Chrysidea pumiloides Zimmermann, 1956,

Mita, Toshiharu & Rosa, Paolo, 2019, Redescription of Chrysidea pumiloides Zimmermann, 1956, and description of three new species of Chrysidea from Madagascar (Hymenoptera: Chrysididae), European Journal of Taxonomy 564, pp. 1-20: 3-6

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Chrysidea pumiloides Zimmermann, 1956


Chrysidea pumiloides Zimmermann, 1956 

Figs 1–2View FigView Fig, 9AView Fig

Chrysidea pumiloides Zimmermann, 1956: 148  .

Chrysidea pumiloides – Zimmermann 1961: 306  (catalog). — Bohart 1988 (key, partim). — Kimsey & Bohart 1991: 314 (catalog). — Madl 2008: 83 (catalog). — Azevedo et al. 2010: 860 (catalog, partim).

Material examined


MADAGASCAR • ♀; “ MNHN, Paris / EY25666”; “ Madagascar: Bekily / IV-1942 / A. Seyrig ”; “ Chrysidea  / pumiloides Zimm.  / det. Zimmermann / Type! [handwritten by Zimmermann]”; “MUSÉUM PARIS”; “ ♀ Chrysidea pumiloides  /Zimmermann / Holotype [handwritten by Bohart on red card]”; MNHN. 

Other material

MADAGASCAR • 1 ♀; “ MADAGASCAR / Behara ”; “MUSEUM PARIS / XI 38 / A. SEYRIG”; NHMW  1 ♀; “Antsingy N., 63 km. Est / Inst. Scient. Madagascar / Maintirano forêt / VII-49 RP”; “ TYPE ”; “ Chrysis  L. ♀ / Chrysidea  / planipunctata  / Type Lins. 53 / Linsenmaier det.”; “= C. pumiloides Zimm. F. Strumia  ”; MNHN  4 ♀♀, 1 ♂; “ Madagascar, No. 66”; ELKU  .


Chrysidea pumiloides  is characterized by the combination of the following characters: TFC absent; head wide, 1.3–1.4 × as wide as high; distal margin of T3 with large, triangular lateral teeth and area between rounded; MS = 0.6–0.8 MOD; tegula brown with more or less strong blue to purple reflection; mesoscutellum with impunctate area; metanotum rounded, without anteromedian pit; T2 with microreticulate interspaces among punctures; male genitalia with distal apex of paramere flat.



BODY LENGTH. 3.8–4.8 mm.

HEAD. Width 1.3–1.4 × as wide as high. Scapal basin deep, transversely wrinkled and punctate with sparsely located minute punctures. TFC absent ( Fig. 1BView Fig). Antennomeres P, F1, F2, F 3 in the following proportions: 1.2–1.7, 1.0–1.8, 0.7–1.0, 1.0–1.2; F1 l/w = 1.5–1.9; OOL = 1.3–1.5 MOD; POL = 1.7–1.9 MOD; MS = 0.6–0.8 MOD; apical margin of clypeus slightly concave; mandible edentate; basal width of mandible = 1.1 MOD. Brow and vertex punctate-reticulate; punctures on brow irregular and slightly larger, PD: 0.5–0.6 MOD ( Fig. 1BView Fig).

MESOSOMA. Pronotal groove shallow and indistinct, extending ⅔–¾ length of pronotum. Notauli deep, complete; parapsidal lines indicated by smooth strip. Mesoscutellum almost flat. Metanotum rounded, separated from mesoscutellum by deep furrow, large anteromedian pit absent. Pronotum, mesoscutum and metanotum densely punctate, almost punctate-reticulate: punctuation on surface between notauli sparser, 0.2–0.5 PD apart in a female labeled “No. 66” ( ELKU); base of punctures flat, margin keenly edged; mesoscutellum densely or sparsely punctate, dorsal surface with smooth impunctate area ( Fig. 1CView Fig): smooth area narrower in a female from Antsingy ( MNHN). Episternal sulcus and scrobal sulcus distinct, formed by large foveae. Metanotum without anteromedian pit, rounded in lateral view. Forewing weakly infuscate with discoidal cell incomplete, outer veins not pigmented ( Fig. 1AView Fig).

METASOMA. Median line absent or faintly present on T1 and T2 ( Fig. 1DView Fig). Punctures on T1 0.2–0.4 MOD, almost punctate-reticulate with smooth interspaces; punctures on T2 and T3 smaller, sometimes indistinct, 0.15–0.3 MOD, with granulate interspaces: interspaces almost smooth, only faintly granulate in a female from Antsingy ( MNHN); pre-pit row area of T3 weakly bulged; pit row distinct, with deep pits. Apex of T3 with a pair of lateral dully teeth, interval between teeth rounded ( Fig. 1FView Fig). S2 ( Fig. 1EView Fig) black spots oval and medially separated by 0.8 MOD.

COLORATION. Head metallic blue-green to blue, sometimes purplish, face more greenish. Antenna dark brown with scape, pedicel, F1 and F2 metallic blue-green or blue: F1 and F2 of holotype almost dark brown. Mandible testaceous, basal ⅓ metallic blue-green, apex reddish dark brown. Mesosoma metallic blue-green, sometimes surface between notauli darkened: surface of holotype blackish with purplish luster. Tegula brown with strong purple reflection; reflection weaker, more brownish in smaller specimens and more bluish in female from Antsingy. Legs brown, with strong purplish reflection and green luster on coxae and femora: hindcoxa of a female from Behara ( NHMW) metallic green; tibiae brown with greenish reflection, sometimes bluish; tarsi brown. T1 metallic blue-green, sometimes purplish, more greenish laterally and posteriorly; T2 metallic blue with purplish luster, greenish or bluish without purplish luster laterally and posteriorly; T3 metallic purple, bulged pre-pit row area usually bluish. Sterna metallic blue-green to green.


Body length 3.0 mm. Similar to female ( Fig. 2View Fig A–B). Head 1.5 × as wide as high ( Fig. 2BView Fig); tegula more brownish, bearing only a slightly purplish luster ( Fig. 2CView Fig), metasoma more darkened ( Fig. 2DView Fig): T2 and T3 largely dark purple; distal apex of T3 broken in the only known male specimen ( Fig. 2FView Fig). Antennomeres P, F1, F2, F 3 in the following proportions: 1.3, 1.0, 0.7, 0.7; F1 l/w = 2.0; OOL = 1.5 MOD; POL = 1.6 MOD; MS = 1.0 MOD; S2 black spots ( Fig. 2EView Fig) semicircular, anterior margin substraight, 1.6 MOD apart each other. Paramere ( Fig. 9AView Fig) with inner margin rounded, distal apex flat; aedeagus wide, laterally not exposed.


North and south Madagascar.




According to Zimmermann (1956), a paratype female should be deposited at the Musée royal du Congo belge, Tervuren, Belgium (Royal Museum for Central Africa), however, no material of C. pumiloides  was found (S. Hanot, Royal Museum for Central Africa, pers. com.). On the other hand, there is a female of C. pumiloides  with a type label in NHMW, but it should not be the true paratype because the specimen is incongruent with the original description and the collection locality is Annarivo (= Antananarivo?) instead of Bekily, as given in the original description. In NHMW, we found similar erroneous type labels pinned with other chrysidids, including another Chrysidea  : a specimen labelled as “type” of C. phoebe Zimmermann, 1956  , which is conversely described on a single holotype specimen deposited in MNHN, without paratype designation.

Linsenmaier labelled a female from Antsingy ( MNHN) as type of Chrysidea planipunctata  , but it remained unpublished. The body color appears more greenish compared to the holotype female of C. pumiloides  , however, other important morphological characters are indistinguishable. The color could be variable from more bluish, like a female from Behara ( NHMW), to greenish, like a female from Antsingy and females and a male labeled “No. 66” ( ELKU).


Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle


Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien














Chrysidea pumiloides Zimmermann, 1956

Mita, Toshiharu & Rosa, Paolo 2019

Chrysidea pumiloides – Zimmermann 1961: 306

Azevedo C. & Madl M. & Olmi M. 2010: 860
Madl M. 2008: 83
Kimsey L. S. & Bohart R. M. 1991: 314
Zimmermann S. 1961: 306

Chrysidea pumiloides

Zimmermann S. 1956: 148