Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina ( Lamarck, 1814 )

Calcinai, Barbara, Belfiore, Giuseppe, Pica, Daniela, Torsani, Fabrizio, Palma, Marco & Cerrano, Carlo, 2020, Porifera from Ponta do Ouro (Mozambique), European Journal of Taxonomy 698, pp. 1-56: 41

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2020.698

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:623BBCE3-12A5-45A9-802A-2ED2E15164A3

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4335432

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F52B791A-FFCE-E90E-8134-FEBBC24DF51E

treatment provided by

Valdenar

scientific name

Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina ( Lamarck, 1814 )
status

 

Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina ( Lamarck, 1814)  

Fig. 22 View Fig

Spongia vulpina Lamarck, 1814: 449   .

Material examined

PONTA DO OURO • 1 sample preserved dry; 26°46′39.864″ S, 32°55′25.319″ E; Cloud break; 34 m deep; 22 May 2015; Torsani leg.; IMG0826 GoogleMaps   several fragments, the larger about 6 cm long; 26°49′17.512″ S, 32°53′42.511″ E; Kev’s; 23.4 m deep; 3 Feb. 2017; Cerrano leg.; PO3 GoogleMaps   .

Description

The live sponge is massive, with rounded conules covering the surface ( Fig. 22A View Fig ). The color is redorange. The fragments preserved in alcohol are beige in color; they have a digitate-conulose surface and a very firm consistence.

SKELETON. The ectosome consists of a paratangential layer of thin styles ( Fig. 22B View Fig ). The choanosome ( Fig. 22C View Fig ) is made by a reticulation of multispicular primary fibers, 70–125 µm in section, and secondary fibers, 23–35 µm, forming irregularly rounded meshes around 150 µm wide. The fibers have a core of styles and are echinated by acanthostyles.

SPICULES. Slightly curved and smooth styles ( Fig. 22D View Fig ), sometimes straight, 145–(176.5, 21.4)– 210 µm × 6–(7, 1.1)– 9.5 µm; longer and straight subtylote styles ( Fig. 22E View Fig ), microspined or smooth on the head, 198.5–(230, 15.5)– 250 µm ×4.5–(6.5, 0.8)– 7.5 µm; subtylote acanthostyles ( Fig. 22F View Fig ), with smooth neck, 47.5–(51, 4.9)– 72.5 µm; very thin toxas ( Fig. 22G View Fig ), bent in the middle, 143–181 µm; palmate isochelae ( Fig. 22H View Fig ) 11.3–14.6 µm.

Remarks

The specimens fit the original description of Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina ( Lamarck, 1814)   from Australia. The species has already been found in the area ( Thomas 1979). On the specimen PO3, the hydroid Zyzzyzus warreni Calder, 1988   (Class Hydrozoa  , Phylum Cnidaria) grew.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Porifera

Class

Demospongiae

Order

Poecilosclerida

Family

Microcionidae

Genus

Clathria

Loc

Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina ( Lamarck, 1814 )

Calcinai, Barbara, Belfiore, Giuseppe, Pica, Daniela, Torsani, Fabrizio, Palma, Marco & Cerrano, Carlo 2020
2020
Loc

Spongia vulpina

Lamarck 1814: 449
1814