Mitrapsylla didyma, Rendón-Mera & Burckhardt & Cavichioli & Queiroz, 2020

Rendón-Mera, Diana Isabel, Burckhardt, Daniel, Cavichioli, Rodney R. & Queiroz, Dalva L., 2020, Taxonomy and host-plant relationships of the psyllid genus Mitrapsylla (Hemiptera: Psylloidea: Psyllidae) in Brazil, Zootaxa 4887 (1), pp. 1-100: 37-38

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Mitrapsylla didyma

sp. nov.

Mitrapsylla didyma   sp. nov.

( Figs 114 View FIGURES 113–122 , 144 View FIGURES 133–147 , 174 View FIGURES 173–182 , 226 View FIGURES 220–228 ‾228, 294, 324, 354, 376)


Material examined. Holotype ♁, Brazil: Ceará, Parque Nacional de Ubajara, Tianguá, Torres , -3.7983, -40.9050, 880 m, 6.vii.2016, Indigofera suffruticosa (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #220(9) ( DZUP 215409 View Materials , dry). GoogleMaps  

Paratypes. Ceará: 1 ♁, 4 ♀, same data as holotype (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #220(9) ( DZUP, NHMB, dry); 2 GoogleMaps   ♁, 1 ♀, Frecheirinha to Tianguá , -3.7283, -40.8417, 180 m, 4.vii.2016, Mimosa tenuiflora (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #215(1) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 2 GoogleMaps   ♁, 2 ♀, 1 immatures, ICMBIO headquarters, -3.8383, -40.9400, 860 m, 2–7.vii.2016, Desmodium album (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #212(9) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol) GoogleMaps   .— Piauí: 1 ♁, 1 ♀, Parnaíba, Embrapa Meio-Norte , -3.0850, -41.7867, 60 m, 27–, Copaifera cearensis (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz)   , #207(1) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol); 11 GoogleMaps   ♁, 2 ♀, Piripiri, Caldeirão , -4.3333, -41.7317, 170 m, (D. Burckhardt & D.L. Queiroz), #204(-) ( NHMB, 70% ethanol) GoogleMaps   .

Diagnosis. Genal process, in dorsal view, subconical, rarely expanded; with subacute, acute or rarely rounded apex; GL/VL 0.5–0.6. Surface spinules absent or much reduced around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1. Paramere, in lateral view, clavate, weakly or moderately expanded apically; anterior margin strongly sinuous, broadly rounded in apical third; posterior margin angulate and expanded in apical third; apex irregularly rounded to subtrun-cate, slightly to strongly directed posteriorly; sclerotised ridge medially. Aedeagus complex unipartite; in lateral view, ventral process with apical expansion larger than dorsal lobe.

Description. Colouration. Body with white striped-pattern, usually faint in genal process and thorax; variation: mesoscutellum usually with an additional stripe along anterior margin or with an irregular pattern; older specimens with markings with dark outline. Head and thorax light yellowish-brown to brownish-orange; genal process lighter than head. Eye grey to dark red; ocelli colourless to orange. Antenna light yellow, segments 1–2 concolorous with head. Clypeus concolorous with body; rostrum light yellow. Thorax with margins of sclerites darker. Metascutellum sometimes almost completely white. Forewing colourless to slightly yellowish, sometimes slightly darker around Cu 1b; veins light yellow to light yellowish-brown; pterostigma concolorous or slightly lighter than veins. Hindwing colourless. Fore- and midleg concolorous to darker than body, hindleg lighter than rest of legs. Abdomen light yellowish-brown to light orange-brown; intersegmental membranes light straw-coloured; spiracular sclerites concolorous with tergites. Male terminalia yellowish-brown. Female terminalia light yellow, proctiger brown apically.

Structure. Body length ♁ 2.2–2.3 mm (2.26± 0.02 mm), ♀ 2.2–2.3 mm (2.24± 0.11 mm) (5 ♁, 2 ♀). Genal process ( Fig. 144 View FIGURES 133–147 ) subconical, rarely expanded, irregularly narrowing towards subacute, acute or rarely rounded apex, 0.5–0.6 times as long as vertex along midline. Antenna 1.9–2.3 times as long as head width; longest terminal seta slightly shorter than segment 10. Apical labium segment 0.2 times longer than head width and 0.8–0.9 times longer than median segment. Forewing ( Fig. 174 View FIGURES 173–182 ) 2.8–2.9 times as long as head width, 2.2–2.3 times as long as wide, obovoid or suboval, broadly or slightly narrowly rounded apically; vein M+Cu 1 0.4 times as long as Cu 1; ratio a/b 1.5–1.7; ratio c/d 0.7–0.8; ratio e/f 0.5–0.9. Surface spinules distinctly ( Fig. 38 View FIGURES 38–43 ) to moderately ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 38–43 ) spaced, forming rhomboids; covering apical half of cell r 1, apical third of cell r 2, absent or much reduced around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1, covering m 2 basally, and most of cell cu 2; leaving spinule-free spaces along veins ( Fig. 42 View FIGURES 38–43 ). Radular spinules sometimes present in r 2 but inconspicuous. Metatibia 0.8–0.9 times as long as head width.

Terminalia. Male. Proctiger, in lateral view, 0.4 times as long as head width; with long, strongly tapered, strongly down-curved posterior lobe. Paramere, in lateral view ( Figs 226 View FIGURES 220–228 ‾228) 0.8 times as long as proctiger; clavate, weakly to moderately expanded apically; anterior margin strongly sinuous, broadly rounded in apical third; posterior margin angulate and expanded in apical third, weakly convex in basal two thirds; apex irregularly rounded to subtruncate, slightly to strongly directed posteriorly, with sclerotised ridge medially ( Fig. 227 View FIGURES 220–228 ); inner surface ( Fig. 227 View FIGURES 220–228 ) covered with short setae, longer basally and along posterior margin, with row of thick setae along apical anterior margin, several thick setae below sclerotised ridge, and group of stout setae on apical posterior margin; in dorsal view ( Fig. 294 View FIGURES 283–312 ), sclerotised ridge irregularly straight, bearing posterior tooth. Aedeagus ( Fig. 228 View FIGURES 220–228 ) complex unipartite; in lateral view, dorsal lobe obovoid; ventral process relatively straight to upturned, with apical expansion larger than dorsal lobe, globular, bearing short, conical tubercle.—Female ( Fig. 324 View FIGURES 319–324 ). Proctiger, in lateral view, 1.0 times as long as head width; dorsal outline weakly to moderately concave distal to circumanal ring, apical extension sinuous, apex slightly upturned, obliquely rounded; circumanal ring 0.3 times as long as proctiger. Subgenital plate, in lateral view, 0.5 times as long as proctiger; apex well-developed; ventral outline irregularly straight to sinuous, sometimes slightly notched medially; covered with medium long setae in median third and ventrally throughout, short setae in apical third, long setae at apex, and group of long setae on dorsum subapically, with seta-free patch subapically; in ventral view ( Fig. 354 View FIGURES 343–362 ), lateral margins abruptly narrowing at half, with apical half weakly narrowing towards slightly broad, rounded apex.

Measurements (in mm) (4 ♁, 2 ♀). HW ♁ 0.56–0.60 (0.57±0.02), ♀ 0.55–0.56 (0.55±0.01); AL ♁ 1.16–1.27 (1.22±0.05), ♀ 1.16–1.19 (1.17±0.02); LAB2 ♁ 0.14–0.15 (0.15±0.01), ♀ 0.14–0.15 (0.14±0.01); LAB3 ♁ 0.11– 0.13 (0.12±0.01), ♀ 0.12; FL ♁ 1.65–1.67 (1.66±0.01), ♀ 1.54–1.60 (1.57±0.04); TL ♁ 0.46–0.49 (0.47±0.01), ♀ 0.42–0.44 (0.43±0.01); MP 0.23–0.25 (0.24±0.01); PL 0.19–0.21 (0.20±0.01); DL 0.26; FP 0.56–0.57 (0.56±0.01).

Etymology. From Greek δίδυμος = double, twofold, twain, referring to its similarity to M. cubana   .

Distribution. Brazil: Ceará, Piauí.

Host-plant. Desmodium album (Schindl.) J.F. Macbr.   (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae   , Desmodieae   ).

Habitat. Unknown.

Comments. Mitrapsylla didyma   sp. nov. resembles M. cubana Crawford   in the body dimensions, the genal process subconical with subacute or acute apex, and the paramere weakly expanded apically in lateral view, with sclerotised ridge medially; but differs in the anterior margin of the paramere broadly rounded in apical third (rather than weakly rounded), and the surface spinules absent or very scattered around radular areas of cells m 1, m 2 and cu 1. It also resembles M. aeschynomenis   sp. nov. and M. aurantia   sp. nov. (see comments under each species).


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Natural History Museum Bucharest