Myrmekiaphila foliata Atkinson

BOND, JASON E. & PLATNICK, NORMAN I., 2007, A Taxonomic Review of the Trapdoor Spider Genus Myrmekiaphila (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Cyrtaucheniidae), American Museum Novitates 3596 (1), pp. 1-32: 9-10

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1206/0003-0082(2007)3596[1:ATROTT]2.0.CO;2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:424DB779-A31A-4B54-B596-E6DF5F56A17B

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5062587

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F345F707-EA66-CD44-B78B-FA2BFBAAE8B4

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Myrmekiaphila foliata Atkinson
status

 

Myrmekiaphila foliata Atkinson  

Figures 4 View Figs , 14 View Figs , 24 View Figs , 33–40 View Figs View Fig

Myrmekiaphila foliata Atkinson, 1886: 132   (three female syntypes from Chapel Hill , Orange Co., North Carolina, in CUC and USNM, examined).

Myrmeciophila atkinsoni Simon, 1891: 316   (female holotype from Occoquan Falls, Prince William Co., Virginia, in USNM, examined). NEW SYNONYMY.

Myrmekiaphila fluviatilis   (misidentification): Bishop and Crosby, 1926: 166, figs. 1–6.

DIAGNOSIS: Males can be recognized by the enlarged, retrolaterally directed, subdistal tooth on the embolus (fig. 24) and the relatively large distal dilation on metatarsus I, usually bearing more than two ventral spines (figs. 33–35), females by the triangular spermathecal bases and by the spermathecal bulbs originating from the median side of the spermathecal bases (fig. 39).

DESCRIPTIONS: Male described (as M. fluviatilis   ) by Bishop and Crosby (1926); female described by Atkinson (1886) and (as M. atkinsoni   ) by Simon (1891).

MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: ALABAMA: no locality data [MYR084], ( R. Jenkins, W. Howell, AMNH), 13. Blount Co.: no specific locality [33.9668 –86.5833, MYR301], Mar. 14, 1998 GoogleMaps   ( AMNH), 1♀. Choctaw Co.: Silas [31.7654 –88.329, MYR013], Feb. 19, 1912 (H. Smith, CUC) GoogleMaps   , 13. Jefferson Co.: Linda Drive, Bluff Park [33.3935 –86.85306, MYR004], Dec. 25, 1996 (W. Howell, AMNH) GoogleMaps   , 23; Tyler Road [33.4152 –86.8261, MYR225], Nov. 26, 1996 ( R. Jenkins, W. Howell, AMNH), GoogleMaps   13. Lee Co.: Opelika [32.6454 –85.3783, MYR133], Jan. 10, 1985 (D. Folkerts, CDF) GoogleMaps   , 13; 2 mi S Auburn along Wire Road [32.5776 –85.5246, MYR135], Feb. 24, 1974 ( R. Skinner, CAU), GoogleMaps   13; Auburn [32.6099 –85.4808, MYR124], ( AMNH), 2♀, 1 juv., [MYR127], (N. Banks, C. Baker, MCZ), 1♀, [MYR132], Apr. 10, 1941 ( AMNH), 3♀, [MYR137], Mar. 3, 1968 (W. Ivey, CAU) GoogleMaps   , 13, [MYR139], May 10, 1975 (B. Muse, CAU), 1♀, [MYR288], June 1, 1986 (G. Mullen, CAU), 1♀. Macon Co.: Tuskegee National Forest, Wire Road , S Interstate 85 [32.4577 –85.6576, MYR138], Dec. 12, 1975 (Weatherley, Brooks, CAU), GoogleMaps   1♀. Madison Co. : Monte Sano State Park , 34.74599 –86.50653 [MY2025], June 11, 2003 (B. Hendrixson, P. Marek, ECU-AMNH), 1♀. Montgomery Co. : McGus Station [MYR140], Oct. 24, 1915 (H. Smith, CUC) GoogleMaps   , 13. Shelby Co.: Lake Purdy Dam [33.4598 –86.6694, MYR088], Feb. 3, 1997 ( R. Jenkins, W. Howell, AMNH), GoogleMaps   1♀; Indian Springs [33.359 –86.7566, MYR024], Nov. 14, 1997 ( T. Honea, AMNH). Tuscaloosa Co. : University [MYR086], Nov. 29, 1910 (H. Smith, AMNH) GoogleMaps   , 13. GEORGIA: Hall Co.: Thompson Mill [34.3665 –83.8588, MYR141], (M. Allen, MCZ), GoogleMaps   1♀. Putnam Co. : no specific locality [33.3335 –83.3499, MYR040], Apr. 23, 1974 (W. Merrill, FSCA) GoogleMaps   13; Eatonton [33.3268 –83.3885, MYR131], Apr. 18, 1974 (W. Merrill, FSCA) GoogleMaps   , 13. KENTUCKY: Wolfe Co.: Koomer Ridge [37.7904 –83.633, MYR129], Apr. 28, 1968 (J. Tripp, F. Moore, FSCA), GoogleMaps   1♀. Whitley Co. : 0.1 mi from junction of US-25W on KY-90, in very disturbed ravine, 36.85428 –84.23483, elev GoogleMaps   . 385 m [MY2182], Aug. 10, 2003 (B. Hendrixson, ECU-AMNH), 1 juv. NORTH CAROLINA: Orange Co.: Chapel Hill [35.9071 –79.0483, MYR119], Mar. 13, 1886 (G. Atkinson, CUC), 1♀, [MYR120], Apr. 1, 1886 (G. Atkinson, USNM), 1♀, [MYR121], Dec. 31, 1929 (J. Beakley, AMNH) GoogleMaps   , 13, [MYR122], (G. Atkinson, AMNH), 1♀, [MYR126], Nov. 1, 1983 ( AMNH)   , 33. TENNESSE: Campbell Co.: 2.6 mi NW Route 116 on Beech Grove Road , 36.23878 –84.19148, elev GoogleMaps   . 300 m [MY2180], Aug. 10, 2003 (B. Hendrixson, ECU-AMNH), 1♀. Knox Co.: Knoxville [35.9606 –83.9207, MYR038], Nov. 4, 1985 ( T. Stevens, AMNH), 13, [MYR118], Mar. 4, 1920 (W. Cartwright, CUC), GoogleMaps   1♀; Powell, Riechert Property, ca 0.11 km NNW intersection of Cruze Drive and Bell Campground Road [36.03098 –84.06139, MYR019, 021, 026, 028–030, 036, 059–075, 125], elev GoogleMaps   . 348 m, Apr.–Nov 1985 (S. Riechert, AMNH)   , 443. Lawrence Co.: David Crockett State Park , 35.26252 –87.36217, elev GoogleMaps   . 278 m [MY2801], May 2, 2004 (B. Hendrixson, ECU-AMNH), 1♀. Marion Co.: Stanley [35.1226 –85.4039, MYR087], ( AMNH) GoogleMaps   , 13. Sevier Co.: Elkmont [35.6537 –83.5805, MYR130], May 14, 1967 (F. Moore, FSCA), GoogleMaps   2♀. Van Buren Co. : Fall Creek Falls State Park , along Cane Creek Cascade Trail , 35.66182 –85.34962, elev GoogleMaps   . 500 m [MY2175], Aug. 9, 2003 (B. Hendrixson, ECU-AMNH), 1 juv. VIRGINIA: Franklin Co.: Smith Mountain Lake [37.0371 –79.7238, MYR134], Oct. 7, 1994 (G. Atkinson, AMNH) GoogleMaps   , 133. Giles Co.: Cascades Recreation Area , small creek near main trailhead, 37.35383 –80.59988, elev GoogleMaps   . 670 m [MY2235], Aug. 15, 2004 (B. Hendrixson, ECU-AMNH), 1 juv. Prince William Co.: Occoquan Falls [38.68363 –77.26056, MYR117], (G. Marx, USNM), GoogleMaps   1♀. WEST VIRGINIA: Mercer Co. : Athens , Old Pumphouse [37.4223 –81.01638, MYR128], May 17, 1966 (O. Pendleton, B. Armes, AMNH), GoogleMaps   1♀; 2 mi S Athens [37.3931 –81.016185, MYR194], Sept. 18, 1965 (W. Shear, AMNH) GoogleMaps   , 13.

DISTRIBUTION: Southeastern United States, from northern Virginia south to central Alabama and northern Georgia (fig. 40).

SYNONYMY: Banks (1900: 530) placed M. foliata   as a junior synonym of M. fluviatilis (Hentz)   ; based on the material examined by us, that synonymy appears to be erroneous. Simon (1891) did not examine the genitalic characters of M. foliata   or M. atkinsoni   , separating the taxa only by labial cuspule, leg spination, and tarsal claw dentition; these are differences that can vary between the left and right sides of a single specimen.

R

Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

CUC

Cepario de la Universidad de Concepcion de Chile

CAU

China Agricultural University

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

T

Tavera, Department of Geology and Geophysics

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Cyrtaucheniidae

Genus

Myrmekiaphila

Loc

Myrmekiaphila foliata Atkinson

BOND, JASON E. & PLATNICK, NORMAN I. 2007
2007
Loc

Myrmekiaphila fluviatilis

Bishop, S. C. & C. R. Crosby 1926: 166
1926
Loc

Myrmeciophila atkinsoni

Simon, E. 1891: 316
1891
Loc

Myrmekiaphila foliata

Atkinson, G. F. 1886: 132
1886