Amazunculus cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael,

Marques, Dayse W. A., Skevington, Jeffrey H. & Rafael, José A., 2019, Revision of the genus Amazunculus Rafael (Diptera: Pipunculidae), with description of six new species, Zootaxa 4577 (3), pp. 439-472: 450-452

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Amazunculus cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael


Amazunculus cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael 

Figs 62–77View FIGURES 62–66View FIGURES 67–77

Amazunculus cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael, 2008: 519  , figs 1–3; Rodriguez & Rafael, 2012: 14, 27; Marques & Rafael, 2018.

Redescription. Antenna ( Fig. 64View FIGURES 62–66). Postpedicel light brown with a slight corner at apex. Thorax ( Figs 62–63View FIGURES 62–66). Mesopleuron brown mostly with grey pruinescence; laterotergite grey pruinose. Mediotergite grey-brown pruinose. Legs ( Fig. 62View FIGURES 62–66). Dark brown to black, except apices of trochanters, femora and bases of tibiae; femora and tibiae with grey pruinescence on posterior face below. Wing ( Fig. 65View FIGURES 62–66). Length 8.5 mm. LW/MWW = 3.4. LTC/LFC = 0.8. Membrane mostly hyaline except by basal third darkened. Abdomen ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 62–66). Dark brown to black, all tergites with bands of grey pruinescence posterolaterally. Tergites 6, 7 and sternites 6 and 7 as in Fig. 67View FIGURES 67–77.

Terminalia. Syntergosternite 8 with a relatively small circular membranous area ( Fig. 68View FIGURES 67–77). Epandrium and surstyli yellowish brown ( Figs 69–70View FIGURES 67–77). Cerci distinctly arched ( Fig. 70View FIGURES 67–77). Surstyli ( Figs 69–70View FIGURES 67–77) symmetric, with circular markings on distal half; partially fused with epandrium, elongated and narrower ventrally, not surpassing lateral margins of epandrium in lateral view ( Figs 71–72View FIGURES 67–77). Phallic guide ( Figs 73–75View FIGURES 67–77) long and curved, about 1.5× the hypandrium length; very wide basally occupying almost the entire cavity formed by epandrium; with a distinct expansion at apex ( Fig. 74View FIGURES 67–77). Basal processes of phallus long and pointed, surpassing the hypandrium width ( Fig. 73View FIGURES 67–77). Phallus with two somewhat rounded projections apically ( Figs 75–76View FIGURES 67–77). Ejaculatory apodeme as in Fig. 77View FIGURES 67–77.

Female. Unknown.

Type material examined. HOLOTYPE ♂: “ BRASIL, AM [azonas], Manaus, C.[ampus] Univ.[ersitário], [3°6'0.36"S, 59°58'35.61"W], vi.1979, J. A. Rafael, Malaise” “Holótipo ♂ Amazunculus cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael  ” “ DIPT. 518 Hol.[ótipo]” ( INPA) ( Fig. 66View FIGURES 62–66).GoogleMaps 

Holotype condition. Head glued on paperboard triangle. Fore legs broken. Right wing detached, mounted on microslide. Terminalia placed in a microvial with glycerin.

Geographical distribution. Colombia (Amazonas), Brazil (Amazonas) ( Fig. 182View FIGURES 182). Habitat. The holotype was collected in an urban forest of about 600 hectares in the city of Manaus (Amazonas, Brazil) in which the campus of the Federal University of Amazonas—UFAM is found. The only male paratype of this species was not examined in this study, and it was collected in the Amacayacu National Park , a 

rainforest area located along the Amazon River in the Amazonas Department in the south of Colombia, with Malaise trap at ground level.


Australian Museum


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia














Amazunculus cordigaster Galinkin & Rafael

Marques, Dayse W. A., Skevington, Jeffrey H. & Rafael, José A. 2019

Amazunculus cordigaster

Rodriguez, H. C. & Rafael, J. A. 2012: 14
Galinkin, J. & Rafael, J. A. 2008: 519