Pungalina semiferruginea ( L. Koch, 1879 ),

Richardson, Barry J., 2016, New genera, new species and redescriptions of Australian jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae), Zootaxa 4114 (5), pp. 501-560: 533-536

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4114.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8F950473-E021-4704-9DA7-9AA9A259C5C3

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03E487E9-FFD3-E60B-FF59-8D82E50FFDBC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pungalina semiferruginea ( L. Koch, 1879 )
status

comb. nov.

Pungalina semiferruginea ( L. Koch, 1879)  comb. nov.

Figs 117–133View FIGURES 117 – 124View FIGURES 125 – 133

Icius semiferrugineus L. Koch, 1879: 1135  , pl. 99, fig. 1.

Clynotis semiferrugineus  — Rainbow 1911: 293, Żabka 1987: 442, figs 11–13 (redescription).

Remarks. The syntypes are part of the collection in ZMUH and can no longer be borrowed, making work on this very extensive collection of Australian types difficult for Australian workers. Fortunately, Prof. M. Żabka has seen and drawn one of the male syntypes and kindly made his original illustrations available ( Żabka 1987). As there is no confusion as to the specific identification of the syntypes and they have not been seen, no lectotype has been designated.

Material examined. Syntype. Drawings provided by M. Żabka: M, Gayndah, 151.62 °E, 25.62 °S, Daemel ( ZMUH 16535).

Other material examined: AUSTRALIA: QUEENSLAND: 2 M, Brisbane Forest Park, 152.83 °E, 27.42 °S, 23 Jan. 1998, N. Power (AMS KS 118944View Materials); 1 M, Brisbane, 153.02 °E, 27.47 °S, 21 Nov. 1987, M. Żabka (AMS KS 64899); 1 M, Rochedale State Forest, Brisbane, 153.1 °E, 27.567 °S, 14 Feb. 1980, V. Davies & R. Raven (QM S 4563); 1 M, 1 imm., Rochedale State Forest, Brisbane, 153.1 °E, 27.57 °S, 6 Sep. 1979, V. Davies & R. Raven (QM S 96147View Materials); 1 M, 1 imm., Rochedale State Forest, 153.1 °E, 27.57 °S, 23 Nov. 1979, D. Wallace & R. Raven (QM S 96154View Materials); 1 M, Laidley, 152.4 °E, 27.63 °S, 28 Sep. 1981, M. Grant (QM S 96146View Materials); NEW SOUTH WALES: 1 F, Mulligans Hut, Gibralter Range, 152.18 °E, 29.60 °S, 10 Nov. 1980, R. Raven (QM S 96150View Materials); 1 F, Kunderang Trail, 1.2 km from Homestead, 152.13 °E, 30.82 °S (AM 64650); 1 M, Temi (N of Murrurundi), Chilcotts Creek Road, 150.82 °E, 31.67 °S, 12 Jun. 2001, L. Wilkie & H. Smith (AMS KS 80947); 1 M, Scheyville, NW of Sydney, 150.88 °E, 33.6 °S, 22 Oct. 1987, M. Żabka (AMS KS 64894); 1 M, Como, 151.07 °E, 34.02 °S (AMS KS 21133); 1 M, Royal National Park, N of Waterfall, 151.07 °E, 34.13 °S, 4 Mar. 1994, M. Toezer (AMS KS 42643).

Diagnosis. Externally, cephalothorax ( Figs 117, 118,121, 122View FIGURES 117 – 124) very similar to P. waldockae  sp. nov. (134, 135, 138, 139). The abdomen is light brown with a distinctive brown pattern in both sexes, unlike P. waldockae  , in which the female has a different brown pattern and the male is black with four pairs of white dots. The epigyne ( Figs 130–132View FIGURES 125 – 133) includes a pair of large atria with sclerotised margins in both species, however the lateral margins are wave-shaped in P. semiferruginea  , unlike the smooth curve seen in P. waldockae  ( Figs 146, 147, 148View FIGURES 142 – 149). The copulatory openings are broad and extend partially along the median side of the atria, unlike the smaller openings in P. waldockae  that only open into the posterior end of the atria. There is a large median pocket in the epigastic fold, unlike the smaller pocket seen in P. waldockae  . The embolus ( Figs 125–129View FIGURES 125 – 133) is strongly built in both species; however, it consists of a straight narrow distal half in P. semiferruginea  arising from a broad base and with heavily sclerotised bumps along the posterior edge. In P. waldockae  ( Figs 142–144View FIGURES 142 – 149) the embolus is thick throughout its length with a bifurcate distal end.

Description. Male: Gracile with relatively long legs ( Figs 117, 118View FIGURES 117 – 124). Cephalothorax rectangular, dark brown to black with scattered pennate grey hairs over dorsal surface and around eyes. A pair of bulges on the dorsal surface anterior to PLE ( Fig. 120View FIGURES 117 – 124). Light brown striae on rear face, overlaid with white hairs. Medial indent on the posterior edge of the carapace. Clypeus orange/brown, narrow, with a sparse fringe of long white hairs. Chelicerae orange/brown, long, geniculate, with transverse ridges. Two, widely spaced, promarginal teeth ( Fig. 119View FIGURES 117 – 124) and one distally placed, large, straight unident retromarginal tooth. Endites and labium dark brown grading to light brown. Sternum brown. Endites laterally flared. Abdomen narrow. Dorsal abdomen dirty brown with darker pattern of markings often faded in preserved individuals. Spinnerets brown with terminal, lighter, hairs. Ventral abdomen dirty brown with thick speckled pattern on the sides. All legs dark brown without fringing. Palp ( Figs 125–129View FIGURES 125 – 133): long and narrow, dark brown, lighter at the distal end of the cymbium; tibia with single long, curved, tapering apophysis; tegulum light brown, relatively broad and strongly rounded ventrally with a slight, proximal lobe, embolus rises from a broad base, long, straight, slight clockwise curve in the last quarter, strongly built with a distinctive series of bulges along the posterior edge. Dimensions: CL 2.85, EFL 1.05, CW 2.17, AEW 1.64, AMEW 0.99, PEW 1.73, AL 3.10, P 1 +T 1 2.48: L 1 7.12 (2.54 + 1.24 + 1.55 + 0.55 + 0.74), L 2 4.64 (1.49 + 0.87 + 0.99 + 0.74 + 0.56), L 3 4.46 (1.55 + 0.74 + 0.80 + 0.87 + 0.50), L 4 5.51 (1.86 + 0.80 + 1.24 + 0.99 + 0.62).

Female: As for the male, except larger and more heavily built, including shorter, heavier, limbs ( Figs 121, 122View FIGURES 117 – 124). Clypeus ( Fig. 124View FIGURES 117 – 124) with a thick fringe of long white hairs. Chelicerae broader and heavier than in male ( Fig. 123View FIGURES 117 – 124). Endites not laterally flared. Epigyne ( Figs 130–132View FIGURES 125 – 133): consisting of a pair of oval atria with sclerotised margins and with deep guides that break up the smooth apparent lateral edge of the atria; broad copulatory openings placed on an angle just inside the heavily sclerotised posterior margin of the atria; insemination ducts pass posteriorly, then laterally, alongside the proximal edge of the atria; they then move posteriorly, finally entering the spermathecae in the middle of the anterior surface; the spermathecae are placed laterally immediately posterior to the lateral edges of the atria and very close to the epigastic fold; fertilization ducts medium sized and placed on the median edge of the spermathecae; epigastric fold sclerotised and with a large median pocket. Dimensions: CL 2.91, EFL 1.18, CW 2.29, AEW 1.80, AMEW 1.11, PEW 1.92, AL 3.72, P 1 +T 1 1.86: L 1 5.26 (1.86 + 0.93 + 1.24 + 0.74 + 0.50), L 2 4.46 (1.49 + 0.87 + 0.87 + 0.78 + 0.56), L 3 4.15 (1.30 + 0.68 + 0.74 + 0.87 + 0.62), L 4 5.14 (1.86 + 0.74 + 0.80 + 1.11 + 0.62).

Distribution and biology. Widespread across the wetter, subtropical parts of eastern Australia in a range of habitats including reserves ( Fig. 133View FIGURES 125 – 133). Predicted distribution suggests may be found as far south as Victoria. As a consequence of the known distribution, likely IUCN Red List Category LC. Males have been found on both foliage and on the ground. They are relatively slender, longer-legged and presumably more mobile than females.

ZMUH

Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg

NEW

University of Newcastle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Pungalina

Loc

Pungalina semiferruginea ( L. Koch, 1879 )

Richardson, Barry J. 2016
2016
Loc

Clynotis semiferrugineus

Zabka 1987: 442
Rainbow 1911: 293
1911
Loc

Icius semiferrugineus

Koch 1879: 1135
1879