ARCTIIDAE

Ferguson, Douglas C. & Opler, Paul A., 2006, Checklist of the Arctiidae (Lepidoptera: Insecta) of the continental United States and Canada, Zootaxa 1299, pp. 1-33 : 3-32

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.273542

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E3979CF4-88E6-4D70-900D-E5E4DB394E17

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6255959

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/1C2087E2-FFD2-FF84-FEC8-FE83FAC5FEB8

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

ARCTIIDAE
status

 

ARCTIIDAE

LITHOSIINAE

Acsalini Bendib and Minet, 2000

ACSALA Benjamin, 1935

1. anomala Benjamin, 1935 [incorrectly placed in Lymantriidae by Ferguson (1978)]

Eudesmiini Bendib and Minet, 2000

EUDESMIA Hübner, 1823 RUSCINO Walker, 1854 GERBA Walker, 1865

2. arida (Skinner, 1906)

3. menea (Drury, 1782)

laetifera (Walker, 1864) latifasciatus (Butler, 1875)

Cisthenini Bendib and Minet, 2000

CISTHENE Walker, 1854

ILLICE Walker, 1859

PYRALIDIA Felder, 1868 BYSSOPHAGA Stretch, 1874 OZODANIA Dyar, 1899

4. subrufa (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)

5. unifascia Grote & Robinson, 1868

ruptifascia (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918) mexicana (Draudt, 1918)

6. kentuckiensis (Dyar, 1904)

7. liberomacula (Dyar, 1904)

basijuncta (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918)

8. deserta (Felder, 1868)

nexa (Boisduval, 1869)

grisea (Packard, 1872)

9. faustinula (Boisduval, 1869)

fusca Stretch, 1874

10. dorsimacula (Dyar, 1904)

11. tenuifascia Harvey, 1875

interrupta (Draudt, 1918)

a. schwarziorum (Dyar, 1899), new combination [Formerly treated as a synonym of tenuifascia ; facies of specimens from Arizona, including those from the type locality of schwarziorum, are distinct from those of nomenotypic tenuifascia from Texas.]

12. plumbea Stretch, 1885

injecta (Dyar, 1904)

gamma (Dyar, 1904)

flavicosta (Draudt, 1918)

13. striata Ottolengui., 1898

apicipicta (Strand, 1922)

14. perrosea (Dyar, 1904)

15. angelus (Dyar, 1904)

16. subjecta Walker, 1854

bellicula (Dyar, 1921)

17. packardii (Grote, 1863)

18. conjuncta (Barnes & McDunnough, 1913)

19. barnesii (Dyar, 1904)

flavula (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918) costimacula (Draudt, 1918)

flava (Draudt, 1919)

20. picta (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918) texensis (Draudt, 1918)

21. juanita Barnes & Benjamin, 1925

22. coronado C.B. Knowlton, 1967

23. martini C.B. Knowlton, 1967

PTYCHOGLENE Felder, 1868

24. coccinea (Henry Edwards, 1886) 25. phrada Druce, 1889

flammans Dyar, 1898

26. sanguineola (Boisduval, 1870)

PROPYRIA Hampson, 1898

27. schausi (Dyar, 1898) LYCOMORPHA Harris, 1839

PREPODES Herrich­Schäffer, 1855 ANATOLMIS Packard, 1864

28. grotei (Packard, 1864)

palmerii Packard, 1872

a. pulchra Dyar, 1898

29. regulus (Grinnell, 1903)

30. fulgens (Henry Edwards, 1881)

tenuimargo Holland, 1903

31. splendens Barnes & McDunnough, 1912 32. pholus (Drury, 1773)

a. miniata Packard, 1872 33. desertus Henry Edwards, 1881

HYPOPREPIA Hübner, 1825 [1831]

[ NOTE. Eastern species of Hypoprepia are represented by numerous forms, and the species­level taxonomy is unresolved. This does not apply to western species, except perhaps in Texas.]

34. miniata (Kirby, 1837)

vittata (Harris, 1841)

a. mississippiensis Barnes & Benjamin, 1926

35. fucosa Hübner, 1825 [1831]

a. subornata Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893

inornata Ottolengui, 1895

dollii Dyar, 1906

b. tricolor (Fitch, 1856)

plumbea Henry Edwards, 1886 36. cadaverosa Strecker, 1878

37. inculta Henry Edwards, 1882

HAEMATOMIS Schaus, 1899

38. uniformis Schaus, 1899

mexicana of authors (not Druce, 1885)

RHABDATOMIS Dyar, 1907 39. laudamia (Druce, 1885) LYCOMORPHODES Hampson, 1900 40. sordida (Butler, 1877)

BRUCEIA Neumoegen, 1893

41. pulverina Neumoegen, 1893 42. hubbardi Dyar, 1898

CLEMENSIA Packard, 1864

UXIA Walker, 1866

REPA Walker, 1866

43. albata Packard, 1864

albida (Walker, 1866)

cana (Walker, 1866)

a. umbrata Packard, 1872

irrorata Henry Edwards, 1873

44. patella (Druce, 1885) , revised status [Raised from synonmy of albata ; this name is applicable to Pacific Coast populations.]

EILEMA Hübner, 1819

45. bicolor (Grote, 1864)

argillacea (Packard, 1864)

CRAMBIDIA Packard, 1864

46. lithosioides Dyar, 1898

47. pallida Packard, 1864

48. uniformis Dyar, 1898

49. dusca Barnes & McDunnough, 1913 50. myrlosea Dyar, 1917

51. suffusa Barnes & McDunnough, 1913 52. impura Barnes & McDunnough, 1913 53. casta (Packard, 1869)

candida (Henry Edwards, 1873) 54. pura Barnes & McDunnough, 1913 55. cephalica (Grote & Robinson, 1870)

AGYLLA Walker, 1854

SALAPOLA Walker, 1863

CRAMBOMORPHA Felder, 1874 MACROCRAMBUS Kirby, 1892

56. septentrionalis Barnes & McDunnough, 1911

INOPSIS Felder, 1874

57. modulata (Henry Edwards, 1884)

metella (Druce, 1885)

scylla (Druce, 1885)

58. funerea (Grote, 1883)

GNAMPTONYCHIA Hampson, 1900

59. ventralis Barnes & Lindsey, 1921

GARDINIA Kirby, 1892

GARDINICA Strand, 1932

60. anopla Hering, 1925

ARCTIINAE

Arctiini

VIRBIA Walker, 1854 [Classification follows Zaspel and Weller (2006).] HOLOMELINA Herrich­Schäffer, 1855 COTHOCIDA Walker, 1865

CYTORUS Grote, 1865

60. laeta (Guérin­Méneville, 1839)

treatii (Grote, 1865)

rubropicta (Packard, 1887) 61. costata (Stretch, 1884)

opelloides (Graef, 1887)

intermedia (Graef, 1887)

parvula (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)

cocciniceps (Schaus, 1901)

pallipennis (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918) 62. ostenta (Henry Edwards, 1881)

calera Barnes, 1907

63. cetes (Druce, 1897) [Presence in North American uncertain.] 64. opella (Grote, 1863)

obscura (Stretch, 1885)

belmaria (Ehrmann, 1895)

rubricosta (Ehrmann, 1895)

flava (Barnes & Benjamin, 1925) 65. nigricans (Reakirt, 1864)

nigrifera (Walker, 1865)

66. lamae (Freeman, 1941)

67. aurantiaca (Hübner, 1827)

brevicornis (Walker, 1854)

bimaculata (Saunders, 1869)

68. marginata (Druce, 1885) [Determination of North American material is uncertain,

but U.S. specimens match Druce’s figure of marginata .] 69. rubicundaria (Hübner, 1827)

belfragei (Stretch, 1885)

diminutiva (Graef, 1887)

rosa (French, 1890)

70. ferruginosa (Walker, 1854)

quinaria (Grote, 1863)

choriona (Reakirt, 1864)

trimaculosa (Reakirt, 1864)

buchholzi (Wyatt, 1963)

71. immaculata (Reakirt, 1864)

72. fragilis (Strecker, 1878)

HOLOARCTIA Ferguson., 1984

73. cervini (Fallou, 1864)

hnatecki (Frey, 1880)

sordida (McDunnough, 1921) rougemonti (Bang­Haas, 1927) steitei (Röber, 1930)

scriniensis (Berthet, 1948)

fumata (Burmann, 1952)

fasciat a (Burmann, 1952)

teriolensis (Burmann, 1975)

74. fridolini (Torstenius, 1971)

NEOARCTIA Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893

75. beanii (Neumoegen, 1891)

fuscosa (Neumoegen, 1891) 76. brucei (Henry Edwards, 1888) 77. lafontainei Ferguson., 1985

HYPERBOREA Grum­Grshimailo, 1900

78. czekanowskii Grum­Grshimailo, 1900

czecanousci Hampson, 1920 [Unjustified emendation.]

GRAMMIA Rambur, 1866

ORODEMNIAS Wallengren, 1885 MIMARCTIA Neumoegen & Dyar, 1894 HOLARCTIA M.E. Smith, 1938

79. obliterata (Stretch, 1885)

turbans (Christoph, 1892)

80. quenseli (Paykull, 1793)

strigosa (Fabricius, 1793) gelida (Möschler, 1864)

81. speciosa (Möschler, 1864)

82. virguncula (W. Kirby, 1837)

otiosa (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)

83. philipiana Ferguson., 1985

84. anna (Grote, 1863)

persephone (Grote, 1863)

85. parthenice (W. Kirby, 1837) saundersii (Grote, 1864) approximata (Stretch, 1885) circa (Stretch, 1906)

a. intermedia (Stretch, 1874) stretchii (Grote, 1875)

86. virgo (Linnaeus, 1758)

citrinaria (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893) simplex (Stretch, 1906)

87. doris (Boisduval, 1869)

nerea (Boisduval, 1869)

michabo (Grote, 1875)

a. minea (Slosson, 1892)

88. arge (Drury, 1773)

dione (Fabricius, 1775)

incarnatorubra (Goeze, 1781)

nervosa (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893) strigosa (Stretch, 1906) [Homonym]

89. ornata (Packard, 1864)

achaia (Grote & Robinson, 1868) ochracea (Stretch, 1874)

barda (Henry Edwards, 1881)

simplicior (Butler, 1881)

perpicta (Dyar, 1893)

maculosa (Stretch, 1906)

ochracea­rivulosa (Stretch, 1906) rivulosa (Stretch, 1906)

californica (Cassino, 1917)

hewletti (Barnes & McDunnough, 1918) , revised synonymy [Listed as a separate species by Franclemont (1983).] sulphuricella (Strand, 1919)

90. edwardsi (Stretch, 1874) , revised status [Listed by Franclemont (1983) as a form of Grammia ornata ; presumed extinct; formerly occurred only at San Francisco, California]

91. complicata (Walker, 1864), revised status [Listed by Franclemont (1983) as subspecies of Grammia ornata .]

92. blakei (Grote, 1864)

93. bolanderi (Stretch, 1874)

confluentis (Strand, 1919)

94. cervinoides (Strecker, 1876)

95. elongata (Stretch, 1885)

dieckii (Neumoegen, 1890)

96. williamsii (Dodge, 1871)

determinata (Neumoegen, 1881) a. tooele (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910 ophir (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910)

97. allectans Ferguson., 1985

98. nevadensis (Grote and Robinson, 1866)

a. geneura (Strecker, 1880)

b. superba (Stretch, 1874)

c. gibsoni (McDunnough, 1937)

99. incorrupta (Henry Edwards, 1881) [We are selecting as the lectotype of incorrupta a specimen labeled Prescott, Arizona, which will establish it as the name that applies to the form from Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas. This action is taken in order to stabilize the nomenclature because the next available name, sulphurica Neumoegen, is based on an aberrant yellow specimen.] ochracea (Neumoegen, 1883) [Homonym]

sulphurica (Neumoegen, 1885)

100. behrii (Stretch, 1874)

101. phyllira (Drury, 1773)

b­ata (Goeze, 1781)

oithona (Strecker, 1878) , new synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a distinct species by Franclemont (1983).]

rectilinea (French, 1879) , revised synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a synonym of Grammia oithona (Strecker) by Franclemont (1983).] dodgei (Butler, 1881)

conspicua (Stretch, 1906) , revised synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a synonym of Grammia oithona (Strecker) by Franclemont (1983).]

102. favorita (Neumoegen, 1890)

avoritella (Strand, 1919)

103. celia (Saunders, 1863)

franconia (Henry Edwards, 1888)

104. figurata (Drury, 1773)

ceramica (Hübner, 1820)

snowi (Grote, 1875)

excelsa (Neumoegen, 1883)

lugubris (Hulst, 1887)

preciosa (Nixon, 1911)

105. f­pallida (Strecker, 1878)

quadranotata (Strecker, 1880) , new synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a distinct species by Franclemont (1983).]

sociata (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910) , new synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a distinct species by Franclemont (1983).] moierra (Dyar, 1914) , revised synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a synonym of Grammia quadranotata by Franclemont (1983).]

106. placentia (J. E. Smith, 1797)

flammea (Neumoegen, 1881)

NOTARCTIA M. E. Smith, 1938

107. proxima (Guérin­Méneville, 1844)

docta (Walker, 1855)

mexicana (Grote & Robinson, 1867)

autholea (Boisduval, 1869)

108 arizoniensis (Stretch, 1874) .

mormonica (Neumoegen, 1885) . Revised synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a subspecies of N. proxima by Franclemont (1983).]

APANTESIS Walker, 1855

109. phalerata (Harris, 1841) incompleta (Butler, 1881) rhoda (Butler, 1881)

incarnata (Stretch, 1906) pulcherrima (Stretch, 1906) naidella Strand, 1919

vittatula Strand, 1919

rhodana Strand, 1919

110. vittata (Fabricius, 1787) radians Walker, 1855

colorata (Walker, 1865) a. floridana Cassino, 1918 ochracea Cassino, 1918 subterminalis Strand, 1919

111. nais (Drury, 1773)

cuneata (Goeze, 1781) decorata (Saunders, 1863) ochreata (Butler, 1881) phaleratula Strand, 1919

112. carlotta Ferguson, 1985

PARASEMIA Hübner 1816 [1820]

NEMEOPHILA Stephens, 1828 CHIONOPHILA Guenée, 1865 EUPSYCHOMA Grote, 1865

113. plantaginis (Linnaeus, 1758) hospita (Denis & Schiffermüller, 1776) petrosa (Walker, 1855)

modesta (Packard, 1864)

scudderi (Packard, 1864)

geometrica (Grote, 1865)

caespitis (Grote & Robinson, 1868) cichorii (Grote & Robinson, 1868) geddesi (Neumoegen, 1884)

selwynii (Henry Edwards, 1885) alascensis (Stretch, 1906)

ACERBIA Sotavalta, 1963

114. alpina (Quensel, 1802) [Extralimital]

thulea (Dalman, 1823)

a. johanseni (Bang­Haas, 1927)

PARARCTIA Sotavalta, 1965

115. lapponica (Thunberg, 1791) [Extralimital]

festiva (Borkhausen, 1790) [Homonym]

avia (Hübner, 1827)

a. hyperborea (Curtis, 1835)

b. gibsoni (Bang­Haas, 1927) 116. yarrowii (Stretch, 1874)

remissa (Henry Edwards, 1888) 117. subnebulosa (Dyar, 1899)

PLATARCTIA Packard, 1864

118. parthenos (Harris, 1850)

borealis (Möschler, 1860)

parvimaculata (Brower, 1973) multimaculata (Brower, 1973) obsolescens (Brower, 1973)

PLATYPREPIA Dyar, 1897

119. virginalis (Boisduval, 1852) guttata (Boisduval, 1852) ochracea (Stretch, 1874) ARCTIA Schrank, 1802

EYPREPIA Ochsenheimer, 1810 ZOOTE Hübner, 1816 [1820] CALLARCTIA Packard, 1864

120. caja (Linnaeus, 1758) [Extralimital] erinacea (Retzius, 1783)

a. waroi Barnes & Benjamin, 1927. b. americana Harris, 1841

c. utahensis (Henry Edwards, 1887)

transmontana (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)

121. opulenta (Henry Edwards, 1881) [Revised status by Lafontaine & Troubridge (2000).]

parva Rothschild, 1910 , revised synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a subspecies of A. caja by Franclemont (1983).] virginivir Dyar, 1923

122. brachyptera Lafontaine & Troubridge, 2000

PHRAGMATOBIA Stephens, 1828

123. fuliginosa (Linnaeus, 1758) [Extralimital]

a. rubricosa (Harris, 1841)

dallii Packard, 1870

124. lineata Newman & Donahue, 1966 125. assimilans Walker, 1855

franconia Slosson, 1891

SONORARCTIA Ferguson, 1985

126. fervida (Walker, 1855)

commixta (Butler, 1877) rodriguezi (Druce, 1890)

LEPTARCTIA Stretch, 1874

127. californiae (Walker, 1855) lena (Boisduval, 1869)

adnata (Boisduval, 1869)? melanis (Boisduval, 1869)? californica Boisduval, 1869) decia (Boisduval, 1869) dimidiata Stretch, 1874

boisduvalii Butler, 1881 fulvofasciata Butler, 1881 latifasciata Butler, 1881 stretchii Butler, 1881

albifascia French, 1889 occidentalis French, 1889 wrightii French, 1889

KODIOSOMA Stretch, 1874

128. fulva Stretch, 1874 [Original orthography] nigrum Stretch, 1874

eavesii Stretch, 1874

tricolor Stretch, 1874

otero Barnes, 1907 , new synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a separate species by Franclemont (1983), but it is a color form of K. fulva .]

PYRRHARCTIA Packard, 1864

129. isabella (J.E. Smith, 1797) californica Packard, 1864

SEIRARCTIA Packard, 1864

130. echo (J.E. Smith, 1797) niobe (Strecker, 1885)

ESTIGMENE Hübner, 1816 [1820] LEUCARCTIA Packard, 1864

131. acrea (Drury, 1773)

caprotina (Drury, 1773)

pseuderminea (Harris, 1841) californica (Packard, 1864) mexicana (Walker, 1864) packardii (Schaupp, 1882) rickseckeri (Behr, 1893)

klagesii (Ehrmann, 1894)

132. albida (Stretch, 1874)

arizonensis Rothschild, 1910 , new synonymy. [This was listed by Franclemont (1983) as a subspecies of E. acrea .]

HYPHANTRIA Harris, 1841

133. cunea (Drury, 1773)

liturata (Goeze, 1781) punctatissima (J. E. Smith, 1797) budea (Hübner, 1827)

textor (Harris, 1841)

mutans (Walker, 1856) punctata Fitch, 1856

pallida (Packard, 1864) candida (Walker, 1864) suffusa Strecker, 1900

brunnea Strecker, 1900

SPILOSOMA Curtis, 1825

134. congrua Walker, 1855

antigone Strecker, 1877 athena Strecker, 1899

135. dubia (Walker, 1855)

prima Slosson, 1889

136. virginica (Fabricius, 1798) fumosa Strecker, 1900

137. latipennis Stretch, 1874

138. vestalis Packard, 1864

echo (Rothschild, 1910) , in part amelaina (Dyar, 1893)

139. vagans (Boisduval, 1852) rufula (Boisduval, 1855) bicolor (Walker, 1862)

punctata (Packard, 1864) proba (Henry Edwards, 1881) walsinghamii (Butler, 1881) a. kasloa (Dyar, 1904)

140. pteridis Henry Edwards, 1875

rubra (Neumoegen, 1881)

141. danbyi (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)

EUERYTHRA Harvey, 1876

142. phasma Harvey, 1876

143. trimaculata Smith, 1887

ALEXICLES Grote, 1883

144. aspersa Grote, 1883

HYPERCOMPE Hübner, 1808

ECPANTHERIA Hübner, 1816 [1820] CATENINA Burmeister, 1883

145. suffusa (Schaus, 1889)

semiclara Stretch, 1906

146. oslari Rothschild , 19101

147. permaculata (Packard, 1872)

reducta (Grote, 1877)

caeca (Strecker, 1885)

148 scribonia (Stoll, [1790])

chryseis (Olivier, 1790)

confluens Oberthür, 1881

denudata Slosson, 1888 , revised synonymy. (This taxon was listed as a

subspecies of scribonia by Franclemont (1983).] 149. caudata (Walker, 1855)

abscondens Oberthür, 1881

yukatanensis Oberthür, 1881

mexicana Oberthür, 1881

sennettii Lintner, 1884

muzina of authors [not Oberthür, 1881]

ARACHNIS Geyer, 1837

150. picta Packard, 1864

a. insularis Clarke, 1941 b. meadowsi Comstock, 1942 c. maia Ottolengui, 1896

hampsoni Dyar, 1903 , revised synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a separate subspecies by Franclemont (1983).]

151. nedyma Franclemont, 1966

152. citra Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893

a. verna Barnes & McDunnough, 1918, revised status [This taxon was previously treated as a subspecies of Arachnis picta .] midas Barnes & Lindsey, 1921 , new synonymy. [This yellow form was listed as a separate species by Franclemont (1983).]

apachea Clarke, 1941 , new synonymy. [This taxon was listed as a separate species by Franclemont (1983).]

153. aulaea Geyer, 1837 [Extralimital]

incarnata (Walker, 1855)

a. pompeia Druce, 1894

154. zuni Neumoegen, 1890

Callimorphini

DODIA Dyar, 1901

HYALOCOA Hampson, 1901

155. albertae Dyar, 1901

156. kononenkoi Tshistjakov & Lafontaine, 1984 157. verticalis Lafontaine & Troubridge, 2000

HAPLOA Hübner, 1816 [1820]

158. clymene (Brown, 1776)

interruptomarginata Palisot de Beauvois, 1824 comma (Walker, 1855)

159. colona (Hübner, 1827)

clymene (Esper, 1794) [Homonym] carolina (Harris, 1841)

fulvicosta (Clemens, 1861) consata (Walker, 1865)

lactata (Smith, 1887)

duplicata Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893

160. reversa (Stretch, 1885)

suffusa (Smith, 1888)

161. contigua (Walker, 1855)

lumbonigera Dyar, 1902

162. lecontei (Guérin­Méneville, 1829) militaris (Harris, 1841)

confinis (Walker, 1853)

leucomelas Herrich­Schäffer, 1858 vestalis (Packard, 1864)

albanchlora (Grote, 1888) [Hybrid?] harrisii Dyar, 1902

smithii Dyar, 1902

dyarii Merrick, 1903

ochroleuca Strand, 1919 suffusca Franclemont, 1938 163. confusa (Lyman, 1887)

triangularis, Smith, 1899 lymani Dyar, 1902

TYRIA Hübner, 1816 [1819]

EUCHELIA Boisduval, 1828

164. jacobaeae (Linnaeus, 1758) senecionis (Godart, 1823)

UTETHEISA Hübner, 1816 [1819]

DEIOPEIA Curtis, 1827

165. ornatrix (Linnaeus, 1758) stretchii (Butler, 1877) pura (Butler, 1877)

daphoena (Dyar, 1914) butleri Dyar, 1914

166. bella (Linnaeus, 1758)

venusta (Dalman, 1823) speciosa (Walker, 1854) hybrida (Butler, 1877)

intermedia (Butler, 1877) terminalis Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893 nova Smith, 1910

grossbecki Strand, 1919

Euchaetes clade (sensu Jacobson and Weller, 2002) PAREUCHAETES Grote, 1865

167. insulata (Walker, 1855) cadaverosa Grote, 1865 affinis Grote, 1865

CYCNIA Hübner, 1818

TANADA Walker, 1856

168. inopinatus (Henry Edwards, 1882)

nivalis (Stretch, 1906)

169. collaris (Fitch, 1856)

pudens (Henry Edwards, 1882) , new synonymy. [This taxon previously was treated as a separate species, and collaris was treated as a junior synonym of tenera Hübner. Examination of the type of collaris showed it to be conspecific with pudens .]

170. tenerosa (Dyar, 1913), new U.S. record. [This species, described from Mexico, has been recorded in Texas and Florida based on material examined by Ferguson, including specimens in the National Museum of Natural History.]

171. tenera Hübner, 1827

antica (Walker, 1856)

sciurus (Boisduval, 1869) , revised synonymy. [This taxon previously was treated as a subspecies of tenera , but lack of geographic variation in the species makes application of trinomials untenable.] yosemite (Henry Edwards, 1884)

172. oregonensis (Stretch, 1874)

EUCHAETES Harris, 1841

STENOPHAEA Hampson, 1901 EUCHAETIAS Lyman, 1902 PROTAMOLIS Hampson, 1901

173. zella (Dyar, 1903)

174. perlevis Grote, 1882

175. fusca (Rothschild, 1910)

176. helena (Cassino, 1928)

177. castalla (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910)

griseopunctata (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910)

178. elegans Stretch, 1874

179. egle (Drury, 1773)

cyclica Henry Edwards, 1884

180. gigantea (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910) 181. polingi (Cassino, 1928)

182. bolteri Stretch, 1885

scepsiformis Graef, 1887 183. antica (Walker, 1856)

salatis (Boisduval, 1870)

pollinia (Boisduval, 1870)

zonalis Grote, 1882

parazona Dyar, 1912

sinaloensis Dyar, 1921

184. albicosta (Walker, 1855)

fumidus Henry Edwards, 1884

PYGOCTENUCHA Grote, 1883 PROTOSIA Hampson, 1900

185. terminalis (Walker, 1854)

harrisii (Boisduval, 1869) votiva (Henry Edwards, 1884)

186. pyrrhoura (Hulst, 1881)

LERINA Walker, 1854

187. incarnata Walker, 1854

robinsonii (Boisduval, 1869)

ECTYPIA Clemens, 1861

EUVERNA Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893

188. bivittata Clemens, 1860

nigroflava (Graef, 1887) 189. mexicana (Dognin, 1911) 190. clio (Packard, 1864)

thona (Strecker, 1899) a. jessica (Barnes, 1900)

PYGARCTIA Grote, 1871 191. murina (Stretch, 1885)

oslari Rothschild, 1910

poliochroa Hampson, 1910

192. pterygostigma Dyar, 1909

albostrigata Barnes & McDunnough, 1913, new synonymy. [This taxon was

treated as a subspecies of P. murina (Stretch) by Franclemont (1983).] 193. neomexicana Barnes, 1904

194. lorula Dyar, 1914

195. roseicapitis (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893) 196. flavidorsalis Barnes & McDunnough, 1913 197. spraguei (Grote, 1875)

conspicua (Neumoegen, 1890)

198. abdominalis Grote, 1871

grossbecki Davis, 1913

199. eglenensis (Clemens, 1860)

vivida (Grote, 1882)

PURIUS Walker, 1855

SPODARCTIA Dyar, 1925

200. superpulverea Dyar, 1925 [Reported for the U.S. by Bordelon & Knudson (2000).]

BITURIX Walker, 1855

201. venosata Walker, 1865 , new U.S. record [Recorded in Texas.]

PAGARA Walker, 1856 , new subfamily assignment

COMACLA Walker, 1864 [1865]

VANESSODES Grote & Robinson, 1870

202. simplex Walker, 1856

murina (Walker, 1864 [1865]) clarus (Grote & Robinson, 1870) texana (French, 1889)

Pericopini

GNOPHAELA Walker, 1854 OMOIALA Grote, 1865 LAMPROSOMA Grote, 1864 [Homonym] CALLALUCIA Grote, 1865

203. clappiana Holland, 1891

ruidosensis Cockerell, 1904 204. latipennis (Boisduval, 1852)

hopferi Grote & Robinson, 1868

205. aequinoctialis (Walker, 1854)

disjuncta Henry Edwards, 1885

206. discreta Stretch, 1875

immacula French, 1884

morrisoni Druce, 1885

207. vermiculata (Grote, 1863)

continua Henry Edwards, 1881

DYSSCHEMA Hübner, 1818

HYELOSIA Hübner, 1818

PERICOPIS Hübner, 1816 [1819] AMBRYLLIS Walker, 1855

DARITIS Walker, 1855

TAXILA Walker, 1855 [Homonym] ADDUA Walker, 1862

THEBRONE Boisduval, 1870 APHISAON Boisduval, 1870 DORIMENA Boisduval 1870 AMBRYSIIS Burmeister, 1878

208. leucophaea (Walker, 1854)

rubrimargo (Boisduval, 1870) salvatoris Boisduval, 1870 flora Butler, 1873

209. howardi Henry Edwards, 1886

COMPOSIA Hübner, 1816 [1820] COCASTRA Boisduval, 1870

210. fidelissima Herrich­Schäffer, 1866

immaculata (Butler, 1871) vagrans Bates, 1934

PHALOESIA Walker, 1854

211. saucia Walker, 1854

immacula (Boisduval, 1870) fulvicollis Butler, 1875 venezuelae Butler, 1875 chalybia Butler, 1875

Phaegopterini

HYPOCRISIAS Hampson, 1901

212. minima (Neumoegen, 1883)

armillata (Henry Edwards, 1884) agelia (Druce, 1890)

HALYSIDOTA Hübner ,, 1816 [1819]

213. tessellaris (J. E. Smith, 1797)

antiphola Walsh, 1864

oslari Rothschild, 1909 214. harrisii Walsh, 1864

215. davisii Henry Edwards, 1875 216. schausi Rothschild, 1909 217. cinctipes Grote, 1865

[ NOTE: Halysidota underwoodi Rothschild and H. fuliginosa Rothschild , reported from the U.S. by Watson (1980), are eliminated from the list because the records were almost certainly based on mislabeled specimens. Intensive collecting has provided no further indication that these species are present in Florida, Texas, or California.]

LOPHOCAMPA Harris, 1841

EUHALISIDOTA Grote, 1865 THALESA Schaus, 1896

SCHAUSIA Dyar, 1897 [Homonym] EUSCHAUSIA Dyar, 1898

SYNARCTIA Hampson, 1901 LEPIDONEWTONIA Rego­Barros, 1956

218. roseata (Walker, 1866)

cinnamomea (Boisduval, 1869)

sanguivenosa (Neumoegen, 1892)

a. occidentalis (French, 1890) 219. significans (Henry Edwards, 1888) 220. ingens (Henry Edwards, 1881)

scapularis (Stretch, 1885)

221. argentata (Packard, 1864)

a. subalpina (French, 1890) 222. sobrina (Stretch, 1872)

223. caryae Harris, 1841

annulifascia (Walker, 1855)

porphyrea (Herrich­Schäffer, 1855) 224. mixta (Neumoegen, 1882)

pseudocarye (Rothschild, 1909) 225. pura (Neumoegen, 1882)

flavescens (Rothschild, 1909) 226. maculata Harris, 1841

fulvoflava (Walker, 1855)

guttifera (Herrich­Schäffer, 1855)

a. agassizii (Packard, 1864)

californica (Walker, 1864)

angulifera (Walker, 1866)

salicis (Boisduval, 1869)

alni (Henry Edwards, 1877)

eureka (Dyar, 1904)

b. texana (Rothschild, 1909)

227. indistincta (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910) 228. annulosa (Walker, 1855)

LEUCANOPSIS Rego­Barros, 1956

229. longa (Grote, 1880)

230. perdentata (Schaus, 1901) 231. lurida (Henry Edwards, 1887)

otho (Barnes, 1901)

AEMILIA Kirby, 1892

AEMELES Walker, 1855 [Homonym]

232. ambigua (Strecker, 1880) bolterii (Henry Edwards, 1884) syracosia (Druce, 1889)

APOCRISIAS Franclemont, 1966

233. thaumasta Franclemont, 1966

HEMIHYALEA Hampson, 1901

PSEUDOHEMIHYALEA Rego­Barros, 1956

234 mansueta (Henry Edwards, 1884) [We have not seen specimens from the U.S.; needs verification. A neotype from Mexico was designated by de Toulgöet (1997) and deposited in the U.S. National Museum of Natural History.]

235. edwardsii (Packard, 1864)

translucida (Walker, 1865)

quercus (Boisduval, 1869)

argillacea Rothschild, 1909

ochreous [sic] Meadows, 1939

236. labecula (Grote, 1881)

a. griseiventris Rothschild, 1935

237. splendens Barnes & McDunnough, 1910

CALIDOTA Dyar, 1901

238. laqueata (Henry Edwards, 1887)

OPHARUS Walker, 1855

239. muricolor (Dyar, 1898)

CARALES Walker, 1855

SENIA Möschler, 1878

240. arizonensis (Rothschild, 1909)

fumata (Barnes & McDunnough, 1910)

TROCODIMA Watson, 1980

MICRODOTA Dognin, 1906 [Homonym]

241. fuscipes (Grote, 1883) , new combination. [This taxon was listed as Pagara fuscipes by Franclemont (1983).]

hemiceras (Forbes) , 1931, new synonymy

NEOPLYNES Hampson, 1900 , new subfamily assignment

242. eudora (Dyar, 1894)

EUPSEUDOSOMA Grote, 1865

243. involuta (Sepp, 1849) [Extralimital] nivea (Herrich­Schäffer, 1855)

niveum Grote, 1866 [Unnecessary replacement name] bicolor (Rothschild, 1909) , in part flavida Dognin, 1911

a. floridum Grote, 1882

immaculata (Graef, 1887)

BERTHOLDIA Grote, 1896

244. trigona (Grote, 1879)

245. albipuncta Schaus, 1896 NERITOS Walker, 1855

ANTILOBA Weymer, 1895

246. prophaea (Schaus, 1905)

[ NOTE: Watson & Goodger (1986) treated Neritos and Trichromia Hübner, 1816 [1819] as separate genera, retaining prophaea in Neritos .]

Ctenuchini

CTENUCHA W. Kirby, 1837

EUCTENUCHA Grote, 1873

247. venosa Walker, 1854

tigrina Strecker, 1899

248. cressonana Grote, 1863

sanguinaria Strecker, 1878 lutea Grote, 1902

249. virginica (Esper, 1794)

latreillana W. Kirby, 1837

250. multifaria (Walker, 1854) luteoscapus (Neumoegen & Dyar, 1893)

251. rubroscapus (Ménétriés, 1857)

walsinghamii Henry Edwards, 1873 ochroscapus Grote & Robinson, 1868) corvina (Boisduval, 1869)

252. brunnea Stretch, 1872

DAHANA Grote, 1875

253. atripennis Grote, 1875

CISSEPS Franclemont, 1936

SCEPSIS Walker, 1854 [Homonym]

254. fulvicollis (Hübner, 1818 [1827])

semidiaphana (Harris, 1839) a. pallens (Henry Edwards, 1886)

255. packardii (Grote, 1865)

mathewi (Henry Edwards, 1874) a. cocklei (Dyar, 1904)

256. wrightii (Stretch, 1885)

a. gravis (Henry Edwards, 1886)

Euchromiini

LYMIRE Walker, 1854

257. edwardsii (Grote, 1881)

EUCEREON Hübner, 1816 [1819]

ERITHALES Poey, 1832 ILIPA Walker, 1854

ACRIDOPSIS Butler, 1876

258. myrina Druce, 1884 [Reported from U.S. by Donahue (1993).]

259. erythrolepis Dyar, 1910 [Reported from U.S. by Donahue (1993).]

NELPHE Herrich­Schäffer, 1850 ­ 58 [1858] [Reported from U.S. by Donahue (1993).]

260. carolina (Henry Edwards, 1887) cubensis Schaus, 1904

? confusum Rothschild, 1912

261. relegatum (Schaus, 1911) , new U.S. record

EMPYREUMA Hübner, 1818

262. pugione (Linnaeus, 1767) affinis Rothschild, 1912

MACROCNEME Hübner, 1919

263. chrysitis (Guérin­Méneville, 1844)

iole Druce, 1884

ANTICHLORIS Hübner, 1818

ILLIPULA Walker, 1854

COPAENA Herrich­Schäffer, 1850­1858 [1855] ERIPHIA Herrich­Schäffer, 1855

264. viridis Druce, 1884 [Extralimital; often introduced with bananas.] musicola (Cockerell, 1910)

cyanopasta (Dognin, 1911)

scintillocollaris (Rothschild, 1912) caerulescens (Draudt, 1917)

importata (Strand, 1920)

APEPLOPODA Watson, 1980

GYMNOPODA Felder, 1874 [Homonym]

265. mecrida (Druce, 1889) [Reported from U.S. by Donahue (1993).] dulcicordis (Dyar, 1907)

EPISCEPSIS Butler, 1877

266. inornata (Walker, 1856)

PSILOPLEURA Druce, 1898 267. vittatum (Walker, 1864)

PSEUDOSPHEX Hübner, 1818

ABROCHIA Herrich­Schäffer, 1855 CHRYSOSTOLA Herrich­Schäffer, 1850­1858 [1855] SPHECOPSYCHE Dognin, 1898

PSEUDARGYROEIDES Klages, 1906

268. leovasquezae (Prez & Sánchez, 1986) [Reported from U.S. by Donahue (1993).]

MYRMECOPSIS Newman, 1850 SPHECOPSIS Felder, 1874

269. strigosa (Druce, 1881­1890)

COSMOSOMA Hübner ,, 1823

LAGARIA Walker, 1854

ERRUCA Walker, 1854

ILIPA Walker, 1854

ARISTODAEMA Wallengren, 1858 REZIA Kirby, 1892

BOMBOPSYCHE Hampson 1898 SPHECOMIMAX Bryk, 1953

270. festiva Walker, 1854

aleus Schaus, 1889

271. teuthras (Walker, 1854) [Extralimital]

a. cingulatum Butler, 1876 rubrigutta Skinner, 1906

272. myrodora Dyar, 1907

DIDASYS Grote, 1875

273. belae Grote, 1875

SYNTOMEIDA Harris, 1839 HIPPOLA Walker, 1854

274. ipomoeae (Harris, 1839)

ferox (Walker, 1854)

euterpe (Herrich­Schäffer, 1856)

275. melanthus (Cramer, 1780) [Extralimital]

nycteus (Cramer, 1780)

apricans (Walker, 1854)

a. albifasciata Butler, 1876

276. epilais (Walker, 1854) [Extralimital]

a. jucundissima Dyar, 1907 277. hampsonii Barnes, 1904

befana Skinner, 1906

PSEUDOCHARIS Druce, 1884

278. minima (Grote, 1867)

POLIOPASTEA Hampson, 1898

279. clavipes (Boisduval, 1870) [Reported from U.S. by Donahue (1993).]

HORAMA Hübner, 1819 [1826]

MASTIGOCERA Harris, 1839 PHYLLOECIA Guérin­Méneville, 1843 CALLICARUS Grote, 1866

DRUCEA Kirby, 1892

280. panthelon (Fabricius, 1793) [Extralimital]

tibialis (Butler, 1876)

serena Schaus, 1924

stoneri Lindsey, 1926

a. texanus (Grote, 1867)

281. plumipes (Drury, 1773)

punctata (Guérin­Méneville, 1844) jalapensis Neumoegen, 1890

[ NOTE: The two species of Afrida included by Franclemont (1983) are related to the type species, A. tortriciformis Möschler , from Jamaica; Kitching and Rawlins (1999) removed Afridini from Arctiidae . Ferguson believed that Afrida exegens Dyar is not congeneric with other species of Afrida and requires a new generic name. In addition, Ferguson suspected that exergens may be a lithosiine; therefore we retain exegens as an unplaced arctiid.]

Genus and subfamily undetermined

282. exegens Dyar, 1922 , new U.S. record. [Specimens from Arizona and Texas were examined by Ferguson.]

[ NOTE: Comachara cadburyi Franclemont has been transferred to the Noctuidae .]

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Arctiidae

Loc

ARCTIIDAE

Ferguson, Douglas C. & Opler, Paul A. 2006
2006
Loc

lafontainei

Ferguson. 1985
1985
Loc

SONORARCTIA

Ferguson 1985
1985
Loc

HOLOARCTIA

Ferguson. 1984
1984
Loc

TROCODIMA

Watson 1980
1980
Loc

APEPLOPODA

Watson 1980
1980
Loc

SPHECOMIMAX

Bryk 1953
1953
Loc

moierra

Dyar 1914
1914
Loc

sociata

Barnes & McDunnough 1910
1910
Loc

RHABDATOMIS

Dyar 1907
1907
Loc

MICRODOTA

Dognin 1906
1906
Loc

LYCOMORPHODES

Hampson 1900
1900
Loc

GNAMPTONYCHIA

Hampson 1900
1900
Loc

HYPERBOREA Grum­Grshimailo, 1900

Grum-Grshimailo 1900
1900
Loc

NEOPLYNES

Hampson 1900
1900
Loc

PROPYRIA

Hampson 1898
1898
Loc

schausi

Dyar 1898
1898
Loc

BOMBOPSYCHE

Hampson 1898
1898
Loc

POLIOPASTEA

Hampson 1898
1898
Loc

BRUCEIA

Neumoegen 1893
1893
Loc

fuscosa

Neumoegen 1891
1891
Loc

brucei

Henry Edwards 1888
1888
Loc

laudamia

Druce 1885
1885
Loc

sordida

Butler 1877
1877
Loc

GYMNOPODA

Felder 1874
1874
Loc

clavipes

Boisduval 1870
1870
Loc

cervini

Fallou 1864
1864
Loc

fervida

Walker 1855
1855
Loc

festiva

Walker 1854
1854
Loc

LYCOMORPHA

Harris 1839
1839
Loc

placentia

J. E. Smith 1797
1797