Heleomyzidae,

Calhau, Julia, Coelho, Lívia Aguiar, Kawada, Ricardo, Lima, Felipe Varussa De Oliveira & Guillermo-Ferreira, Rhainer, 2016, Review of Rhinotora (Diptera, Heleomyzidae) with description of a new species and key to all known heleomyzid species from Brazil, Zootaxa 4138 (3), pp. 513-533: 530

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4138.3.5

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4189EE26-3CDE-4BC0-AB75-84C5E2C9733B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/5D446B59-FFAD-FF80-27BD-FD4A2DB5F861

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Heleomyzidae
status

 

Key to the known species of Heleomyzidae  occurring in Brazil

1. Face without subantennal pits ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 C, 7F, 8F). Compound eyes large and prominent. Vertex slightly to deeply excavated. Head brown to yellow.......................................................................Rhinotorini... 2

1’. Face with pair of deep, oval subantennal pits ( Figs 9CView FIGURE 9. A – C,F). Compound eyes reduced. Vertex horizontal or slightly convex. Head at least partially bright orange.................................................................. Diaciini...13

2(1). Postvertical setae absent ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 C). Scutellum with longitudinal excavation or with protuberances ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 B, 2B). Vertex deeply excavated ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 C, 7F)................................................................................ 3

2’. Postvertical setae weak, convergent ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8. A – C D). Scutellum without longitudinal excavation or protuberances ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8. A – C E). Vertex slightly excavated ( Fig. 8View FIGURE 8. A – C F)................................................ Rhinotoroides bifurcata Lopes, 1934  .

3(2). Scutellum flattened, not excavated, with spiniform or lobed protuberances ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 B, 2B). Pruinescence of scutum fine, present around setal sockets ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 B,D)............................................................... Rhinotora  ... 4

3’. Scutellum inflated and longitudinally excavated ( Fig. 7BView FIGURE 7. A – C). Pruinescence of scutum thick, absent around setal sockets ( Figs 7A –BView FIGURE 7. A – C,D –E)............................................................................. Neorhinotora  ...11

4(3). Scutellum with apical and lateral spiniform protuberances ( Fig. 1View FIGURE 1 B). Wing membrane hyaline with dark spots; cell r1 with several supernumerary crossveins, occasionally some of them branched ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 D, 3D, 6D).............................. 5

4’. Scutellum with discrete apical and lateral lobed protuberances ( Fig. 2BView FIGURE 2. A – B). Wing membrane dark with hyaline spots; cell r1 with several supernumerary crossveins, most of them branched (per Almeida & Ale-Rocha 2011)................ R. fonsecai 

5(4). Cell r2+3 medially with 2–3 supernumerary crossveins, arising independently from R2+3 (sometimes connected posteriorly) ( Figs 1View FIGURE 1 D, 6D)........................................................................................ 6

5’. Cell r2+3 medially with a single (either simple or branched) supernumerary crossvein ( Fig 3DView FIGURE 3. A – G)......................... 7

6(5). Wing with a distinct spot around crossveins arising from R2+3, darker than remaining wing spots ( Fig 6DView FIGURE 6. A – F). Scutellum centrally with a dark pruinose triangle; margin golden pruinose. Male cerci with convex apical margin ( Fig 6FView FIGURE 6. A – F)........ R. travassosi 

6’. Wing with two parallel, often posteriorly connected supernumerary crossveins arising from the middle of R2+3; dark spot around those crossveins not darker than the remaining wing spots ( Fig 1View FIGURE 1 D). Pruinescence of scutellum golden to brown, not forming a distinct pattern. Male cerci with indented apical margin ( Fig 1View FIGURE 1 F)............................ R. diversipennis 

7(6). Scutum with complex pattern of dark pruinose spots ( Figs 2View FIGURE 2. A – B D, 3B, 5E)........................................... 8

7’. Scutum golden pruinose, without dark pruinose spots ( Figs 4View FIGURE 4. A – C E, 5B)............................................ 10

8(7). Male fore femur about three times longer than wide. Scutum with two parallel dark pruinose spots on posteromedial region ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2. A – B D). Mid tibia with one distinct ventroapical seta. Cerci with a greater medial lobe, and a smaller lateral lobe ( Fig. 2View FIGURE 2. A – B F)............................................................................................... R. lopesi 

8’. Male fore femur about four times longer than wide. Pruinose pattern of scutum not as above. Mid tibia with 1–3 distinct ventroapical setae........................................................................................ 9

9(8). Scutum without dark pruinose spots on posteromedial region ( Fig. 5View FIGURE 5. A – C E). Mid tibia with two or three distinct ventroapical setae. Male cerci triangular in dorsal view (per Guimarães & Papavero, 1966).................................. R. spiloptera 

9’. Scutum with two converging dark pruinose spots on posteromedial region ( Fig. 3BView FIGURE 3. A – G). Mid tibia with one distinct ventroapical seta. Male cerci short, fused all along its apex, prolonged laterally into two digitiform lobes ( Fig. 3GView FIGURE 3. A – G).. R. paschoali  sp. nov.

10(7). Cell r1 with five to six supernumerary crossveins ( Fig. 4BView FIGURE 4. A – C,D). Mid tibia with one ventroapical distinct seta. Male cerci abruptly narrowing from base to apex, bottle-shaped in dorsal view (per Almeida & Ale-Rocha 2011)....... R. pluricellata 

10’. Cell r1 with eight to nine supernumerary crossveins ( Fig. 5AView FIGURE 5. A – C). Mid tibia with two or three ventroapical distinct seta. Male cerci trapezoidal in dorsal view ( Guimarães & Papavero, 1966)........................................ R. salesopolitana 

11(3). Arista micropubescent ( Fig. 8CView FIGURE 8. A – C). Wing with two well-defined spots around dm-cu and on the distal extremities of R4+5 and M ( Figs 8A –BView FIGURE 8. A – C)..................................................................... N. mutica ( Schiner, 1868)