Penestomus croeseri, Anna S. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989

Anna S. Dippenaar-Schoeman, 1989, The African species of the subfamily Penestominae (Araneae: Eresidae): with descriptions of two new species, Phytophylactica 21, pp. 131-134 : 132-133

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Penestomus croeseri

spec. nov.

Penestomus croeseri spec. nov., Fig. 1,3-5


Female holotype, South Africa, Grahamstown , elevation 500 m (33° 19' S, 26° 32' E), collected in riverine bush from soil surface, 1. i. 1980, P. Croeser and P. Hawkes, deposited in the National Collection of Arachnida, NCA 87/249 . GoogleMaps Paratypes: four females, same locality and date, deposited in the following collections: two females in the Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg,and two in the National Collection of Arachnida ( NCA 87/249 ) GoogleMaps .


The specific name is a patronym in honour of Mr Peter Croeser of the Natal Museum, collector of the type material.


The new species differ from P. planus , the only other species in the genus, in the different shape of the genitalia, its reddish brown colour, smaller size and the biseriate calamistrum.


Female Size (n=5): total length 5,6 (4,4-5,7); carapace width 1,68 (1,56-1,76); carapace length 2,08(2,0-2,12).

Carapace smooth and shiny, reddish brown, anterior edge slightly darker, eyes encircled with black; carapace longer than wide, flattened, slightly narrower in cephalic area, lateral margins of thoracic area almost subparallel, posteriorly truncated, clypeus centrally protruding (Fig. 3); cephalic area very short, pars cephalica slightly elevated, flattened; fovea a shallow oval-shaped depression, with short black setae marginally; carapace clothed with short to long thin black setae, thoracic area with thick white setae scattered in between. Eyes situated close to anterior margin; anterior eye row straight, posterior row recurved, ALE situated close to anterior margin, not widely spaced, larger than AME; AME small, situated closer to each other than to ALE; PLE widely spaced, slightly larger than PME, PME closer to each other than to PLE, PME situated close to AME, MOQ wider than long, narrower anteriorly (Fig. 1). Chelicerae similar in colour to anterior part of carapace, long and obliquely directed, hairy; fangs short, anterior margin of cheliceral groove with low chitinous keel, armed with four teeth, tooth next to basal one largest. Labium and maxillae pale brown, labium half the length of maxillae, apex white translucent; maxillae longer than wide, parallel to each other, sides subparallel, apex rounded, white translucent. Sternum yellowish brown.

Legs brown, hairy and weakly sclerotized; leg formula 4123; coxae exceptionally long, especially fourth leg; trochanters unnotched, femora thicker and darker than remaining segments, with a single seta dorsomedially; tibia I with two spines apically; metatarsi with 1-4 irregularly spaced spines; tarsi very short, shorter than metatarsi; calamistrum on metatarsi IV a double row of curved setae covering two thirds of segment; three tarsal claws, paired claws with numerous long teeth. Palp with a single, apical pectinate claw, hairy, with strong setae ventrally. Measurements of legs:

Abdomen oval long, not modified, tapering towards spinnerets; slightly flattened; dirty greyish brown, clothed with short black setae, no patterns; venter unicoloured, paler than dorsum; tracheal stigmata close to spinnerets; anal tubercle triangular, well-developed; anterior spinnerets conical, dorsoventrally flattened; posterior spinnerets shorter than anterior ones; median spinnerets small, triangular. Cribellum oval, bipartite.

Epigynum: epigynal plate roundish, truncated posteriorly (Fig. 4), internal genitalia as depicted in Fig. 5.

Male. Unknown.


No significant variation was detected in specimens examined, except for a paler colour in some specimens.


Known only from type locality.


Very little is known about the species except that adults were collected in January from the soil surface in riverine bushes.


USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum













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