GASTROPODA,

Groves, Lindsey T. & Squires, Richard L., 2018, Annotated Catalog of the Fossil Invertebrates Described by, and Named for, William More Gabb (1839 - 1878), Zootaxa 4534 (1), pp. 1-150: 59-63

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4534.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6640EBBE-839A-4365-8293-B3AB088DCCC8

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3798636

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F1260A76-FF83-FFDC-FF43-F8DCFA02FC48

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

GASTROPODA
status

 

GASTROPODA 

SUBGENERA AND HIGHER TAXA

Actaeonidea Gabb, 1872c: 273  ; 1872d: 245. Type Species: Actaeonidea oryza Gabb, 1872c: 273  , pl. 11, figs. 8, 8a, by monotypy.

Agasoma Gabb, 1869  a: 46. Type Species: Clavella sinuata Gabb, 1866: 4  , pl. 1, fig. 7, by SD of Cossmann (1901: 198). See Stewart (1927: 399) for a discussion of the nomenclatural history of the type species selection of this genus.

Arrhoges Gabb, 1868: 145  . Type Species: Rostellaria occidentalis Beck 1836: 156  , by OD. Remarks: Described as a subgenus of Aporrhais da Costa, 1778  .

Ataphrus Gabb, 1869b: 171  . Type Species: Ataphrus crassus Gabb, 1869b: 171  , pl. 28, fig. 54, by monotypy. Remarks: Considered a nomen dubium by Kaim et al. (2014: 408).

Atresius Gabb, 1869b: 168–169  . Type Species: Atresius liratus Gabb, 1869b: 169  , pl. 28, fig. 50, by monotypy. Remarks: Kiel et al. (2008: 691) provided an emended diagnosis of Gabb’s genus. Kaim et al. (2014: 419) included Atresius  in their new family Paskentanidae  .

Brachysphingus Gabb, 1869b: 155–156  . Type Species: Brachysphingus sinuatus Gabb, 1869b: 156  , pl. 26, fig. 35, by SD of Cossmann (1901: 221).

Cyclomolops Gabb, 1868: 142  . Type Species: Rostellaria sublaevigata Deshayes, 1865: 460  , pl. 90, figs. 5, 6, by SD of Cossmann (1904: 30). Remarks: Gabb (1868) indicated, by monotypy, the type species of Cyclomolopos (a Paris Basin Eocene genus) to be Rostellaria laevigata Melleville, 1843  , but according to Cossmann (1904: 30–31), Melleville (1843: 71, pl. 10, figs. 10–11) based his species on fragments. Melleville’s figure 10 is an abapical view, and his figure 11 is a sketch of inferred features, thus R. laevigata  is a nomen dubium. Apparently, Gabb did not know this when he saw Melleville's figures.

Cylichnella Gabb, 1872c: 273–274  ; 1872d: 245. Type species: Bulla bidentata d'Orbigny, 1841: 125  , by monotypy.

Dicroloma Gabb, 1868: 146  . Type species: Pterocera lorieri d'Orbigny, 1850: 270  , by SD, most probably by Cossmann (1904: 85). Remarks: Emended diagnosis provided by Kaim (2004: 71).

Dolophanes Gabb, 1872c: 273  ; 1872d: 234–235. Type Species: Dolophanes melanoides Gabb, 1872d  : pl. 11, fig. 7, by monotypy. Remarks: Considered a junior  synonym of Microstelma  A. Adams, 1863 by Ponder (1985: 97).

Ectracheliza Gabb, 1872c: 271  [numbered 971]; 1872d: 213–214. Type Species: Ectrachelzia truncata Gabb, 1872c: 271  [numbered 971], pl. 9, fig. 2View FIGURE 2, by monotypy.

Endoptygma Gabb, 1876b: 302  . Type Species: Phorus umbilicatus Tuomey, 1854: 169  , by monotypy. Remarks: Junior synonym of Xenophora Fischer von Waldheim, 1807  , according to Sohl (1960: 96).

Eripachya Gabb, 1869b: 148–149  . Type Species: Neptunea ponderosa Gabb, 1864b: 88  , pl. 18, fig. 38, by SD of Cossmann (1901: 147).

Eucheilodon Gabb, 1860  i: 379–380. Type Species: Eucheilodon reticulata Gabb, 1860  i: 380, pl. 67, fig. 18, by OD. Remarks: Aldrich (1895: 61) made Eucheilodon  a subgenus of Borsonia Bellardi, 1839  , but numerous others (i.e., Gardner 1945: 249; Palmer & Brann 1966: 665; and Dockery 1977: 93) considered Eucheilodon  a full  genus.

Exilifusus Gabb, 1876b: 278–279. [Junior homonym of Exilifusus Conrad, 1865]. Type Species: Fusus (Exilifusus) kerri Gabb, 1876b: 279  , pl. 17, fig. 1View FIGURE 1, by monotypy. Remarks: Described as a subgenus of Fusus Bruguière, 1789  .

Glyphostoma Gabb, 1872c: 270–271  [numbered 971]; 1872d: 209–210. Type Species: Glyphostoma dentifera Gabb, 1872d: 210  , by monotypy.

Goniocheila Gabb, 1868: 144  . Type species: Chenopus liratus Conrad, 1847: 287  , by SD of Cossmann (1904: 74). Remarks: Described as a subgenus of Aporrhais da Costa 1778  . Treated as a full  genus by Saul & Petit (2001).

Gymnarus Gabb, 1868: 139  . Type species: Pugnellus manubriatus Gabb, 1864b: 125–126  , pl. 29, figs. 229–229a, by monotypy. Remarks: Described as a subgenus of Pugnellus Conrad, 1860  . Considered a full  genus by Popenoe (1983: 75) and Dockery (1993: 66–67).

Gyrotropis Gabb, 1876b: 300  . Type species: Gyrotropis squamosus Gabb, 1876b: 300–301  , pl. 17, fig. 5, by monotypy.

Haydenia Gabb, 1864b: 98  . Type species: Haydenia impressa Gabb, 1864b: 98  , pl. 18, fig. 51, by monotypy.

Helicaulax Gabb, 1868: 145  . Type species: Rostellaria ornata d'Orbigny, 1843: 291–292  , pl. 209, fig. 2View FIGURE 2, by SD of Cossmann (1904: 63).

Heteroterma Gabb, 1869b: 151–152  . Type species: Heteroterma trochoidea Gabb, 1869b: 152  , pl. 26, figs. 30– 30a, by monotypy.

Iopsis Gabb, 1872c: 272  ; 1872d: 227. Type Species: Iopsis fusiformis Gabb, 1872c: 272  , pl. 11, fig. 6; 1872d: 228; by monotypy. Remarks: See Iopsis fusiformis Gabb.  Iopsis  is a synonym of Zebina H. Adams  & A. Adams, 1854, according to Ponder (1985: 85).

Laxispira Gabb, 1876b: 301  . Type Species: Laxispira lumbricalis Gabb, 1876b: 301–302  , by monotypy. Remarks: Designated by Bandel (2006: 101) as type genus for new subfamily Laxispirinae Bandel, 2006  .

Leiorhinus Gabb, 1860  i: 401–402. Type Species: Leiorhinus crassillabris Gabb, 1860  i: 402, pl. 67, fig. 60, by monotypy.

Liocium Gabb, 1869b: 174  . Type Species: Liocium punctatum Gabb, 1869b: 174  , pl. 28, fig. 59, by monotypy.

Loxotrema Gabb, 1868: 147  . Type Species: Loxotrema turrita Gabb, 1868: 147  , pl. 14, fig. 21 by OD.

Lysis Gabb, 1864b: 138  . Type Species: Lysis duplicosta Gabb, 1864: 138  , pl. 21, fig. 98, by monotypy.

Megistotoma Gabb, 1864b: 144. Type Species: Megistostoma striata Gabb, 1864b: 144  , pl. 21, figs. 108–108b, by monotypy. Remarks: Considered a subgenus of Philine Ascanius, 1772  by Allen (1970: 76) and Dockery (1977: 104).

Metulella Gabb, 1872c: 270  ; 1872d: 206. Type species: Metulella fusiformis Gabb, 1872c: 270  , pl. 11, fig. 3, by OD.

Molopophorus Gabb, 1869b: 156–157  . Type species: Bullia (Molopophorus) striata Gabb, 1869b: 157  , pl. 26, fig. 36, by monotypy. Remarks: Described as a subgenus but treated as a full  genus by Dickerson (1915: 66–67) and Stewart (1927: 389).

Odontopolys Gabb, 1860  i: 377. Type species: Murex (Odontopolys) compsorhytis Gabb, 1860  i: 377, pl. 67, fig. 16, by monotypy. Remarks: Considered a full  genus by Garvie (1991: 89–90; 1992: 187–190).

Orthaulax Gabb, 1872c: 272–273  ; 1872d: 234. Type species: Orthaulax inornatus Gabb, 1872c: 272–273  , pl. 9, figs. 3–4, by monotypy.

Palaeatractus Gabb, 1869b: 147  . Type Species: Palaeatractus crassus Gabb, 1869b: 148  , pl. 26, fig. 26, by monotypy.

Parkeria Gabb, 1881c: 368  . [Junior homonym of Parkeria W.B. Carpenter, 1870  ]. Type species: Umbonium vitreum Gabb, 1872d: 243  , unfigured, by monotypy. Remarks: Parkeria Carpenter, 1870  was initially considered to be a foraminiferan (Kingdom Protista) and Gabb’s Parkeria  would therefore not be junior homonym. However, closer investigation demonstrated that it was actually a hydrozoan, according to Hill & Wells (1956: F88), thus Gabb’s name is, in fact, a junior  homonym.

Perissolax Gabb, 1861e: 66–67  . Type Species: Fusus trivolvus Gabb, 1860  a: 94, pl. 2 fig. 5, by OD. Remarks: Gabb listed both Fusus longirostris  and F. trivolvus  as types of Perissolax  and listed F. longirostris  first. Although Stewart (1927: 427) reported that F. trivolvus Gabb  (1860a: 94, pl. 2, fig. 5) “seems” to have been been chosen by Gabb as the type species, Gabb did not clearly designate a type species for his genus. In addition, both species are based on steinkerns. Squires (2015: 579) reported therefore, without equivocation, that Perissolax  is a nomen dubium. For an overview of the complex nomenclatural relationship between Perissolax  and Pseudoperissolax Clark, 1918  , see Squires (2015). Wenz (1943: 1304) regarded Perissolax  as a junior  synoynym of Pyropsis Conrad, 1860  , but Squires (2011b) reported that Perissolax  cannot be put into synonymy with Pyropsis  .

Petropoma Gabb, 1881  a: 281–282. Type species: Petropoma peruanus Gabb, 1881  a: 282, pl. 40, fig. 8, by monotypy. Remarks: See McLean & Kiel (2007: 257) for taxonomic comments on Petropoma  .

Phyllocheilus Gabb, 1868: 140  . Type species: Pterocera ponti Brongniart, 1821: 570  , pl. 7, figs. 3A–3B, by SD of Cossmann (1904: 67). Remarks: Described as a subgenus of Pterocera Lamarck, 1799  .

Planorbella Gabb, 1872c: 270  ; 1872d: 201. [Junior homonym of Planorbella Haldeman, 1843  ]. Type species: Planorbella imitans Gabb, 1872c: 270  , pl. 11, fig. 2View FIGURE 2, by OD; assigned to Limacina (Striolimacina)  by Janssen (1999: 13) and reassigned to Striolimacina  by Janssen (2003: 168).

Plochelaea Gabb, 1872c: 271  [numbered 971] –272; 1872d: 216. Type Species: Plochelaea crassilabra Gabb, 1872c: 271  [numbered 971] –272, p. 11, fig. 5, by OD.

Prisconatica Gabb, 1881  a: 277–278. Type species: Lunatia pedernalis Gabb, 1869d  , not Natica pedernalis Roemer, 1849  ; by OD. Remarks: Type species figured by Gabb (1869d: 259, pl. 35, fig. 3) and identified erroneously as Lunatia pedernalis Roemer, 1849  . See Squires & Saul (2004a: 31) for a discussion of the type species.

Ptychosyca Gabb, 1876b: 294  . Type Species: Ptychosyca inornata Gabb, 1876b: 295  , pl. 17, figs. 2View FIGURE 2 –4, by monotypy.

Rostellariidae Gabb, 1868: 141  . Remarks: Recognized as a family by Kronenberg & Burger (2002: 43).

Rostellariinae Gabb, 1868: 141. Type Genus: Rostellaria Lamarck, 1799  [junior objective synonym of Tibia Röding, 1798  , according to Bouchet (2014) in MolluscaBase accessed through WoRMS (Marinespecies.org)]. Remarks: The family name Rostellariidae Gabb, 1868  is derived from Rostellarinae Gabb, 1868: 141, a misspelled name that should have been spelled as Rostellariinae, according to Kronenberg & Burger (2002: 43).

Spirocrypta Gabb, 1864b: 136–137  . Type species: Crypta (Spirocrypta) pileum Gabb, 1864b: 137  , pl. 29, figs. 233–233b, by OD. Remarks: Described as a subgenus of Crypta Humphrey, 1797  .

Struthiolariinae Gabb, 1868: 147. Remarks: Recognized at family level by Bouchet & Rocroi (2005: 253). Sycodes Gabb, 1869b: 160  . Type Species:? Ficus cypraeoides Gabb, 1864b: 105  , pl. 19, fig. 58, by monotypy. Remarks: See? Ficus cypraeoides  , which was assigned by Gabb (1869b: 160) to Sycodes Gabb, 1869b  . Whiteaves (1879: 125) synonymized Sycodes glabra (Shumard, 1858)  [as Pyrula glabra  ] with Sycodes cypraeoides (Gabb)  . See Squires & Graham (2014: 778) for a complete synonymy.

Tessarolax Gabb, 1864b: 126  . Type species: Tessarolax distorta Gabb, 1864b: 126–127  , pl. 20, figs. 82–82b, by monotypy. Remarks: See Saul & Squires (2015) for a thorough overview of this genus.

Trochifusus Gabb, 1876b: 285  . Type species: Pyrula trochiformis Tuomey, 1854: 169  , by OD.

Urosyca Gabb, 1869b: 159  . Type species: Urosyca caudata Gabb, 1869b: 159  , pl. 27, fig. 38, by monotypy. Urosyca  is a junior  synonym of Priscoficus Conrad, 1866  , according to Stewart (1927: 379–380) but Squires (2014a: 5) reinstated Gabb’s genus. Gardner (1939: 30) noted that Cossmann (1904: 124) had stated “ Fulguroficus  is synonymous with Urosyca Gabb 1869  .”

Volutoderma Gabb, 1876b: 289  . Type Species: Volutilithes navarroensis Shumard  ? Gabb 1864b: 102–103, pl. 19, fig. 56, by OD, Gabb (1876b: 289), unfigured. Not Volutilithes navarroensis Shumard, 1861  (a Texas Cretaceous gastropod). Volutoderma navarroensis (Gabb, 1876b)  = Fusus averillii Gabb, 1864b  : pl. 18, fig. 34, a northeast Pacific slope Cretaceous gastropod. See Saul & Squires (2008a: 216, 218, 226) for additional details.

Volutomorpha Gabb, 1876b: 290  . Type Species: Volutolithes conradi Gabb, 1860  g: 300–301, pl. 48, fig. 10, by OD.

Whitneya Gabb, 1864b: 103–104  . Type Species: Whitneya ficus Gabb, 1864b: 104  , pl. 28, fig. 216, by monotypy.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Loc

GASTROPODA

Groves, Lindsey T. & Squires, Richard L. 2018
2018
Loc

Ataphrus

Kaim, A. & Jenkins, R. G. & Tanabe, K. & Kiel, S. 2014: 408
2014
Loc

Atresius

Kaim, A. & Jenkins, R. G. & Tanabe, K. & Kiel, S. 2014: 419
Kiel, S. & Campbell, K. & Elder, W. P. & Little, C. T. S. 2008: 691
2008
Loc

Laxispira

Bandel, K. 2006: 101
2006
Loc

Rostellariidae

Kronenberg, G. C. & Burger, A. W. 2002: 43
2002
Loc

Urosyca

Squires, R. L. 2014: 5
Gardner, J. A. 1939: 30
Stewart, R. B. 1927: 379
Cossmann, M. 1904: 124
1927
Loc

Brachysphingus

Cossmann, M. 1901: 221
1901
Loc

Eripachya

Cossmann, M. 1901: 147
1901
Loc

Eucheilodon

Dockery, D. T. III. 1977: 93
Palmer, K. V. W. & Brann, D. C. 1966: 665
Gardner, J. 1945: 249
Aldrich, T. H. 1895: 61
1895
Loc

Cyclomolops

Cossmann, M. 1904: 30
Cossmann, M. 1904: 30
Deshayes, G. P. 1865: 460
Melleville, M. 1843: 71
1865
Loc

Endoptygma

Sohl, N. F. 1960: 96
Tuomey, M. 1854: 169
1854
Loc

Trochifusus

Tuomey, M. 1854: 169
1854
Loc

Dicroloma

Kaim, A. 2004: 71
Cossmann, M. 1904: 85
d'Orbigny, A. D. 1850: 270
1850
Loc

Helicaulax

Cossmann, M. 1904: 63
d'Orbigny, A. D. 1843: 292
1843
Loc

Cylichnella

d'Orbigny, A. 1841: 125
1841
Loc

Arrhoges

Beck, H. H. 1836: 156
1836