Thyenula haddadi,

Wesołowska, Wanda, Azarkina, Galina N. & Russell-Smith, Anthony, 2014, Euophryine jumping spiders of the Afrotropical Region-new taxa and a checklist (Araneae: Salticidae: Euophryinae), Zootaxa 3789 (1), pp. 1-72: 55-56

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3789.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E59786FC-F821-4B2F-86AB-6C245E68ABE1

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4914271

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E32A8132-FFA9-FFCC-FF12-FCD3C49EFAD8

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Thyenula haddadi
status

sp. nov.

Thyenula haddadi  sp. nov.

Figs 200–206View FIGURES 200–202View FIGURES 203–206

Holotype: male, SOUTH AFRICA, KwaZulu-Natal Province, Pietermaritzburg , 29°36'S: 30°22'E, Town Bush, on pine trunks, 15 April 1976, leg. A. Russell-Smith ( NHM).GoogleMaps 

Paratypes: together with holotype, 8 males, 2 females; same data, 1 male, 1 female ( MRAC); same locality, clearing in humid forest, 2 males, 18 April 1976, leg. A. Russell-Smith ( NHM); same locality, 1 female, 23 August 1983, leg. P. Croeser & C. Griswold ( NMSA 26496View Materials); same data, 1 male, 1 female, 19 October 1985 ( NMSA 26442View Materials); 25 km NNW of Pietermaritzburg, Karkloof Forest , 29°26'S: 30°19'E, 1400 m a.s.l., leaf litter, 1 female, 9 December 1983, leg. C. Griswold ( NMSA 26501View Materials)GoogleMaps  .

Diagnosis. The species is very similar to T. leighi ( Peckham & Peckham, 1903)  in the coloration but differs by the location of white hairs on eye field. These hairs form a thin line along the anterior margin of the eye field in T. leighi  , whereas T. haddadi  has patches between the anterior eyes (compare Fig. 200View FIGURES 200–202 herein with Wesołowska 2012: fig. 59). The copulatory organs of this species are very similar to those of T. clarosignata  described above. T. haddadi  is easily distinguished from T. clarosignata  by the abdominal pattern (lack of light transverse strip) and the lack of small denticles on the tibial apophysis of the male palp, as well as the placement of the epigynal depressions (lateral in T. clarosignata versus  anterior in T. haddadi  ) and the broader spermathecae in female.

Etymology. The species is dedicated to Charles Haddad, an arachnologist from University of the Free State of South Africa, specialist in African corinnids.

Description. Measurements (male/female). Cephalothorax: length 1.9–3.1/2.5–2.6, width 1.5–2.3/1.7–2.0, height 0.9–1.1/1.2–1.3. Abdomen: length 1.9–2.7/2.0–2.2, width 1.5–2.0/2.0–2.7. Eye field: length 1.0–1.3/ 1.1–1.3, anterior width 1.5–1.8/1.8–1.9, posterior width 1.4–1.6/1.7–1.8.

Male. General appearance as in Fig. 200View FIGURES 200–202. Carapace moderately high, gently sloping posteriorly, brown with darker eye field and lighter patch on foveal area. White hairs form wide streaks on sides and two small rounded patches at fovea (only in some specimens). Anterior eyes surrounded by whitish scales. Eye field with characteristic pattern forming by white hairs; two oblique short streaks between anterior median and lateral eyes and a patch in shape of turned V between anterior medians ( Fig. 200View FIGURES 200–202). Chelicerae with two promarginal teeth and single tooth on retromargin. Endites and labium brown with paler tips, sternum orange brownish. Abdomen ovoid, with wide brown streak medially, sometimes broken into chevrons posteriorly, sides yellowish with small dark irregular patches. Venter light with some darker markings, in darker specimens with broad median brown stripe. Spinnerets yellowish grey. Legs yellowish to brown, femur III with broad dark rings at base and tip (similar rings on femur IV, but poorly contrasting). Long dense blackish hairs on tibia I ventrally. Pedipalps orange with slightly darker distal parts. Tibial apophysis thin, diameter of embolic spiral large, equal breadth of cymbium ( Fig. 201View FIGURES 200–202).

Female. General appearance as in Fig. 203View FIGURES 203–206. Carapace brown with slightly darker eye field, clothed in brown hairs and bristles. Anterior eyes surrounded by fawn scales. Clypeus low, light brown. Mouth parts as in male. Abdomen generally greyish beige with ill defined pattern composed of small lighter patches and chevrons, covered with thin shiny hairs. Venter light with small darker patches. Legs light brown, bearing brown hairs. Epigyne oval with large anterior depression framed with sclerotized flanges ( Figs 204, 205View FIGURES 203–206). Internal structure as in Fig. 206View FIGURES 203–206, seminal ducts short.

Distribution. Known only from Pietermaritzburg in KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa.

NHM

University of Nottingham

MRAC

Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Thyenula