Cliona grandis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019

Calcinai, Barbara, Belfiore, Giuseppe, Pica, Daniela, Torsani, Fabrizio, Palma, Marco & Cerrano, Carlo, 2020, Porifera from Ponta do Ouro (Mozambique), European Journal of Taxonomy 698, pp. 1-56: 28-29

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.698

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:623BBCE3-12A5-45A9-802A-2ED2E15164A3

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4335430

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F52B791A-FFFD-E93A-8134-FBB2C227F1DD

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Cliona grandis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019
status

 

Cliona grandis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019  

Fig. 15 View Fig

Cliona grandis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019: 12   View Cited Treatment , fig. 3a–g.

Material examined

PONTA DO OURO • 1 rounded fragment of about 3cm, preserved dry; 26°46′39.864″ S, 32°55′25.392″ E; Cloud break; 36 m deep; 22 May 2015; Torsani leg.; IMG0830 GoogleMaps   1 small flat, rounded portion, preserved dry, of about 3 cm; 26°49′29.579″ S, 32°53′50.819″ E; Blacks; 18 m deep; 24 May 2015; Torsani leg.; IMG0913 GoogleMaps   5 fragments, preserved dry; the larger about 5×2 × 2 cm; 26°49′29.579″ S, 32°53′50.819″ E; Blacks; 17 m deep; 11 Nov. 2015; Cerrano leg.; PdO2 GoogleMaps   1 rounded fragment of 5 cm preserved dry; 26°45′41.04″ S, 32°54′7.138″ E; Texas; 11 m deep; 15 Nov. 2015; Cerrano leg.; PdO19 GoogleMaps   1 single fragment 5× 3× 2 cm, preserved dry; 26°49′50.408″ S, 32°53′45.974″ E; Texas; 11 m deep; 15 Nov. 2015; Cerrano leg.; PdO22 GoogleMaps   3 fragments alcohol preserved; 26°45′41.04″ S, 32°54′7.141″ E; Doodles; 17 m deep; 7 Feb. 2017; Cerrano leg.; PO22 GoogleMaps   dried and alcohol preserved fragments; 26°49′50.408″ S, 32°53′45.977″ E; Doodles; 17 m deep; 7 Feb. 2017; Cerrano leg.; PO23 GoogleMaps   3 alcohol preserved fragments, the larger about 7×3 × 1 cm; 26°49′50.408″ S, 32°53′57.659″ E; Close; 18.6 m deep; 9 Feb. 2017; Cerrano leg.; PO27 GoogleMaps   very small fragments, alcohol preserved; 26°49′55.65″ S, 32°53′13.413″ E; Three sisters; 23.9 m deep; 21 Feb. 2017; Cerrano leg.; PO64 GoogleMaps   .

Description

Sponge in encrusting stage (β) (IMG0830, PdO19, PdO22, PO22, PO23 and PO64) and massive stage (γ) (IMGO913 and PO23). Two main chromatic varieties, shifting from ochre to orange ( Fig. 15 View Fig A–B) to pale or light yellow ( Fig. 15 View Fig C–D). Specimens, dried and alcohol preserved, are brown in color. The consistence of the papillae and of the γ-stage forms is firm and incompressible. The body of the γ-stage is cavernous. The sponges in the γ-stage are full of foreign material, also derived by their erosion and engulfing activity.

SKELETON. In the papillae, long and slim tylostyles are organized in palisade, in other parts the skeleton is more confused.

SPICULES. Tylostyles ( Fig. 15E View Fig ) with a prominent head ( Fig. 15F View Fig ); in numerous tylostyles the axial canal and the vesicle in the tylo are evident. They measure 295–(307.87)–345 μm×2.5–(6.7)–7.5 μm.

Remarks

This species was recently described by Samaai et al. (2019) from South Africa; it is widespread in the studied area where it develops a sort of biogenic fence up to 50 cm high.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Porifera

Class

Demospongiae

Order

Hadromerida

Family

Clionaidae

Genus

Cliona

Loc

Cliona grandis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019

Calcinai, Barbara, Belfiore, Giuseppe, Pica, Daniela, Torsani, Fabrizio, Palma, Marco & Cerrano, Carlo 2020
2020