Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus subviridis Schmidt, 1922,

Nunes, Luis Gabriel de O. A., Nunes, Rafael V. & Vaz-De, Fernando Z., 2018, Taxonomic revision of the South American subgenus Canthon (Goniocanthon) Pereira & Martínez, 1956 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae: Deltochilini), European Journal of Taxonomy 437, pp. 1-31: 10-11

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2018.437

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:AF27DA05-746B-459D-AC8C-4F059EAA4146

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3793671

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/191B87A8-FF97-3C35-FEF5-FE4CFB4DDC6E

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus subviridis Schmidt, 1922
status

stat. rev.

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus subviridis Schmidt, 1922  stat. rev.

Figs 2View Fig B–D, 5, 8

Canthon speculifer var. subviridis Schmidt, 1922: 69  .

Canthon speculifer var. subviridis  – Blackwelder 1944: 201 (catalogue).

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulum v. subviride  – Vaz-de-Mello 2000: 191 (species list).

Diagnosis

In the subgenus, C. (G.) smaragdulus subviridis  stat. rev. is separated by the following combination of characters: ventral surface of meso- and metafemora smooth ( Fig. 1AView Fig); dorsal surface of pronotum and elytral disc with similar metallic green colouration ( Fig. 2BView Fig); metasternum anterior lobe strongly convex ( Fig. 1BView Fig); profemur with a tooth on its anterior border. Paramera: on lateral view ( Fig. 1GView Fig): flattened; apex truncated; upper angle rounded; lower angle acute, forming a spine or tooth. Internal sac ( Fig. 5View Fig): FLP involving A forming a central duct with spiniform apex. SA lateral to FLP + A complex present. MP distal to A, not divided, semicircular, widely emarginated; FLP + A complex involved by MP.

Material examined

Lectotype (for Canthon speculifer var. subviridis Schmidt 1922  ; here designated)

BRAZIL: ♁, Espir. Santo (white label) / 3271 E92+ (blue) / LECTOTYPE, Canthon speculifer var subviridis A. Schmidt  , des F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014 (red with black margins) ( NMRS 3271 E92+).

 

Paralectotypes

BRAZIL: 1 ♁, Espir. Santo (white label) / 3271 E92+ (blue) / PARALECTOTYPE, Canthon speculifer var subviridis A. Schmidt  , des F.Z. Vaz-de-Mello, 2014 (yellow with black margins) ( NMRS 3271 E92+); 1 ♁, same label data as for preceding, but 3268 E92+ ( NMRS 3268 E92+); 1 ♁, same label data as for preceding, but 3269 E92+ ( NMRS 3269 E92+); 1 ♁, same label data as for preceding, but 3270 E92+ ( NMRS 3270 E92+); 1 ♁, same label data as for preceding, but 3285 E92+ ( NMRS 3285 E92+); 1 ♀, same label data as for preceding, but 3277 E92+ ( NMRS 3277 E92+); 1 ♀, same label data as for preceding, but 3287 E92+ ( NMRS 3287 E92+); 1 ♀, same label data as for preceding, but 3286 E92+ ( NMRS 3286 E92+); 1 ♀, same label data as for preceding, but 3288 E92+ ( NMRS 3288 E92+).

Non-type material (68 specimens)

BRAZIL – Ceará: 1 ♀, C Pioson, coll. Hangay, Walter Heinz ex coll. and leg. ( CEMT). – Alagoas: 1 ♁, Ibateguara, 12 Oct. 2007, B.K.C. Filgueiras leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, Ibateguara, Serra Grande, 8°59′44″ S, 35º53′15″ W, Mata Atlântica borda, pitfall, 1 Nov. 2011, B.K.C. Filgueiras leg. ( CEMT). – Bahia: 3 ♁♁, 4 ♀♀, Itabuna, CEPLAC, Cabruca, 10 Jan. 2003, M. Santos leg. ( CEMT). – Minas Gerais: 2 ♁♁, Mariléia, Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, 19º45′19″ S, 42°37′43″ W, 13 Oct. 1992, J.N.C. Louzada leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, Mariléia, Pq. Est. Rio Doce, Feb. 2000, L. Scoss leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, same data as for preceding, but Nov. 1992, J.N.C. Louzada leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♀, Ipatinga, Aug. 1994, G. Turrer leg. ( CEMT). – Espírito Santo: 1 ♁, Soorotema, Reserva Natural Vale, Estrada Cinco Folhas, 19º08′34″ S, 40º03′56″ W, 59 m a.s.l., human faeces, pitfall, 2 Feb. 2015, T. Vargas and L. Lopes leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, Soorotema, Reserva Natural Vale, Estrada Cinco Folhas, 19º08′56″ S, 40º04′08″ W, 71 m a.s.l., pitfall, 3 Feb. 2015, T. Vargas and L. Lopes leg. ( CEMT); 2 ♀♀, Soorotema, Reserva Natural Vale, Estrada Cinco Folhas, 19º08′57″ S, 40º04′07″ W, 65 m a.s.l., human faeces, pitfall, 3 Feb. 2015, T. Vargas and L. Lopes leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, same data as for preceding, but 19°08′58″ S, 40°04′07″ W, 70 m a.s.l., ( CEMT); 1 ♀, Soorotema, Reserva Natural Vale, Estrada Cinco Folhas, 19º08′32″ S, 40º03′55″ W, 59 m a.s.l., human faeces, pitfall, 2 Feb. 2015, T. Vargas and L. Lopes leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, 2 ♀♀, same data as for preceding, but 19º09′09″ S, 40º02′19″ W ( CEMT); 1 ♁, Soorotema, Reserva Natural Vale, Estrada Flamengo, 19º09′07″ S, 40º03′00″ W, 11 m a.s.l., human faeces, pitfall, 2 Feb. 2015, T. Vargas and L. Lopes leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♀, same data as for preceding, but 17 m a.s.l. ( CEMT). – Rio de Janeiro: 1 ♁, Xerém, 17 Aug. 1993, Áureo leg. ( CEMT); 6 ♁♁, 2 ♀♀, Guapimirim, PARNA Serra dos Órgãos, -22.530383, -43.001075, 100 m a.s.l., pitfall, 16–18 Dec. 2014, C. Araújo and R. Andrade leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, same data as for preceding, but -22.516573, -43.007579, 259 m a.s.l. ( CEMT); 2 ♁♁, same data as for preceding, but -22.494686, -43.002185, 400 m a.s.l. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, same data as for preceding, but -22.426, -42.992918, 600 m a.s.l. ( CEMT); 2 ♀♀, same data as for preceding, but -22.524244, -43.000526, 150 m a.s.l. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, same data as for preceding, but -22.468017, -42.998243, 800 m a.s.l. ( CEMT); 1 ♀, same data as for preceding, but 22º28′34″ S, 42º59′30″ W, Dec. 2014 ( CEMT); 1 ♀, Guapimirim, PARNASO, 22º29′41″ S, 43º0′0″ W, 350 m a.s.l., pitfall, 16–18 Dec. 2014, C. Araújo and R. Andrade leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♀, same data as for preceding, but 22º31′05″ S, 43º0′17″ W, 200 m a.s.l. ( CEMT). – São Paulo: 3 ♁♁, Ubatuba, Oct. 1998 ( CEMT); 1 ♁, Ubatuba, Banana podre, 25 Mar. 2003 ( CEMT); 8 ♁♁, 2 ♀♀, Campinas, Bosque São José, 21 Sep. 1997, M. R. Mattos leg. ( CEMT); 1 ♁, 1 ♀, same data as for preceding, but 19 Aug. 1997, M. Castro leg. ( CEMT).

Distribution

Brazilian Atlantic Forest in the states of Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro ( Fig. 8View Fig).

Taxonomic remarks

Canthon smaragdulus subviridis  stat. rev. was described as a variety of C. speculifer ( Schmidt 1922)  . It was also listed as a variety of Goniocanthon smaragdulus  in a catalogue, but Vulcano & Pereira (1964) did not explicitly treat this as a taxonomic act, nor did they consult the type material. Finally, this taxon is also treated as a variety of C. smaragdulus  in a catalogue by Vaz-de-Mello (2000).

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Scarabaeidae

Genus

Canthon

Loc

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulus subviridis Schmidt, 1922

Nunes, Luis Gabriel de O. A., Nunes, Rafael V. & Vaz-De, Fernando Z. 2018
2018
Loc

Canthon (Goniocanthon) smaragdulum v. subviride

Vaz-de-Mello F. Z. 2000: 191
2000
Loc

Canthon speculifer var. subviridis

Blackwelder R. 1944: 201
1944
Loc

Canthon speculifer var. subviridis Schmidt, 1922: 69

Schmidt A. 1922: 69
1922