Pirenella cingulata ( Gmelin, 1791 ),

Zvonareva, Sofya & Kantor, Yuri, 2016, Cheсklist of gastropod molluscs in mangroves of Khanh Hoa province, Vietnam, Zootaxa 4162 (3), pp. 401-437: 414-415

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4162.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DDBC36A0-5305-45FD-9C79-170C53B72DA9

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F0542475-BB5B-FFC3-FF28-FBC26D1DFF19

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Pirenella cingulata ( Gmelin, 1791 )
status

 

Pirenella cingulata ( Gmelin, 1791) 

Figs 5View FIGURE 5. A – B G –J

Murex cingulatus Gmelin, 1791: 3561  .

Cerithideopsilla cingulata: Poppe 2008a: 286  –287, pl. 88 figs 1, 3.

Cerithidea (Cerithideopsilla) cingulata: Okutani 2000: 132  –133, pl. 66, fig. 4; Reid et al. 2008: 688, fig. 2F. Cerithidea cingulata: Thach 2005: 48  ; Zvonareva et al. 2015: 8, fig. 3(9).

Pirenella incisa: Reid & Ozawa 2016: 41  –48, figs 1, 2L –N, 4A, 14, 15A (full synonymy).

Material examined. Nha Phu Bay, Dam Bay, mangrove plantation and natural mangroves, about over 500 specimens. 

Abundance. Common.

Measurements. Up to 35 mm ( Vohra 1970).

Ecological notes. Development with planktonic phase of 10 to 12 days ( Ozawa et al. 2015).

One of the most common and abundant species on estuarine shores, open mud and sand flats, and muddy inland creeks, which are often adjacent to mangroves. Reported to occur at low density in area of sparse mangroves and small plants, while it is not found in the shade of dense canopy. Sediment dweller without an obligate mangrove association. Appears to be an opportunistic and fast-growing species. It tends to avoid clean and well drained sand but occurs in big aggregations on wet areas, especially along runnels, drainage canals, ditches and channels on the beach ( Vohra 1970; Reid & Ozawa 2016). Considered a pest in brackish water milkfish ponds where the lack of competitors and predators results in ecological release and population explosion. Very tolerant to hypoxia and adverse conditions, 1.5 to 50 ‰ salinity tolerance ( Vohra 1970).

Obligate deposit feeder, food source reported to be macroalgae, bacteria and diatoms ( Kamimura & Tsuchiya 2004).

In studied sites it was found on mud and sand banks of mangrove streams in upper and mid-intertidal zones in mangrove plantation and in natural mangroves, sometimes in extremely high densities.

Relation to mangroves. Eurybiotic.

Distribution in Vietnam. From northern-east coast to southern delta ( Thach 2005; Reid & Ozawa 2016). General distribution. India to SE Asia, W Indonesia ( Reid & Ozawa 2016).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Gastropoda

Genus

Pirenella

Loc

Pirenella cingulata ( Gmelin, 1791 )

Zvonareva, Sofya & Kantor, Yuri 2016
2016
Loc

Pirenella incisa:

Reid 2016: 41
2016
Loc

Cerithideopsilla cingulata:

Poppe 2008: 286
2008
Loc

Cerithidea (Cerithideopsilla) cingulata:

Zvonareva 2015: 8
Reid 2008: 688
Thach 2005: 48
Okutani 2000: 132
2000
Loc

Murex cingulatus

Gmelin 1791: 3561
1791