Nychiodes aphrodite Hausmann & Wimmer, 1994

Wanke, Dominic, Hausmann, Axel, Krogmann, Lars, Petrányi, Gergely & Rajaei, Hossein, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the genus Nychiodes Lederer, 1853 (Geometridae: Ennominae: Boarmiini) with description of three new species-an integrative approach, Zootaxa 4812 (1), pp. 1-61 : 15

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4812.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74FE6D6A-B41D-4FC9-BC26-B07DDEB9A0F6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4336176

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F413878A-FFC2-381C-82E1-FD8936CD71BA

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nychiodes aphrodite Hausmann & Wimmer, 1994
status

 

Nychiodes aphrodite Hausmann & Wimmer, 1994  

( figs 20–22, 95 View FIGURES 93-95 , 131 View FIGURES 127-134 ; map 1)

Nychiodes aphrodite Hausmann & Wimmer, 1994   . Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der österreichischen Entomologen 46: 90. Holotype ♂ ( Cyprus: Paphos) (in ZSM, examined).

Type material examined. Holotype, ♂, Zypern, Paphos, e.o. 3.viii.1989, leg. J. Wimmer   ; Paratypes, 3 ♂, 2 ♀, Zypern, Paphos, e.o., 1.-3.viii.1989, leg. J. Wimmer; in ZSM   .

Additional material studied: 2 ♂, 3 ♀ (see appendix).

Diagnosis. Wingspan ♂ 29–32 mm, ♀ 34–42 mm (forewing length ♂ 16–21 mm, ♀ 19–23 mm) ( figs 20–22). Wings light to chocolate brown, transverse lines strongly pronounced (light to dark brown, basal and terminal areas of forewing and terminal area of hindwing irrorated with red brown scales, medial area of forewing and basal and medial areas of hindwing brighter than rest of the wings in N. waltheri   ; light brown, orange brown to chocolate brown, transverse lines faint, medial area of forewing and basal and medial areas of hindwings are not clearly delimited in N. muelleri   and N. palaestinensis   ) ( figs 4–22).

Male genitalia of N. aphrodite   with costa of valva sclerotized towards the apex, not humped (costa of valva sclerotized only up to the centre, medially humped N. waltheri   ; costa of valva sclerotized towards the apex, medially humped in N. muelleri   and N. palaestinensis   ) ( figs 89–95 View FIGURES 88-92 View FIGURES 93-95 ). N. aphrodite   with strongly curved ampulla superior (ampulla superior twice as thick as ampulla inferior in N. waltheri   ; ampulla superior narrowing towards the apex in N. muelleri   ; ampulla superior narrowed at the centre in N. palaestinensis   ). In N. aphrodite   aedeagus apically with a straight digitiform extension (same condition in N. waltheri   ; digitiform extension curved in N. muelleri   ; strongly curved in N. palaestinensis   ).

Female genitalia of N. aphrodite   with an elongated ovipositor (short and broad ovipositor in N. waltheri   , N. palaestinensis   and N. muelleri   ). Apophyses anteriores 1/3 length of apophyses posteriores (same condition in N. waltheri   ; 1/ 4 in N. palaestinensis   ; 1/ 6 in N. muelleri   ) (see figs 128–131 View FIGURES 127-134 ). Lamella postvaginalis apically tongue-shaped (strongly sclerotized, conically extended, apically not tongue-shaped in N. waltheri   , N. muelleri   , N. palaestinensis   ). Ductus bursae fairly long, without extended sclerotized patch (same condition in N. palaestinensis   and N. muelleri   ; very short with extended sclerotized patch in N. waltheri   ).

Phenology. Flying in the natural habitat during May. A second generation has been observed in breeding experiments, which probably flies during august ( Hausmann 1994).

Biology. Larva bred on Rosaceae   ( Crataegus   sp., Prunus spinosa   ). Occurrence of Mediterranean Crataegus   sp. in their natural habitats may be an indication on being the natural food plants (see Hausmann 1994).

Habitat. In altitudes from 390 up to 850 m.

Distribution. Endemic species on Cyprus ( Hausmann, 1994) (map 1).

DNA barcoding. Nearest species (minimum pairwise distances): N. waltheri   (6.9%) ( fig. 145 View FIGURE 145 ).

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology