Sphecodes albilabris ( Fabricius, 1793 ), Fabricius, 1793

Bogusch, Petr & Straka, Jakub, 2012, Review and identification of the cuckoo bees of central Europe (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Sphecodes), Zootaxa 3311, pp. 1-41: 7-8

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.281041

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E9825580-638E-4CC5-A418-2837A0033332

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EF03B66B-B048-FFDC-0EBE-F987A1D6FC3B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sphecodes albilabris ( Fabricius, 1793 )
status

 

Sphecodes albilabris ( Fabricius, 1793)  

Described as: Nomada albilabris Fabricius, 1793: 349   . Synonyms: Dichroa fuscipennis Germar, 1819   : Tab. 18.

Sphecodes latreillii Wesmael, 1835: 285   .

Sphecodes rubripes Spinola, 1838: 512   .

Sphecodes africanus Lepeletier, 1841: 541   .

Sphecodes nigripes Lepeletier, 1841: 542   .

Sphecodes rugosus Smith, 1848: 2209   –2210.

Sphecodes nodicornis Gistel, 1857: 554   .

Sphecodes fuscipennis   var. basalis Dalla Torre, 1877: 185   .

Sabulicola cirsii Verhoeff, 1890: 329–331.

Sphecodes grandis Meyer, 1922: 173   .

Sphecodes rufipennis Cockerell, 1931: 348   . Sphecodes atrescens Cockerell, 1931: 350   .

Distribution. South and central Europe, in the north reaching Denmark, Estonia, southern Finland and Sweden, absent from Norway and on the British Isles; the distribution area extends to Asia ( Westrich 1989, Warncke 1992, Lönnell & Cederberg 2007).

Biology. Species found in sandy sites, sand dunes, river banks and semideserts. Usually, it occurs in warmer regions and is locally highly abundant. Colletes cunicularius (Linnaeus)   is the main host of this specialized cuckoo bee (e.g. Blüthgen 1934, Westrich 1989). This cuckoo bee has only one generation during the year. It is highly probable that females survive for long time and fly in early summer, when Colletes   is still not available. In this situation S. albilabris   can accept another (secondary) host. Old worn females were observed entering nests of Melitturga clavicornis (Latreille)   and larvae of S. albilabris   were excavated and described from its nest by Rozen (1965). Blüthgen (1934) also stated Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius)   as unconfirmed host. We observed females of S. albilabris   invading nests of this species at the exactly same situation as was Rozen’s (1965) observation of this species parasitizing Melliturga   . Our record was made at Stroupeč Natural Monument in the Czech Republic in July 2011. However, suggested parasitic activity of the second generation, e.g. in nests of Dasypoda hirtipes (Fabricius)   , seems to be highly unlikely (A. Přidal, pers. comm.). Adult females and males emerge in July, mate, females find shelter and overwinter. There is no place for parasitic activity before overwintering.

Taxonomic note. Warncke (1992) regarded S. rubripes Spinola, 1838   (with synonyms S. africanus Lepeletier, 1841   , Sphecodes rufipennis Cockerell, 1931   , Sphecodes atrescens Cockerell, 1931   ) as subspecies of S. albilabris   . However, the difference among S. albilabris   , S. rubripes   and S. africanus   is major ( Blüthgen, 1924) and not only in coloration as Warncke (1992) suggested. They also differ in phenology: males of S. rubripes   and S. africanus   were collected in spring (April) and males of S. albilabris   in summer. These forms can be valid species, but it requires further taxonomic study.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Halictidae

Genus

Sphecodes

Loc

Sphecodes albilabris ( Fabricius, 1793 )

Bogusch, Petr & Straka, Jakub 2012
2012
Loc

Sphecodes rufipennis

Cockerell 1931: 348
Cockerell 1931: 350
1931
Loc

Sphecodes grandis

Meyer 1922: 173
1922
Loc

Sphecodes fuscipennis

Dalla 1877: 185
1877
Loc

Sphecodes nodicornis

Gistel 1857: 554
1857
Loc

Sphecodes rugosus

Smith 1848: 2209
1848
Loc

Sphecodes africanus

Lepeletier 1841: 541
1841
Loc

Sphecodes nigripes

Lepeletier 1841: 542
1841
Loc

Sphecodes rubripes

Spinola 1838: 512
1838
Loc

Sphecodes latreillii

Wesmael 1835: 285
1835