Oxyopes elifaz, Levy, Gershom, 2007

Levy, Gershom, 2007, Calommata (Atypidae) and new spider species (Araneae) from Israel, Zootaxa 1551, pp. 1-30: 12-13

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.178107

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:80A4ED65-DA75-4392-88DB-470ECE33B585

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/E00DA31A-1C0E-FFD6-08AB-26BF4CADFE1E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Oxyopes elifaz
status

n. sp.

Oxyopes elifaz   n. sp.

Figs. 29–32 View FIGURES 29 – 32. 29, 30

Holotype. adult male and female paratype from East of Elifaz   , Arava Valley (697181 / 298096), Israel, leg. Uri Shanas, April 25, 2004, pitfall trap ( HUJ 15481 View Materials ).

Etymology. The specific name is a noun in apposition referring to the type locality.

Description. Carapace yellowish-brown, opisthosoma beige with median lanceolate marking on back.

Male. Measurements (holotype + 10 ɗɗ; holotype listed first): total length 6.9, 5.4–7.3; carapace length 2.6, 2.2–2.8, width 2.1, 1.7–2.1, index 1.24, 1.24–1.35; clypeus index 5.0, 3.70–5.55; median ocular quadrangle/clypeus height 1.50, 1.20–2.11; distance between PME eyes/diameter of one PME 1.68, 1.63–2.15; leg lengths: I 10.3, 8.7 –11.0, II 9.6, 8.2–10.5, III 6.2, 5.1–6.3, IV 10.9, 9.0– 11.2; patella-tibia index 1.31, 1.04– 1.39.

Palpus. Tip of embolus enveloped apically by black sclerotic conductor ( Fig. 29 View FIGURES 29 – 32. 29, 30 ); large tegular outgrowth expands into scooped blackish conchiform structure resting below embolar tip ( Figs. 29, 30 View FIGURES 29 – 32. 29, 30 ). Tibia armed with barely visible ventral apophysis and with yellowish-brown retrolateral apophysis with ectal, dark, ridgelike, sclerotic extension ( Figs. 29, 30 View FIGURES 29 – 32. 29, 30 ).

Female. Measurements (paratype): total length 9.1; carapace length 3.1, width 2.4, index 1.29; clypeus index 4.0; median ocular quadrangle/clypeus height 1.67; distance between PME eyes/diameter of one PME 1.6; leg lengths: I 10.6, II 10.2, III 6.4, IV 11.5; patella-tibia index 1.13.

Epigynum   . Relatively large. Central depression traversed posteriorly by partly transparent, sclerotic rim extending on sides to discerning globular spermathecae ( Fig. 31 View FIGURES 29 – 32. 29, 30 ). Round blackish spermathecae extend into short brown tubes ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 29 – 32. 29, 30 ).

Diagnosis. The configuration of the male palpus of Oxyopes elifaz   n. sp. resembles slightly that of O. badhyzicus Mikhailov & Fet   , but the new species can be easily separated, also from all other Oxyopes   species, by the shape of the projecting conductor and the conchiform outgrowth of the tegulum. The shape of the peculiar epigynal plate of O. elifaz   n. sp. differs distinctly from the epigynum   of O. badhyzicus   and from all other Oxyopes   species.

Distribution. Israel and Jordan: on sands along the southern Arava Valley. Records: East of Yahel, Lotan   , Qetura and Elifaz   .

Comments. Oxyopes elifaz   n. sp. is the common oxyopid of the Arava sands, as is O. badhyzicus   of the central Negev and the sand dunes of Haluza ( Levy 1999 a). The sands of each landscape apparently harbour a different oxyopid population.

HUJ

Hebrew University

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oxyopidae

Genus

Oxyopes