Nychiodes eberti, Wanke & Hausmann & Krogmann & Petrányi & Rajaei, 2020

Wanke, Dominic, Hausmann, Axel, Krogmann, Lars, Petrányi, Gergely & Rajaei, Hossein, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the genus Nychiodes Lederer, 1853 (Geometridae: Ennominae: Boarmiini) with description of three new species-an integrative approach, Zootaxa 4812 (1), pp. 1-61 : 34-36

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4812.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74FE6D6A-B41D-4FC9-BC26-B07DDEB9A0F6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4336220

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F413878A-FFED-3831-82E1-F965367472FD

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nychiodes eberti
status

sp. nov.

Nychiodes eberti   sp. nov. Wanke, Hausmann & Rajaei

( figs 73–83, 120–122 View FIGURES 120-126 ; map 3)

Type material examined. Holotype, ♂, Türkei, Prov. Erzurum, Kopdagi Pass, vic. Ascale , 2200 m, 27.-31.vii.1978, Lichtf., leg. W. Thomas, g.prep. 0267/2019 D. Wanke; in SMNS   . Paratypes, 1 ♂, 1 ♀, NE Türkei, Prov. Erzurum, Dogu Karadeniz Daglari, Korga Dagi , Köprüköy , Umg. bei Ispir , 2000 m, w. 28.vii.2001, e.o. 3.xi.2001, leg. J. Gelbrecht, S. Beshkov, R. Busse, A. Kazanci & E. Schwabe, g.preps (♂) 0456/2019 D. Wanke, (♀) 0457/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, NE Türkei, Dogu Karadeniz Daglari, Ovit Dagi, ca. 5 km südl. Ovit Dagi Gecidi , 2400-2500 m, 27.vii.2001, leg. J. Gelbrecht, S. Beshkov, R. Busse, A. Kazanci & E. Schwabe, g.prep. 0241/2019 D. Wanke; all in PCJG   . 1 ♂, Turkey, St. 2108, Nigde, Bolkardaglari N Side, SW Maden, 1600 m, 3.viii.1995, leg. D.v.d. Poorten, W. De Prins, g.prep. 0341/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♀, Turkiye, Konya, 38 km W Konya, 1550 m, 8.-9.vii.[19]88, leg. S. Wagener, g.prep. 0443/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Turkey, Erzincan, Caglayan, 4 km S. Kalecik, 1600 m, 13.- 15.vii.2000, leg. K. Larsen, g.prep. (♂) 0339/2019 D. Wanke, (♀) 0444/2019 D. Wanke   ; 2 ♂, Turkey, Konya, Toros Daglari, Adiller Taskent , 1700 m, 14.vii.1986, leg. Arne Moberg, g.prep. 0343/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, Turkey, Ankara, 1150-1250 m, 10 km NW Kizilcahaman , 6.-7.viii.1989, leg. Fibiger, Esser   ; 1 ♂, Turkiye, St. 1711, Artvin, 8-10 km SW Yusufeli Coruh valley, 900-1000 m, 4.-9.vii.1991, leg. W. De Prins, D.v.d. Poorten, A. Riemis, g.prep. 0344/2019 D. Wanke   ; 3 ♂, Turkey, Nigde, Bolkar Daglari, N. s. Maden , 2100 m, 29.vii.1997, K. Larsen, g.prep. 0342/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, Turkey, Sivas, Gökpinar , 10 km S Gürün, 1500 m, 1.viii.1997, leg. K. Larsen, g.prep. 0340/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, Turkey, Sivas, Gökpinar , 12 km S Gürün, 1500 m, 25.vii.1998, leg. K. Larsen   ; 1 ♀, Turkey, Sivas, Gökpinar , 10 km S Gürün, 1500 m, 11.vii.2000, leg. K. Larsen, g.prep. 0445/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♀, [ Turkey], Maras, Binboga Daglari, Göksun Yalakköy , 1600 m, 17.vii.1986, leg. A. Moberg, g.prep. 0451/2019 D. Wanke; all in PCPS   . 2 ♂, Türkei centr., Provinz Sivas, Gökpinar , 1,5 km westlich, N 38°39‘21‘‘, O 37°17‘19‘‘, 1600 m ü.NN, 02.vii.2008, LF, leg. Ralf & Sylvana Fiebig, g.prep. 2134/2017 H. Rajaei GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, Türkei centr., Provinz Nevsehir, Kappadokien, Göreme , N 38°39‘, O 34°50’, 1080-1150 m ü.NN, 08.-11.vii.2011, LF, leg. R. Fiebig & S. Rothe, g.preps. (♂) 0398/2019 D. Wanke (♀) 0399/2019 D. Wanke GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Türkei centr., Prov. Nevsehir, Kappadok- ien, Aktepe 1 km SSO, N 38°40‘43‘‘, O 34°52‘25‘‘, 1070 m ü.NN, 26.-27.viii.2009 LF, leg. R. & S. Fiebig, g.prep. 0400/2019 D. Wanke GoogleMaps   ; 1 ♂, Türkei centr, Provinz Nigde, Aladag West , 5 km SSO von Sulucaova, N 37°58‘13‘‘, O 35°09‘58‘‘, 2200-2500m ü.NN, 16.viii.2009, LF, leg. R. Fiebig & S. Rothe, g.prep. 0396/2019 D. Wanke; all in PCRF GoogleMaps   . 2 ♂, Türkei, Kopdagi , 4.viii.1978, 2100m, leg. Dittrich, Austria; in PCTM   . 2 ♀, Türkei, Prov. Erzurum, Kop- dagi Pass, vic. Ascale , 2200 m, 27.-31.vii.1978, Lichtf., leg. W. Thomas, g.preps 0263, 0435/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, [ Turkey], Kleinasien, Prov. Erzurum, 40 km NW Erzurum, vic. Egerti , 1850-2000 m, 30.vii.-01.viii.[19]80, g.prep. 0066/2018 D. Wanke   ; 5 ♂, [ Turkey], Kleinasien, Prov. Kars, vic. Karakurt , Aras-Tal , 1500 m, 15.-16.vii.1978, leg. de Freina, g.preps 0076, 0077/2018 D. Wanke, 0260/2019 D. Wanke   ; 5 ♂, 1 ♀, [ Turkey], Kleinasien, Prov. Kars, vic. Kagizman , Kötek , 1550 m, 29.-31.vii.[19]78, leg. de Freina, g.preps (♂) 0078, 0080/2018 D. Wanke, 0261, 0262, 0264/2019 D. Wanke, (♀) 0266/2019 D. Wanke   ; 2 ♂, [ Turkey], Kleinasien, Prov. Erzurum, Umg. Ovacik , Camlika , 2100 m, 01.-02.viii.1980, leg. de Freina, g.prep. 0086/2018 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♂, [ Turkey], Kleinasien, Prov. Kars, vic. Sarikamis , 2000-2300 m, 21-27.vii.[19]80, leg. de Freina, 0079/2018 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♀, Türkei, Anatolien , 25 km, südl. Sivas, 1500 m, 24.+ 25.vii.1978, leg. W. Thomas, g.prep. 0432/2019 D. Wanke   ; 2 ♀, [ Turkey], Klei- nasien, Prov. Artvin, 5 km SE Sarigöl, 750 m, 31.vii.-09.viii.[19]83, leg. de Freina, g.prep. 2090/2017 H. Rajaei, 0436/2019 D. Wanke ; all in SMNS   . 6 ♂, [ Turkey], Anatolien , Ankara, 1000 m, vi.1934, leg. Herbert Noack, g.preps 0161, 0162/2018 D. Wanke, 0282, 0283, 0284/2019 D. Wanke   ; 1 ♀, Türk., Ostkurdistan, Van Gölü , ca. 1800 m, 1.-31.Vii.1965, leg. Herbert Noack, g.prep. (♀) 0292/2019 D. Wanke; all in SMNK   . 1 ♂, Türkei, vii.[19]95, leg. Gelbrecht, g.prep. 0464/2019, D. Wanke ; in ZSM   .

Description. Wingspan ♂ 29–40 mm, ♀ 35–42 mm (forewing length ♂ 18–22 mm, ♀ 19–24 mm) ( figs 73–83). Antennae bipectinate in both sexes. Frons flat, projecting about one quarter diameter of eye, smoothly scaled. Chaetosemata present as two small patches. Length of labial palpi about 1.0 times diameter of the eye, slightly exceeding frons. Proboscis absent. Ground colour of wings highly variable, varying from sandy grey-yellow and light brown to dark brown. Transverse lines faint or visible. Terminal line from light to dark brown, sometimes faint. Postmedial line of forewing, if present, curved between M1 and M2; antemedial line, if visible, curved outwards. Postmedial line of hindwing absent or slightly visible. Antemedial line often faint or slightly visible as a shadow. Underside of wings variable, from unicolorous to vaguely showing the pattern of the upper side. Discal spots present only on underside.

In male genitalia ( figs 120–122 View FIGURES 120-126 ) uncus tapered and curved, basally broad ( fig. 121 View FIGURES 120-126 ). Gnathos well developed, strongly sclerotized, medially tongue-shaped. Saccus wide. Costa of valva narrow, strongly sclerotized, apically spinose, digitiform and slightly exceeding apex of valva. Both ampullae located in the distal half of valva, apically spinose; ampulla superior long, basally wide, medially narower; ampulla inferior well developed, of similar length like ampulla superior and narrower than the latter. Juxta anchor-shaped, stalk broad. Aedeagus broad (width-length ratio, 1:9), medially curved; cornutus half length of aedeagus.

In female genitalia ovipositor broad, Apophyses anteriores one fifth length of apophyses posteriores ( fig. 143 View FIGURES 135-144 ). Sternite A9 conical. Lamella postvaginalis antero-posteriorly extended. Ductus bursae sclerotized. Corpus bursae membranous, pear-shaped, signum stellate.

Note. Nychiodes eberti   sp. nov. is highly variable in wing pattern, similar to the large variability in N. divergaria   (see figs 52–83). Therefore, wing pattern and coloration are absolutely unreliable characters for a secure diagnosis of these two species and examination of male and female genitalia is mandatory.

Diagnosis. In the distribution range of N. eberti   sp. nov. the sympatrically occurring N. rayatica   and N. divergaria   can be confused when comparing wing pattern only (see figs 41, 42, 52–83). Furthermore, the wing pattern and coloration of N. eberti   sp. nov. overlaps with that of N. convergata   sp. nov., which is so far only known from Israel ( figs 84, 85).

Male genitalia of N. eberti   sp. nov. with costa of valva characteristically narrow, digitiform at apex, slightly exceeding apex of valva (costa of valva apically very large and broad, clearly exceeding apex of valva in N. rayatica   ; costa of valva wide, not exceeding apex of valva in N. divergaria   ; costa of valva basally narrow, apically widely clubbed, clearly exceeding apex of valva in N. convergata   sp. nov.) (see figs 105 View FIGURES 103-107 , 113–123 View FIGURES 108-114 View FIGURES 115-118 View FIGURE 119 View FIGURES 120-126 ). In N. eberti   sp. nov. ampulla superior twice as broad as ampulla inferior, both ampullae not curved, located in the distal half of valva (ampulla superior conical, ampulla inferior strongly curved, both ampullae located at the centre of valva in N. rayatica   ; ampulla superior very long and broad, ampulla inferior highly variable, both ampullae located at the centre of valva in N. divergaria   ; ampulla superior digitiform, three times as broad as ampulla inferior, both ampullae located at the centre of valva in N. convergata   sp. nov.) (see figs 105 View FIGURES 103-107 , 113–123 View FIGURES 108-114 View FIGURES 115-118 View FIGURE 119 View FIGURES 120-126 ). In N. eberti   sp. nov. aedeagus thick and slightly curved, cornutus-aedeagus ratio 1/2 (aedeagus very small and short, cornutus-aedeagus ratio 1/ 2 in N. rayatica   ; aedeagus thick and strongly curved, cornutus-aedeagus ratio 2/ 3 in N. divergaria   ; aedeagus narrow and long; cornutus-aedeagus ratio 1/ 3 in N. convergata   sp. nov.) (see figs 105b View FIGURES 103-107 , 113 View FIGURES 108-114 b–118b, 123b). Female genitalia of N. eberti   sp. nov. with apophyses anteriores one fifth length of apophyses posteriores (strongly reduced apophyses anteriores, two strongly sclerotized spherical patches on sternite A 9 in N. divergaria   ; female of N. rayatica   and N. convergata   sp. nov. unknown) (see figs 141–143 View FIGURES 135-144 ).

Phenology. Flying from May to August.

Biology. Unknown.

Habitat. In altitudes from 50 up to 2500m.

Distribution. Distributed in Turkey (map 3).

DNA barcoding. Diverging by 3.1% (minimum pairwise distance) from the N. divergaria-subvirida   complex. Nearest species (minimum pairwise distances): N. mirzayansi   sp. nov. (3.1%) and N. convergata   sp. nov. (3.4%) ( fig. 145 View FIGURE 145 ).

Etymology. The name of this species is dedicated to Günter Ebert (born in 1935), former curator of the Lepidoptera   collection in Karlsruhe State Museum of Natural History and editor in chief of the masterpiece “Die Schmetterlinge Baden-Württenbergs” in 10 volumes. During his many expeditions in Iran and Afghanistan, Günter Ebert collected the most important reference collection for these countries, deposited in SMNK (and parts in ZSM). All Nychiodes   specimens, which were collected by Ebert are examined in this paper.

SMNS

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkund Stuttgart

SMNK

Staatliches Museum fuer Naturkunde Karlsruhe (State Museum of Natural History)

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology