Xylocarpus granatum J.Koenig

DeFilipps, Robert A. & Krupnick, Gary A., 2018, The medicinal plants of Myanmar, PhytoKeys 102, pp. 1-341 : 119-120

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scientific name

Xylocarpus granatum J.Koenig


Xylocarpus granatum J.Koenig


English: cannonball mangrove.


Mangrove forests. China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; East Africa; and West Pacific islands. In Myanmar found in Ayeyarwady, Rakhine, Taninthayi, and Yangon.

Conservation status.

Least Concern [LC] ( IUCN 2017).


Whole plant: Astringent. Bark: Remedy for dysentery. Fruit and Seed: An antidiarrheic; peels of fruits or seed used as poultice on swellings, and ash of seed applied to itches. Bark and Root: Strong astringent. Root: Used to treat cholera.


The medicinal uses of this species in India are discussed in Jain and DeFilipps (1991) as follows: The bark is used as an astringent and febrifuge; also for diarrhea, dysentery, and abdominal problems. The fruit is used to treat elephantiasis and breast swelling; the seed kernel for a bitter tonic, and the seed (mixed with sulfur and coconut oil) in an ointment for itch.


Perry (1980).