Platyrrhinus matapalensis, Velazco, 2005

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier, 2019, Phyllostomidae, Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 9 Bats, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 444-583 : 564

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Platyrrhinus matapalensis


168. View Plate 43: Phyllostomidae

Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat

Platyrrhinus matapalensis

French: Sténoderme de Matapalo / German: Matapalo-Breitnasenfledermaus / Spanish: Platirrino de Matapalo

Taxonomy. Platyrrhinus matapalensis Velazco, 2005 ,

“Matapalo, 54 m in elevation, Province of Zarumilla, Department of Tumbes, Peru, approximately 3°40’S, 80º12’W.” GoogleMaps

Platyrrhinus matapalensis was confused with P. heller: prior to its morphological distinction. Phylogenetic analysis confirmed its relationships to the P. keller: species group. Monotypic.

Distribution. Known only from W slope of Andes in W Ecuador (from Esmeraldas to Loja provinces) and extreme NW Peru (Tumbes Department). View Figure

Descriptive notes. Head-body 56-65 mm (tailless), ear 16-19 mm, hindfoot 10-13 mm, forearm 37-39 mm; weight 16-20 g. The Matapalo Broad-nosed Batis relatively small, similar to Heller’s Broad-nosed Bat ( P. helleri ). Upperparts are light brown; hairs are 6:3-7-5 mm long and tricolored. Ventral fur is brownish, with hairs that can be unicolored or bicolored. Facial stripes are bright white and distinct, extending just beyond front of ears. Narrow but conspicuously brilliant, entirely white dorsal stripe extends from crown to rump. Proximal one-half of forearm is densely covered with short hair. Tail membrane is very short (c.4-5 mm), with Uor Vsshaped margin, and densely fringed with whitish hairs. Short and moderately sparse hairs cover upper surfaces of feet. Plagiopatagium attaches to metatarsal region. I' are larger than I? and distally convergent but not in contact. M' protocone is moderately developed. Stylid cuspulid is absent on anterior cristid of P,» but one occurs on its posterior cristid.

Habitat. Humid tropical and semideciduous forests of western slope of northern Andes, tropical dry forests, forest edges, and near agricultural plantations at elevations of 50-680 m. Matapalo Broad-nosed Bats are usually caught in mist nets set near streams and banana plantations. It seems to be tolerant of habitat change and fragmentation.

Food and Feeding. Because its overall similarity to Heller's Broad-nosed Bat, the Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat is expected to be frugivorous, eating fruits from Anthurium (Araceae) , Cecropia ( Urticaceae ), and other species that grow in forest canopies and subcanopies. Diet might include banana.

Breeding. Reproductive pattern of the Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat is probably bimodal polyestry, similar to other species of Platyrrhinus .

Activity patterns. The Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat is probably active for most of the night similar to Heller’s Broad-nosed Bat.


Movements, Home range and Social organization. No information.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Near Threatened on The IUCN Red List. The Matapalo Broad-nosed Bat occurs in primary lowland forest that is undergoing rapid decline because of habitat transformation and increasing human settlements near already fragmented dry forests.

Bibliography. Carrera et al. (2010), Gardner (2008c), Velazco (2005), Velazco et al. (2010).














Platyrrhinus matapalensis

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier 2019

Platyrrhinus matapalensis

Velazco 2005