Litonotus carinatus Stokes, 1885, Stokes, 1885

Vďačný, Peter & Rajter, Ľubomír, 2014, An annotated and revised checklist of pleurostome ciliates (Protista: Ciliophora: Litostomatea) from Slovakia, Central Europe, Zootaxa 3760 (4), pp. 501-521: 510

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3760.4.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A2E3A664-E992-40AB-8327-59998302652D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/AA61DC68-FFB3-0322-FF43-FF23FFF3FB8C

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Litonotus carinatus Stokes, 1885
status

 

Litonotus carinatus Stokes, 1885  

Lionotus   carinatus— Matis 1961: 772.

Litonotus   carinatus— Matis 1973: 30, 31; Tirjaková & Matis 1987: 9; Matis & Straková-Striešková 1991: 114; Matis & Tirjaková 1992: 52; Tirjaková 1993: 134; Matis & Tirjaková 1994: 58.

Nomenclature. Incorrect subsequent spelling of generic name as “ Lionotus   ” in Matis (1961) and therefore unavailable according to the Articles 33.3 and 33.5 of the ICZN (1999).

Main morphological characters (according to Song & Wilbert 1989; designated as L. obtusus   ). Length 70– 110 µm in vivo. Body lanceolate with usually broadly rounded posterior body end; left side vaulted carrying a median rib. Two macronuclear nodules with a single micronucleus in between. Contractile vacuole dorsal and distinctly subterminal. Extrusomes rod-like, about 8 µm long, attached along whole length of oral bulge and to posterior body end. Somatic ciliary pattern Litonotus   -like; 6–8 right and about 5 left kineties.

Morphological notes. Matis (1961) usually observed specimens having a length of 80–100 Μm, but sometimes also smaller specimens were found.

Distribution. Litonotus carinatus   was found in organic mud from backwaters of the River Danube near Ereč (Husie) at low abundance during the whole year ( Matis 1961); rarely in the upper water layer in the centre of a pond in Tomky during August and November ( Matis 1973); in submerged, wet and dry mosses from Slovenský Raj at a frequency of 11.32, 19.69 and 1.66, respectively ( Tirjaková & Matis 1987); in thermal lakes of the Bojnice Spa at 11–38 °C and pH 5.5–7.3 ( Matis & Straková-Striešková 1991); in the backwaters of the Danube River in Čičov ( Matis & Tirjaková 1992); in the periphyton and benthos of the Turiec River ( Tirjaková 1993); in the main stream of the Morava River and in ponds as well as in small lakes of the Morava inundation zone ( Matis & Tirjaková 1994).

Notes. For further details on taxonomy and synonymy, see Issue 3 in ‘Notes and discussion on the checklist’.

Kingdom

Protozoa

Phylum

Ciliophora

Class

Gymnostomatea

Order

Pleurostomatida

Family

Litonotidae

Genus

Litonotus

Loc

Litonotus carinatus Stokes, 1885

Vďačný, Peter & Rajter, Ľubomír 2014
2014
Loc

Litonotus

Matis 1994: 58
Tirjakova 1993: 134
Matis 1992: 52
Matis 1991: 114
Tirjakova 1987: 9
Matis 1973: 30
1973
Loc

Lionotus

Matis 1961: 772
1961