Platyrrhinus recifinus (Thomas, 1901)

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier, 2019, Phyllostomidae, Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 9 Bats, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 444-583 : 564

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Platyrrhinus recifinus


169. View Plate 43: Phyllostomidae

Recife Broad-nosed Bat

Platyrrhinus recifinus

French: Sténoderme de Recife / German: Recife-Breitnasenfledermaus / Spanish: Platirrino de Recife

Taxonomy. Vampyrops recifinus Thomas, 1901 ,

“ Pernambuco,” Brazil .

Specific epithet refers to Recife, the capital of the state of Pernambuco, eastern Brazil. Records from Guyana and Suriname were wrongfully assigned to P. recifinus , and they correspond to the recently described P. guianensis . Monotypic.

Distribution. Endemic to E Brazil from Ceara S to Sao Paulo and Parana states. View Figure

Descriptive notes. Head-body 57-63 mm (tailless), ear 15-17 mm, hindfoot 10-6— 13-4 mm, forearm 36-3-41-5 mm; weight 14-19 g. Specimens from the southern part of the distribution can be larger: headbody 89-93 mm, forearm 42-43-5 mm. The Recife Broad-nosed Bat is mediumsized. Dorsum is dark brown to grayish, and venter is generally paler. Dorsal hairs have four bands, and ventral hairs have three. It has a wide distinct medial dorsal stripe and two pairs of conspicuous white facial stripes. It lacks interramal vibrissae. Third metacarpal is longer than fifth. Posterior edge of plagiopatagium inserts at level of first metatarsal. Long dense hairs are present on dorsum offeet. Free edge of uropatagium is U-shaped and densely haired. I' are unicuspidate. There is labial and lingual cingulum at base of metacone of M'. There is a deep fossa on hypoconal basin of P*. There are labial and lingual cingulids on P, but no stylar cuspulids on anterior or posterior cristid of main cone of tooth.

Habitat. Primary and secondary forests of Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and humid enclaves (“brejos de altitude”) in Caatinga; dry and semideciduous forests; and banana plantations. The Recife Broad-nosed Bat is associated with rivers.

Food and Feeding. The Recife Broad-nosed Bat consumes fruits of Cecropia glaziovii ( Urticaceae ) and Ficus sp. ( Moraceae ).

Breeding. Reproductive pattern of the Recife Broad-nosed Bat is probably bimodal polyestry, similar to other species of Platyrrhinus .

Activity patterns. The Recife Broad-nosed Bat roosts in hollow trees, under leaves, or in caves. Individuals have been captured between the first hours after sunset (18:10 h) to very early in the morning (03:08 h).

Movements, Home range and Social organization. The Recife Broad-nosed Bat roosts in groups of 3-10 individuals. It has been found flying 1-16 m aboveground. Streblid batflies (Paratrichobius longicrus and P. salvini ) have been found on Recife Broad-nosed Bats.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Least Concern on The IUCN Red List. The Recife Broad-nosed Bat occurs in several reserves in Atlantic Forest in southern and southeastern Brazil.

Bibliography. Garcia et al. (2000), Gardner (2008c), Guerrero (1997), Koopman (1993), Reis, Fregonezi et al. (2013), Reis, Peracchi et al. (2017), Sampaio et al. (2016¢), Scultori et al. (2009), Tavares & Velazco (2010), Tavares et al. (2007), Thomas (1901d), Velazco & Lim (2014).