Hahnia carmelita, Levy, Gershom, 2007

Levy, Gershom, 2007, Calommata (Atypidae) and new spider species (Araneae) from Israel, Zootaxa 1551, pp. 1-30: 15-16

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http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.178107

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scientific name

Hahnia carmelita

n. sp.

Hahnia carmelita   n. sp.

Figs. 40, 41

Holotype. adult female from Ramat HaNadiv, Mt. Carmel, Israel, leg. Iris Musli, May 7 2004 ( HUJ 15484 View Materials ), pitfall trap; male unknown.

Etymology. The specific name refers to the type locality, Mt. Carmel.

Description. Female. Carapace dark brown anteriorly and light brown mottled with black streaks posteriorly. Eyes surrounded by deep black patch. Clypeus barely projecting anteriorly. Chelicerae with 2 retromarginal teeth. Labium wider than long. Legs brown. Opisthosoma dark coloured with a few very light chevrons dorsally.

Measurements (holotype + 2 ΨΨ; holotype listed first): total length 1.8, 1.7 –2.0; carapace length 0.70, 0.70–0.72, width 0.60, 0.54–0.57, index 1.16, 1.23–1.33; labium length/width 0.50, 0.69–0.75; clypeal index 2.5, 2.0– 2.5; leg lengths: I 1.72, 1.60–1.77, II 1.60, 1.42–1.64, III 1.49, 1.32–1.47, IV 1.97, 1.85–2.16; patellatibia index 0.87, 0.76–0.88.

Epigynum   . Plate with median, almost U-shaped, narrow opening, and long coiled spermathecal ducts discerning in the background (Fig. 40). Spermathecae form one pair of seminal receptacles; complex of winding ducts only partly exposed (Fig. 41).

FIGURES 38 –41, 38, 39. Zodarion odem   n. sp. Ψ, holotype. 38. Epigynum   , ventral view. 39. Spermathecae, dorsal (inner) view. 40, 41. Hahnia carmelita   n. sp. Ψ, holotype. 40. Epigynum   , ventral view. 39. Spermathecae, dorsal (inner) view; detail.

Diagnosis. Based on female. The shape of the central epigynal opening and the complicated trajectory of the spermathecal ducts distinguish Hahnia carmelita   n. sp. distinctly from all other Hahnia   species. Distribution. Israel. Known only from the type locality on Mt. Carmel.

Comments. Adult females of Hahnia carmelita   n. sp. were collected by using pitfall traps in April and May, unlike females of H. candida   that were found in winter (January; Levy 2003). Generally, the biotopes of both species are rather similar and further collecting is needed to clarify the consistency in the different seasonal occurrence of each species.


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