Erythmelus (Erythmelus) tingitiphagus ( Soares, 1942 )

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., Berezovskiy, Vladimir V., Hoddle, Mark S. & Morse, Joseph G., 2007, A review of the Nearctic species of Erythmelus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae), with a key and new additions to the New World fauna, Zootaxa 1641 (1), pp. 1-64: 52-53

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.1641.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E7C7AD48-AF05-46CB-802E-DA6C6B046E23

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F56F87A0-8655-EE17-FF60-F9A59A54F84E

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Erythmelus (Erythmelus) tingitiphagus ( Soares, 1942 )
status

 

Erythmelus (Erythmelus) tingitiphagus ( Soares, 1942)  

( Figs 74, 75 View FIGURES 74, 75 )

Anaphes tingitiphagus Soares 1942: 265   , plates 4–6 (syntypes: possibly, according to the original photographs, 2 females and 1 male on 3 slides [ Escola Nacional de Agronomia , Rio de Janeiro, Brazil], not examined. Type locality: Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).

Mymar tingitiphagus (Soares)   : Costa Lima 1962: 197.

Erythmelus tingitiphagus (Soares)   : Huber 1992: 77; Costa et al. 2003: 205–206 (host, parasitism rate).

Erythmelus (Erythmelus) tingitiphagus (Soares)   : Triapitsyn 2003: 24–27 (redescription, diagnosis, distribution, hosts).

Material examined. ARGENTINA. BUENOS AIRES, Moreno , 34°08’57’’S 58°46’57’’W: 9.iii.2005, C. Coviella [1 female, UCRC]; 23.iii.2005, C. Coviella [1 female, UCRC] GoogleMaps   . FORMOSA, Estancia Guaycolec, 25

km N of Formosa, 25°59’S 58°12’W, 185 m, 26.ii–10.iii.1999, S.L. Heydon, J. Ledford [1 female, UCDC]. MISIONES, Loreto: 12.ii.1936, A.A. Ogloblin (ex. eggs of Tingidae   on Solanum bonariense   ) [1 male, MLPA]; 14.ii.1936, A.A. Ogloblin (ex. eggs of Tingidae   on Solanum bonariense   , male misidentified by A.A. Ogloblin as E. cingulatus Ogloblin   ) [1 female, 1 male, MLPA]; ii.1936, A.A. Ogloblin (ex. eggs of Tingidae   on Solanum bonariense   ) [1 female, MLPA]; 14.iv.1936, A.A. Ogloblin (on Solidago sp.   , misidentified by A.A. Ogloblin as E. cingulatus Ogloblin   ) [1 male, MLPA]. 24.iv.1936, A.A. Ogloblin (ex. eggs of Tingidae   on Solanum bonariense   ) [1 female, MLPA]; 22.vi.1936, A.A. Ogloblin (ex. eggs of Tingidae   on Solanum bonariense   , misidentified by A.A. Ogloblin as E. cingulatus Ogloblin   ) [1 female, MLPA]. COLOMBIA. Palmeras de la Costa, 28.i.1984, E.G. Paz (ex. Leptopharsa gibbicarina Froeschner   on African palm, Elacis guineensis) [3 females, USNM].

Diagnosis. Erythmelus (E.) tingitiphagus   was only provisionally assigned to the flavovarius   species group by Triapitsyn (2003). It indeed belongs in there. This distinctive, minute species (body length 440–510 µm) was redescribed and illustrated by Triapitsyn (2003). It is somewhat similar to E. (E.) pastoralis Ogloblin   from Argentina. The relative length of the longest marginal cilia to the greatest width of the forewing (1.8– 2.1: 1 in E. (E.) tingitiphagus   and about 1.4: 1 in the holotype of E. (E.) pastoralis   ), and especially the number and distribution of the setae on the forewing blade ( Figs. 75 View FIGURES 74, 75 , 89 View FIGURES 87–89 , respectively) allow for separation of these two species. The funicle of the female antenna is normally 6–segmented ( Fig. 74 View FIGURES 74, 75 ) but often it is 5–segmented due to a fusion of any two neighboring funicular segments or a loss of one of the funicular segments, usually of F3 or F4 ( Triapitsyn 2003).

Distribution. Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela ( Triapitsyn 2003), and Colombia (new record).

Hosts. Tingidae   : Corythaica cyathicollis   (Costa), C. monacha (Stål)   , Gargaphia lunulata (Mayr)   , Leptodictya tabida (Herrich-Schaeffer)   , Leptopharsa heveae Drake & Poor   ( Triapitsyn 2003), and also Leptopharsa gibbicarina Froeschner   (new record). According to the labels on several slides with the specimens collected by A.A. Ogloblin in Loreto, Misiones, Argentina, some of them were reared from eggs of an unidentified species of Tingidae   .

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Genus

Erythmelus

Loc

Erythmelus (Erythmelus) tingitiphagus ( Soares, 1942 )

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., Berezovskiy, Vladimir V., Hoddle, Mark S. & Morse, Joseph G. 2007
2007
Loc

Erythmelus (Erythmelus) tingitiphagus (Soares)

Triapitsyn, S. V. 2003: 24
2003
Loc

Erythmelus tingitiphagus (Soares)

Huber, J. T. 1992: 77
1992
Loc

Mymar tingitiphagus (Soares)

Costa Lima, A. da 1962: 197
1962
Loc

Anaphes tingitiphagus

Soares, O. M. 1942: 265
1942