Probolomyrmex kelleri, Oliveira & Feitosa, 2019

Oliveira, Aline M. & Feitosa, Rodrigo M., 2019, Taxonomic revision of the genus Probolomyrmex Mayr, 1901 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Proceratiinae) for the Neotropical Region, Zootaxa 4614 (1), pp. 61-94 : 81-85

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Probolomyrmex kelleri

New species

Probolomyrmex kelleri New species

( Figs. 20 View FIGURE 20 , 21 View FIGURE 21 , 22 View FIGURE 22 , 23 View FIGURE 23 )

Holotype: VENEZUELA: Lara: Finca Sta. Maria 3.8km, ESE Barbacoas , 9°49’N 70°2’W, 26.xii.2005, J. Lattke col 2978 (worker) [ DZUP, unique specimen identifier DZUP 549763 View Materials ]. GoogleMaps

Paratype: same data as holotype, except: (1 worker) [ DZUP, unique specimen identifier DZUP 549764 View Materials ]; (1 queen) [ DZUP, unique specimen identifier DZUP 549765 View Materials ]; (1 male) [ DZUP, unique specimen identifier DZUP 549766 View Materials ]; 2978 (1 worker) [ MZSP]; 2978 (1 worker) [ MIZA] GoogleMaps .

Diagnosis: Postero-ventral petiolar lobe short and rounded. Subpetiolar process well developed, ventrally concave to subrectangular, with the postero-ventral angle acute and directed towards the gaster. Prora and protuberance on the posterior region of the first gastral tergite present.

Worker measurements: (n=8) HL 0.57–0.64; HW 0.35–0.40; SL 0.35–0.41; WL 0.70–0.78; PL 0.25–.28; PW 0.28–0.34; PH 0.25–0.30; TL 1.96–2.62; CI 56.5–64.5; SI 59.5–64.5; PI 93.5–106.5.

Worker description: Frontoclypeal shelflike projection and mandibles with hair-bearing tubercles or cylindrical micro-pegs; external surface of mandibular basal margin transversely micro-striate ( Fig. 20B View FIGURE 20 – esm). Tip of apical segment of antennae bearing minute pits ( Fig. 20C View FIGURE 20 – Ap). Mesopleuron foveated and micropunctate; metapleuron alveolate and foveated; lateral faces of propodeum foveated and micropunctate; alveoli denser just above metapleural gland orifice; opening of metapleural gland large, with a smooth anterior region, surrounded by rows of hairs ( Fig. 20D View FIGURE 20 ). Petiolar node and postero-ventral lobe of petiole with incomplete foveae and micropunctures ( Fig. 20E View FIGURE 20 ); subpetiolar process alveolate and latero-ventral region of petiole alveolate. Posterior region of second gastral tergite with transversal rows of deep rounded pits ( Fig. 20A View FIGURE 20 ).

Space between mesosomal foveae covered by dense pubescence. Pygidium with dense pubescence and some long and thick hairs.

Head 1.6 times longer than wide ( Fig. 21B View FIGURE 21 ). Hypostomal margin curved ( Fig. 20B View FIGURE 20 – he). Antennal scapes extend to head midlength, distance from scape apex to of head more than two times pedicel length (SI 59.5–64.5). Propodeum emarginated posteriorly on each side by a narrow carina, with teeth at their apexes. Petiole as long as high (PI 93.5–106.5), without teeth; posterior face long, slightly concave and smooth; postero-ventral lobe short and rounded; subpetiolar process with a projection ventrally concave ( Fig. 20A View FIGURE 20 ) or subrectangular with the posteroventral angle acute, directed downwards or towards the gaster ( Fig. 20E View FIGURE 20 ). First gastral segment with prora and a dorsal protuberance on posterior region of tergite, characterized by a gentle elevation of the integument ( Figs. 20A View FIGURE 20 , 21A View FIGURE 21 ).

Queen: (n=4) HL 0.57–063; HW 0.37–0.40; SL 0.35–0.43; WL 0.78–0.85; PL 0.26–0.30; PH 0.26–0.28; TL 2.59–2.85; CI 62.5–67.5; SI 61–67; PI 93–100. With the morphological modifications described for Probolomyrmex queens and the diagnostic characters of the workers ( Fig. 22 View FIGURE 22 ).

Male: (n=1) HL 0.44; HW 0.44; SL 0.26; PL 0.19; PH 0.17; TL 1.98; CI 98; SI 58.3; PI 85.7. Scapes long, distance from scape apex to of anterior ocellus lesser then pedicel length ( Fig. 23B View FIGURE 23 ). Propodeum without lateral carina, teeth absent, lateral surface smooth and shining ( Fig. 23A View FIGURE 23 ). Petiole slightly longer than high, apical teeth absent. Anterior face longer then posterior face, apex rounded. Subpetiolar process weakly developed. First gastral segment with weakly developed prora and dorsal protuberance on posterior region of tergite.

Etymology: This species is described in honor of Dr. Roberto Keller, prominent ant morphologist whose work has been inspiring old and new generations of myrmecologists.

Distribution ( Fig. 28 View FIGURE 28 ): Guyana, Peru, and Venezuela.

Comments: Probolomyrmex kelleri resembles P. boliviensis , but is smaller, with shorter antennal scapes and subpetiolar process well developed. An entire colony was found in an area of dry forest with much thorny scrub vegetation in Lara, Venezuela, under a stone, containing 16 workers, two queens, two males, three pupae, and 15 late instar larvae. When uncovered, most of the ants were found clinging to the underside of the stone. They did not run away, presenting a sluggish and frozen behavior (John Lattke, unpublished data). One of these workers and another specimen from Aragua ( Venezuela) have eyes formed by a unique omatite. Locality data suggests that it inhabits mesic as well as dry forests.

Additional material examined (n=27): GUYANA: Iwokrama For. Res.: Whitewater Camp. , 58°50.992”W 4°43.89N, 5.xi.2002, J.S. Lapolla et al., 021105 -1-LS10; JSL 021105 -01-LS10 , 1° forest litter sample, Det. J. Sosa- Calvo USNM 00412443 (1 worker) , USNM 00411949 (1 – queen) (1 worker) [ NMNH] ; 60m (1 worker) [ DZUP] ; 021105 -1-LS2;JSL 021105 -01-LS02 (1 queen) [ DZUP] ; Kanuku Mountain: Moco-Moco Falls , 59°38’376”W 3°17’297”N 224m, 20.x.2002, T.R. Schultz, J. LaPolla, C. Marshall, R. Williams, JSL 021020 -01-LS20, Det. J. Sosa-Calvo (1 worker) [ NMNH] . PERU: Madre de Dios: Los Amigos Field Station , 70°6’3.1”W 12°34’8.4”S 277m, 6.x.2004, T.R. Schultz, C. Marshall, J. Sosa-Calvo., JSC 041006 -08-TRS 041006 -01-LS-08 Trail 6 USNM 00446592 (1 worker) [ NMNH] GoogleMaps ; 1° forest litter sample (1 queen); P. Maldonado, Sachavacayoc Centre , 12°51’15.4”S 49°22’15.9”W, 209m, 19–31.vii.2012, Feitosa R.M. & Probst R.S. cols, Winkler, folhiço (1 worker) [ DZUP] GoogleMaps . VEN- EZUELA: Aragua : Ocumare de la Costa, 10°46075’N 67°77194’W, 27m, 13.viii.2008, Ant Course, J. Lattke, Cacao plantation; (2 workers) [ MIZA] ; INIA (1 worker) [ DZUP]; (1 worker) [ MPEG]; (1 worker) [ MIZA]; 10.49059 - 67.69369 10m, 20.ii.1971, S.B. Peck, #B-195 FMNH-INS 000 095 986 (1 worker) [ JTLC] GoogleMaps ; P.N.H. Pittier. Valle Sta. Maria 3.8 km SSW Cumboto, Fila El viento. Bosque Seco , 10°22’ N 67°49’ W 615m, 31.viii.2003, E. Rodriguez, A. Grotto, J. Lattke (1 worker) [ MIZA] GoogleMaps ; Monagas: Caripe , 10°10’ N 63°30’O 1000m, 28.x.1986, J. Lattke & R. Brandão legs (1 worker) [ MIZA] GoogleMaps ; Bolívar: Rio Cuyuní : 06°05’11.7”N 61°29’48.2”W 100m, 19.i.2008, L.E. Alonso col, Winkler 3 1° forest DZUP 549771 (1 worker) [ MIZA] GoogleMaps ; Sucre : 30km W. Guirie, 10m, 23.vii.1987, S. & J Peck , Floresta over cacao - litter at Sn. Antonio (1 worker) [MIZA]; T.F. Amaz.: Cerro de la Neblina Basecamp, 0°50’N 66°10’W 140m, 10-20.ii.1985, P.J. & P.M. Spangler. R.A. Faitoute. W.E. Steiner cols, Flight intercept pantrap in rainforest (1 queen) [DZUP]; D. Agosti, 1995 (1 queen) [NMNH].


Universidade Federal do Parana, Colecao de Entomologia Pe. Jesus Santiago Moure


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Museo del Instituto de Zoologia Agricola Francisco Fernandez Yepez


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi