Erythemis haematogastra ( Burmeister, 1839 )

Rodríguez, Fredy Palacino, Sarmiento, Carlos E. & González-Soriano, Enrique, 2015, Morphological variability and evaluation of taxonomic characters in the genus Erythemis Hagen, 1861 (Odonata: Libellulidae: Sympetrinae), Insecta Mundi 2015 (428), pp. 1-68 : 16-18

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5353155

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:A5F39894-9426-4F2C-89CC-E812671E85E4

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5450979

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/F2381E05-411D-5136-77DB-F92BFBEFFAC7

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Erythemis haematogastra ( Burmeister, 1839 )
status

 

Erythemis haematogastra ( Burmeister, 1839)

( Fig. 1a View Figure 1 , 2a–c View Figure 2 , 23 View Figures 18–25 , 33 View Figure 33 )

Libellula haematogastra Burmeister, 1839: 857 .

Lepthemis hamatogastra Kirby, 1890: 39 . Incorrect spelling.

Type material. Not examined.

Diagnosis. Thorax, dorsum of abdomen, and dark basal spot on HW reddish brown (female and sexually immature male), or thorax and first three abdominal segments brown and abdominal segments 4–10 red (mature male). Basal area on HW does not reach the first antenodal vein or the last rows of cells to anal angle, but reaches beyond the MP crossvein, and the AA ( Fig. 4 View Figures 4–9 ). Posterior extension of ventral teeth on male cercus about the same level as the apex of epiproct or less ( Fig. 13 View Figures 10–17 ). Posterior lobe of the vesica spermalis is not covered by lateral lobe ( Fig. 20 View Figures 18–25 ), which extends more posteriorly than the medial lobe. Hook bilobed, rectangular ( Fig. 25 View Figures 18–25 ) and not perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of vesica spermalis ( Fig. 18 View Figures 18–25 ). Cornua diagonal with respect to vesica spermalis transversal axis, with lobes separate to apex, and covered by lateral lobes in lateral view ( Fig. 19 View Figures 18–25 ). Lab> 30mm, LcaS4/LclS4>2.1.

Morphometric ratios of males. AnptFW/LoptFW>0.22; LHW/Acd>3.60; LHW/LFW>0.97; Las/Anas>4.00; LclS3/LcaS3>2.10; LHW/Lab>1.2.00; Lecv-clS3/LcaS3>1.50; Lab/LcaS3>3.00; Lba/ Lban<2.00; Lar/Lba<0.20.

Morphometric ratios of females. Lban/Anb>1.55; LHW/Acd>0.54; LHW/Lab<1.20; Lab/Las>2.50; LclS3/LcaS3>3.00; Lecv-clS3/LcaS3>1.60; Lab/LcaS3>3.00; Antr/Lar>3.00; LFW/Lnpt<2.90; Lar/ Lba<0.14; Lnpt/Anb>1.20.

Head. Ll: 0.0011 –0.0015 mm (M); 0.0014 –0.0015 mm (F). Lw: 0.0030 –0.0036 mm (M); 0.0034 – 0.0038 mm (F). Hwd: 0.006 –0.007 mm (M); 0.0067 –0.0071 mm (F). Hl: 0.0033 –0.0040 mm (M); 0.0031 – 0.0041 mm (F).

Legs. Nsmf: 14–19 (M); 8–10 (F). Nshf: 29–37 (M); 10–18 (F). Hfl: 0.0065 –0.0072 mm (M); 0.0065 – 0.0070 mm (F). Fbsd: 0.0024 –0.0027 mm (M); 0.0026 –0.0040 mm (F). Mfl: 0.0042 –0.0054 mm (M); 0.0041 –0.0046 mm (F). Dshf (the conditions separated by commas are present in different specimens): short spines-3 long spines (M), short spines-1 to 3 median spines-3 to 5 long spines (F).

Wings. LoptFW: 0.0034 –0.0038 mm (M); 0.0035 –0.0042 mm (F). AnptFW: 0.006 –0.008 mm (M); 0.007 –0.009 mm (F). LoptHW: 0.0034 –0.0038 mm (M); 0.0036 –0.0040 mm (F). AnptHW: 0.006 –0.008 mm (M); 0.007 –0.008 mm (F). DfwHW: 0.0061 –0.0069 mm (M); 0.0063 –0.0068 mm (F). LbanFW: 16.46– 18.49mm (M); 17.49–19.19mm (F). LbanHW: 14.33–16.12mm (M); 14.96–16.45mm (F). AndFW: 6.87– 8.48mm (M); 7.85–9.03mm (F). Wb: 8.58–10.29mm (M); 9.02–10.00mm (F). LFW: 35.40–37.53mm (M); 36.92–38.9mm (F). LHW: 34.82–37.05mm (M); 36.38–38.56mm (F). AnsbtFW: 0.0023 –0.0025 mm (M); 0.0023 –0.0025 mm (F). AntrFW: 0.006 –0.009 mm (M); 0.0008 –0.0010 mm (F). LarFW: 0.001 –0.003 mm (M); 0.000 – 0.002 mm (F). LarHW: 0.0006 –0.0030 μ (M); 0.0006 –0.0025 mm (F). LnptFW: 12.00– 12.62mm (M); 13.27–13.89mm (F). LnptHW: 13.71–14.69mm (M); 13.68–15.5mm (F). At-MP: 0.0031 –0.0043 mm (M); 0.0025 –0.0043 mm (F). LbaFW: 0.0031 –0.0034 mm (M); 0.0030 –0.0033 mm (F). LbaHW: 0.0031 – 0.0034 mm (M); 0.0031 –0.0033 mm (F). RP2-loptFW: 0.000.9– 0.0030mm (M); 0.001 –0.005 mm (F). RP2- loptHW: 0.0009 –0.0070 mm (M); 0.0062 –0.0065 mm (F). Dat-lsbt: 0.001 –0.006 mm (M); 0.0012 –0.002 mm (F). Lasa-ca: 0.005 –0.007 mm (M); 0.005 –0.007 mm (F). Crp: 9–10. Cal: 3–8. PC-RA-RP1: 2–3. CdfFW: only 3 rows of cells. Vt: 1. Csub: 3.

Abdomen. Lab: 31.63–40.60mm (M); 33.09–35.60mm (F). LcaS3: 0.0075 –0.0087 mm (M); 0.006 – 0.008 mm (F). LclS3: 0.0020 –0.0022 mm (M); 0.0023 –0.0029 mm (F). Lecv-clS3: 0.0013 –0.0017 mm (M); 0.0013 –0.0016 mm (F).

Caudal appendages. Las: 0.0018 –0.0021 mm (M); 0.0011 –0.0013 mm (F). Poas: 0.001 –0.004 mm (M); 0.001 –0.005 mm (F). Anas: 0.002 –0.004 mm (M); 0.001 –0.004 mm (F). Ddas: 0.0043 –0.0059 mm (M). Epl: 0.0012 –0.0015 mm (M); 0.003 –0.005 mm (F).

Larva. Unknown.

Material examined. BRAZIL, Amapá, Porto Santana , ICOMI, 06.xii.1961, J.C.M. Carvalho, Mielke leg., 1 male, 1 female ( MNRJ) ; same, but 26-27.ii.1963, Roppa, Mielke leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; same, but Serra do Navío , 18.ix.1963, H. Berla leg., 2 males ( MNRJ) ; Amazonas, Manaus , km. 38, Elias leg., xi.1959, 2 females ( MNRJ) ; same, but Igarapé, adiante do bifurcais da estrada, Hacotiana e Rio Branco , N. Santos leg., 21.x.1959, 1 male, 1 female ( MNRJ) ; same, but Parintis , 18.i.1973, N. Tangerini leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; same, but Poraquequara , i.1973, N. Tangerini leg., 2 males, 1 female ( MNRJ) ; same, but Rio Negro , Pauro leg., 25.vii.1941, 1 female ( MNRJ) ; same, but Manicoré, Rio Madeira, Parko leg., x.1941, 1 male, 2 females ( MNRJ) ; same, but Médio Javari , iii.1963, J.C.M. Carvalho leg., 3 males ( MNRJ) ; same, but Rio Paranari , iv.1937, 1 female ( MNRJ) ; no data, 1 female ( MNRJ) ; Bahia, Itamaraju , monte Pascoal Km. 5, 10-15.i.1972, Elias leg., 6 males, 18 females ( MNRJ) ; Espírito Santo, Conceição da Barra, Cohaire , 16-21.ix.1968, Paulo Elias leg., 1 female ( MNRJ) ; same data as before except collected on: 08.iv.1969 ; 1 female; same, but vii.1971, Elias, Paulo leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; same, but Linhares, Estr. Linhares - Regência km. 4, iii.1944, Elias leg., 1 male, 4 females ( MNRJ) ; same, but Estr. nova para Regência km. 6, 10-15.iii.1972, Elias, Paulo leg., 2 males, 6 females ( MNRJ) ; same data as before except collected on: 21-26.ii.1972 ; 5 males; same, but, Estr. nova para Regência km. 7, 01-08. iv.1972, Elias, Paulo leg., 10 males, 9 females ( MNRJ) ; same, but Estrada nova para Regência Km. 8, 10-15.iv.1972, Elias, Paulo leg., 1 male, 4 females ( MNRJ) ; same, but Estr. Linhares a Colatina, parte Norte km. 5, 24-31.v.1972, Elias, Paulo leg., 3 males 4 females ( MNRJ) ; same, but 01-07.ii.1972, Elias, Paulo leg., 2 males, 5 females ( MNRJ) ; same data as before except collected on following dates: 08-14. ii.1972, 3 males 4 females ; 15-19.ii.1972, 3 males, 2 females ; 10-15.iii.1972, 12 males, 14 females; 17-22. iii.1972, 13 males, 9 females; 24-25.iii.1972, 6 males; 22-27.v.1972,; 5 males, 6 females; 01-10.vii.1972, 10 females; xii.1972, 6 males; v.1973, 12 males, 11 female; same, but Rib. Do Engano, Vale do Itaúna , Travassos Santos, 1 male 1 female ( MNRJ) ; same, but Santa Cruz, Estação de Biologia Marinha , 15- i.1973, N. Santos leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; same, but Santa Tereza , 16.i.1973, J.M. C leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; Mato Grosso, Rio São Lourenço , 02.xi.1983, N. Santos, Ulisses leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; Pernambuco, Represa Gurjau, Cabo , 08°- 09°S e 35°- 36°W, 14.ii.2001, J.M. C e L.D.R. Borges leg., 2 males, 1 female ( MNRJ) GoogleMaps ; same, but Mun. do São Lourenço , Brejo dos Macacos, 18.ii.1963, N. Santos, D. Lima leg., 1 male ( MNRJ) ; sem procedência, 4 males ( MNRJ) . COLOMBIA, Antioquia, Caucasia, Hacienda la Candelaria, 26.iv.2000, Clase de Entomología , 1 male ( CEUA) ; same, but Santa Fé de Antioquia, Finca Cotove , 6.5530683° -75.8240600°, 540m, 12.iii.2008, M. Altamiranda leg., 1 male ( MEFLG) ; Cesar, Chimichagua , 22.x.2006, N.C. Rojas leg., 1 male ( ICN) ; Córdoba, Pueblo Nuevo , 20.iii.2006, N.C. Rojas leg., 4 females ( ICN) ; Meta, San Martín , 16.v.2006, G. Beltrán leg., 1 male ( ICN) ; Valle , El Medio, 14.ii.2004, 3 females (MUSENUV) . COSTA RICA, Guanacaste Prov., Hda. Taboga , 15.vi.1976, D. R. Paulson leg., 1 female ( RWG) . ECUADOR, Napo Prov., Taracoa, 20 Km E of Puerto Francisco de Orellana, Napo River , 9.vii.1983, T. H. and P. S. Gantenbein leg., 1 male ( RWG) . PERU, Loreto, Aguas Negras , 0°31’22” 75°15’24”, 145 m, 3.iii.1994, J. Louton leg., 1 male ( RWG) . MEXICO, Tamaulipas, Río Guayalejo, Km 170.5 ruta 85 a 1 km. al NE de Llera, 400 m, 26.x.1985, E. González leg., 1 male ( CNIN) .

Biology. Erythemis haematogastra adults are common at small lakes in both conserved and disturbed environments where rest on Eleocharis Brown , Nymphaea Linnaeus , and Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms ( Ferreira and Fonseca 2003; Palacino-Rodríguez and Millán 2010). The period of greatest activity of E. haematogastra in rice fields has been registered from 12:00 to 16:00 hrs (Palacino-Rodríguez and Millán 2010).

Distribution. From Mexico to Brazil ( Fig. 33 View Figure 33 ), between 3–1000 m.asl.

MNRJ

Museu Nacional/Universidade Federal de Rio de Janeiro

MEFLG

Museo Entomologico Francisco Luis Gallego

ICN

Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Museo de Historia Natural

CNIN

Coleccion Nacional de Insectos, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Odonata

Family

Libellulidae

Genus

Erythemis

Loc

Erythemis haematogastra ( Burmeister, 1839 )

Rodríguez, Fredy Palacino, Sarmiento, Carlos E. & González-Soriano, Enrique 2015
2015
Loc

Lepthemis hamatogastra

Kirby, W. F. 1890: 39
1890
Loc

Libellula haematogastra

Burmeister, H. C. C. 1839: 857
1839