Compsus auricephalus (Say, 1824)

Giron, Jennifer C. & Chamorro, M. Lourdes, 2020, Variability and distribution of the golden-headed weevil Compsus auricephalus (Say) (Curculionidae: Entiminae: Eustylini), Biodiversity Data Journal 8, pp. 55474-55474: 55474

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e55474

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E064A6FB-2431-5C9F-9AC5-43B30320C6C0

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Compsus auricephalus (Say, 1824)
status

 

Compsus auricephalus (Say, 1824)  

Compsus auricephalus   Taxonomy

Compsus auricephalus   Curculionidae   Latreille 1802

Compsus auricephalus   Entiminae   Schönherr 1823

Compsus auricephalus   Eustylini   Lacordaire 1863

Compsus auricephalus   Compsus   Schönherr 1823

Compsus auricephalus   Curculio elegans   Olivier 1807 Curculio argyreus   Linnaeus 1758

Compsus auricephalus   Compsus auricephalus   (Say, 1824)

Curculio auricephalus   Say, 1824: 310 ( Say 1824)

Platyomus auricephalus   (Boheman 1833: 645) (new combination in Schönherr 1833)

Platyomus auriceps   Schönherr, 1840: 183 ( Schönherr 1840, Fig. 2 View Figure 2 )

Compsus auricephalus   C. auricephalus   Say 1824 Prena (2018) Platyomus auricephalus   Schönherr 1833 Platyomus auriceps   Schönherr 1840 LeConte and Horn (1876) Champion (1911) C. auricephalus   C. isabellinus   Schönherr 1833 C. auricephalus   Blatchley and Leng (1916) Pierce (1916)

Materials

Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=6cc2275b-b2cd-4ce8-ad3e-dec883a2ed72; catalogNumber: ASUHIC0019442; recordedBy: D.A. Rider; individualCount: 1; occurrenceID: 6cc2275b-b2cd-4ce8-ad3e-dec883a2ed72; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Louisiana; county: Saint Landry Parish; locality: Thistlethwaite National Wildlife Refuge ; decimalLatitude: 30.669309; decimalLongitude: -92.022851; geodeticDatum: WGS84; georeferencedBy: Andrew Jansen; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: requires verification; Identification: identifiedBy: Charles W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 2011-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1989-05-07 T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 127; year: 1989; month: 5; day: 7; Record Level: modified: 2019-06-07T10:46:31.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; collectionID: 98d9b8ed-08d6-47fc-b324-2853e44d75d1; institutionCode: ASU; collectionCode: ASUHIC; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=b1bb5a9c-1a79-4fc8-b570-e7848a1fd401; catalogNumber: ASUHIC0019443; recordedBy: E.G. Riley; individualCount: 1; occurrenceID: b1bb5a9c-1a79-4fc8-b570-e7848a1fd401; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron County; locality: Sabal Palm Grove Sanctuary ; decimalLatitude: 25.8525; decimalLongitude: -97.4175; geodeticDatum: WGS84; georeferencedBy: Andrew Jansen; georeferenceSources: SCAN; georeferenceVerificationStatus: requires verification; Identification: identifiedBy: Charles W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 2006-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1986-03-28 T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 87; year: 1986; month: 3; day: 28; Record Level: modified: 2019-06-07T10:46:31.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/; collectionID: 98d9b8ed-08d6-47fc-b324-2853e44d75d1; institutionCode: ASU; collectionCode: ASUHIC; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=d1a02bff-93a7-4746-8a40-829ac1a4e359; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_048376; recordedBy: Bob Starkey; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: dry pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: d1a02bff-93a7-4746-8a40-829ac1a4e359; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Lubbock; locality: 2 Mi. N of Lubbock ; decimalLatitude: 33.66685; decimalLongitude: -101.83692; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1891; Identification: identifiedBy: J. Girón; dateIdentified: 2020-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1980-06-06 T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 158; year: 1980; month: 6; day: 6; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=4832064b-a8ab-4fc5-b475-c15a59db588e; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_213647; recordNumber: 13647; recordedBy: Ward; Brothers; individualCount: 1; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 4832064b-a8ab-4fc5-b475-c15a59db588e; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: Mexico; countryCode: MX; stateProvince: Tamaulipas; locality: 3 miles North of Cuidad Victoria ; verbatimElevation: 800; decimalLatitude: 31.044186; decimalLongitude: -112.103; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 6954; georeferencedBy: Alex Gregg (2014-08-14 13:58:34); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-14; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; Event: eventDate: 1971-06-24T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 175; year: 1971; month: 6; day: 24; verbatimEventDate: VI-24-1971; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=806e4d86-48ad-48d4-af87-67227271b55a; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219309; recordedBy: R. R. Rogers; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 806e4d86-48ad-48d4-af87-67227271b55a; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Starr; decimalLatitude: 26.562153; decimalLongitude: -98.7384; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 53416; georeferenceRemarks: 88 High STARR COUNTY; Identification: identifiedBy: D. R. Whitehead; Event: eventDate: 1968-04-09T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 100; year: 1968; month: 4; day: 9; verbatimEventDate: 9 IV 1968; habitat: Prosopisglandulosa; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=6367d96d-1c14-488c-baf5-51c318d77b1a; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219302; recordedBy: D. D. Collins; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 6367d96d-1c14-488c-baf5-51c318d77b1a; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Hall; locality: Estelline ; decimalLatitude: 34.54667; decimalLongitude: -100.43778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1285; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: C. W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1978-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-10T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 162; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 10; verbatimEventDate: 6/10/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=4712568f-cd4c-44b3-8709-e1f7f12ffd69; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219303; recordedBy: D. D. Collins; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 4712568f-cd4c-44b3-8709-e1f7f12ffd69; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Hall; locality: Estelline ; decimalLatitude: 34.54667; decimalLongitude: -100.43778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1285; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-10T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 162; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 10; verbatimEventDate: 6/10/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=90809cdc-23cb-426a-b5b9-be2f6e0c7e09; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219304; recordedBy: D. D. Collins; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 90809cdc-23cb-426a-b5b9-be2f6e0c7e09; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Hall; locality: Estelline ; decimalLatitude: 34.54667; decimalLongitude: -100.43778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1285; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1970-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-10T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 162; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 10; verbatimEventDate: 6/10/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=a3d0f53f-5124-44c8-9e64-91f68b54daa6; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219305; recordedBy: D. D. Collins; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: a3d0f53f-5124-44c8-9e64-91f68b54daa6; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Hall; locality: Estelline ; decimalLatitude: 34.54667; decimalLongitude: -100.43778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1285; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1970-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-10T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 162; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 10; verbatimEventDate: 6/10/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=a5bdd73f-4d99-4222-90e6-7290a1dda179; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219306; recordedBy: D. D. Collins; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: a5bdd73f-4d99-4222-90e6-7290a1dda179; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Hall; decimalLatitude: 34.54667; decimalLongitude: -100.43778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1285; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1970-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-10T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 162; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 10; verbatimEventDate: 6/10/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=b53e7fa2-baf4-4a03-a3ca-769c3ded1023; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219307; recordedBy: D. D. Collins; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: b53e7fa2-baf4-4a03-a3ca-769c3ded1023; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Hall; locality: Estelline ; decimalLatitude: 34.54667; decimalLongitude: -100.43778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 1285; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1970-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-10T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 162; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 10; verbatimEventDate: 6/10/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=308ccd72-428a-4119-aeb2-71cb9f4052e3; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219297; occurrenceRemarks: S - 108 - F; recordedBy: Wayne H. Swenson; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 308ccd72-428a-4119-aeb2-71cb9f4052e3; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: King; locality: Guthrie ; decimalLatitude: 33.62056; decimalLongitude: -100.3225; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3036; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: R. E. Warner; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-18T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 170; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 18; verbatimEventDate: 18-19 June 1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=42222edb-506a-413b-9b0f-ae59c8c38c93; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219298; recordedBy: Wayne H. Swenson; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 42222edb-506a-413b-9b0f-ae59c8c38c93; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: King; locality: Guthrie ; decimalLatitude: 33.62056; decimalLongitude: -100.3225; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3036; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: R. E. Warner; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-07T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 159; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 7; verbatimEventDate: 7-Jun-68; Record Level: modified: 2014-07-25T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=cf7b5d95-e819-4092-84d0-355e0fbd132c; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219299; occurrenceRemarks: S - 108 - F; recordedBy: Wayne H. Swenson; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: cf7b5d95-e819-4092-84d0-355e0fbd132c; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: King; locality: Guthrie ; decimalLatitude: 33.62056; decimalLongitude: -100.3225; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3036; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: R. E. Warner; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-18T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 170; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 18; verbatimEventDate: 18-19 June 1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=b0f2136f-ac11-4e38-affd-cdb2e898bc06; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219300; occurrenceRemarks: S - 108 - F; recordedBy: Wayne H. Swenson; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: b0f2136f-ac11-4e38-affd-cdb2e898bc06; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: King; locality: Guthrie ; decimalLatitude: 33.62056; decimalLongitude: -100.3225; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 3036; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Identification: identifiedBy: R. E. Warner; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-28T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 180; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 28; verbatimEventDate: 28-Jun-68; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=ecf5848d-2f28-437d-9c9a-314aa8859014; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219021; recordedBy: Robert Elkerson; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: ecf5848d-2f28-437d-9c9a-314aa8859014; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Motley; decimalLatitude: 34.074095; decimalLongitude: -100.779829; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 43365; georeferenceRemarks: 89 High MOTLEY COUNTY; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-25T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 177; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 25; verbatimEventDate: 25-Jun-68; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=ea7be5d1-0592-4d4e-965b-9c7cf8674ed4; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219022; recordedBy: C. R. Ward; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: ea7be5d1-0592-4d4e-965b-9c7cf8674ed4; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Real; locality: Camp Wood ; decimalLatitude: 29.66917; decimalLongitude: -100.01194; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 952; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Event: eventDate: 1968-06-01T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 153; year: 1968; month: 6; day: 1; verbatimEventDate: 1 VI 1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=9a3e6e5a-4517-4a56-8b7f-3b98a0e6d3b9; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219301; recordedBy: R. R. Rogers; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 9a3e6e5a-4517-4a56-8b7f-3b98a0e6d3b9; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Jim Wells; locality: Alice ; decimalLatitude: 27.75194; decimalLongitude: -98.06944; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 6335; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Event: eventDate: 1968-04-08T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 99; year: 1968; month: 4; day: 8; verbatimEventDate: 4/8/1968; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=f20cea5b-2318-465b-aaa0-947e63f12e64; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219308; recordedBy: J. A. Campbell; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: f20cea5b-2318-465b-aaa0-947e63f12e64; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Mason; locality: 1 mi. south of Mason ; decimalLatitude: 30.734094; decimalLongitude: -99.23028; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 5405; georeferenceSources: GeoLocate; Event: eventDate: 1970-10-01T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 274; endDayOfYear: -30; year: 1970; month: 10; day: 1; verbatimEventDate: X - 1 - 70; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=483419bc-e5e1-4478-aace-5a5394fdd918; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219310; occurrenceRemarks: mesquite Project Texas Tech University; recordNumber: 219310; recordedBy: L. B. O'Brien; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 483419bc-e5e1-4478-aace-5a5394fdd918; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: San Patricio; locality: Welder Wildlife Refuge ; verbatimElevation: 800'; decimalLatitude: 28.122069; decimalLongitude: -97.442532; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 100; georeferencedBy: alexa.davis (2014-07-31 14:47:25); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-07-31; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C. W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1972-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1971-04-02T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 92; year: 1971; month: 4; day: 2; verbatimEventDate: IV-2-1971; Record Level: modified: 2014-07-31T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=1314bdaa-cf31-47ce-9102-9f4659b8c7d4; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219023; recordedBy: K. Kattner; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 1314bdaa-cf31-47ce-9102-9f4659b8c7d4; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Jim Wells; decimalLatitude: 27.731338; decimalLongitude: -98.089886; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 57990; georeferenceRemarks: 92 High JIM WELLS COUNTY; Event: eventDate: 1969-04-03T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 93; year: 1969; month: 4; day: 3; verbatimEventDate: 3-Apr-69; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=5501285b-d654-4b55-b188-6155bd373f85; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_050014; occurrenceRemarks: On Mesquite Tree; recordedBy: James C. Cokendolpher; J.Creel; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: dry pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 5501285b-d654-4b55-b188-6155bd373f85; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Garza; locality: Road side Park on Caprock just NE of Post ; decimalLatitude: 33.19083; decimalLongitude: -101.37778; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 2337; georeferencedBy: Alex Gregg (2014-07-30 12:00:49); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-07-30; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: R. S. Anderson; dateIdentified: 2017-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 2007-05-16T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 136; year: 2007; month: 5; day: 16; verbatimEventDate: 16-V-2007; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=bed89b36-3a63-405b-879e-bf85666ded92; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219288; recordedBy: L. B. Smith; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: bed89b36-3a63-405b-879e-bf85666ded92; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Dickens; locality: 7-Bar Ranch ; decimalLatitude: 33.758961; decimalLongitude: -100.755789; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 100; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:13:56); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: L. B. Smith; Event: eventDate: 1972-05-17T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 138; year: 1972; month: 5; day: 17; verbatimEventDate: 5/17/1972; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=78a280bd-fead-404d-afba-9ab04e1ff1ce; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219287; recordedBy: L. B. Smith; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 78a280bd-fead-404d-afba-9ab04e1ff1ce; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Dickens; locality: 7-Bar Ranch ; decimalLatitude: 33.758961; decimalLongitude: -100.755789; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 100; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:13:56); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: L. B. Smith; Event: eventDate: 1972-05-17T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 138; year: 1972; month: 5; day: 17; verbatimEventDate: 5/17/1972; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=8bd7da64-4d84-4260-b606-34cef413c301; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219295; recordedBy: Bryant Mather; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 8bd7da64-4d84-4260-b606-34cef413c301; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Mississippi; county: Warren; decimalLatitude: 32.35723; decimalLongitude: -90.852011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 43674; georeferenceRemarks: 89 High WARREN COUNTY; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1973-06-01T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 152; year: 1973; month: 6; day: 1; verbatimEventDate: 1-Jun-73; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=6d0aa9ae-9f7e-4226-952d-47ebf9bfdc71; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219296; recordedBy: Bryant Mather; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 6d0aa9ae-9f7e-4226-952d-47ebf9bfdc71; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Mississippi; county: Warren; decimalLatitude: 32.35723; decimalLongitude: -90.852011; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 43674; georeferenceRemarks: 89 High WARREN COUNTY; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1973-06-18T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 169; year: 1973; month: 6; day: 18; verbatimEventDate: 18-Jun-73; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=b679d423-1867-4788-ac0f-45c56fbf0ded; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219289; recordedBy: R. Morris II.; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: b679d423-1867-4788-ac0f-45c56fbf0ded; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron; locality: Palmetto Hill, 10 m w Boca Chica ; decimalLatitude: 25.977545; decimalLongitude: -97.351891; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:01:53); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: Downie; Event: eventDate: 1985-10-13T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 286; year: 1985; month: 10; day: 13; verbatimEventDate: Oct. 13 1985; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=8e647254-b380-4d0c-957f-b0ac420bd757; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219290; recordedBy: R. Morris II.; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 8e647254-b380-4d0c-957f-b0ac420bd757; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron; locality: Palmetto Hill, 10 m w Boca Chica ; decimalLatitude: 25.977545; decimalLongitude: -97.351891; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:01:53); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1985-10-13T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 286; year: 1985; month: 10; day: 13; verbatimEventDate: Oct. 13 1985; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=b15e19a4-a01e-4566-9c18-bbe083e0ecc0; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219291; recordedBy: R. Morris II.; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: b15e19a4-a01e-4566-9c18-bbe083e0ecc0; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron; locality: Palmetto Hill, 10 m w Boca Chica ; decimalLatitude: 25.977545; decimalLongitude: -97.351891; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:01:53); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1985-10-13T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 286; year: 1985; month: 10; day: 13; verbatimEventDate: Oct. 13 1985; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=b534485d-87b2-45d8-8fd7-ef96f9d0e34d; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219292; recordedBy: R. Morris II.; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: b534485d-87b2-45d8-8fd7-ef96f9d0e34d; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron; locality: Palmetto Hill, 10 m w Boca Chica ; decimalLatitude: 25.977545; decimalLongitude: -97.351891; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:01:53); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1985-10-13T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 286; year: 1985; month: 10; day: 13; verbatimEventDate: Oct. 13 1985; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=92e14681-3a2f-4a7d-80a2-1bade6908523; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219293; recordedBy: R. Morris II.; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 92e14681-3a2f-4a7d-80a2-1bade6908523; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron; locality: Palmetto Hill, 10 m w Boca Chica ; decimalLatitude: 25.977545; decimalLongitude: -97.351891; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:01:53); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1985-10-13T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 286; year: 1985; month: 10; day: 13; verbatimEventDate: Oct. 13 1985; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=0a6c95e9-5f56-4c10-9cd7-a116973b7bb5; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_219294; recordedBy: R. Morris II.; individualCount: 1; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: 0a6c95e9-5f56-4c10-9cd7-a116973b7bb5; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Cameron; locality: Palmetto Hill, 10 m w Boca Chica ; decimalLatitude: 25.977545; decimalLongitude: -97.351891; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: luis.tirado (2014-08-01 20:01:53); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-01; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: C.W. O'Brien; dateIdentified: 1974-01-01T00:00:00; Event: eventDate: 1985-10-13T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 286; year: 1985; month: 10; day: 13; verbatimEventDate: Oct. 13 1985; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=a46cfd85-0763-4003-9e75-e23cb53a20cc; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_224142; recordedBy: J. Hatchett; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: dry pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: a46cfd85-0763-4003-9e75-e23cb53a20cc; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Lubbock; decimalLatitude: 33.610206; decimalLongitude: -101.820546; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 41227; georeferenceRemarks: 90 High LUBBOCK COUNTY; Event: eventDate: 1951-04-11T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 101; year: 1951; month: 4; day: 11; verbatimEventDate: 4/11/1951; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=d53c30d3-5f8f-4079-b90c-8c40b72a14e2; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_223955; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: Pointed; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: d53c30d3-5f8f-4079-b90c-8c40b72a14e2; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: San Patricio; locality: Welder Wildlife Refuge, Pollita Lake ; decimalLatitude: 28.11228; decimalLongitude: -97.41609; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 500; georeferencedBy: Alex Gregg (2014-08-07 14:37:43); georeferenceSources: georef batch tool 2014-08-07; GeoLocate; georeferenceVerificationStatus: reviewed - high confidence; Identification: identifiedBy: J. Girón; dateIdentified: 2020-01-01T00:00:00; Event: samplingProtocol: at night; eventDate: 1971-04-03T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 93; year: 1971; month: 4; day: 3; verbatimEventDate: IV-3-1971; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps   Type status: Other material. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://api.gbif.org/v1/occurrence/search?occurrenceId=c3ff87d1-25d3-4756-af25-3085e50fbe4b; catalogNumber: TTU-Z_224887; recordedBy: J. Boren; individualCount: 1; lifeStage: ADULT; preparations: Pointed; otherCatalogNumbers: TTU1997-058; occurrenceID: c3ff87d1-25d3-4756-af25-3085e50fbe4b; Taxon: taxonID: 8801; scientificName: Compsusauricephalus Say, 1824; kingdom: Animalia; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Coleoptera; family: Curculionidae; genus: Compsus; specificEpithet: auricephalus; taxonRank: SPECIES; taxonomicStatus: ACCEPTED; Location: country: United States of America; countryCode: US; stateProvince: Texas; county: Garza; decimalLatitude: 33.179876; decimalLongitude: -101.298424; geodeticDatum: WGS84; coordinateUncertaintyInMeters: 41220; georeferenceRemarks: 88 High GARZA COUNTY; Event: eventDate: 1956-04-21T00:00:00; startDayOfYear: 112; year: 1956; month: 4; day: 21; verbatimEventDate: 4/21/1956; Record Level: modified: 2015-01-08T00:00:00.000+0000; rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/; rightsHolder: Museum of Texas Tech University; accessRights: CC BY-NC (Attribution-Non-Commercial); collectionID: d4e788b4-5d52-47a3-873e-227c6df49c7b; institutionCode: TTU; collectionCode: TTU-Z; basisOfRecord: PRESERVED_SPECIMEN GoogleMaps  

Description

Body length 8-12 mm, width 3-4 mm; shape oval, length/width ratio 2.4-2.6; greatest width near mid-length of elytra in males, near posterior third in females. Integument dark brown to black; coverage composed of densely and evenly arranged, overlapping scales (Figs 1 View Figure 1 , 3 View Figure 3 A-C), mostly to completely covering integument, subcircular to distally angulate, appressed; scales uniformly pearly white to light brown (Fig. 1 View Figure 1 C, Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A-C) or iridescent light green along body with iridescent pink along dorsal surface of head and along anterior and ventral surfaces of legs (Fig. 1 View Figure 1 A, B, Fig. 3 View Figure 3 F); seta-like narrow scales sparsely and evenly arranged, relatively short and thick, recurvate, pale white to translucent.

Head. Frons nearly flat, only very slightly transversally impressed at level of posterior margin of eyes; frons with deep, large median fovea (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, C, mf); surface of head densely covered by overlapping scales; scales apically angulate along base of head, progressing to oval anteriorly (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B); curved, thick setae only along dorsal surface of head. Eyes in lateral view (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B) tear-drop shaped, 1.5-times longer than wide, with acute margin pointing antero-ventrally; eyes mostly lateral, separated from anterolateral margin of prothorax by distance slightly shorter than greatest width of eye; in dorsal view (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, E-G), eyes moderately convex, with inner margins slightly oblique, interocular distance 4.6-times maximum width of eye.

Rostrum. Only very slightly wider than long (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, E-G), anteriorly slightly widened apicad of antennal insertion; shape in cross-section subrectangular. In dorsal view (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, E-G), outline of rostrum subquadrate; dorsolateral margins (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, dlm; dorsal margin of scrobe in dorsal view) arcuate, anteriorly and posteriorly diverging, elevated (see Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C); apical margin deeply emarginate, somewhat sinuate (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C, apm). Nasal plate (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C, np; see Vaurie 1963, Girón and Howden 2019) moderate in size, with depressed surface, positioned nearly perpendicular to surface of epistoma, with posterior margin bluntly elevated. Epistoma (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C, ep) distinctly depressed, with small, oval scales along posterolateral areas; posterior margin of epistoma transversely elevated. Epistomal setae (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C, eps) moderately thick, long and dense, becoming longer apically, apicomedially pointing. Dorsal surface of rostrum with one deep, median sulcus (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C, ms), anteriorly broadly widened forming large, elongate triangular depression, extending from posterior margin of epistoma to midpoint between eyes, reaching and somewhat fusing with median frontal fovea; with two short dorsolateral sulci (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C, ds) positioned along posterior half of rostrum; ventrolateral margins (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, vlm) slightly arcuate, anteriorly diverging. Ventral margin of antennal scrobe, often fully visible in dorsal view of rostrum. Rostrum in lateral view (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B) slightly and gradually expanded apically, with dorsal outline nearly straight along basal half; occipital suture (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B, D, os) extending from anteroventral margin of eye to ventral mid-length of rostrum to meet anterior tentorial pit (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 D, atp), continuing anteriorly to near apex of rostrum; margins of mandibular incision with rather long, thick suberect setae (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 D); gular sutures (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 D, gs) basally fused together medially, separating at base of rostrum, extending to posterior tentorial pits (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 D, ptp). Antennal insertion near anterior third of rostrum. Scrobe lateral (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B), slightly arcuate, gradually and slightly expanded and shallower towards eye, initiating in apicodorsal region, terminating in basimedial region of rostrum, with dorsal margin well-defined throughout, ending at mid-length of anterior margin of eye; ventral margin of scrobe ending near mid-length of rostrum; scrobe covered with scales along posterodorsal areas (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B).

Mouthparts. Mandibles with multiple setae along dorsal, outer and ventral areas surrounding scar (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B-D; few scales on outer surface; mandibular scar protruded and sharply raised (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 C; see also Girón and Franz 2012, character 14); deciduous processes (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 E, G, dp) large, sickle-shaped, nearly symmetrical, nearly as long as greatest dorsal width of rostrum. Maxillae (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A) with cardo (cd) longitudinally twisted; lateral margin of stipes (st) with five or six setae of various lengths along basal half of margin and two along distal region, ventral surface with three thick setae near mesal margin; galeo-lacinial complex (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, ga+la; not considering thick apical setae) extending to apex of maxillary palpomere 2 (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, mpm2), apical region round, mesal margin with basal tuft of very long setae (nearly as long as longest length of cardo) and one lacinial tooth (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, lat), apical region with four to five thick and flattened major galeal teeth (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, gat), accompanied by numerous minor teeth and dense, thick setae of various lengths; palpiger (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, pg) membranous along apical half, basal region more sclerotised, with transverse row of setae along margin of scerotised region of dorsal face; maxillary palps with three palpomeres; maxillary palpomere 1 (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, mpm1) nearly 1.5-times longer than 3 (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, mpm3), 2-times longer than 2 (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 A, mpm2), with oblique apical margin; apicolateral margin of palpomere 1 with one ventral seta; apical margin of palpomere 2 with one dorsal and one ventral seta; palpomere 3 slightly longer than wide, with several longitudinal sulci and a crown of papillae across apical surface. Labium with prementum (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 D, prm) entirely covering maxillary palps; sub-rectangular, surface reticulate, with apical margin medially slightly angulate; ventral surface basi-medially depressed with long setae along each side; ligula narrow (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 C, lg), with one strong long mesal seta at apex; labial palps (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 B, C) with three palpomeres; labial palpomeres 1 and 3 similar in length (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 B, C lpm1, lpm3, respectively), palpomere 2 (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 B, C lpm2) only slightly shorter; apico-ventral margins of palpomeres 1 and 2 each with one seta, palpomere 3 (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 B, C lpm3) slightly longer than wide, with basiconical sensillae across apical surface.

Antennae. With 12 antennomeres (Fig. 4 View Figure 4 A, B). Scape slightly bent along mid section, extending beyond posterior margin of eye, not reaching anterolateral margin of prothorax, passing over ventral fifth of eye (in resting position), densely covered with scales, with sparse, thick, white setae. Funicle with seven antennomeres, 1.3-times longer than scape; funicular antennomeres clavate, progressing from distinctly to slightly elongate; funicular antennomere 2 slightly longer than 1; 1 slightly longer than 3; 4 and 5 similar in shape, shorter than 3; 6, 7 and 8 similar in shape, shorter than 5. Club with four distinct visible antennomeres (terminal annulation fully differentiated, see Fig. 4 View Figure 4 B), nearly as long as funicular antennomeres 5-7 combined, nearly 3-times longer than wide, densely covered by translucent setae; club antennomeres gradually decreasing in length towards apex.

Thorax. Pronotum somewhat trapezoid (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A), 1.3-times wider at base than at apex, 1.2-times wider at base than long; pronotum nearly 0.3-times length of elytra, with greatest width at base; dorsolateral margins anteriorly converging, posteriorly subparallel; posterior margin only very slightly bisinuate, with lateral areas depressed, and covered by densely arranged plumose setae. Dorsal surface of pronotum medially flattened to depressed, with dorsolateral, longitudinal, broad elevations, irregularly foveate to punctate; lateral surfaces flattened, irregularly foveate to punctate; scales appressed, evenly and densely distributed for the most part; with scattered recurvate setae, anteriorly or medially directed; median area of pronotum often posteriorly depressed. Prothorax in lateral view (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B) subquadrate to trapezoid; anterior margin straight and slightly oblique, without postocular lobe, fringed with angulate scales and sometimes with plumose setae projecting anteriorly; postocular vibrissae absent; dorsolateral surface broadly and longitudinally elevated posteriad coxal insertion; posterolateral surface depressed. Metascutum partially covered with plumose scales, especially along posterior margin. Scutellar shield subquadrate to elongate with round corners, covered by scales. Prosternum (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 C) slightly longer than mesosternite, similar in length to metasternite; prosternum with transverse anterior and posterior sulci; procoxal cavities contiguous, 0.7-times closer to anterior than to posterior margin of prosternum; anterior margin of prosternum fringed by regular setae, plumose setae and scales. Mesosternite (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 C) with intercoxal process slightly elevated, with recurvate setae; mesocoxal cavities separated by distance nearly 0.3-times greatest width of each mesocoxal cavity. Metasternite (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 C) with median sulcus short, shallow, Y-shaped, positioned near posterior margin; metacoxal cavities separated by distance nearly 0.8-times width of each mesocoxal cavity. Metendosternite (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 D) with stalk (sk) 1.5-times longer than each furcal arm (fa); stalk somewhat triangular (wider at junction with sternum, gradually narrowing towards crux (cr)); distal sheaths (ds) well developed, as wide as widest point of crux; anterior tendons (at) inserted at dorsal margin of distal sheaths, at mesal one-third between longitudinal flange (lf) and furcal arms; furcal arms somewhat triangular, diverging, with apex slightly explanate; hemiducti (hm) well developed, ventrolaterally pointing; posterior mesal sheath extending between dorsal margin of distal sheath and mid-length of stalk.

Legs. (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B, C, F) Prothoracic legs slightly longer than mesothoracic legs, slightly shorter than metathoracic legs; with evenly spaced whitish, recurvate setae along femora, denser along tibiae, especially along antero-ventral margin. Profemur nearly 1.5-times longer than prothorax; profemur gradually enlarging to slightly apicad of midlength, with ventral margin basally straight, distally strongly bisinuate; unarmed, but surface ventrally slightly projected at profemoral expansion. Protibia slightly longer than profemur, slender, apically slightly expanded, with ventral margin slightly arcuate, especially along apical fourth; ventral margin without cuticular teeth, with row of translucent to whitish spiniform setae; protibial apex with anterior margin slightly arcuate, densely fringed by fine setae; mucro shorter than to similar in length to tarsal claw, surpassed by tuft of fine, long setae. Protarsomeres 1 and 3 similar in length, protarsomere 2 0.6-times length of protarsomere 1; protarsomere 5 slightly longer than 3. Mesofemur slightly longer than mesotibia, similar to prothoracic legs; mesotarsomere 1 slightly longer than 3, 3 slightly longer than 2, 5 slightly longer than 1. Metafemur gradually enlarging towards second third. Metatibia straight, expanded at apical region; metatibial apex with anterior margin obliquely truncate, posteriorly ascending by one third of apical width; setal comb with setae similar in length along apex, longer along ascending region; articular surface (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 D, as; surrounding tarsal condyle) densely and completely covered with scales; both inner flange (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 D, if) and outer bevel (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 D, ob) fringed by row of spines ("corbel enclosed"). Tarsal claws paired, separate, simple.

Elytra. (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A, B) 1.6-1.8-times longer than greatest width; greatest width near mid-length in males, near posterior third in females; anterior margins jointly similar in width to posterior margin of pronotum, recessed along median third (projected along striae 1-4, corresponding to emargination of posterior margin of pronotum); humeri oblique, slightly produced; joint elytral width at humeri nearly 1.5-times wider than joint anterior elytral margin, slightly narrower than maximum width of elytra; lateral margins straight and slightly diverging along anterior half to two-thirds, then evenly curved and gradually converging along posterior third; posterior margins each rounded, forming right angle (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 D). Elytra in lateral view (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B) with dorsal outline subplane to slightly convex along anterior half; posterior declivity gradual, evenly convex. Elytra with longitudinally-aligned punctures forming nine complete striae and one incomplete stria (striae 9 and 10 (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B, s9, s10) fused near metacoxal insertion); striae narrower than interstriae; punctures separated by distance nearly twice longer than width of each puncture; each puncture with one scale or mostly covered by scales; interstriae 3, 5, 7 (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 D, i3, i5, i7) and 9 (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B, i9) convex along most or part of their length; interstriae 1, 2, 4, 6 and 8 flat to only slightly convex, 10 strongly convex at level of metaventrite; setae similar in length to width of interstriae, recurvate, evenly distributed along interstriae, slightly denser along apical areas; scales covering entire integument, oval, overlapping, uniformly coloured.

Hind wings. (Fig. 5 View Figure 5 D) Fully developed, elongate, nearly 1.4-times longer than elytra, nearly 3.4-times longer than wide; costal margin slightly sinuate along basal half, evenly and broadly curved thereafter; apex narrowly rounded, posterior margin broadly rounded along proximal third; anal lobe not demarcated by emargination of posterior margin of wing. Alar venation well developed: subcosta (Sc), radial (R) and radial recurrent (Rr) well defined, proximal radial sclerite (prs) well developed, darkened, distal radial sclerite (drs) reduced; radial window (w) strongly reduced; radial 3 (R3) very weakly defined (as translucent line), almost reaching alar margin; post radial stripe (pst) darkened, well-defined, almost reaching alar margin; posterior part of postradial stripe (ppp) extending along apical region of wing, nearly one third length of pst, almost reaching alar margin; apical hook of medial stripe (h) conspicuous, nearly one third length of ppp, almost reaching alar margin; medial recurrent (Mr), cubital (Cu) and branch 1 of Cu (Cu1) well defined; crossvein between radial system (rm) very weakly defined; radial sclerotisation (rsc) and medial sclerotisation (msc) weakly defined; medial stripe (mst) weakly defined, slightly shorter than pst; apical fold (af) distinct, nearly reaching alar margin; branch 2 of Cu (Cu2) reduced, smaller than h, not reaching alar margin; anal vein 2 (2A) well defined, vanishing near margin; anal vein 3 (3A) short, reaching mid-length towards margin of wing, fusing with 2A to form anal cell (ac); anal vein 4 (4A) lightly sclerotised, surounded by lightly sclerotised area around base; anal area with margin broadly rounded; posterior margin of hind wing fringed by short and fine setae separated from each other by distance similar to length of one seta, fringe extending to apical fold .

Abdomen. Abdominal ventrites (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 C, E) densely covered with scales; ventrite 1 nearly as long as thoracic metaventrite, with posterior margin sinuate; abdominal ventrite 2 0.7-times as long as 1, nearly as long as 5; surface of ventrites 1 and 2 nearly flat in males (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 E), convex in females (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 C); ventrite 5 1.7-times wider than long, with broadly rounded apex in males (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 E), 1.5-times wider than long, with rounded apex in females (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 C).

Male terminalia. Tergite 7 1.3-times wider than long, with apical corners broadly rounded and broadly emarginate at apex; posteromedial and marginal regions darkened, with relatively thick setae; basi-medial and basi-lateral areas with fine, appressed spines. Tergite 8 subquadrate, only slightly wider than long, with apical corners broadly rounded and truncate to slightly emarginate at apex, with relatively long and thick setae throughout, except along basal fourth; apical margin in posterior view broadly triangularly emarginate. Sternite 8 (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 A) composed of two lateral somewhat rhomboid sclerites joined medially by membrane, slightly more sclerotised along distal half, with membranous spiculum relictum (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 A, spr); surface of each sclerite with somewhat coarse punctation; lacking setae. Sternum 9 (spiculum gastrale; Fig. 6 View Figure 6 B) including apodeme, 1.5-times longer than median lobe, posteriorly bifurcate, furcal arms (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 B1) opposed, somewhat lanceolate, margins slightly irregular along distal region, posteriorly diverging; each furcal arm basally broad, oval and coarsely punctate, with somewhat triangular distal region, more strongly sclerotised, roundly angulate at apex. Tegmen (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 C; gonocoxites I, see Boudinot 2018) with apodeme slightly longer than median lobe; tegminal plate with two elongate projections (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 C, C1), each nearly 0.1-times length of apodeme, finely and densely denticulate along distal half. Aedeagus with median lobe (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 D; penial sclerite, see Boudinot 2018) 4-times longer than wide; basi-ventral margin broadly emarginate; lateral margins subparallel, apex broadly oval (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 F), distance from apical margin of ostium (gonopore) to apex of median lobe slightly longer than greatest width of apical region of median lobe; medial lobe in lateral view (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 E) broadly curved by about 130° basad of mid length, approximately 7.7-times longer than greatest width; greatest width uniform along second third, gradually narrowed along distal third. Endophallus (internal sac) with dense, fine, small papillae (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 D); with elongate, dorsal, mesal endophallite (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 F, me) at ostium and ventral membranes (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 F, vm) projecting lateral and distally forming lateral, elongate, oblique and converging sclerotised regions; basal endophallite complex (see Génier 2019) formed by two basilateral (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 G, ble) and a mesal (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 G, bme) rod-like endophallites, followed distally by irregular, transversally folded lamina (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 G, la) and two lateral bars (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 G, lb), apically expanding, converging and gradually weakly sclerotised. Aedeagal apodemes (gonocoxites II, see Boudinot 2018) nearly as long as median lobe, slender, slightly broader along anterior half, either fused or very closely articulated to median lobe.

Female terminalia. Tergite 7 1.5-times longer than wide, roughly obovate, with anterior and posterior margins broadly and uniformly round, posterior margin more narrowly so; surface sparsely covered by setae, relatively thicker along apical margin; basi-lateral areas with fine, appressed spines. Tergite 8 greatest length 1.2-times longer than greatest width, with anterior margin mesally deeply emarginate; surface gradually more coarsely punctate towards apex, each puncture bearing one seta, setae shorter along apical margin. Sternite 8 (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 A, B) with apodeme nearly 2.7-times longer than lamina; lamina sagittate, medially divided at apex, 1.7-times longer than wide, apical third covered by setae, gradually more dense towards apex; median region of lamina with mesal paired slightly more sclerotised longitudinal regions; lateral areas of lamina bent upwards (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 B). Coxites cylindrical (not laterally compressed), nearly 1.6-times longer than lamina of sternum 8; dorsal surface of coxites transversally indented at apical third (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 ; indentation (ind) delimits distal coxites (dcx) from proximal coxites (pcx)); ventral surface of coxites medially longitudinally membranous, areas adjacent to medial membrane darkened; apical margin of coxites in lateral view sinuate, with dorsal section (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 C, ds) slightly larger and more round in outline than ventral section (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 C, vs); ventral section of distal coxites with scarce and thick setae; styli (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 C, sty; 6F) short, tubular, 3-times longer than wide, apically with eight stout setae of two sizes, longer setae pre-apically situated, shorter setae at apex; styli inserted on dorsal lobe of coxites. Genital chamber slightly longer than sternum 8 including apodeme, with a pair of oval, laminar and concave sclerotisations (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 C, scl) basad of coxites. Membranes of bursa copulatrix (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 D, bc) papillate. Spermatheca (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 D, spe; 6E) hook-shaped; ramus (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 E, ra) longer than collum (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 E, cl), both apically truncate; corpus (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 E, crp) shorter and nearly 1.4-times wider than cornu (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 E, cn); cornu broadly arcuate, apically roundly acute.

Variation

Beyond variation in colouration (two colour morphs: green with green with pink/coppery head and legs or completely white to pale brown; see Figs 1 View Figure 1 , 3 View Figure 3 ) and size (8-15 mm), the morphology of C. auricephalus   is fairly homogeneous across the distributional range of the species in the U.S. The morphology of both the male (Fig. 6 View Figure 6 ) and female (Fig. 7 View Figure 7 ) genitalia is also highly conserved within the species with no noticeable differences between colour morphs, which confirms their conspecificity.

Champion (1911) highlighted that specimens from southern populations (e.g. Southern Mexico (Acapulco), Guatemala, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Panama) were uniformly white, had a more elongate body, more produced and acuminate elytral apices and strongly costate alternating interstriae. We studied specimens with these features (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 A-B) from Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama, including specimens studied by Champion himself; we also dissected three specimens from Panama (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 C-E). In general, the specimens, considered by Champion as a variety of C. auricephalus   , are externally similar to the northern white form and have overall similar male genitalia, but differ clearly by the following characters: brighter white colouration (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 A, B; as opposed to pearly white to pale brown), cylindrical pronotum (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 A; as opposed to trapezoid in C. auricephalus   , see Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A), conspicuously strongly costate interstriae (in comparison with moderately elevated in C. auricephalus   ), angulate elytral declivity (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 B; as opposed to broadly rounded in C. auricephalus   , see Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B) and acuminate elytral apices (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 B; as opposed to rounded in C. auricephalus   , see Fig. 3 View Figure 3 B). Furthermore, there are evident differences in the shape of the median lobe: median lobe pre-apically widened (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 C; as opposed to parallel-sided throughout as in C. auricephalus   , Fig. 6 View Figure 6 D); in lateral view, median lobe weakly and rather evenly curved (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 D; as opposed to broadly and strongly curved basad of mid length, in C. auricephalus   , Fig. 6 View Figure 6 E), greatest width uniform along median three-fifths (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 D; as opposed to greatest width uniform along second third, in C. auricephalus   , Fig. 6 View Figure 6 E); in dorsal view, gonopore pear-shaped (Fig. 8 View Figure 8 C; as opposed to oval, as in C. auricephalus   , Fig. 6 View Figure 6 D); basal endophallite complex with different configuration (compare Fig. 8 View Figure 8 E to Fig. 6 View Figure 6 G).

Based on this character combination (external and male genitalia), we conclude that Compsus auricephalus   proper extends as far south as Zacapa, Guatemala (CMNEN00019741) and specimens of the Champion (1911) series housed at the BMNH from Costa Rica (Boca del Limón - BMNH(E)1722205; Cangrejal del Aserri - BMNH(E)1722203), Guatemala (Vera Paz - BMNH(E)1722199); Nicaragua (Chontates - BMNH(E)1722202), Panama ( Peñas Blancas - BMNH(E)1722207; BMNH(E)1722197; Caldera - BMNH(E)1722204) do not correspond to Compsus auricephalus   , but to a different species of Compsus   that may or may not be described with a different name. The Acapulco, Mexico specimen, identified by Champion as part of this variety of C. auricephalus   (BMNH(E)1722200), is here confirmed to belong to C. auricephalus   proper. Specimen codes and associated data can be found in Suppl. material 1.

Until more studies can be performed on a broader representation, both across the geographic range and number of specimens of Champion's variety, along with a revision of a larger sample of Compsus   species, we refer to this variety as Compsus aff. auricephalus   as defined by Champion (1911) and refrain from naming it as new, given that, even though we have made comparisons with some similarly-looking species, we have not seen all the white species of Compsus   , nor have we been able to dissect the ones we have examined externally.

Distribution

The distributional information for C. auricephalus   was summarised by O'Brien and Wibmer (1982). The distributional data gathered here are mapped in Fig. 9 View Figure 9 . The updated distribution is as follows:

Compsus auricephalus   : Guatemala, Mexico, U.S.A.: Alabama (new record), Arizona (new record), Arkansas, Colorado, Florida (new record; one specimen with incomplete data: just "FLA." on label, USNM, needs confirmation), Georgia (one specimen with incomplete data: just "GA" on label, USNM, needs confirmation), Illinois ( Blatchley 1925 [overlooked by O'Brien and Wibmer 1982]), Kentucky (new record), Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico (new record), Ohio (new record; incomplete data: just "Ohio" on label, USNM, needs confirmation), Oklahoma ( Fenton 1944 [overlooked by O'Brien and Wibmer 1982]), Tennessee (new record), Texas, Utah (new record). Canada: Ontario (intercepted at port of entry; McNamara 1991).

Compsus aff. auricephalus   : Costa Rica, Honduras (new record), Nicaragua, Panama.

Comments on current distribution of Compsus auricephalus   . According to our specimen examination, C. auricephalus   occurs north of Zacapa, Guatemala, as far west in the U.S. as Cedar City, Utah and Phoenix, Arizona, as far north as Ohio and as far east to Georgia and Florida. Most of the records are concentrated around Brownsville, Texas and along the Mississippi River. Across the U.S.A., the distribution of C. auricephalus   seems to be associated with commodities such as cotton plantations (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cotton_production_in_the_United_States). There seems to be no geographic pattern of green/white colour morphs.

Records for Florida, Georgia and Ohio (eastern outliers) are represented by single specimens with minimal information: "FLA.", "Ga." and "Ohio", respectively. We report these records here, but highlight that they need confirmation, as these might be cases of interceptions at ports of entry (e.g. Florida), incomplete information (e.g. there is an "Ohio" locality in Hamilton Co., Texas, which is in the area where the species has been recorded) or just mislabelling.

Western outliers (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico and Utah) are represented by either records from literature (see O'Brien and Wibmer 1982) or single specimens in collections. Given that there are unique records for each of these occurrences and, even though they have more detailed collecting information (see GBIF dataset at https://doi.org/10.15468/dl.rat633 and Suppl. material 1), they may be adventitious (e.g. transported with plants from elsewhere) and not part of actual established populations of the species in those regions. Data from local collections, as well as more sampling from those areas, would be required to confirm the presence of C. auricephalus   in those States.

As for Compsus aff. auricephalus   , it is known to occur from Yoro, Honduras, south to the Canal Zone in Panama (Fig. 9 View Figure 9 ).

Ecology

Compsus auricephalus   has been collected in palmetto thickets and woods ( Blatchley and Leng 1916) and, according to label data, on vegetation along roads, on prairies and using a variety of methods (beating, blacklights, flight intercept traps, malaise traps, pitfall traps, sweeping, manual capture). The species has been found at elevations from sea level up to 1200 m, with most specimens collected below 100 m.

Associated plants

Host plant records were recovered from literature, as well as from label data from specimens in collections. Host specificity in broad-nosed weevils is difficult to assess, given that the presence of adults on a particular plant does not necessarily mean that feeding occurred ( Kissinger 1964). A summary including 46 plant species in 23 families is presented in Table 1.

Biology

According to Blatchley and Leng (1916), citing Pierce (1916), Compsus auricephalus   "lays its eggs in a mass of gummy substance on leaves and folds a portion on the leaf over them so that they are perfectly concealed. [...] The eggs hatch in seven or eight days and the larvae enter the ground to feed on the roots of plants." This behaviour matches Howden's oviposition category 9: eggs and adhesive placed in fabricated or discovered niches, usually without use of rostrum, which is typical of most "Adelognatha" ( Howden 1995). "The larvae are typical legless, C-shaped, white to translucent grubs that feed on roots in soil [...] adults are collected in June and July in southern Texas ( Headrick 2014).

According to Headrick (2014), damage caused by C. auricephalus   on Citrus   is significant in Texas; most of the damage is associated with the underground larval stages which open the door for Phytophthora   ( Oomycota  ) infections to the trees; the habits of the larvae make control measures difficult and costly. In addition, C. auricephalus   has been reported to damage young cotton plants in Arkansas, Oklahoma, Tennessee and Texas ( Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture 1978).

As for natural enemies, Tetrastichus compsivorus   Crawford, 1914 ( Hymenoptera  : Chacidoidea  , Crawford 1914) has been recorded from eggs of C. auricephalus   in Oklahoma ( Crawford 1914), as well as from Texas, Mississipi ( Krombein et al. 1979) and Nicaragua ( Maes and O'Brien 1990). There are mentions of Gray Grosbeak ( Pyrrhuloxia sinuata   ) and Cardinal ( Cardinalis cardinalis   ) feeding on miscellaneous beetles including C. auricephalus   ( McAtee 1908).

Barcode data

Molecular data from the mitochondrial gene Cytochrome Oxidase subunit I (COI) was obtained for the specimen identified as USNMENT01070595 (see Suppl. material 1). The sequence of 361 bp is identified with the GenBank number MN344151.1 (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/1770599749).

Taxon discussion

Due to its variation in size and colouration (two main colour morphs: predominantly green with pink/coppery head and part of the legs or completely white to pale brown), Compsus auricephalus   can be confused with a number of eustyline species from Central and South America, not only with other Compsus   species, but with species of other genera in the Compsus   genus complex in South America and even species in the Exophthalmus   genus complex in Central America. Colouration patterns alone partly overlap with at least a dozen different species; in these instances, particularities of the colouration pattern (e.g. colouration of legs and/or elytra) along with characters of the elytral sculpture allow for differentiation. Here, we illustrate and discuss some characters useful for distinguishing C. auricephalus   from look-alike species.

Compsus adonis   Marshall, 1922 ( Marshall 1922) is a brightly-coloured species with the head, anterior margin of the pronotum, apical region of elytra and outer surfaces of the tibia covered with pink scales, with the elytra, remainder of prothorax and elytra and femora mostly green; the apices of the femora and the tarsi are covered by blue scales and the elytra have irregular areas covered by white scales blending in with the general green coverage (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 B). This very particular colouration pattern is quite different from the colourations exhibited by C. auricephalus   . In addition, the less regularly distributed elytral punctation, along with the irregularly-elevated surface of the elytra and projected elytral apices in C. adonis   further allows its recognition. Compsus adonis   is endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus albus   Hustache, 1938 ( Hustache 1938) shares many of the characteristics present in specimens of the white form of C. auricephalus   , as well as with C. aff. auricephalus   , as defined by Champion (1911): body covered by uniformly-white scales, costate interstriae 3, 5 and 7, acuminate elytral apices with regularly-aligned elytral punctures. The holotype of this species has a shiny lustre throughout (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 I). Compsus albus   can be differentiated by the lack of a medial sulcus along the rostrum, which is present in C. auricephalus   (compare Fig. 10 View Figure 10 I vs. Figs 2 View Figure 2 , 3 View Figure 3 A, C). Compsus candidus   is similar to C. albus   , both species being endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

In Compsus bellus   Hustache, 1938 ( Hustache 1938), the head and distal parts of the legs are covered by coppery/pink scales just as in the green form of C. auricephalus   . Compsus bellus   can be recognised by its combined green and white thorax and elytra, where the elytra have a broad white medial longitudinal stripe (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 C; as opposed to either uniformly-green or uniformly-white thorax and elytra in C. auricephalus   , see Figs 1 View Figure 1 , 3 View Figure 3 ) and by the strongly-projected elytral apices (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 C; apex of elytra not projected in C. auricephalus   , see Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A). In addition, there are no conspicuously-elevated interstria along the elytra in C. bellus   . Even though C. bellus   is currently considered a junior synonym of C. adonis   , by comparing both holotypes, beyond the evident differences in colouration (compare Fig. 10 View Figure 10 8B vs. Fig. 10 View Figure 10 C), the elytral punctation and the length of the apical elytral projections suggest that these are, in fact, different species, although, until more detailed studies, including dissections of male and female genitalia can be performed, we refrain from making any taxonomic changes at this time. Compsus bellus   is endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus divisus   Hustache, 1938 ( Hustache 1938) has the head and entire legs (except the tarsi) covered by pink scales, with bluish-green scales covering thorax and elytra; it also has part of the odd-numbered elytral interstriae elevated. The round eyes in lateral view of the head, along with the presence of an elevated, glabrous and smooth longitudinal ridge along the head and rostrum would allow the recognition of C. divisus   ; this longitudinal ridge suggests that this species may actually be better placed in the genus Exophthalmus   ( Franz 2012, Zhang and Franz 2015). Compsus divisus   is endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus exanguis   (Boheman, 1833) ( Schönherr 1833) is generally similar to the white form of C. auricephalus   , except for the conspicuous thick setae uniformly distributed all over the surface of the body and the presence of green scales at midpoint of the anterior margin of the pronotum, scattered through the antennae, at the apex of the tibiae and along the tarsi (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 L). Compsus divisus   is endemic to Peru ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus lacteus   (Fabricius, 1781) ( Fabricius 1781) has variable colour morphs within the same colour range as C. auricephalus   (i.e. green and white colour forms); however, the head is never pink and the legs and antennae are always distally blue (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 G, H). Compsus lacteus   has strongly-projected eyes, projected elytral apices and conspicuous setae along the surface of the prothorax and elytra, which differentiates it from C. auricephalus   . Compsus lacteus   is distributed in Brazil, French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Jamaica ( O'Brien and Wibmer 1982, Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus sulcicollis   Hustache, 1938 ( Hustache 1938) has the head covered by coppery/pink scales, with the legs covered by light green and blue scales; the thorax and elytra are uniformly covered by light green scales; the surface of elytral interstriae 3 is elevated only along the elytral declivity in C. sulcicollis   and the apices of the elytra are strongly projected (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 F); these features allow its differentiation from C. auricephalus   . Compsus sulcicollis   is endemic to Venezuela ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus violaceus   Hustache, 1938 ( Hustache 1938) follows the general pink head/green body pattern of the green form of C. auricephalus   ; however, the rostrum of C. violaceus   is covered by pink scales, while the frons and mid-anterior section of the pronotum are covered by purple scales; the remainder of the pronotum and anterior half of the elytra are covered by pale green scales, the posterior half of the elytra are covered mostly by white scales and the legs are covered completely by iridescent green scales (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 E). In addition, the overall body shape of C. violaceus   is pyriform (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 E), as opposed to subrectangular as in C. auricephalus   (Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A). Compsus violaceus   is endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Compsus virginalis   Faust, 1892 ( Faust 1892) is generally similar to the white form of C. auricephalus   and more so to C. aff. auricephalus   , as defined by Champion (1911), as it is uniformly covered by white scales, has cylindrical prothorax and acuminate elytral apices. It can be distinguished by its somewhat irregular elytral punctation and irregularly-elevated elytral surface (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 M; as opposed to having costate odd-numbered elytral interstriae). Compsus virginalis   is endemic to Venezuela ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Exophthalmus carneipes   Champion, 1911 ( Champion 1911), E. cupreipes   Champion, 1911 ( Champion 1911), E. opulentus   Boheman, 1840 ( Schönherr 1840) and E. vitticollis   Champion, 1911 ( Champion 1911) are generally similar to the green form of C. auricephalus   , all of them being predominantly covered by green scales with the head covered by pink scales. The legs fully covered by pink scales and the presence of an elevated, glabrous and smooth longitudinal ridge along the head and rostrum clearly differentiate C. auricephalus   from these Exophthalmus   species. In addition, E. carneipes   , which is distributed in Costa Rica, Honduras and Panama ( O'Brien and Wibmer 1982), has transverse bands of pink scales along the elytral shoulders and elytral apices, (see https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/874484- Exophthalmus   - carneipes   ). On the other hand, E. cupreipes   , which is endemic to Mexico ( O'Brien and Wibmer 1982), has a more elongated rostrum and its scales are green with golden tones ( Bautista-Martínez et al. 2020), very similar to E. opulentus   from Guatemala and Mexico ( O'Brien and Wibmer 1982); these two species can be differentiated by the fully pink head in E. opulentus   (https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/269236- Exophthalmus   - opulentus   ), whereas the head of E. cupreipes   has green lateral areas. Exopthalmus vitticollis   , from Belize and Guatemala ( O'Brien and Wibmer 1982) can be recognised by the presence of a pink median longitudinal stripe along the pronotum (https://www.inaturalist.org/taxa/1073743- Exophthalmus   - vitticollis   ).

Oxyderces cinereus   (Hustache, 1938) ( Hustache 1938) is generally similar to the white form of C. auricephalus   , especially because of its elevated odd-numbered elytral interstriae. It differs by the pyriform shape of the body and the greyish colouration of the scales covering the head and the mid and lateral lines of the pronotum, along with the presence of a pair of relatively-large dark spots about mid-length on the elytra (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 N). Oxyderces cinereus   is endemic to Ecuador ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Oxyderces cretaceus   (Fabricius, 1792) ( Fabricius 1792) is similar to the white form of Compsus auricephalus   and nearly identical to C. aff. auricephalus   , as defined by Champion (1911). The sculpture of the pronotum with three basal foveae, the tubercles of interstriae 3 at elytral declivity and the apical projections of the elytra clearly distinguish O. cretaceus   (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 J). Oxyderces cretaceus   has been recorded from Guadeloupe and Martinique ( O'Brien and Wibmer 1982). Records of " Compsus auricephalus   " in iNaturalist from Trinidad and Tobago (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/32103921) may actually correspond to O. cretaceus   , but the available specimen photographs do not allow its confirmation.

Oxyderces exaratus   (Hustache, 1938) ( Hustache 1938) is similar to the green form of Compsus auricephalus   , in the presence of pink scales covering the head and green scales covering most of the body. They differ mostly by the presence of blue scales covering the antennae and tarsi and by the rounded projections of the elytral apices which are covered by pink scales (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 D). In addition, the surface of the elytra is irregularly elevated in O. exaratus   , in contrast with the elevated odd-numbered elytral interstriae typical of C. auricephalus   (see Fig. 3 View Figure 3 A). Oxyderces exaratus   is endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Oxyderces mansuetus   Hustache, 1938 ( Hustache 1938) is similar to the white form of Compsus auricephalus   , differing by the deep punctation of both pronotum and elytra, resulting in irregularly-elevated elytral surface, especially along the posterior half of elytra in O. mansuetus   (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 K). In addition, O. mansuetus   has strongly projected eyes and acuminate elytral apices (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 K) and is endemic to Argentina ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986).

Oxyderces viridipes   Boheman, 1840 ( Schönherr 1840) is a species with a very similar colouration pattern to the green form of Compsus auricephalus   , especially because of the pink colouration of the head. The fully green legs and white longitudinal band along the elytral interstriae 1 and 2, along with the sculpture of the elytra lacking elevated interstriae (Fig. 10 View Figure 10 A), clearly distinguish O. viridipes   , which is endemic to Colombia ( Wibmer and O'Brien 1986), quite common in Medellín and surrounding areas (see https://www.inaturalist.org/observations?taxon_id=869547). Oxyderces viridipes   has been found domestically in Pennsylvania and California (https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/6246529) and intercepted at south-eastern ports of entry in the U.S.A.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Curculionidae

Genus

Compsus

Loc

Compsus auricephalus (Say, 1824)

Giron, Jennifer C. & Chamorro, M. Lourdes 2020
2020
Loc

Eustylini

Lacordaire 1863
1863
Loc

Platyomus auriceps

Schonherr 1840
1840
Loc

Platyomus auriceps

Schonherr 1840
1840
Loc

Curculio auricephalus

Say 1824
1824
Loc

Entiminae

Schoenherr 1823
1823
Loc

Curculionidae

Latreille 1802
1802
Loc

Curculio argyreus

Linnaeus 1758
1758