Anastatus (Anastatus) orientalis Yang and Choi, 2015

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei, 2020, Review of the species of Anastatus (Hymenoptera: Eupelmidae) known from China, with description of two new species with brachypterous females, Zootaxa 4767 (3), pp. 351-401: 390-392

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.11646/zootaxa.4767.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BAF472F8-CD4E-4518-A279-CCAA12F01737

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3797135

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EF69D43A-FF9E-FFDC-FF74-FF12FC43FACC

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Anastatus (Anastatus) orientalis Yang and Choi, 2015
status

 

Anastatus (Anastatus) orientalis Yang and Choi, 2015  

Figs 20 View FIGURE 20 , 21 View FIGURE 21

Anastatus orientalis   ; Choi et al., 2014: 135. Nomen nudum.

Anastatus orientalis Yang and Choi, in Yang et al. 2015a: 292–300   , figs 1–24. Described: both sexes.

Diagnosis. Female. Macropterous ( Figs 20A, B View FIGURE 20 ). Fore wing with hyaline cross band behind marginal vein complete and with entirely white setae ( Fig. 20G View FIGURE 20 ); infuscate region basal of hyaline band with uniformly dark setae and at least about 3× wider than cross band ( Fig. 20G View FIGURE 20 ); basal region with basal cell, mediocubital fold and cubital and vanal areas uniformly setose, though at least basal cell with comparatively inconspicuous white setae ( Fig. 20G View FIGURE 20 ). Head with scrobal depression distinctly separated from anterior ocellus, by distance ( Fig. 20C View FIGURE 20 : osd) at least similar to that of longitudinal diameter of ocellus. Antenna ( Fig. 20D View FIGURE 20 ) with fl2 longer than pedicel but not all funiculars longer than wide, with at least apical funicular quadrate to slightly transverse ( Fig. 20D View FIGURE 20 , insert). Mesosoma with mesonotum ( Fig. 20E View FIGURE 20 ) and acropleuron ( Fig. 20F View FIGURE 20 ) dark with greenish or more bluish-green (posterior concave part of mesoscutum) luster, but pronotum except sometimes dorsomedially, usually at least ventral surface of procoxa, prepectus and tegula contrastingly paler; mesotibial apical spur pale ( Fig. 20H View FIGURE 20 ); mesotarsus with all tarsomeres pale in contrast with dark mesotarsal pegs ( Fig. 20H View FIGURE 20 ). Mesoscutum ( Fig. 20E View FIGURE 20 ) with convex anterior part of medial lobe entirely punctate-reticulate; with posterior concave part of mesoscutum almost entire setose with white setae; mesoscutal lateral lobe with bare, minutely mesh-like-coriaceous band anterior of posteromedian carina relative to more oblique, coriaceous-alutaceous sculpture on outer inclined surface ( Fig. 20E View FIGURE 20 ). Profemur with ventral margin evenly curved, without distinct angulation or tooth apically (cf. Fig. 1H View FIGURE 1 ).

MALE. Antenna ( Fig. 21G View FIGURE 21 ) with scape yellow or at most narrowly brown dorsoapically; pedicel dark dorsally but yellow ventrally; flagellum with basal flagellomeres paler relative to darker brown apical flagellomeres such that darker multiporous plate sensilla contrasting in colour with surrounding cuticle ( Fig. 21G View FIGURE 21 ), and consisting of clava and seven funiculars, with all funiculars longer than wide and clava not quite as long as combined length of apical two funiculars ( Fig. 21G View FIGURE 21 ). Head with frons comparatively distinctly roughened, reticulate-rugulose ( Figs 21C, D View FIGURE 21 ). Mesopleurosternum usually with distinctly paler, brown to yellow, Y-shaped set of marks consisting of transepisternal and femoral lines ( Fig. 21E View FIGURE 21 : fml, tsl). Legs beyond trochanters entirely yellow ( Fig. 21B View FIGURE 21 ) or at most metafemur variably extensively darkened ventrally but pale dorsally over most of length ( Fig. 21E View FIGURE 21 ). Fore wing ( Fig. 21F View FIGURE 21 ) with costal cell dorsally setose along entire leading margin ( Fig. 21H View FIGURE 21 ); basal cell uniformly setose with dark setae ( Fig. 21H View FIGURE 21 ); disc with comparatively slender, oblique speculum ( Fig. 21H View FIGURE 21 : spc) closed posteriorly by line of dark setae.

Species concept. Our concept of A. orientalis   is based on the original description plus reared females and males (CNC) obtained in 2013 from Dr. Soel-Mae Lee (Insect Pest Laboratory, Gwonseongu, South Korea) that were cultured from specimens originally collected in China (Beijing, Haidian, IV.2011, Z. Hou, from Lycoma delicatula (White, 1845)   ( Hemiptera   : Fulgoridae   ) on Ailanthus altissimus (Miller) Swingle   ( Simaroubaceae   ) from the same rearings as part of the original type series. The specimens were imported into South Korea in October 2011 and represent voucher specimens from Choi et al. (2014).

Regional records. The only records are from the original description.

Distribution. PALAEARCTIC: China (Beijing, Hebei, Shaanxi, Shandong, Tianjin), South Korea ( Yang et al. 2015a).

Host. HEMIPTERA   . Fulgoridae   : Lycorma delicatula (White, 1845)   ( Choi et al. 2014; Yang et al. 2015a).

Remarks. Females of A. orientalis   are very similar to those of A. fulloi   except for procoxal and mesotarsal colour patterns, but males are readily separated by their entirely pale ( Fig. 21B View FIGURE 21 ; Yang et al. 2015a, figs 3, 4) or almost entirely pale ( Fig. 21E View FIGURE 21 ) legs as well as basally pale flagellum ( Fig. 21G View FIGURE 21 ; Yang et al. 2015a, fig. 11), which support two distinct species. Males of A. orientalis   also have the frons comparatively coarsely sculptured ( Figs 21C, D View FIGURE 21 ; Yang et al. 2015a, fig. 21), though this is a relative feature and to some extent is affected by body size. Unlike A. fulloi   males ( Fig. 11D View FIGURE 11 ), A. orientalis   males usually also have the most distinctly differentiated transepisternal and femoral lines ( Fig. 21E View FIGURE 21 , fml, tsl) of all treated regional species, though again this feature is variable both in A. orientalis   ( Yang et al. 2015a, fig. 22) and other species to some extent. Males of A. dexingensis   ( Fig. 5D View FIGURE 5 ) and A. formosanus   ( Fig. 9F View FIGURE 9 ) have a similar flagellar colour pattern as A. orientalis   males ( Fig. 21G View FIGURE 21 ), but differ by having extensively dark legs ( Figs 5F View FIGURE 5 , 9C View FIGURE 9 ). Among other features, females of A. dexingensis   and A. formosanus   differ from those of A. orientalis   in having a profemoral denticle ( Fig. 9A View FIGURE 9 : arrow).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Eupelmidae

Genus

Anastatus

Loc

Anastatus (Anastatus) orientalis Yang and Choi, 2015

Peng, Lingfei, Gibson, Gary A. P., Tang, Lu & Xiang, Jiawei 2020
2020
Loc

Anastatus orientalis Yang and Choi, in Yang et al. 2015a: 292–300

Yang, Z. Q. & Choi, W. Y. & Cao, L. M. & Want, X. Y. & Ho, Z. R. 2015: 300
2015
Loc

Anastatus orientalis

Choi, M. Y. & Yang, Z. Q. & Wang, X. Y. & Tang, Y. L. & Hou, Z. R. & Kim, J. H. & Byeon, Y. W. 2014: 135
2014