Pungalina Richardson, 2013,

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 530

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Pungalina Richardson, 2013


Pungalina Richardson, 2013 

Type species: Pungalina weiri Richardson, 2013  , by original designation.

Remarks. This genus was originally described for a group of small litter living spiders. The extension of the genus to include many new and somewhat different species means the diagnosis of the genus needs to be revised. The genus can be most easily considered as containing three groups of species (here established) differing consistently in the morphology of the genitalia. These groups are: the weiri  group (P. w e i r i), the semiferruginea  group ( P. semiferruginea  comb. nov., P. waldockae  sp. nov.), and the albobarbata  group ( P. albobarbata  comb. nov., P. plurilineata  sp. nov., P. semiatra  comb. nov.). Sporadic specimens of a number of undescribed species referable to one or other of these groups are now known.

Revised Diagnosis. The genus can be differentiated from Apricia  and Clynotis  on the following grounds. Pungalina  includes a group of small to medium-sized, stoutly built, unident spiders usually found in litter, unlike the larger Apricia  and Clynotis  species. The legs are relatively short and there are no tibial fringes. Pungalina  commonly has a series of white striae on the rear face of the cephalothorax, not found in the other genera. Apricia  has patterns of bright yellow or gold lines on the abdomen, while Pungalina  and Clynotis  usually have drab patterns. A well-developed dorsal scutum is found in the males of Pungalina  and Clynotis  , but not Apricia  . The female genital duct in Pungalina  is simple in form, unlike the other genera. A pair of atria is present, unlike Clynotis  . The size and morphology of the atria and the position of the copulatory openings are stable within, but differ between, the species groups. The spermathecae are spherical and closely abutting the epigastric fold. The insemination ducts join the spermathecae on the anterior edges, unlike Clynotis  . There are no blind diverticula or glands arising from either the spermatheca or insemination duct, as are found in the other genera. The diverticulum leading to the fertilization duct is either very short or absent and the fertilization duct opens towards the midline close to the epigastric fold, unlike the situations in the other genera. Palp morphology is generally similar across Apricia  , Clynotis  and Pungalina  , though a very large ventral tegular bulge (e.g. Figs 127View FIGURES 125 – 133, 160View FIGURES 158 – 166) is found in Pungalina  , unlike the other genera. The tegulum is also approximately as wide as long in Pungalina  unlike the longer shape seen in the other genera.