Benthodytes sanguinolenta Theel , 1882

Glover, Adrian G, Wiklund, Helena, Rabone, Muriel, Amon, Diva J, Smith, Craig R, O'Hara, Tim, Mah, Christopher L & Dahlgren, Thomas G, 2016, Abyssal fauna of the UK- 1 polymetallic nodule exploration claim, Clarion-Clipperton Zone, central Pacific Ocean: Echinodermata, Biodiversity Data Journal 4, pp. 7251-7251 : 7251

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Benthodytes sanguinolenta Theel , 1882


Benthodytes sanguinolenta Theel, 1882


Type status: Other material. Occurrence: catalogNumber: d0062182-89dc-4deb-b746-688289783b5f ; recordNumber: NHM_216; recordedBy: Adrian Glover, Helena Wiklund, Thomas Dahlgren, Maggie Georgieva; individualCount: 1; preparations: tissue and DNA voucher stored in 80% non-denatured ethanol aqueous solution; otherCatalogNumbers: 5023498; associatedSequences: | KU519513; Taxon: taxonConceptID: Benthodytescf.sanguinolenta; scientificName: Benthodytessanguinolenta; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Echinodermata; class: Holothuroidea; order: Elasipodida; family: Psychropotidae; genus: Benthodytes; scientificNameAuthorship: Théel, 1882; Location: waterBody: Pacific; stateProvince: Clarion Clipperton Zone; locality: UK Seabed Resources Ltd exploration claim UK-1 ; verbatimLocality: UK-1 Stratum A; maximumDepthInMeters: 4063; locationRemarks: RV Melville Cruise MV1313; decimalLatitude: 13.9629; decimalLongitude: -116.5513; geodeticDatum: WGS84; Identification: identifiedBy: Diva Amon, David Pawson, Adrian Glover, Helena Wiklund, Thomas Dahlgren; dateIdentified: 2015-06-01; identificationRemarks: identified by DNA and morphology; identificationQualifier: cf; Event: samplingProtocol: Remotely Operated Vehicle; eventDate: 2013-10-15; eventTime: 23:15; habitat: Abyssal plain; fieldNumber: RV03; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: NHMUK; collectionCode: ZOO; datasetName: ABYSSLINE; basisOfRecord: PreservedSpecimen GoogleMaps


Morphologically agrees with either Benthodytes sanguinolenta or Benthodytes typica both from Théel 1882 (Fig. 17).

Genetic data for this taxa with new GenBank accession numbers are provided in Table 2


Forms a unique monophyletic clade distinct from other AB01 specimens and no match (16S) to any GenBank or BOLD databases. Morphologically consistent with Benthodytes sanguinolenta or B. typica . The type locality of B. sanguinolenta is in the Pacific ocean (34°7'S; 73°56'W, 4000m depth) while type locality of B. typica is Atlantic (35°47'N; 8°23'W, 2000m depth) ( Théel 1882). We assign the tentative name Benthodytes cf. sanguinolent to this material until we have a better understanding of genetic variation within the species B. sanguinolenta and B. typica including data from the type localities.


Observed moving on the seabed amongst polymetallic nodules.