Nychiodes farinosa Brandt, 1938

Wanke, Dominic, Hausmann, Axel, Krogmann, Lars, Petrányi, Gergely & Rajaei, Hossein, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the genus Nychiodes Lederer, 1853 (Geometridae: Ennominae: Boarmiini) with description of three new species-an integrative approach, Zootaxa 4812 (1), pp. 1-61 : 18-19

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4812.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74FE6D6A-B41D-4FC9-BC26-B07DDEB9A0F6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4336216

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F413878A-FFDD-3800-82E1-F9BE36E27371

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nychiodes farinosa Brandt, 1938
status

 

Nychiodes farinosa Brandt, 1938  

( figs 26, 27, 98, 99 View FIGURES 96-102 , 133 View FIGURES 127-134 ; map 2)

Nychiodes farinosa Brandt, 1938   . Entomologische Rundschau, 55 (51), 37. Holotype ♂, ([ Iran]: Comèe [Komehr]) (in NHRS, examined).

Type material examined. Holotype, ♂, Iran, Fars, Strasse Ardekan-Talochosroe [Tall Khosrow], Comèe [Komehr], ca. 2600 m, 30.vi.1937, coll. Brandt, g.prep. 10924   ; Paratypes, 1 ♀, same locality, 3.vii.1937, coll. Brandt (la- beled as Allotype), g.prep. 10925   ; 1 ♂, same locality, 26.vi.1937, coll. Brandt; all in NHRS   . 1 ♂, same locality, 30.vi.1937, coll. Brandt; in ZFMK   .

Additional material studied: 11 ♂, 2 ♀ (see appendix).

Diagnosis. Wingspan ♂ 30–35 mm, ♀ 37–43 mm (forewing length ♂ 19–21 mm, ♀ 21–24 mm) ( figs 26, 27). Externally, the colour combination of N. farinosa   can be confused with that of N. subvirida   , both with yellow- to light brown wings, intermixed with darker brown. In N. farinosa   basal and postmedial areas lighter than medial and subterminal areas; postmedial line yellow, thick, without clear border from subterminal area (in N. subvirida   , basal, medial and subterminal areas concolorous; postmedial line yellow, thin, clearly bordered from subterminal area) (see figs 26, 27 and 47–51). Additionally, N. subvirida   shows completely different male and female genitalia (see figs 98, 99 View FIGURES 96-102 and 110–112 View FIGURES 108-114 ).

In male genitalia ( fig. 98 View FIGURES 96-102 ), uncus short, in lateral view curved ( fig. 99 View FIGURES 96-102 ), which is similar to that of N. antiquaria   and N. subfusca   (both of species show different character combinations in wings ( figs 28–34 and 43, 44) and genitalia ( figs 100, 101 View FIGURES 96-102 , 106, 107 View FIGURES 103-107 ). Diagnostic features of male genitalia of N. farinosa   from other similar species: In N. farinosa   valva narrow, with both ampullae located apically, in the upper third of the valva, sacculus straight (valva broad, with both ampullae located in medial part of valva, sacculus curved outwards in N. antiquaria   and N. princeps   ) ( figs 98, 100, 102 View FIGURES 96-102 ). The endemic Pakistanian species N.   quettensis shows a completely different wing pattern ( fig. 36, 37) but shares a similar male genitalia capsule with N. farinosa   , however, the latter having a shorter and thicker aedeagus (very thin and long in N. quettensis   ) ( figs 98 View FIGURES 96-102 , 103 View FIGURES 103-107 ).

Female genitalia of N. farinosa   ( fig. 133 View FIGURES 127-134 ) are reminiscent of those of N. subvirida   ( figs 138–140 View FIGURES 135-144 ), the latter species with reduced anteriores apophyses.

Three other species occur sympatric with N. farinosa   : N. admirabila   (characterized by a unique wing pattern with light brown wings and prominent markings in the medial area and black transverse lines, figs 23–25), Nychiodes leviata   (rather small wingspan, with dark brown to black medial area on forewing, and strongly differing male and female genitalia, figs. 45, 46, 108 View FIGURES 108-114 ,) and N. divergaria   (highly variable species, but easily diagnosed based on both male and female genitalia, see figs 113–119 View FIGURES 108-114 View FIGURES 115-118 View FIGURE 119 , 141, 142 View FIGURES 135-144 ).

Phenology. Univoltine, from May to July.

Biology. Unknown.

Habitat. In altitudes from 1850 up to 2800 m.

Distribution. Endemic species in Iran, in the western part of the Zagros Mountains (map 2).

DNA barcoding. Nearest species (minimum pairwise distances): N. leviata   (5.9%) ( fig. 145 View FIGURE 145 ).

NHRS

Swedish Museum of Natural History, Entomology Collections

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Geometridae

Genus

Nychiodes

Loc

Nychiodes farinosa Brandt, 1938

Wanke, Dominic, Hausmann, Axel, Krogmann, Lars, Petrányi, Gergely & Rajaei, Hossein 2020
2020
Loc

Nychiodes farinosa

Brandt 1938
1938