Pyrophanes Olivier

Ballantyne, Lesley A. & Lambkin, Christine L., 2013, Systematics and Phylogenetics of Indo-Pacific Luciolinae Fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) and the Description of new Genera, Zootaxa 3653 (1), pp. 1-162: 111

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3653.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:72A07BC6-AEB0-4EBC-AFA8-F5871065680F

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E46FF216-5E6C-C523-FF6F-BF84FE99EB8A

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Pyrophanes Olivier
status

 

Pyrophanes Olivier  

[ Figs 221–227 View FIGURES 221–227 ]

Pyrophanes Olivier, 1885:368   ; in Baer, 1886:132; 1902:72; 1907:56; 1911b:102. McDermott, 1964:46; 1966:116. Ballantyne, 1968:106, 107; 1987b:173–176. Ballantyne in Calder, 1998:180. Ballantyne & Lambkin, 2000:70: 2009: Figs 94, 95 View FIGURES 92–98 , 106, 107 View FIGURES 104–108 , 503, 509.

Type Species: Pyrophanes similis Olivier   , designated by McDermott, 1966:116.

Diagnosis. Pyrophanes   belongs to a group of 7 Luciolinae   genera with males characterized by: an elongate slender aedeagus with LL concealed behind the ML when viewed from beneath, pronotal width less than width across the elytral humeri, parallel-sided elytra, aedeagal sheath elongate slender, widest across the middle, with posterior half of sternite not emarginate on either side, and tapering evenly towards a narrow entire apex. It is distinguished from all other genera by a combination of MFC and paraprocts on the aedeagal sheath; without deflexed elytral apices; femora 3 are swollen and curved in four of the five species; the posterior margin of V7 is trilobed with incurving lobes and small pointed projections between the PLP and MPP; the underside of T8 has depressions at the sides housing very short spines and hairs. Females are macropterous and the bursa in certain species has wide paired plates. Larvae lack laterally explanate margins in Pyrophanes similis   ( Blair, 1927; Bertrand, 1972). This larva is not however reliably associated and an accurate identification of larval type for this genus is not available. This genus needs more extensive revision than is currently possible here.

List of species

- appendiculata Olivier  

- beccarii Olivier  

- quadrimaculata Olivier  

- similis Olivier  

- semilimbata (Olivier)   comb. nov.

Key to species of Pyrophanes Olivier   using males

1. Hind femora not swollen or curved ( Figs 223, 224 View FIGURES 221–227 )................................ semilimbata (Olivier)   comb. nov. Hind femora swollen and curved......................................................................... 2

2. Elytra medium to dark brown, often with lateral and sutural margins semitransparent and pale ( Figs 223, 224 View FIGURES 221–227 )............ 3 Elytra dingy or pale, clear yellow, always with apex dark brown to black; base of elytra may be brown ( Fig. 225 View FIGURES 221–227 )......... 4

3 Elytra medium to dark brown, lateral margin, and often also sutural margin, yellow................ appendiculata Olivier Elytra   medium to dark brown, without any paler margins.......................................... beccarii Olivier  

4 Elytra yellow with apical and basal dark markings......................................... quadrimaculata Olivier Elytra   yellow with only apices dark brown...................................................... similis Olivier  

Remarks. Olivier (1885) considered Luciola indica Motsch.   approached Pyrophanes   , and (1902) formally incorporated it. This species does not belong in Pyrophanes   and is being addressed (Boontop, Lambkin and Ballantyne in prep.). Certain diagrams of the terminal abdomen of Pyrophanes   are inaccurate e.g. Olivier (1885, Plate V, Fig.12 View FIGURES 9–17 ) and Olivier (1907 Plate 3 Fig. 10 View FIGURES 9–17 ) are inaccurate representations of the terminal ventrite; McDermott’s (1964) brief redescription of Pyrophanes   was probably influenced by the atypical abdomen of P. macdermotti McLean   which he is known to have examined at this time and he misinterpreted various aspects. Ballantyne in Calder (1998) synonymised Luciola complicata Lea   from far north Queensland with Pyrophanes beccarii Olivier.  

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Lampyridae

Loc

Pyrophanes Olivier

Ballantyne, Lesley A. & Lambkin, Christine L. 2013
2013
Loc

Pyrophanes

Ballantyne, L. A. & Lambkin, C. 2000: 2009
Calder, A. A. 1998: 180
Ballantyne, L. A. 1987: 173
Ballantyne, L. A. 1968: 106
McDermott, F. A. 1966: 116
McDermott, F. A. 1964: 46
Olivier, E. 1885: 368
1885