Nychiodes palaestinensis Wagner, 1919

Wanke, Dominic, Hausmann, Axel, Krogmann, Lars, Petrányi, Gergely & Rajaei, Hossein, 2020, Taxonomic revision of the genus Nychiodes Lederer, 1853 (Geometridae: Ennominae: Boarmiini) with description of three new species-an integrative approach, Zootaxa 4812 (1), pp. 1-61 : 13-14

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4812.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:74FE6D6A-B41D-4FC9-BC26-B07DDEB9A0F6

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4336204

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F413878A-FFC0-381F-82E1-FBED31CB743D

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Nychiodes palaestinensis Wagner, 1919
status

 

Nychiodes palaestinensis Wagner, 1919  

( figs 9–17, 91–93 View FIGURES 88-92 View FIGURES 93-95 , 129 View FIGURES 127-134 ; map 1)

Nychiodes palaestinensis Wagner, 1919   . Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift Iris 33: 112. Holotype ♂ ( Palestine [ Israel]: Jeru- salem) (in MNHU, examined).

Nychiodes palaestinensis libanotica Zerny, 1933   . Deutsche entomologische Zeitschrift Iris, 47: 97. Syntypes ♂, ♀ ( Lebanon). (in BMNH, examined). Hereby regarded as a new synonym of Nychiodes palaestinensis   based on sympatric occurrence of these forms.

Nychiodes persuavis Wehrli, 1929   . Internationale Entomologische Zeitschrift 22 (42): 385. Syntypes 1 ♂, 1 ♀ ([ Lebanon]: Bei- rut) (in ZFMK, examined). Regarded as synonym of Nychiodes palaestinensis   by Zerny (1933), herewith we confirm it.

Type material examined. Nychiodes palaestinensis   Lectotype (herewith designated), ♂, Palaestina, (Jerusalem), 1898, leg. J. Paulus, g.prep. 0225/2019 D. Wanke   ; Paralectotype (herewith designated), ♀, Palaestina, (Jerusalem), 1898, leg. J. Paulus, g.prep. 0226/2019 D. Wanke; all in MNHU   .

Nychiodes palaestinensis libanotica   Paratype ♂, Nord Libanon, Becharré, 1400 m, 3.-10.vi.[19]31, Zerny; in BMNH   .

N. persuavis   Lectotype (designated by Wehrli), ♂, [ Lebanon], Beirut, genital prep. 4065   ; Paralectotype, 1 ♀, [ Lebanon], Beirut; all in ZFMK   .

Additional material studied: 21 ♂, 15 ♀ (see appendix).

Diagnosis. Wingspan ♂ 33–40 mm, ♀ 32–45 mm (forewing length ♂ 22–25 mm, ♀ 20–26 mm) ( figs 9–17). In N. palaestinensis   wings light brown, orange brown to chocolate brown, transverse lines faint, medial area of forewing and basal and medial areas of hindwings are not clearly delimited (light brown, medial area of forewing and basal and medial areas of hindwings are not clearly delimited in N. muelleri   ; light to dark brown, basal and terminal areas of forewing and terminal area of hindwing irrorated with red brown scales; medial area of forewing and basal and medial areas of hindwing brighter than rest of the wings in N. waltheri   ; light to chocolate brown, transverse lines strongly pronounced in N. aphrodite   ) ( figs 4–22).

On male genitalia, N. palaestinensis   has a costa of valva sclerotized towards the apex, medially humped (same condition in N. muelleri   ; costa of valva sclerotized only up to the middle, medially humped N. waltheri   ; sclerotized towards the apex, not humped in N. aphrodite   ) ( figs 89–95 View FIGURES 88-92 View FIGURES 93-95 ). N. palaestinensis   with ampulla superior narrowed at the centre (narrowing towards the apex in N. muelleri   ; ampulla superior twice as thick as ampulla inferior in N. waltheri   ; strongly curved in N. aphrodite   ). N. palaestinensis   aedeagus apically with strongly curved digitiform extension (extension curved in N. muelleri   ; extension digitiform, not curved in N. waltheri   and N. aphrodite   ).

Female genitalia of N. palaestinensis   with short and broad ovipositor (the same in N. muelleri   and N. waltheri   ; clearly longer in N. aphrodite   ). N. palaestinensis   with apophyses anteriores one fourth length of apophyses posteriores (1/ 6 in N. muelleri   ; 1/ 3 in N. waltheri   and N. aphrodite   ) (see figs 128–131 View FIGURES 127-134 ). In N. palaestinensis   lamella postvaginalis strongly sclerotized, conically extended (same condition, but much wider in N. muelleri   and much narrower in N. waltheri   ; lamella postvaginalis apically tongue-shaped in N. aphrodite   ). In N. palaestinensis   ductus bursae long, without extended sclerotized patch (same condition in N. muelleri   and N. aphrodite   ; very short with extended sclerotized patch in N. waltheri   ).

Phenology. Univoltine, from April to June.

Biology. Unknown.

Habitat. In altitudes from 500 up to 1000m.

Distribution. Restricted to the Levant ( Israel, Palestine, northern Jordan, few records from Lebanon and southwestern Syria) (map 1).

DNA barcoding. Nearest species (minimum pairwise distances): N. dalmatina   (5.9%), N. waltheri   (6.9%) and N. aphrodite   (6.9%) ( fig. 145 View FIGURE 145 ). No barcoding data of N. muelleri   is available.

ZFMK

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Geometridae

Genus

Nychiodes

Loc

Nychiodes palaestinensis Wagner, 1919

Wanke, Dominic, Hausmann, Axel, Krogmann, Lars, Petrányi, Gergely & Rajaei, Hossein 2020
2020
Loc

Nychiodes palaestinensis libanotica

Zerny 1933
1933
Loc

Nychiodes persuavis

Wehrli 1929
1929
Loc

Nychiodes palaestinensis

Wagner 1919
1919
Loc

Nychiodes palaestinensis

Wagner 1919
1919
Loc

Nychiodes palaestinensis

Wagner 1919
1919