Aleiodes ovatus Shimbori & Shaw

Shaw, Scott R., Shimbori, Eduardo M. & Penteado-Dias, Angelica M., 2020, A revision of the Aleiodes bakeri (Brues) species subgroup of the A. seriatus species group with the descriptions of 18 new species from the Neotropical Region, ZooKeys 964, pp. 41-107: 41

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Aleiodes ovatus Shimbori & Shaw

sp. nov.

Aleiodes ovatus Shimbori & Shaw   sp. nov. Figs 73-75 View Figures 73–75

Type material.

Holotype, female (UEFS #33424) "Brasil, BA, Seabra, 12°27'S, 41°44'W 15.XI.2007 Leg. Alvim, E."

Paratypes. 2 females, 1 male (UEFS #s:33396, 33406, 33404), same as holotype; 1 male ( DCBU #20792) "FAZ. CANCHIM SÃO CARLOS - SP luz 11.II.1983 A.S. Soares col."


Body length 6.8-7.0 mm. Fore wing length 5.9-6.3 mm.

Head. In dorsal view eye length/temple 4.2-4.5. Eye height/head width 0.43-0.45. Eye height/minimum distance between eyes 1.4-1.5. OD/POL 2.9-3.1. Ocelli exceptionally large, OD/OOL 3.7-4.6 (Fig. 74 View Figures 73–75 ). Frons excavated. Frons lateral carina present. Occipital carina dorsally complete and nearly straight. Occiput in dorsal view nearly straight, not indented medially. Occipital carina ventrally meeting hypostomal carina. Mid-longitudinal crest at upper face present. Hypoclypeal depression/face width 0.35. Malar space/eye height 0.16-0.17. Face height/width 0.83-0.86. Clypeus height/width 0.6-0.7. Clypeus convex, granulate. Sculpture of head mostly shiny granulate, vertex granulate-rugose, frons shiny granular-coriaceous. Face mostly transversely rugose-striate, granulate medially.

Antenna. Antennal segments 54. Antenna/body length 1.3. Scape/pedicel length 2.0. Length of first/second flagellomere 1.2-1.3. Fourth flagellomere length/apical width 1.7. Tip of apical flagellomere pointed.

Mesosoma. Length/height ~ 1.7. Width of mesoscutum/width of head 0.67-0.72. Mesoscutum length/width ~ 1.1. Pronotal collar/vertex 0.7-0.8. Prescutellar sulcus with 5-7 distinct carinae. Mesoscutum posterior border with distinct complete carina. Metanotum with mid-longitudinal carina present anteriorly, with carinate pit mid-posteriorly. Metanotum mid-pit present, delimited by carinae. Mid-longitudinal carina of propodeum present at basal 0.7, absent posteriorly. Ventral mid-line of mesopleuron set within shallow smooth sulcus; pit at ventral mid-line weakly indicated. Notauli present anteriorly, shallowly and weakly crenulate. Sternaulus absent. Sculpture of mesosoma mostly granulate. Pronotum rugose laterally, short subventral longitudinal carina present. Mesopleuron mostly rugose. Subalar groove crenulate. Mid-posterior region of mesoscutum rugose with long and irregular mid-longitudinal carina. Mesoscutellar trough entirely costate. Metanotum mostly smooth and weakly crenulate. Propodeum mostly rugose.

Wings (Fig. 75 View Figures 73–75 ). Fore wing: Stigma length/height 3.3. Vein r/2RS 0.9-1.0. Vein r/RS+Mb 1.2-1.3. Vein 3RSa/2RS 1.6-1.7. Vein 3RSa/2M 0.85-0.89. Vein 3RSa/3RSb 0.41-0.45. Vein 1CUa/1CUb 0.9-1.0. Vein 1CUa/2CUa 1.9-2.0. Vein 1cu-a weakly inclivous. Vein 1M weakly curved basally. Vein RS+Ma sinuate. Vein M+CU virtually straight. Vein 1-1A weakly sinuate at apex. Vein 1a absent. Second submarginal cell trapezoidal. Subbasal cell glabrous, with two parallel rows of short setae subapically, and a narrow patch of setae just below vein 1CUa. Basal cell mostly evenly setose, sparsely setose posteriorly. Hind wing: Vein RS Bent at basal 0.3, with vein r present. Marginal cell narrowest at base. Vein M+CU/1M 1.6-1.7. Vein M+CU/r-m 1.3-1.4. Vein m-cu present and pigmented, although not tubular. Vein m-cu position relative to vein r-m postfurcal, or interstitial. Vein 2-1A absent. Basal cell evenly, rather sparsely setose, posteriorly with small bare area.

Hind legs. Femur length/width 4.8-5.0. Length of tibia/tarsi 0.9-1.0. Length of basitarsus/tarsi 2-4 ~ 0.7. Sculpture of hind coxa dorsally mostly shiny granular-coriaceous, finely striate apically. Tarsal claws pectinate basally.

Metasoma. T1 length/apical width ~ 1.3. T2 length/apical width 0.8-1.0. T3 length/apical width 0.6-0.7. Mid-longitudinal carina extending until basal ~ 0.7 of T3. Metasoma sculpture T1, T2, and basal ~ 0.7 of T3 rugose-costate, remainder metasoma smooth. Ovipositor sheath/hind basitarsus 0.25-0.40. Apex of ovipositor sheaths truncate and narrow; apical point absent.

Color (Figs 73-75 View Figures 73–75 ). Brownish orange. Head light yellow with a dark brown spot dorsally from stemmaticum and along occipital carina on vertex (Fig. 74 View Figures 73–75 ), and a brown spot on face, covering clypeus and part of face on each side of the clypeus; palpi dark brown. Antenna brown basally, lightening to light yellow medially, then darkening to brown apex. Pronotum mostly pale yellow except laterally brownish orange; anterior corner of mesopleuron pale yellow; propleuron mostly brown with light yellow borders. Legs with trochanter, trochantellus, most of tibia, and tarsomeres 1-4 whitish yellow; all fifth tarsi dark brown; all tibiae dark brown apically, dark region smaller in frontal and mid legs; hind trochanter and trochantellus with brown lateral spots. Wings weakly tinged brown, veins and stigma brown; fore wing with an infuscate oval spot around junction of veins 1M and 1CU (Fig. 75 View Figures 73–75 ). Ovipositor sheaths black.

Male. Essentially as in female. Body length 6.8-7.0 mm, fore wing length 5.5 mm.


Aleiodes ovatus   is similar to A. brevicarina   and A. maculosus   in having a whitish yellow hind tibia with dark brown apex (as in Figs 29 View Figures 29–32 , 66 View Figures 66–68 , 73 View Figures 73–75 ). Aleiodes ovatus   can be distinguished from both species by the oval infuscate spot on fore wing (Fig. 75 View Figures 73–75 ). In the other two species dark coloration is present only along the veins (Figs 32 View Figures 29–32 , 66 View Figures 66–68 ) and does not form a large spot. Also distinctive for A. ovatus   is the mostly light yellow head with a dark brown vertex (except for orbits) (Fig. 74 View Figures 73–75 ), whereas in A. brevicarina   and A. maculosus   the vertex does not have any dark brown markings (Figs 30 View Figures 29–32 , 67 View Figures 66–68 ).


This species is known only from localities in Brazil.


The name ovatus   is Latin for oval or egg-shaped, being a reference to the distinctive oval marking on the fore wing in this species (Fig. 77 View Figures 76–78 ).