Lonchorhina mankomara, Mantilla-Meluk, 2016

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier, 2019, Phyllostomidae, Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 9 Bats, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 444-583 : 498

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Lonchorhina mankomara


22. View Plate 35: Phyllostomidae

Chiribiquete Sword-nosed Bat

Lonchorhina mankomara

French: Lonchorhine de Chiribiquete / German: Chiribiquete-Schwertnase / Spanish: Loncorino de Chiribiquete

Other common names: Mother Mara’s Sword-nosed Bat

Taxonomy. Lonchorhina mankomara Mantilla-Meluk & Montenegro, 2016 ,

“Rio Mesay, Puerto Abeja (Tepui), Southeastern portion of Serrania de Chiribiquete The National Park Chiribiquete (PNN Chiribiquete, at 340 masl, department of Caqueta, Colombia; coordinates 00°04'N, 72°26 'W.” GoogleMaps

This species is monotypic.

Distribution. Known only from type locality in Caqueta Department, SE Colombia. View Figure

Descriptive notes. Head-body 74-76 mm, tail 57-69 mm, forearm 63-65 mm; weight 33 g. The Chiribiquete Sword-nosed Batis the largest species of Lonchorhina . Dorsal furis bicolored, with paler bases and brownish upper two-thirds; ventral fur is paler. Noseleaf is enormously developed (0-9-1-5 times the length ofskull; width one-third the length of skull), free margins are not crenulated or waved,it is revolute on anterior surface of base accompanied with ribs (costae foliae nasalis), and medial costae on anterior and posterior surfaces of noseleaf are formed by two muscular bands (sulcus medialis costae). Sella is constituted by basis sellae, expanded anteriorly and laterally to form two mobile laminar expansions (alae sellae), on top of which sella is thinner forming pedunculum sellae. All ornamentations of the Chiribiquete Sword-nosed Bat are enlarged compared with those in other species of Lonchorhina ; in particular, pedunculum sellae is longer, and tuberculum sellae is more expanded and simpler than that of Marinkelle’s Sword-noded Bat ( L. marinkellei ). Facial and ear hairs are dense and long (greater than 6-9 mm at bases of ear). Wing membranes are black to dark brown. Tail is long, extending to posterior margin of long uropatagium, giving it a pointy look. Skull is large and elongated compared with those of other species of Lonchorhina . Braincase height is same as rostrum height (subequal); nasal aperture is broad. Teeth are very massive; I' is longer and wider than I*large canines have wide cingula; P? is enlarged; molars are wide, with elongated lingual bases; and lower incisors are bilobed.

Habitat. Isolated rock hills known as inselbergs, usually surrounded by tropical savanna grasslands and terra firma forests (type locality).

Food and Feeding. No information.

Breeding. No information.

Activity patterns. No information.

Movements, Home range and Social organization. The Chiribiquete Sword-nosed Bat was founding in the same roost as the Lesser Dog-like Bat ( Peropteryx macrotis ) and the Common Mustached Bat ( Pteronotus parnellii ).

Status and Conservation. Not assessed on The IUCN Red List. As other species with restricted distribution and limited information, the Chiribiquete Sword-nosed Bat could be classified as Data Deficient. Type locality is in the interior of a large protected area, Serrania de Chiribiquete.

Bibliography. Eisenberg (1989), Gardner (1977b), Hernandez-Camacho & Cadena (1978), Mantilla-Meluk & Montenegro (2016), Morales-Martinez & Lépez-Arévalo (2018), Williams & Genoways (2008).














Lonchorhina mankomara

Don E. Wilson & Russell A. Mittermeier 2019

Lonchorhina mankomara

Mantilla-Meluk & Montenegro 2016