.) Sitowski, A.M.Teles & J.F.B.Pastore, 2022

Sitowski, Aline, Teles, Aristônio Magalhães, Antar, Guilherme Medeiros & Pastore, José Floriano Barêa, 2022, Novelties in Compositae from Vellozo’s Florae Fluminensis, Phytotaxa 574 (4), pp. 282-288 : 283-287

publication ID 10.11646/phytotaxa.574.4.3


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Lucilia adpressa (Vell.) Sitowski, A.M.Teles & J.F.B.Pastore


Lucilia adpressa (Vellozo) Sitowski, A.M.Teles & J.F.B.Pastore View in CoL , comb. nov. — Chrysocoma adpressa Vellozo, Fl. Flumin. (1829: 332) View in CoL . Protologue   GoogleMaps :—“Habitat locis, mensibusque floret supra laudatis”. Type   GoogleMaps :—[Illustration] Original   GoogleMaps parchment plate of Florae Fluminensis   GoogleMaps in the Manuscript Section of Biblioteca Nacional   GoogleMaps , Rio de Janeiro, I-17,4,2, cat. no.: mss1198657_039, later published in Vellozo   GoogleMaps (1831: t. 35) (lectotype, designated here); digital image available at, with a copy in the Manuscript Sect. of Torre do Tombo   GoogleMaps , Lisbon. PT-TT-MSLIV-2778_m0077. Epitype   GoogleMaps , designated here:— BRAZIL. São Paulo: Municipality of Cunha, Morro do CRuZEIRO, LOTEaMEnTO ALPEs DE Cunha, 23º05′27.9″S, 44º57′34.6″W, 1039 M, 16 JuLy 2021, G.M. Antar et al. 3878 (CTBS!) ( Fig. 1 View FIGURE 1 ).

Oligandra lycopodioides Lessing (1832: 124) View in CoL , syn. nov. Lucilia lycopodioides (Lessing) Freire (1989: 298) View in CoL . Protologue:—“ Sellow in Brasilia ”. Type:— BRAZIL. No locality data, F. Sellow s.n. (lectotype, designated here: P! [P03617783]; isolectotype P! [P03617779]).

Oligandra lucilioides Lessing (1832: 124) View in CoL . Protologue:—“ Sellow in Brasilia ”. Type:— BRAZIL. No other data, F. Sellow s.n. (syntype: P! [P02090083]).

Hymenopholis imbricata Gardner(1848:88) View in CoL . Protologue:—“Elevated Campos between Meridanha and the Ciudade Diamantina, July 1840, G. Gardner 4891 ”. Type:— Brazil. Minas Gerais: Diamantina, July 1840, G. Gardner 4891 (lectotype, designated here: K! [ K 000958357]; isolectotypes: E! [ E 00417510], K! [ K 000958359], K! [ K 000958358], NY [ NY 00180186]!, NY! [ NY 00180187], NY! [ NY 00180188], P [ P 02090084], P [ P 03617785], S! [ S 10-26379]). US! [ US 00129505] ).

Lucilia flagelliformis Weddell (1856: 157) View in CoL . Protologue:—»Bolivie: sur les rochers du mont Curi! dans la province de Tomina, à une élévation de 3000 à 3500 mètres (Wedd.)». Type:— BOLIVIA. Tomina: Chuquisaca, ad rupis Mtis. Curi, December 1845 – January 1846, H.A. Weddell 3768 (lectotype, designated here: P! [ P00704664]; isolectotypes: F! [F0050581F], LP! [LP002181]), P! [P00704665] .

Lucilia glomerata Baker (1882: 114) View in CoL . Protologue: “Prov. Minas Geraes, in campo edito prope Pedra Branca, Regnell III n. 814 ex parte!”. Type:— BRAZIL. Minas Gerais: Caldas, in Serra, loco aprico, 26 November [1854], A.F. Regnell III 814 (lectotype, designated here: S! [S-R-3318]; isolectotypes: S! [S-13-2291 and S-13-2292]) .

Distribution and habitat:—This species is widely distributed in South America, occurring in Argentina (provinces of Jujuy and Salta), Bolivia (departments of Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, and Santa Cruz), and Brazil (Distrito Federal and states of Bahia, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul) ( Fig. 2 View FIGURE 2 ). Lucilia adpressa occurs in different types of vegetation, such as Restinga (coastal vegetation on sandy soils), campo limpo (dry open grassland), campo de altitude (high altitude grassland) ( Monge & Semir 2022), and montane forest ( Hind 2011).

Nomenclatural and Taxonomic Notes:— Lucilia adpressa was first treated in the genus Oligandra Lessing (1832: 123) ( O. lycopodioides and O. lucilioides ) because it has heterogamous capitula with female florets outnumbering a few perfect florets (or morphologically perfect and functionally staminate florets) or homogamous capitula with only female florets ( Freire 1989, Loeuille et al. 2013). However, when facing the impossibility of differentiating Oligandra and Lucilia Cassini (1817: 32) on the sexuality criterion, Freire (1989) synonymized these genera, providing the combination L. lycopodioides .

Although this species is clearly recognized through Vellozo’s plates, this name was historically overlooked. We speculate that the name of Vellozo’s work itself, Florae Fluminensis, which refers to the state of Rio the Janeiro, eventually baffled the taxonomists. The first attempt to synonymize Chrysocoma adpressa under Vernonia monticola was made by Candolle (1836), followed by Sampaio & Peckolt (1943). Recently, Pastore et al. (2021) provided evidence that many names in Florae Fluminensis had their origin in the state of São Paulo, including its savanna vegetation, with this being the case of Chrysocoma adpressa Vellozo (1829: 332) . Although the original locality given by Vellozo (1829: 332) for this species was “Habitat locis, mensibusque floret supra laudatis”, Vellozo (1829) gave similar references to the six names before C. adpressa in the FF sequences until Chrysocoma horizontalis Vellozo (1829: 329) on page 329, which indicates “ Campis apricis mediterraneis floret Nov”. The latter reference was interpreted by Pastore et al. (2021) as savanna vegetation in the municipality of Cunha, São Paulo. In a recent field expedition, we collected this species, which was rarely collected in the municipality of Cunha after Vellozo’s historical expeditions. We are choosing here the original parchment plate of Florae Fluminensis (mss1198657_039) kept at Biblioteca Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, as the lectotype, and our own collection (G.M. Antar et al. 3878 [CTBS]), made in the supposed type locality of the species ( Cunha, São Paulo), as the epitype of the name Chrysocoma adpressa .

The original materials of Oligandra lycopodioides and O. lucilioides were not found in the Lessing herbarium in KW (N. Shiyan comm. pers.), but syntypes of both names are kept in P instead and the specimens P03617783 and P03617779 were, respectively, chosen here as a lectotype and an isolectotype of the name O. lycopodioides . Therefore, the neotype chosen by Freire (1989) (Smith & Reitz 10038 US [ US 01736238]) is superseded here. The lectotype of the name Lucilia flagelliformis was chosen in accordance with the protologue and specimen and maintains Weddell’s original notes. The lectotype of the name Hymenopholis imbricata was chosen based on one of Gardner’s specimens in K and maintains his original annotations. Finally, the lectotype of the name Lucilia glomerata was chosen based on Regnell’s specimen in S and maintains his original notes. In the specimen selected as a lectotype of the name Lucilia glomerata there is a handwritten note made by Dr. Susana E. Freire confirming the specimen as to the collector and collection number; however, she emphasizes that the name of the locality is different, in the protologue it appears with ‘Pedra Branca’ while on the specimen as ‘Caldas’.


This study was financed by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento Pessoal de Nível Superior ( CAPES) - finance code 001. The authors are grateful to Dr. Natalia M. Shiyan for searching for the original material of Lessing’s names in KW. JFBP is grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for the financial support (grant 302972/2020-0). GMA thanks IdeaWild for the financial support.


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APPENDIX I. Validated and selected specimens to the distribution map confection.

Lucilia adpressa (Vell.) Sitowski, A.M.Teles & J.F.B.Pastore View in CoL

Selected specimens: — ARGENTINA. Jujuy: 24°12’41.26”S, 65°4’27.40”W, A.L. Cabrera et al. 31964 ( SI!). GoogleMaps BOLIVIA. Santa Cruz: 18°30’59.98”S, 64°4’59.99”W, G. Israel et al. 1729 ( MO!); GoogleMaps 18°24’8.00”S, 63°49’18.00”W, P.L. Arroyo et al. 4709 ( MO!) GoogleMaps ; 18°26’50.00”S, 63°49’48.00”W, G.A. Parada et al. 5403 ( MO!) GoogleMaps ; 18°14’22.00”S, 63°41’1.00”W, P.L. Arroyo 3141 ( MO!) GoogleMaps ; 17°54’48.00”S, 63°27’10.00”W, D. Villarroel et al. 3711 ( UB!). GoogleMaps BRAZIL. Bahia: 13º34’44.18”S, 41º48’40.85”W, R.M. King 8090 ( CEPEC). GoogleMaps Espírito Santo: 20°27’59.00”S, 41°48’55.00”W, M. Monge et al. 960 ( UEC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°41’20.04”S, 41°50’43.08”W, T.B. Flores 1320 ( ESA!). GoogleMaps Minas Gerais: 21°13’32.88”S, 43°46’23.88”W, L. Riedel 143 ( NY) GoogleMaps ; 20°4’28.92”S, 43°24’27.00”W, Ordones et al. 272 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 20°25’59.88”S, 41°52’5.89”W, V.C. Manhães et al. 425 ( VIES!) GoogleMaps ; 21°14’44.16”S, 44°59’57.84”W, D.A.C et al. s.n. (UEC 43901!) GoogleMaps ; 20°25’60.00”S, 41°52’60.00”W, M. Monge et al. 1219 ( UEC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°25’60.00”S, 41°52’60.00”W, J.E. Oliveira 102 ( UEC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°31’23.16”S, 41°54’15.84”W, L. Krieger et al. 14185 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 20°24’36.00”S, 41°50’14.00”W, F. Gonzatti et al. 3923 ( MBM) GoogleMaps ; 19°55’14.88”S, 43°56’16.08”W, L. Roth 1367 ( UEC!) GoogleMaps ; 21°14’44.16”S, 44°59’57.84”W, W.A. Archer 4040 ( NY) GoogleMaps ; 21°50’33.00”S, 43°47’35.15”W, M.M. Saavedra 205 ( NY!) GoogleMaps ; 20°5’39.00”S, 43°58’58.00”W, G.W.A. Fernandes s.n. ( ECT 5988 !) GoogleMaps ; 20°24’49.00”S, 41°49’55.00”W, M.Barbosa; G.W.A. Fernandes s.n. ( ECT 6256 !) GoogleMaps ; 21°57’32.04”S, 44°53’24.00”W, F.M. Ferreira 867 ( ESA!); GoogleMaps 19°55’14.88”S, 43°56’16.08”W, P.E. Gibbs 4203 ( MBM!) GoogleMaps ; 20°25’54.00”S, 41°48’27.00”W, V.C. Souza et al. 12156 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 20°19’59.16”S, 44°3’10.08”W, T.S.M. Grandi et al. s.n. ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 20°26’24.00”S, 43°48’7.00”W, S.G. Rezendeet al. 4586 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 19°10’8.04”S, 43°42’51.84”W, M.G.C. Fernandes, et al. 1521 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 21°47’16.08”S, 46°33’41.04”W, K. Yamamoto et al. 1091 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 20°17’15.00”S, 43°30’29.15”W, L.G. Pedrosa 630 ( HUFU!); GoogleMaps 20°14’43.08”S, 46°21’56.88”W, J.N. Nakajima. Et al. 1145 ( UEC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°29’25.30”S, 43°42’19.40”W, C.C. de Paula et al. 303 ( VIC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°15’11.88”S, 43°48’5.04”W, L. Krieger 10615 ( VIC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°29’58.92”S, 43°51’28.08”W, M.S. Mendes & M.S. Werneck. 111 ( HUFU!); GoogleMaps 20°31’23.16”S, 41°54’15.84”W, A.A.C. Cordeiro, P.V.Campos s.n. ( VIC!) GoogleMaps ; 20°25’12.90”S, 41°48’41.80”W, G.M. Cruz-Lustre 6721 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°24’50.00”S, 41°49’44.00”W, I.R. Martins da Costa et al. 212 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°24’36.00”S, 41°50’14.00”W, F. Gonzatti et al. 3923 ( MBM!) GoogleMaps ; 21°50’33.00”S, 43°47’35.15”W, R.C. Forzza et al. 3494 ( CSJ!) GoogleMaps ; 21°40’24.00”S, 43°53’25.00”W, R.C. Forzza, et al. 4114 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 21°35’42.00”S, 44°35’8.00”W, C.P.V. Martins et al. 120 ( ESAL!) GoogleMaps ; 21°58’32.16”S, 44°36’11.16”W, G.M. Magalhães 2860 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 22°15’39.00”S, 44°41’13.00”W, F.M. de B. Pereira s.n. ( RFA!) GoogleMaps ; 20°6’19.00”S, 43°53’28.00”W, L.L. Giacomin et al. 1031 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°10’17.00”S, 46°39’52.00”W, J.A. Lombardi 1840 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°29’25.00”S, 43°19’40.00”W, C.C. de Paula,; R.M. Carvalho-Okano & M.F. Vieira 303 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 19°15’22.00”S, 43°33’11.00”W, J.E.Q. Faria; D.A. Chaves 7953 ( HDJF!) GoogleMaps ; 18°0’15.12”S, 43°23’26.88”W, P.L. Viana et al. 1213 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 18°14’4.80”S, 43°20’24.18”W, D.A. Chaves; M.F. Gonçalves; P.H. Moreira, 590 ( UB!) GoogleMaps ; 19°2’19.00”S, 43°42’35.00”W, I.R. Andrade et al. 475 ( BHZB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°11’50.00”S, 43°36’18.00”W, M.O.D. Pivari et al. 2758 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 21°50’20.00”S, 46°33’53.00”W, K.Y. Yamamoto et al. 1091 ( FUEL!) GoogleMaps ; 19°59’43.00”S, 43°40’45.00”W, C.V. Vidal; R.L. de Paula 1111 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°26’37.00”S, 43°51’49.00”W, M.S. Mendes et al. 819 ( BHZB!) GoogleMaps ; 21°50’20.00”S, 46°33’53.00”W, K.Y. Yamamoto et al. 1091 ( FUEL!) GoogleMaps ; 22°45’19.08”S, 46°8’40.92”W, J.R. Coleman 449 ( SP!) GoogleMaps ; 22°30’33.12”S, 45°16’48.00”W, M. Kuhlmann 2436 ( SP!) GoogleMaps ; 22°23’25.08”S, 44°58’0.13”W, L.D. Meireles; J.A. Nunes 1917 ( HUFU!) GoogleMaps ; 20°15’11.88”S, 43°48’5.04”W, L. Krieger 10615 ( ESA!) GoogleMaps ; 20°14’26.00”S, 43°52’2.00”W, F.F. Carmo 3102 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°26’49.00”S, 43°53’36.00”W, F.S. Souza et al. 2416 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°26’37.00”S, 43°51’49.00”W, M.S. Mendes et al. 819 ( BHZB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°17’22.00”S, 43°56’48.00”W, S.G. Rezende 7856 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°3’0.00”S, 44°1’0.00”W, R.C. Vincent 447 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°1’18.84”S, 44°3’32.04”W, E.M.R. de Castro 18 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 20°11’50.00”S, 43°36’18.00”W, M.O.D. Pivari et al. 2758 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 19°59’8.16”S, 43°50’48.12”W, T.S.M. Grandi; P.M. deAndrade 1023 ( BHCB!) GoogleMaps ; 19°59’43.00”S, 43°40’45.00”W, C.V. Vidal.; R.L. de Paula 1111 ( BHCB!); GoogleMaps 19°2’19.00”S, 43°42’35.00”W, I.R. Andrade et al. 475 ( BHCB!); GoogleMaps 20°25’17.00”S, 43°55’49.00”W, F.F. Carmo 540 ( BHCB!); GoogleMaps 18°0’15.12”S, 43°23’26.88”W, P.L. Viana et al. 1213 ( BCHB!); GoogleMaps 18°14’4.80”S, 43°20’24.18”W, M.F. Gonçalves; P.H. Moreira 590 ( UB!); GoogleMaps 18°0’0.00”S, 44°0’0.00”W, R.C. Vincent 447 ( BHCB!). GoogleMaps Paraná: 26°23’8.00”S, 51°58’58.00”W, S. Campestrini, et al. 597 ( FLOR!); GoogleMaps 26°29’3.12”S, 51°59’26.16”W, G. Hatschbach et al. 44421 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 26°32’1.00”S, 51°36’31.00”W, S. Campestrini, et al. 260 ( FLOR!); GoogleMaps 25°55’41.16”S, 49°11’56.03”W, O.S. Ribas et al. 2154 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 25°26’14.00”S, 51°49’19.00”W, E. Pasini 947 ( ICN!); GoogleMaps 25°23’43.08”S, 51°27’29.16”W, G. Hatschbach 22559 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 24°30’33.84”S, 50°24’48.96”W, G. Hatschbach; E. Barboza; 59638 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 25°13’59.74”S, 49°59’56.91”W, M. Savarais 547 ( HCF!); GoogleMaps 25°5’42.00”S, 50°9’42.84”W, L.S. Santos 38 ( HUEM!); GoogleMaps 25°12’21.96”S, 49°6’54.01”W, J. Cordeiro; E. Barboza 1024 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 25°25’45.84”S, 50° 0’23.04”W, J.M. Silva; C.B. Poliquesi 7622 ( HUFU!); GoogleMaps 25°28’28.00”S, 49°53’31.00”W, E.L. Siqueira 2759 ( ICN!); GoogleMaps 25°26’37.00”S, 49°14’15.00”W, E. Barboza 4304 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 24°20’55.00”S, 49°48’13.00”W, T.B. Cavalcante et al. 3679 ( HUFU!); GoogleMaps 25°22’6.96”S, 49°27’5.04”W, J.M. Silva et al. 3533 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 25°35’2.04”S, 49°38’8.16”W, A. Dunaiski Jr. 3965 ( HFC!); GoogleMaps 25°48’53.00”S, 49°41’22.00”W, D. May, et al. 196 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 25°46’10.92”S, 49°42’56.88”W, G. Hatschbach 5088 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 24°15’3.96”S, 49°42’20.88”W, A.C. Cervi et al. 3503 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 25°33’15.60”S, 49°48’12.30”W, M.G. Caxambu 3537 ( HCF!); GoogleMaps 25°28’12.00”S, 49°46’6.00”W, M.G.Caxambu 1319 ( HCF!). GoogleMaps Rio Grande do Sul: 29°2’52.08”S, 50°8’40.92”W, J.C. Lindeman, et al. s.n. ( ICN!); GoogleMaps 28°40’4.08”S, 50°25’0.11”W, A. Sehnem 4288 ( MBM!). GoogleMaps Santa Catarina: 28°20’12.84”S, 49°37’28.92”W, D.B. Falkenberg 7859 ( ICN!); GoogleMaps 27°48’57.96”S, 50°19’33.96”W, R. Reitz 4686 ( NY!); GoogleMaps 27°38’43.08”S, 48°40’4.08”W, R. Reitz 4840 ( HBR!); GoogleMaps 26°39’50.00”S, 51°37’52.00”W, S. Campestrini, et al. 465 ( FLOR!); GoogleMaps 26°31’48.00”S, 52°19’48.00”W, L. Smith & R.M. Klein 13342 ( US!); GoogleMaps 26°11’33.00”S, 49°15’56.15”W, O.S. Ribas; E. Barboza. 437 ( MBM!). São Paulo: GoogleMaps 24°16’6.00”S, 49°12’19.00”W, J.L.S. Tannus; P. Rubim 1227 ( HUFU!); GoogleMaps 24°6’36.00”S, 49°20’24.00”W, V.C. Souza s.n. ( ESA!); GoogleMaps 23°58’48.00”S, 48°52’12.00”W, V.C. Souza et al. 6043 ( ESA!); GoogleMaps 23°35’24.00”S, 48°2’60.00”W, A. Loefgren 152 ( PO!); GoogleMaps 22°52’48.00”S, 48°26’24.00”W, C.J. Campos; M. Yamada s.n. ( HUFU!); GoogleMaps 23°38’60.00”S, 47°13’12.00”W, I. Cordeiro et al. 1752 ( SP!); GoogleMaps 23°42’36.00”S, 46°50’24.00”W, R.T. Shirasuna; D. Domingues 2063 ( SP!); GoogleMaps 23°20’23.40”S, 46°41’54.90”W, B. Loeuille 569 ( SPF!); GoogleMaps 23°19’12.00”S, 46°43’12.00”W, J.B. Baitello & F.S. Peres 1553 ( SPSF!); GoogleMaps 23°32’24.00”S, 46°37’48.00”W, W. Hoehne 2915 ( HUEFS!); GoogleMaps 23°17’60.00”S, 45°57’36.00”W, J.E. Rombouts 2527 ( SP!); GoogleMaps 23°10’13.08”S, 45°52’48.00”W, I. Mimura 486 ( SP!); GoogleMaps 22°55’12.00”S, 45°27’36.00”W, S.A. Nicolau et al. 1157 ( SP!); GoogleMaps 23°5’33.75”S, 44°57’39.41”W, U.G. Fernandes; L.D. Sanglade635 ( MBM!); GoogleMaps 22°49’60.00”S, 44°40’0.00”W, M.C.H. Mamede et al. 665 ( SP!); GoogleMaps 22°38’24.00”S, 44°34’12.00”W, L. Freitas 838 ( UEC!); GoogleMaps 22°43’48.00”S, 45°35’24.00”W, P. Capell s.n. ( FCAB!); GoogleMaps 22°43’0.00”S, 45°34’0.00”W, L.P. de Queiroz, 2694 ( HUEFS GoogleMaps !).


Argentina, Rio Negro, Bariloche, Fundacion Bariloche


Myanmar, Yangon, Hlawga Park, Forest Department, Biodiversity Museum


Colombia, Bogota, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Insituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Universidad Nacional













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