Phasia Latreille 1804

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A., 2003, Systematics of Phasia Latreille (Diptera: Tachinidae), Zootaxa 276 (1), pp. 1-320: 18-21

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.276.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4177F6E7-B276-438E-8E49-EE5ECD84D351

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/03CF879C-8B5F-FFE9-FEAF-FB5AFAF5F932

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Phasia Latreille 1804
status

 

3.1. Genus Phasia Latreille 1804  

Thereva Fabricius, 1798: 548   , 560. (preocc. Latreille, 1796). Type species: Conops subcoleoptratus Linnaeus, 1767   , by designation of Herting, 1984: 168.

Phasia Latreille, 1804: 379   . Type species: Conops subcoleoptratus Linnaeus, 1767   , by subsequent monotypy of Latreille 1805: 379 (ICZN 1970, Opinion 896).

Alophora Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 293   . Type species: Syrphus hemipterus Fabricius, 1794   , by designation of Robineau­Desvoidy, 1863 (II): 226.

Hyalomya Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 298   . Type species: Phasia semicinerea Meigen, 1841   [= Phasia pusilla Meigen, 1824   ], by designation of Westwood, 1840: 140.

Hyalomyia   . Incorrect subsequent spelling of Hyalomya Robineau­Desvoidy.  

Halophora Agassiz, 1846: 171   . Emendation of Alophora Robineau­Desvoidy 1830   .

Phorantha Rondani, 1862: 6   , 21. Type species: Phorantha musciformis Rondani, 1862   [= Conops subcoleoptratus Linnaeus, 1767   ], by monotypy.

Mormonomyia Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891: 388   . Type species: Mormonomyia laniventris Brauer and Bergenstamm, 1891   [= Phasia argentifrons Walker, 1849   ], by subsequent designation of Townsend, 1916: 8.

Allophora Mik, 1894: 49   . Emendation of Alophora Robineau­Desvoidy.  

Alophorella Townsend, 1912: 45   . Type species: Thereva obesa Fabricius, 1798   , by original designation.

Euphorantha Townsend, 1915: 20   . Type species: Alophora diversa Coquillett, 1897   , by original designation.

Paraphasia Townsend, 1915: 20   . Type species: Alophora fenestrata Bigot, 1889   , by original designation.

Paraphorantha Townsend, 1915: 20   . Type species: Allophora grandis Coquillett, 1897   , by original designation.

Phasiomyia Townsend, 1915: 20   . Type species: Alophora splendida Coquillett, 1902   [= Phasia aurulans Meigen, 1824   ], by original designation.

Alophoropsis Townsend, 1915: 20   . Type species: Alophora phasioides Coquillett, 1897   [= Hyalomyia robertsonii Townsend, 1891   ], by original designation.

Phoranthella Townsend, 1915: 23   . Nomen nudum (Opinion 205, ICZN, 1954: 311).

Austrophasia Townsend, 1916: 45   . Type species: Hyalomya rufiventris Macquart, 1851   , by original designation.

Oedematopteryx Townsend, 1916: 633   . Type species: Alophora pulverea Coquillett, 1897   [= Hyalomyia robertsonii Townsend, 1891   ], by original designation.

Bogosiella Villeneuve, 1923: 78   . Type species: Bogosiella pomeroyi Villeneuve, 1923   , by monotypy. Syn. nov.

Campbellia Miller, 1923: 432   . Type species: Campbellia campbelli Miller, 1923   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Alophorellopsis Townsend, 1927: 209   . Type species: Alophorellopsis capitata Townsend, 1927   , by original designation.

Alophorophasia Townsend, 1927: 287   . Type species: Alophorophasia alata Townsend, 1927   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Tayloria Malloch, 1930: 98   . Type species: Tayloria testacea Malloch, 1930   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Akosempomyia Villeneuve, 1932: 243   . Type species: Akosempomyia caudata Villeneuve, 1932   , by monotypy. Syn. nov.

Kosempomyia Villeneuve, 1932: 243   . Type species: Kosempomyia tibialis Villeneuve, 1932   , by monotypy. Syn. nov.

Epaulophasia Townsend, 1934: 207   . Type species: Epaulophasia officialis Townsend, 1934   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Heyneophasia Townsend, 1934: 208   . Type species: Heyneophasia heynei Townsend, 1934   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Xanthotrichius Townsend, 1934: 209   . Type species: Xanthotrichius xenos Townsend, 1934   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Phoranthella Townsend, 1936: 58   (also 1938: 68). Nomen nudum.

Xiphophasia Townsend, 1937: 116   . Type species: Xiphophasia ushpayacua Townsend, 1937   , by monotypy. Syn. nov.

Besserioides Curran, 1938: 185   . Type species: Besserioides sexualis Curran, 1938   [= Catharosia varicolor Curran, 1927   ], by original designation. Syn. nov.

Trichophasia Townsend, 1939: 447   . Type species: Trichophasia transita Townsend, 1939   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Paraphasiana Townsend, 1940: 889   . Type species: Paraphasiana dysderci Townsend, 1940   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Efftayloria Malloch, 1941: 64   . [Replacement name for Tayloria Malloch, 1930   ]. Syn. nov.

Hyalomyiopsis Brooks, 1945: 676   . Type species: Hyalomyia aldrichii Townsend, 1891   , by original designation.

Brumptallophora Dupuis, 1949: 544   . Type species: Alophora aurigera Egger, 1860   , by original designation.

Androeuryops Beneway, 1961: 44   . Type species: Hyalomyia ecitonis Townsend, 1897   , by original designation. Syn. nov.

Stackelbergella Draber­Mońko, 1965: 180 (as subgenus of Allophora   ). Type species: Alophora rohdendorfi Draber­Mońko, 1965   , by original designation.

Barbella Draber­Mońko, 1965: 184 (as subgenus of Allophora   ). Type species: Alophora barbifrons Girschner, 1887   , by original designation.

Generic Description

HEAD: Head holoptic or dichoptic. Frons of male usually wider than that of female. Eyes touching each other or separated by a distance as wide as antennal length. Frontal vitta usually triangular, occasionally rectangular. Frontal setae medioclinate, extending forward only to level of pedicel. Proclinate orbital setae and upper orbital setae absent; frontoorbital plate bare or haired anteriorly, if haired, fronto­orbital setae variable from one row to over ten rows (reaching to eye); fronto­orbital setae usually black, but occasionally yellow or yellow and black. Ocellar seta usually present, but sometimes hair­like and not differentiated from other hairs of ocellar triangle. Inner vertical seta usually present, outer vertical seta usually absent.

Parafacial bare or haired, broad or extremely narrow. Vibrissa well differentiated from subvibrissal bristles or not; facial ridge with bristles on lower 1/6 to 1/3. Genal groove well developed or reduced; gena usually narrow, hairs black, white or a mixture of both. Lower margin of face perpendicular or extremely projecting. Face not convex. Antenna short, reaching to half height of face; or long, extending downward to vibrissal angle; first flagellomere 2.5 times as long as or subequal to pedicel; pedicel with patch of short setae on anterior surface, one of which is elongate; arista bare, thickened on basal 1/4 to 1/3; first and second aristomere short. Eyes bare; eye facets uniform in size or enlarged dorsally. Occiput usually flattened, occasionally slightly convex, with pale or black hairs, or a mixture of both. Functional mouthparts present; palpus clavate; prementum almost as long as head length; length of oral opening same as or over 3 times as long as wide.

THORAX: Mesonotum usually black. Postpronotum with 0­3 setae. Proepisternum bare; proepimeron haired; prosternum bare. Scutum sparely bristled; 0(1)+0(2) acrostichal setae; 0(1)+0(2) dorsocentral setae; 0­1 intra­alar seta; presutural supra­alar seta absent or present; 1­2 postsutural supra­alar setae; 2 postalar setae; 2 notopleural setae; Anepisternal seta fine or strong; 0, 1, 2 or 3 katepisternal seta. Scutellum with 1­2 pairs of marginal setae, if only 1 pair, then apical scutellar seta absent; discal scutellar seta absent. Subscutellum well developed.

Wing transparent, especially in female, sometimes with distinct colour pattern or entirely dark in male. Vein M with a bend, ending in R 4+5, apical cell closed and petiolate.

ABDOMEN: Abdomen usually spherical, sometimes slender. In dorsal view, tergites I+ II, III, IV, V, and sometimes part of VI visible, without distinct marginal and discal setae. Sternites fully exposed.

Male terminalia retracted within tergite V. Tergite VI very large, fused with segment VII+VIII, forming an acute angle. Epandrium divided into two lateral parts, only narrowly connected dorsally. Sternite V usually notched posteriorly; sternite VI ring­like, connected with tergite VII+VIII laterally. Syncercus separated by a median longitudinal suture; apex usually bent ventrally. Surstylus well developed. Subepandrial sclerite long, and well developed. Hypandrium dorsoventrally flattened, broad and symmetrical; hypandrial apodeme very long. Pregonite and postgonite fused at base. Ejaculatory apodeme variable in size and shape. Phallus varying in length and width; epiphallus developed or indistinct; distiphallus membranous or well sclerotized.

Female terminalia highly specialized. Sternite VI usually prominent posteriorly. Sternite VII (sheath) highly modified. Tergite VI present. Sternite VIII well sclerotized, modified into a piercing ovipositor. Cercus spoon­like, bristled.

Recognition of the genus Phasia  

Phasia   can be distinguished from other Phasiinae   by the following key

1. Abdominal tergites fused, sutures between them almost obliterated ........................... 2

­ Abdominal tergites not fused, sutures between them conspicuous .............................. 3

2. Antenna long, reaching or nearly reaching lower margin of face. Scutellum without apical setae ................................... Gymnosoma Meigen   (worldwide except Australia)

­ Antenna short, separated from lower margin of face by about length of first flagellomere. Scutellum with apical setae ..................................................................................... Cistogaster Latreille   , Perigymnosoma Villeneuve   (Holarctic, Oriental & Neotropical)

3. Vein M ending in R 4+5, petiole longer than vein r­m ................................................... 4

­ Vein M ending in wing margin, or R 4+5 but petiole not longer than vein r­m ............... 5

4. Abdominal tergites with at least one pair of marginal bristles; female without piercing ovipositor ................................... Xanthomelanodes Townsend   (in part, New World)

­ Abdominal tergites without distinct marginal bristles; female with piercing ovipositor ........................................................................................ Phasia Latreille   (worldwide)

5. Hind tibia with dorsal longitudinal row of long flattened blade­like setae, flanked by a second row of similarly shaped but much shorter setae ................................................. .......................................................... Trichopoda Berthold   (New World and Oriental)

­ Hind tibia without such setae .......................................................... OTHER GENERA

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Loc

Phasia Latreille 1804

Sun, Xuekui & Marshall, Stephen A. 2003
2003
Loc

Phasia Latreille, 1804: 379

Latreille (Wood 1987: 379
1987
Loc

Alophora rohdendorfi Draber­Mońko, 1965

Draber-Monko 1965
1965
Loc

Androeuryops

Beneway 1961: 44
1961
Loc

Brumptallophora

Dupuis 1949: 544
1949
Loc

Hyalomyiopsis

Brooks 1945: 676
1945
Loc

Efftayloria

Malloch 1941: 64
1941
Loc

Paraphasiana

Townsend 1940: 889
1940
Loc

Paraphasiana dysderci

Townsend 1940
1940
Loc

Trichophasia

Townsend 1939: 447
1939
Loc

Trichophasia transita

Townsend 1939
1939
Loc

Besserioides

Curran 1938: 185
1938
Loc

Besserioides sexualis

Curran 1938
1938
Loc

Xiphophasia

Townsend 1937: 116
1937
Loc

Xiphophasia ushpayacua

Townsend 1937
1937
Loc

Phoranthella

Townsend 1936: 58
1936
Loc

Epaulophasia

Townsend 1934: 207
1934
Loc

Epaulophasia officialis

Townsend 1934
1934
Loc

Heyneophasia

Townsend 1934: 208
1934
Loc

Heyneophasia heynei

Townsend 1934
1934
Loc

Xanthotrichius

Townsend 1934: 209
1934
Loc

Xanthotrichius xenos

Townsend 1934
1934
Loc

Akosempomyia

Villeneuve 1932: 243
1932
Loc

Akosempomyia caudata

Villeneuve 1932
1932
Loc

Kosempomyia

Villeneuve 1932: 243
1932
Loc

Kosempomyia tibialis

Villeneuve 1932
1932
Loc

Tayloria

Malloch 1930: 98
1930
Loc

Tayloria testacea

Malloch 1930
1930
Loc

Tayloria

Malloch 1930
1930
Loc

Alophorellopsis

Townsend 1927: 209
1927
Loc

Alophorellopsis capitata

Townsend 1927
1927
Loc

Alophorophasia Townsend, 1927: 287

Townsend, Androeuryops Beneway 1927: 287
1927
Loc

Alophorophasia alata

Townsend 1927
1927
Loc

Catharosia varicolor

Curran 1927
1927
Loc

Bogosiella

Villeneuve 1923: 78
1923
Loc

Bogosiella pomeroyi

Villeneuve 1923
1923
Loc

Campbellia

Miller 1923: 432
1923
Loc

Campbellia campbelli

Miller 1923
1923
Loc

Austrophasia

Townsend 1916: 45
1916
Loc

Oedematopteryx

Townsend 1916: 633
1916
Loc

Euphorantha

Townsend 1915: 20
1915
Loc

Paraphasia

Townsend 1915: 20
1915
Loc

Paraphorantha

Townsend 1915: 20
1915
Loc

Phasiomyia

Townsend 1915: 20
1915
Loc

Alophoropsis

Townsend 1915: 20
1915
Loc

Phoranthella

Townsend 1915: 23
1915
Loc

Alophorella

Townsend 1912: 45
1912
Loc

Alophora splendida

Coquillett 1902
1902
Loc

Alophora diversa

Coquillett 1897
1897
Loc

Allophora grandis

Coquillett 1897
1897
Loc

Alophora phasioides

Coquillett 1897
1897
Loc

Alophora pulverea

Coquillett 1897
1897
Loc

Hyalomyia ecitonis

Townsend 1897
1897
Loc

Allophora Mik, 1894: 49

Mik. The 1894: 49
1894
Loc

Allophora

Mik. The 1894
1894
Loc

Allophora

Mik. The 1894
1894
Loc

Mormonomyia

Brauer and Bergenstamm 1891: 388
1891
Loc

Mormonomyia laniventris

Brauer and Bergenstamm 1891
1891
Loc

Hyalomyia robertsonii

Townsend 1891
1891
Loc

Hyalomyia robertsonii

Townsend 1891
1891
Loc

Hyalomyia aldrichii

Townsend 1891
1891
Loc

Alophora fenestrata

Bigot 1889
1889
Loc

Alophora barbifrons

Girschner 1887
1887
Loc

Phorantha

Rondani 1862: 6
1862
Loc

Phorantha musciformis

Rondani 1862
1862
Loc

Alophora aurigera

Egger 1860
1860
Loc

Hyalomya rufiventris

Macquart 1851
1851
Loc

Phasia argentifrons

Walker 1849
1849
Loc

Halophora

Agassiz 1846: 171
1846
Loc

Phasia semicinerea

Meigen 1841
1841
Loc

Alophora Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 293

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 293
1830
Loc

Hyalomya Robineau­Desvoidy, 1830: 298

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830: 298
1830
Loc

Alophora Robineau­Desvoidy 1830

Robineau-Desvoidy 1830
1830
Loc

Phasia pusilla

Meigen 1824
1824
Loc

Phasia aurulans

Meigen 1824
1824
Loc

Thereva

Fabricius 1798: 548
1798
Loc

Thereva obesa

Fabricius 1798
1798
Loc

Syrphus hemipterus

Fabricius 1794
1794
Loc

Conops subcoleoptratus

Linnaeus 1767
1767
Loc

Conops subcoleoptratus

Linnaeus 1767
1767
Loc

Conops subcoleoptratus

Linnaeus 1767
1767