Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008,

Fernandes, Maurício Romulo & Pimenta, Alexandre Dias, 2020, Unraveling one of the ‘ Big Five’: update of the taxonomy of Triphoridae (Gastropoda, Triphoroidea) from Brazil, European Journal of Taxonomy 665, pp. 1-170: 20-23

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Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008


Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008 

Figs 7–8View FigView Fig, 23LView Fig, 54View Fig, 83View Fig

Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008: 94  , figs 7A–N, 8E–F.

Marshallora ostenta  – Lee 2009: 89.

Material examined


CUBA • Cienfuegos Bay; MNCN 15.05/47055. 


See Rolán & Fernández-Garcés (2008). 

Other material

BRAZIL – North Brazil • 11 specs; REVIZEE-Norte III st. 176; UFMA  * • 1 spec.; REVIZEE-Norte III st. 192; UFMA*. – Amapá  1 spec.; 03º58′43″ N, 49º33′24″ W; 2001; MNRJ 32570View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; AMASSEDS st. 4134; MORG 43335  1 spec.; AMASSEDS st. 3210; MNRJ 33801View Materials *. – Rio Grande do Norte  1 spec.; BPot 1-MR31; MNRJ 31536View Materials  * • 1 spec.; BPot 1-MR41; MNRJ 31538View Materials  * • 1 spec.; BPot 2-MR32; MNRJ 31657View Materials  * • 2 specs; BPot 2-MR41; MNRJ 31540View Materials  * • 1 spec.; BPot 2-MR45; MNRJ 31541View Materials *. – Sergipe  1 spec.; Petro /UFS st. E5-A1; with soft part preservation; UFS  1 spec.; Petro/UFS st. 15.3; UFS  1 spec.; Petro/UFS st. 18.1; UFS  . – Bahia • 4 specs; Baía de Todos os Santos ; May 1997; MNRJ 34430View Materials  * • 1 spec.; Parcel Paredes, Alcobaça ; depth 0–3 m; 8 Jan. 2000; P.J. Souza and E. Gonçalves leg.; MZSP 56305View Materials *. – Espírito Santo  1 spec.; REVIZEE-Central C1-VV24; MORG 40378  2 specs; REVIZEE-Central C1-VV24; MORG 52253  3 specs; REVIZEE-Central C1-VV31; IBUFRJ 19484  1 spec.; REVIZEE-Central C1-C65; MORG 39090  * • 1 spec.; 19º25′08″ S, 39º15′59″ W; depth 46 m; Oct. 2003; MNRJ 31169View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 19º25′37″ S, 39º22′22″ W; depth 43 m; Oct. 2003; MNRJ 30750View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; REVIZEE-Central C1-VV38; IBUFRJ 19614  1 spec.; REVIZEE- Central C6-R2#1-1; IBUFRJ 19506  1 spec.; 20º14′ S, 40º12′ W; Jun. 2008; MNRJ 32659View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º42′00″ S, 40º24′28″ W, Ilha Escalvada ; depth 10–15 m; Jan. 2013; W. Vieira leg.; MNRJ 34026View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 2 specs; 20º42′ S, 40º06′ W; depth 43 m; 27 Aug. 1979; IBUFRJ 19551GoogleMaps  6 specs; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Nov. 2007; MNRJ 32412View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Sep. 2007 – Oct. 2008; MNRJ 17227View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Sep. 2007 – Oct. 2008; MNRJ 30838View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Sep. 2007 – Oct. 2008; MNRJ 31017View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Sep. 2007 – Oct. 2008; MNRJ 31029View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Sep. 2007 – Oct. 2008; MNRJ 31139View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Mar. 2010; MNRJ 31047View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 2spec; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Mar. 2010; MNRJ 31087View MaterialsGoogleMaps  * • 1 spec.; 20º47′ S, 40º34′ W; Mar. 2010; MNRJ 31092View Materials * – Rio de JaneiroGoogleMaps  2 specs; HAB 13-H2; MNRJ 18588View Materials  * • 1 spec.; HAB 16- G1; MNRJ 18623View Materials  * • 1 spec.; REVIZEE-Central C1-D1-2; IBUFRJ 19532  1 spec.; REVIZEE-Central C1-D3; IBUFRJ 12881  .

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA – Georgia • 1 spec.; 30º54′18″ N, 80º36′12″ W; depth 35 m; 4 Sep. 1980; R/V Bagby leg.; with soft part preservation; USNM 848771View MaterialsGoogleMaps  .


Shell sinistral, elongated, cyrtoconoid to slightly ovoid, moderately convex profile, up to 4.4 mm long, 1.4 mm wide, length/width ratio 2.4 to 3.4. Protoconch multispiral, conical, 0.47–0.55 mm long, 0.40– 0.45 mm wide, 4.75–5.25 convex whorls; embryonic shell dome-shaped, covered by small granules in its abapical portion; larval shell with two spiral cords strengthening through first whorl, soon becoming distinct, but adapical one disappears about one whorl after its emergence or as late as at last whorl; adapical cord can be much weaker than abapical one; cords respectively situated at ~39% and 60%–69% of penultimate whorl height; ~27 nearly rectilinear to slightly sigmoid axial ribs. Teleoconch with up to nine whorls; two spiral cords (adapical and abapical) at beginning, abapical one continuous to that of protoconch; median spiral cord emerges in fourth or fifth whorl (rarely in sixth whorl), reaching same size as other cords after 0.5 to 1.5 whorl; on body whorl, spiral cords are 0.9–1.5 × as wide as distance between them; 20–23 nearly orthocline axial ribs at fifth whorl; rounded nodules, with moderately large to medium size; suture distinct, well developed, with small sutural cord; slightly wavy to nearly smooth subperipheral cord, two smooth basal cords; no supranumerical cords; ovate aperture, 0.58–0.79 mm long, 0.45–0.61 mm wide, length/width ratio 1.2–1.3; anterior canal short, open or partly closed by the projection of outer lip, 0.18–0.31 mm long, 0.17–0.25 mm wide, length/width ratio 0.9–1.4; posterior canal as small sinus, 0.07–0.12 mm long. Protoconch light-brown to golden, embryonic shell whitish; teleoconch with faint cream to light brown background, one or two initial whorls often slightly clearer or even white.


Rolán & Fernández-Garcés (2008) hesitated about the taxonomic integrity of M. ostenta  , which may constitute a species with a considerable conchological variation or more than one species. They warned for the chromatic variation, the emergence of the median spiral cord of the teleoconch, and the number of whorls and spiral cords of the protoconch. Differences in the size and shape of adult shells ( Fig. 7View Fig) also occur. Agreeing with the previous authors, an in-depth analysis of anatomy and DNA may solve this taxonomical problem. Meanwhile, shells from Brazil are allocated under this name.

The shell illustrated by Garcia & Lee (2011) as M. ostenta  from Louisiana (southern USA) is dark and with a much rectilinear profile, not being recognized as belonging to this species. Shells from Brazil hardly ever show a slightly different coloration in the adapical spiral cord (somewhat darker or clearer) in relation to the remaining teleoconch ( Fig. 7View Fig F–S), as sometimes observed in shells from the type material.

Shells of Marshallora modesta (C.B. Adams, 1850)  and Marshallora nigrocincta (C.B. Adams, 1839)  are darker than those of M. ostenta  , never acquiring a white coloration in the initial whorls of the teleoconch ( Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 2008). In addition, M. ostenta  is found in a wider bathymetric range than the two former species, which are mainly restricted to the littoral zone.

Geographical records

USA: Georgia (this study), Florida ( Rolán & Fernández-Garcés 2008; Lee 2009); Cuba (type locality); Brazil: Amapá, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe to Rio de Janeiro (this study).

Bathymetric distribution

Depth: 3–92 m (this study).












Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008

Fernandes, Maurício Romulo & Pimenta, Alexandre Dias 2020

Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008: 94

Rolan E. & Fernandez-Garces R. 2008: 94

Marshallora ostenta

Lee H. G. 2009: 89