Scaphioides minuta (Chamberlin and Ivie)

Platnick, Norman I., Berniker, Lily & Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne, 2012, The Caribbean Goblin Spider Genera Scaphioides and Hortoonops (Araneae, Oonopidae), American Museum Novitates 2012 (3751), pp. 1-64: 14-31

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.1206/3759.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:752AA48E-CA22-473C-B785-945E8BD97392

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DE4FC765-8A71-FFAB-FE78-348C9A39BF48

treatment provided by

Carolina

scientific name

Scaphioides minuta (Chamberlin and Ivie)
status

 

Scaphioides minuta (Chamberlin and Ivie)  

Figures 1–74 View FIGS View FIGS View FIGS View FIGS View FIGS View FIGS

Stenoonops minutus Chamberlin and Ivie, 1935: 8   , figs. 1, 2, 14 (male holotype from Tampa, Hillsborough Co., Florida, in AMNH; examined).– Chickering, 1969b: 160, figs. 40, 41 (first description of female).

Scaphioides minuta: Platnick and Dupérré, 2010: 9   .

DIAGNOSIS: The combined presence of a laterally (but not medially) pitted sternum (figs. 62, 66) and a carapace lacking tubercles but bearing pits with reticulating ridges (fig. 61) is diagnostic.

MALE (PBI_ OON 38032 View Materials , figs. 1–29, 61–64, 69–73): Total length 1.22. Elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by their radius to diameter. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture only around furrows, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove. Endites with rounded tip bearing short, strong, posterolaterally directed seta. Embolus with proximal portion shorter than distal portion, smooth prolaterally, ridged retrolaterally.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 38932 View Materials , figs. 30–60, 65–68, 74): Total length 1.34. Anterior genitalic projection relatively short, wide, on smoothly convex base.

MATERIAL EXAMINED: UNITED STATES: Florida: Alachua Co.   : Gainesville , Feb. 1–14, 1979, pitfall, oak-pine (E. Becker, CNC PBI_ OON 38175 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Newnan’s Lake , 29°39′N, 82°15′W, June 13, 1935 (W. Gertsch, AMNH PBI_ OON 21037 View Materials ), 2♂, 1♀ GoogleMaps   , same (W. Ivie , AMNH PBI_ OON 21034 View Materials ), 3♂, 1♀   , Mar. 28, 1957 (W. Gertsch, R. Forster, AMNH PBI_ OON 21029 View Materials , 37318), 2♂, 7♀   , Dec. 21, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 38031 View Materials ), 1♀   ; W Newnan’s Lake , Feb. 12, 1942 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21044 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀   ; San Felasco State Park, Gainesville , May 1, 2008, leaf litter (X. Wang, AMNH PBI_ OON 31066 View Materials ), 2♂, 2♀   . Collier Co.: N Naples , 26°14′N, 81°47′W, Dec. 18, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1058), 2♀ GoogleMaps   . Columbia Co.   : 12 mi N Lake City , 30°20′N, 82°36′W, Dec. 22, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 38030 View Materials ), 3♂, 1♀ GoogleMaps   . Hernando Co.: no specific locality, Mar. 23, 1947 (H. Wallace, AMNH PBI_ OON 38033 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀   . Highlands Co.: Archbold Biological Station , 27°11′N, 81°21′W, Apr. 1956, Quercus chapmani   litter (C. Hoff, AMNH PBI_ OON 38028 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps   , Dec. 19, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37333 View Materials ), 1♂, 1♀   , July 3, 1978, litter, elev. 20 m (J., F. Murphy, AMNH PBI_ OON 36820 View Materials ), 1♂   ; Highlands Hammock State Park , Feb. 16, 1970, pitfall, sand pine (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21214 View Materials ), 1♀   ; Parker Islands , Apr. 1956, bromeliads on fallen maple tree (C. Hoff, AMNH PBI_ OON 38029 View Materials ), 1♂   ; Sebring Airport , Feb. 19–20, 1982, fossil dune pine litter (G. Edwards, FSCA PBI_ OON 21215 View Materials ), 2♀   . Hillsborough Co.: Tampa, Aug. 26, 1933, among dead leaves on ground (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 336), 1♂ (holotype). Lee Co. : Fort Myers , winter 1934 (W. Barrows, AMNH PBI_ OON 37069 View Materials ), 1♂   . Leon Co.: S Chaires on U.S. 27, July 17, 1965, sawdust pile at edge of cypress swamp (W. Suter, FMNH 71726 View Materials , PBI_ OON 43494 View Materials ), 1♀   ; 1 mi W Tallahassee on Fla. Rt. 20 just south of intersection with US 90, July 1, 1965, Berlese, litter (W. Suter, FMNH PBI_ OON 10502 View Materials ), 1♂   ; Tall Timbers Research Station , June 21, 1968, pitfall, abandoned field (W. Baker, AMNH PBI_OON 377), 1♀   , Aug. 5, 1968, pitfall (W. Baker, AMNH PBI_OON 375), 3♂   , same, pitfall under cedar in middle of lawn (W. Baker, AMNH PBI_OON 376), 2♂   . Liberty Co.: Torreya State Park , 30°33′N, 84°57′W, Apr. 4, 1957 (W. Gertsch, R. Forster, AMNH PBI_ OON 21030 View Materials ), 2♂ GoogleMaps   , Dec. 18, 1967 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21124 View Materials ), 2♂, 1♀ GoogleMaps   . Marion Co.: Ocala National Forest , Nov. 28, 1972 (R. Kaplan, FMNH PBI_ OON 38340 View Materials ), 3♂   . Martin Co.: Jonathan Dickson State Park , 26°59′N, 80°08′W, Dec. 12, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 1100), 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; 8 mi NNW Stuart , 27°17′N, 80°17′W, Dec. 12, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 38032 View Materials ), 2♂, 3♀ GoogleMaps   . Monroe Co.: Big Pine Key , E end, 24°40′N, 81°22′W, Dec. 13, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37335 View Materials ), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Big Pine Key, nature trail off Key Deer Blvd. , 24°42.558′N, 81°23.181′W, hand sifting (P. Sierwald, FMNH PBI_ OON 38339 View Materials ), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Big Torch Key , June 5–Aug. 28, 1986, hammock forest malaise flight intercept trap (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 43549 View Materials ), 1♂   ; Key Largo Key , 25°10′N, 80°20′W, Dec. 17, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37331 View Materials ), 2♂, 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Key Vaca, Marathon , Aug. 7, 1972, Berlese, palm-hardwood litter (S. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 31176 View Materials , 37521), 1♂, 1♀   ; Lignum Vitae Key , July 1981, Malaise trap trough (S. Peck, CNC 38176 View Materials ), 1♂, 2♀   ); No Name Key , Aug. 28–Dec. 13, 1986, forest malaise flight intercept trough (S., J. Peck, AMNH PBI_ OON 37325 View Materials ), 1♂   . Orange Co.: 3 mi NW Maitland , 28°38′N, 81°24′W, Dec. 10, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37327 View Materials ), 6♂, 9♀ GoogleMaps   . Pinellas Co.: Dunedin , 1927 (W. Blatchley, MCZ 68303 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27173 View Materials ), 1♀   . Polk Co.: Winter Haven , Mar. 29, 1968, pitfall, sand-pine dune (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21213 View Materials ), 1♀   , Mar. 13, 1969, pitfall, sand-pine dune (K. Stone, FSCA PBI_ OON 21211 View Materials ), 1♂   , Sept. 30, 1970, pitfall, sand-pine (M. Muma, H. Greene, FSCA PBI_ OON 21212 View Materials ), 1♀   . Putnam Co.: Welaka , May 9, 1949 (A. Van Felt, MCZ 68302 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27172 View Materials ), 1♂ (missing palps)   . Sarasota Co.   : Myakka River State Park , 27°14′N, 82°16′W, Dec. 26, 1963 (J., W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21035 View Materials ), 1♀ GoogleMaps   . Volusia Co.   : 2 mi S Orange City , 28°53′N, 81°17′W, Dec. 9, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37334 View Materials ), 2♂, 2♀ GoogleMaps   . Georgia: Chatham Co.: 3 mi SE Savannah , 32°04′N, 81°04′W, Apr. 4–May 3, 1943 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1141, 1143, 37328, 37336) GoogleMaps   ,

FIGS. 79–91. Scaphioides campeche   , new species, male (79, 80, 82–86, 88, 89) and female (81, 87, 90, 91). 79, 84. Carapace, dorsal view. 80, 81. Sternum, ventral view. 82, 88. Left embolus, prolateral view. 83, 89. Same, retrolateral view. 85. Left palp, prolateral view. 86. Same, retrolateral view. 87. Epigastric region, ventral view. 90. Genitalia, ventral view. 91. Same, dorsal view.

10♂, 9♀; Savannah Beach , 31°60′N, 80°50′W, Dec. 5, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1144) GoogleMaps   , 1♀; 3 mi NW Savannah Beach , 32°01′N, 80°53′W, Mar. 14, 1954 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1146) GoogleMaps   , 10♂, 11♀. Emanuel Co.: N Swainsboro , 28°53′N, 81°17′W, Dec. 23, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_OON 1142) GoogleMaps   , 2♀. Glynn Co.: Jekyll Island Park, 31°06′N, 81°25′W, Dec. 6, 1962 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37330 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1♂. Randolph Co.: outside Grier’s Cave , 10 mi N Cuthbert, Oct. 22, 1941 (A. Archer, AMNH PBI_ OON 21031 View Materials , 21039)   , 2♀. Thomas Co.: 8 mi SW Meigs , 30°59′N, 84°11′W, Dec. 18, 1967 (W. Ivie, AMNH PBI_ OON 37332 View Materials ) GoogleMaps   , 1♂. North Carolina: Carteret Co.: Bogue Banks , Oct. 15, 1951 (R. Barnes, AMNH PBI_ OON 21041 View Materials )   , 1♂, June 6, 1952 (R. Barnes, MCZ 68301 View Materials , PBI_ OON 27174 View Materials )   , 2♂.

DISTRIBUTION: Southeastern United States (North Carolina, Georgia, and Florida)   .

Scaphioides campeche   , new species

Figures 79–91

TYPES:Male holotype, female allotype, plus one male and one female paratypes from Campeche, Campeche, Mexico (July 5–6, 1951; L. Stannard), deposited in AMNH (PBI_OON 1380)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. gertschi   , S. siboney   , and S. hoffi   in having sternal pits only around the furrows (figs. 80, 81) and both tubercles and pits with reticulating ridges on the carapace (fig. 79), but differ in having the carapace tubercles restricted to the posterior declivity (fig. 79).

MALE (PBI_OON 1380, figs. 79, 80, 82–86, 88, 89): Total length 1.07. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture only around furrows, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove. Endites with rounded tip bearing two short, strong setae. Embolus resembles that of S. minuta   but proximal portion shorter, thumblike.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 1380, figs. 81, 87, 90, 91): Total length 1.16. Anterior genitalic projection relatively long, narrow, curved, on triangular base.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: MEXICO: Yucatán: Chichén Itzá (C. Goodnight, AMNH PBI_ OON 37329 View Materials ), 1♂   .

DISTRIBUTION: Mexico (Campeche, Yucatán)   .

Scaphioides irazu   , new species

Figures 92–100 View FIGS

TYPE: Female holotype from Volcán Irazu, Cartago, Costa Rica (July 27, 1965; A. Chickering), deposited in MCZ (72091, PBI_ OON 26486 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. phonetus   , S. econotus   , and S. nitens   in having many tubercles on the carapace, arrayed in triangular patches opposite the coxae (fig. 92), but have a white, rather than patterned or iridescent abdomen and in having the anterior genitalic process situated on a relatively wide base (figs. 99, 100).

MALE: Unknown.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 26486 View Materials , figs. 92–100): Total length 1.37. Elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, sides granulate. ALE separated by their radius to diameter. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture only around furrows, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Anterior genitalic process very narrow, on boat-shaped base.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: None.

DISTRIBUTION: Costa Rica (Cartago).

Scaphioides bimini   , new species

Figures 75–78 View FIGS

TYPE: Male holotype from South Bimini, Bahama Islands   (May 1951; W. Gertsch, M. Cazier), deposited in AMNH (PBI_ OON 21048 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. camaguey   , S. cobre   , and S. yateras   in having large pits widely distributed on the sternum, including along the midline (fig. 76), but differ in having a relatively short, wide embolus (figs. 77. 78).

MALE (PBI_ OON 21048 View Materials , figs. 75–78): Total length 1.17. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Embolus without clearly distinguishable proximal and distal lobes.

FEMALE: Unknown.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: None.

DISTRIBUTION: Bahama Islands (South Bimini)   .

Scaphioides gertschi   , new species

Figures 101–113 View FIGS

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and two male paratypes from South Bimini, Bahama Islands   (May 1951; W. Gertsch, M. Cazier), deposited in AMNH (PBI_ OON 21008 View Materials )   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a patronym in honor of Willis Gertsch, one of the collectors of the type series.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. campeche   , S. siboney   , and S. hoffi   in having sternal pits only around the furrows (figs. 102, 103) and both tubercles and pits with reticulating ridges on the carapace (fig. 101), but have the proximal lobe of the embolus rounded in prolateral view (fig. 104) and a long, narrow tip on the anterior genitalic process (figs. 112, 113).

MALE (PBI_ OON 21042 View Materials , figs. 101, 102, 104–108, 110, 111): Total length 1.18. Elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth except posterior margin with U-shaped band of tubercles; carapace sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture only around furrows, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove. Endites with rounded tip. Embolus with proximal portion short, narrow, distal portion arched.

FEMALE (PBI_ OON 21042 View Materials , figs. 103, 109, 112, 113): Total length 1.37. Anterior genitalic projection long, wider distally than proximally, on short base with squared sides.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Bahama Islands: North Bimini, Dec.   4, 1952 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21032 View Materials ), 2♀; Pigeon Cay, Andros Island   , May 1–6, 1994, Berlese, coastal coppice litter (R. Anderson, AMNH PBI_OON 1766), 1♀   ; South Bimini   , May 1951 (W. Gertsch, M. Cazier, AMNH PBI_ OON 21042 View Materials , 21045, 43633), 10♂, 1♀   , June 1951 (M. Cazier, C., P. Vaurie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21036 View Materials , 21040), 4♂, 1♀   , July 1951 (C., P. Vaurie, AMNH PBI_ OON 21046 View Materials ), 1♀   , Apr. 10–14, 1952 (E. Mayr , AMNH PBI_ OON 21047 View Materials ), 1♂   , Dec. 12–18, 1952 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21038 View Materials , 21043), 3♂, 1♀   , Mar. 22–28, 1953 (A. Nadler , AMNH PBI_ OON 21033 View Materials ), 1♂   , May 26–29, 1953 (A. Nadler, AMNH PBI_ OON 21049 View Materials ), 1♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: Bahama Islands (Andros, North Bimini, South Bimini)   .

Scaphioides camaguey   , new species

Figures 114–126 View FIGS

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, plus one male and four female paratypes taken during the dry season in a semideciduous forest at Sierra de Cubitas , Limones de Tuabaquey, Camagüey, Cuba (Feb. 2010; Y. Martínez), deposited in MNH (PBI_OON 968)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. bimini   , S. cobre   , and S. yateras   in having large pits widely distributed on the sternum, including along the midline (figs. 115, 116), but have a relatively long, narrow embolus with a greatly reduced proximal lobe (figs. 117, 118) and a relatively long, narrow anterior genitalic process (figs. 125, 126).

MALE (PBI_OON 968, figs. 114, 115, 117–122): Total length 1.03. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides strongly reticulate, posterior margin of elevated portion with U-shaped band of tubercles. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture only around furrows, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Proximal portion of embolus tiny, distal portion strongly arched.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 968, figs. 116, 123–126): Total length 1.28. Anterior genitalic process much wider posteriorly than anteriorly, on short base with angular edges that extend farther anteriorly than do paramedian portions of base.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Cuba: Camagüey: Sierra de Cubitas, Limones de Tuabaquey, Sept. 2009   (Y. Martínez, AMNH PBI_OON 969), 2♂, 3♀   .

DISTRIBUTION: Cuba (Camagüey).

Scaphioides granpiedra   , new species Figures 127–136 View FIGS TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and female paratype taken in litter at an elevation of 1200 m at a site 7.5 km on the road to La Gran Piedra, 20°00′23″N, 75°40′31″W, Santiago GoogleMaps  

FIGS. 147–159. Scaphioides cobre   , new species, male (147, 148, 150–155) and female (149, 156–159). 147, 152, 156. Carapace, dorsal view. 148, 149. Sternum, ventral view. 150. Left embolus, prolateral view. 151. Same, retrolateral view. 153. Left palp, prolateral view. 154. Same, retrolateral view. 155. Mouthparts, ventral view. 157. Epigastric region, ventral view. 158. Genitalia, ventral view. 159. Same, dorsal view.

FIGS. 168–177. Scaphioides cletus (Chickering)   , male (168, 169, 171–174) and female (170, 175–177). 168. Carapace, dorsal view. 169, 170. Sternum, ventral view. 171. Left embolus, prolateral view. 172. Same, retrolateral view. 173. Left palp, prolateral view. 174. Same, retrolateral view. 175. Epigastric region, ventral view. 176. Genitalia, ventral view. 177. Same, dorsal view.

FIGS. 178–190. Scaphioides hoffi (Chickering)   , male (178, 179, 181–187) and female (180, 188–190). 178, 183. Carapace, dorsal view. 179, 180. Sternum, ventral view. 181, 186. Left embolus, prolateral view. 182, 187. Same, retrolateral view. 184. Left palp, prolateral view. 185. Same, retrolateral view. 188. Epigastric region, ventral view. 189. Genitalia, ventral view. 190. Same, dorsal view.

de Cuba, Cuba (May 8, 2010; N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón), deposited in BSC (PBI_OON 960)   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. reducta   in having relatively few, small sternal depressions that are “haloed” by distinct edges (figs. 128, 129) but have the proximal portion of the embolus no longer than the distal portion (figs. 130, 131) and a smaller base of the anterior genitalic process (figs. 135, 136).

MALE (PBI_OON 961, figs. 127, 128, 130–133): Total length 1.33. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with small round pits, microsculpture everywhere but front, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with continuous transverse groove. Endites with rounded tip. Proximal portion of embolus separated from distal portion, on retrolateral side, by short, round notch.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 361, figs. 129, 134–136): Total length 1.50. Anterior genitalic process hourglass shaped.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Cuba: Santiago de Cuba: Municipio Santiago de Cuba: Cañón del Río Juticí, Reserva Ecológica Siboney-Juticí , 19°57′44″N, 75°44′48″W, May 4–5, 2010, Berlese, litter, elev. 10 m (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_ OON 963), 8♂, 2♀ (including Eva Guablomme DNA sequencing voucher) GoogleMaps   ; El Cobre, 20°02′48″N, 75°56′20″W, May 7, 2010, Berlese, litter (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_OON 961), 1♂, 1♀ GoogleMaps   ; Mata Yegua, 2 km NE El Escandel, near tributary of Río Escandel , 20°05′34″N, 75°41′49″W, May 10, 2010, litter (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_OON 962), 1♂ GoogleMaps   ; Reserva Ecológica Siboney-Juticí , 19°57′39″N, 75°42′52″W, May 5, 2010, dry litter (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_ OON 43634 View Materials ), 3♂, 3♀ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Cuba (Santiago de Cuba).

Scaphioides siboney   , new species

Figures 137–146 View FIGS

Stenoonops hoffi   (misidentification): Dumitresco and Georgesco, 1983: 94, pl. 16, figs. 1–5.

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, plus five male and three female paratypes taken in dry litter at the Reserva Ecológica Siboney-Juticí , 19°57′39″N, 75°42′52″W, Municipio Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba (May 5, 2010; N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón), deposited in BSC (PBI_OON 964) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. campeche   , S. gertschi   , and S. hoffi   in having sternal pits only around the furrows (figs. 138, 139) and both tubercles and pits with reticulating ridges on the carapace (fig. 137), but have the proximal lobe of the embolus squared in prolateral view (fig. 140) and a widened tip on the anterior genitalic process (figs. 145, 146).

MALE (PBI_OON 964, figs. 137, 138, 140–143): Total length 1.28. Elevated portion of pars cephalica smooth, except posterior margin with short, U-shaped band of tubercles, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture only around furrows, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Endite tip with rounded edge. Proximal portion of embolus occupying much more of prolateral side than of retrolateral side.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 964, figs. 139, 144–146): Total length 1.43. Anterior genitalic process very long, greatly expanded anteriorly, base with very short sides.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Cuba: Santiago de Cuba: Municipio Santiago de Cuba: Cañón del Río Juticí, Reserva Ecológica Siboney-Juticí , 19°57′44″N, 75°44′48″W, May 4–5, 2010, Berlese, litter, elev. 10 m (N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón, AMNH PBI_OON 965), 2♂ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Cuba (Santiago de Cuba).

Scaphioides cobre   , new species

Figures 147–159

TYPES: Male holotype, female allotype, and male paratype taken in Berlese sample of litter from El Cobre, 20°02′48″N, 75°56′20″W, Municipio Santiago de Cuba, Santiago de Cuba, Cuba (May 7, 2010; N. Platnick, A. Sánchez, A. Pérez, G. Alayón), deposited in BSC (PBI_OON 966) GoogleMaps   .

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. bimini   , S. camaguey   , and S. yateras   in having large pits widely distributed on the sternum, including along the midline (figs. 148, 149), but have a scoop-shaped retrolateral margin on the proximal lobe of the embolus (figs. 150, 151) and short, wide anterior genitalic process (figs. 158, 159).

MALE (PBI_OON 966, figs. 147, 148, 150–155): Total length 1.18. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, posterior margin with U-shaped band of tubercles, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Proximal portion of embolus largely covering distal portion in prolateral view.

FEMALE (PBI_OON 966, figs. 149, 156–159): Total length 1.30. Anterior genitalic projection short, wide, expanded anteriorly, situated on semicircular base.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: None.

DISTRIBUTION: Cuba (Santiago de Cuba).

Scaphioides yateras   , new species

Figures 160–167 View FIGS

TYPES: Male holotype and three male paratypes taken 500 m N of the road to Palenque, N of the Río Guayabo , 20°32′37″N, 75°00′41″W, Municipio Yateras, Guantánamo, Cuba (May 13, 2010; A. Pérez), deposited in BSC (PBI_OON 967) GoogleMaps   ,

ETYMOLOGY: The specific name is a noun in apposition taken from the type locality.

DIAGNOSIS: Members of this species resemble those of S. bimini   , S. camaguey   , and S. cobre   in having large pits widely distributed on the sternum, including along the midline (fig. 161), but have an elongated distal lobe on the embolus (figs. 162, 163).

MALE (PBI_OON 967, figs. 160–167): Total length 1.15. Elevated portion of pars cephalica strongly reticulate, posterior margin with U-shaped band of tubercles, sides strongly reticulate. ALE separated by less than their radius. Sternum surface smooth, covered with large round pits, microsculpture covering entire surface, furrows with rows of small pits, anterior margin with interrupted transverse groove. Distal portion of embolus extending across proximal portion in prolateral view.

FEMALE: Unknown.

OTHER MATERIAL EXAMINED: WEST INDIES: Cuba: Guantánamo: Municipio Baracoa: Río Jaguaní, El Poal , ca. 20°26.050′N, 74°45.775′W, Aug. 11, 1992, elev. 125 m (A. Pérez, M. Estrada, AMNH PBI_ OON 43632 View Materials ), 1♂ GoogleMaps   .

DISTRIBUTION: Cuba (Guantánamo).

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

AMNH

American Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Oonopidae

Genus

Scaphioides

Loc

Scaphioides minuta (Chamberlin and Ivie)

Platnick, Norman I., Berniker, Lily & Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne 2012
2012
Loc

Stenoonops hoffi

Dumitresco, M. & M. Georgesco 1983: 94
1983
Loc

Stenoonops minutus

Chickering, A. M. 1969: 160
Chamberlin, R. V. & W. Ivie 1935: 8
1935