Racemoramus panicula (G.O. Sars, 1874 ), Calder, 2012

Calder, Dale R., 2012, On a collection of hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroidolina) from the west coast of Sweden, with a checklist of species from the region 3171, Zootaxa 3171 (1), pp. 1-77: 26

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http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.3171.1.1



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scientific name

Racemoramus panicula (G.O. Sars, 1874 )

comb. nov.

Racemoramus panicula (G.O. Sars, 1874)   , comb. nov.

Fig. 24

Campanulina panicula G.O. Sars, 1874: 121   , pl. 5, figs. 9–13.— Kramp, 1941: 4, fig. 5.— Rees & Rowe 1969: 17.— Jägerskiöld, 1971: 61.— Cornelius, 1995a: 192, fig. 43D.

Type locality. Norway: Oslofjord , 50–60 fm (91–110 m) (G.O. Sars 1874: 121)   .

Museum material. Kosterhavet, 58°53.093’N, 11°05.668’E, 20–30 m, 09.ix.2010, biological dredge, R / V GoogleMaps   Nereus   , two colonies or colony fragments, each with many hydrocauli, up to 3.8 cm high, on polychaete tubes and ascidians, without gonophores, ROMIZ B3916   .

Remarks. Kramp (1941) provided a thorough description of Opercularella panicula (G.O. Sars, 1874)   based on specimens from Norway and Sweden, and remarked on its similarity to Campanulina denticulata Clarke, 1907   from deep waters of the eastern tropical Pacific ( Clarke 1907) and Sagami Bay, Japan ( Stechow 1913). Leloup (1974) discounted seeming differences between the two as ecologically induced and regarded them as conspecific. Vervoort (1966) referred Campanulina indivisa Fraser, 1948   , from bathyal depths off California, to the synonymy of O. denticulata   .

Subsequent authors have mostly agreed that these are all synonyms. Nevertheless, their combined range is so extensive that it raises doubts whether a single species is represented. In addition to records in the eastern Atlantic (e.g., Cornelius 1995a, as Campanulina panicula   ), similar hydroids have been reported from deep waters in the western Pacific ( Stechow 1913: as Campanulina denticulata   ; Hirohito 1995: as Opercularella panicula   ; Schuchert 2003: as Campanulina panicula   ), the eastern Pacific ( Clarke 1907: as Campanulina denticulata   ; Fraser 1948: as Campanulina   (?) indivisa   ; Leloup 1974: as Opercularella panicula   ), and the Indian Ocean ( Vervoort 1966: as? Opercularella denticulata   ). Schuchert (2003) reported that materials from Indonesia were indistinguishable from those examined earlier from Iceland ( Schuchert 2001a), supporting the hypothesis that a single species is represented. Its bathymetric range is also reported as being astoundingly wide, from 20–30 m (this study) to 5200 m ( Stechow 1913, as Campanulina denticulata   ). As noted above, I prefer on zoogeographic grounds to keep the Atlantic R. panicula   distinct from the Indo-Pacific R. denticulata   .

This hydroid seems to be quite frequent in the Oslofjord, its type locality, having been collected at 12 stations there by Christiansen (1972). Records of R. panicula   from Swedish waters are all from the Skagerrak (see Checklist). It was not recorded in Danish waters by Kramp (1935b). Of five figures of the species in the paper by Kramp (1941), only one ( Fig. 5 View FIGURE 5 ) was based on material from Sweden.

Reported distribution. West coast of Sweden.—Säcken Reef ( Rees & Rowe 1969, as Campanulina panicula   ) to Skagerrak off Grebbestad ( Kramp 1941, as Campanulina panicula   ).

Elsewhere.—Northeast Atlantic from Trondheimfjord, Norway ( Storm 1882, as Campanulina panicula   ), and Iceland ( Schuchert 2000, 2001a, as Campanulina panicula   ), to Morocco and southern Africa ( Ramil & Iglesias 1988, as Opercularella panicula   ; Cornelius 1995a, as Campanulina panicula   ).


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile


Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium














Racemoramus panicula (G.O. Sars, 1874 )

Calder, Dale R. 2012

Campanulina panicula G.O. Sars, 1874: 121

Cornelius, P. F. S. 1995: 192
Jagerskiold, L. A. 1971: 61
Rees, W. J. & Rowe, M. 1969: 17
Kramp, P. L. 1941: 4
Sars, G. O. 1874: 121