Sphecodes gibbus ( Linnaeus, 1758 ), Linnaeus, 1758

Bogusch, Petr & Straka, Jakub, 2012, Review and identification of the cuckoo bees of central Europe (Hymenoptera: Halictidae: Sphecodes), Zootaxa 3311, pp. 1-41: 11

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.281041

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E9825580-638E-4CC5-A418-2837A0033332

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/EF03B66B-B044-FFD1-0EBE-FD33A1C8F8EB

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scientific name

Sphecodes gibbus ( Linnaeus, 1758 )
status

 

Sphecodes gibbus ( Linnaeus, 1758)  

Described as: Sphex gibba Linnaeus, 1758: 571   .

Synonyms: Apis glabra Füessly, 1775: 51   .

Andrena ferruginea Olivier, 1789   , nomen novum for Nomada gibba Fabricius, 1775   (nec Linnaeus, 1758): 139. Apis gibbosa Christ, 1791   , nomen novum for Nomada gibba Fabricius, 1775   (nec Linnaeus, 1758): 177. Melitta picea Kirby, 1802: 48   –49.

Melitta sphecoides Kirby, 1802: 46   –47.

Andrena austriaca Fabricius, 1804: 325   .

Dichroa analis Illiger, 1806   , nomen novum for Nomada gibba Fabricius, 1775   (nec Linnaeus, 1758): 48. Sphecodes apicatus Smith, 1853: 36   –37.

Sphecodes nigripennis Morawitz, 1876: 257   .

Sphecodes sutor Nurse, 1903: 538   .

Sphecodes gibbus   var. rufispinosus Meyer, 1920: 113   . Sphecodes gibbus   var. turcestanicus Meyer, 1920: 113   . Sphecodes nippon Meyer, 1922: 171   .

Sphecodes castilianus Blüthgen, 1924: 473   –475.

Sphecodes lustrans Cockerell, 1931: 411   .

Sphecodes pergibbus Blüthgen, 1938: 50   .

Distribution. Nearly all of Europe (north to 63 ° N), the distribution area goes far into Asian mainland; also present in North Africa ( Warncke 1992).

Biology. Species of warm open or bushy habitats, more common in southern Europe (one of the most numerous Sphecodes   species). In central Europe it shows affinity to warm biotopes, and is one of the most common species of Sphecodes   . This species is very variable in appearance and also in host spectrum. Main hosts are larger or medium sized species of the genus Halictus   . Westrich (1989) recorded H. quadricinctus   , H. rubicundus   , and H. sexcinctus (Fabricius)   , Bogusch (2003) confirmed H. simplex Blüthgen   as a host and presented Lasioglossum malachurum   as a likely host. Other records of likely hosts are difficult to accept: Andrena vaga Panzer   published by Möschler (1938) and Colletes cunicularius   published by Riemann (1987). We observed a nesting site of A. vaga   for several years, but no attempt to enter the nest by this cuckoo bee was observed, even though the activity of S. gibbus   was observed few times. Westrich (1989) also put Halictus maculatus   as likely host, which can be accepted. The list of hosts is probably larger than recently known and individual specialization to various hosts across the distribution area is likely.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Halictidae

Genus

Sphecodes

Loc

Sphecodes gibbus ( Linnaeus, 1758 )

Bogusch, Petr & Straka, Jakub 2012
2012
Loc

Sphecodes pergibbus Blüthgen, 1938 : 50

Bluthgen 1938: 50
1938
Loc

Sphecodes lustrans

Cockerell 1931: 411
1931
Loc

Sphecodes castilianus Blüthgen, 1924 : 473

Bluthgen 1924: 473
1924
Loc

Sphecodes gibbus

Meyer 1922: 171
Meyer 1920: 113
Meyer 1920: 113
1920
Loc

Sphecodes sutor

Nurse 1903: 538
1903
Loc

Sphecodes nigripennis

Morawitz 1876: 257
1876
Loc

Dichroa analis

Smith 1853: 36
1853
Loc

Andrena austriaca

Fabricius 1804: 325
1804
Loc

Melitta sphecoides

Kirby 1802: 46
1802