Gonatocerus (Cosmocomoidea) latipennis Girault, 1911, Girault, 1911

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., 2013, Review of Gonatocerus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in the Palaearctic region, with notes on extralimital distributions, Zootaxa 3644 (1), pp. 1-178: 145-149

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3644.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:DF42B735-9A47-48D5-B382-F6A980563914

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5099143

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/DC2687A4-E5AC-FF31-68CC-0E021DE35BCF

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scientific name

Gonatocerus (Cosmocomoidea) latipennis Girault, 1911
status

 

Gonatocerus (Cosmocomoidea) latipennis Girault, 1911  

( Figs 264–270 View FIGURES 264 – 267 View FIGURES 268 – 270 , 278– 282 View FIGURES 278 – 280 View FIGURES 281, 282 )

Gonatocerus latipennis Girault 1911: 268   –269, 273 (key). Holotype male [ USNM] (not examined). Type locality: unknown, North America—? Canada according to Girault (1911) but that was only his assumption not accepted by Burks (1958).

Gonatocerus maximus Girault 1911: 264   –265, 273 (key). Holotype female [lost from INHS ( Huber 1988)] (not examined). Type locality: Pulaski, Pulaski Co., Illinois, USA. Synonymized under G. latipennis   by Huber 1988: 60 –61.

Gonatocerus latipennis Girault: Girault 1929   : 24 (key); Huber 1988: 60 –63 (references, information on the type material, redescription, distribution; member of the ater   species group and subgroup).

Gonatocerus maximus Girault: Girault 1929   : 25 (key).

Lymaenon latipennis (Girault)   : Burks 1958: 63 (catalog); Peck 1963: 23 (catalog).

Lymaenon maximus (Girault)   : Burks 1958: 63 (catalog [not actually listed but referring to Peck (1951)]); Peck 1963: 24 (catalog).

Gonatocerus (Cosmocomoidea) latipennis Girault   : Triapitsyn et al. 2010: 95 (records from Mexico).

Material examined. RUSSIA. KRASNODARSKIY KRAY, Krasnodar, 31.viii. 2003, V.V. Kostjukov [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. UK. ENGLAND, Surrey Co., Dorking, White Downs, 21.ix. 1986, J.S. Noyes [1 Ƥ, CNCI].

Extralimital records. USA. CALIFORNIA, San Bernardino Co., Lake Arrowhead, Blue Jay, 18.vi. 1998, H.E. Andersen [3 Ƥ, UCRC]. NEW YORK, Queens Co., [North] Floral Park, 15.vi. 1984, D. Yanega [1 Ƥ, UCRC].

Distribution. PALAEARCTIC*: Russia * (European part), and UK * ( England). NEARCTIC: Canada, Mexico, and USA ( Huber 1988; Triapitsyn et al. 2010).

Redescription. See Huber (1988) (based on specimens from North America).

Diagnosis. FEMALE (based on specimens from Europe). Body mostly dark brown, appendages light to dark brown; antenna ( Figs 264 View FIGURES 264 – 267 , 268 View FIGURES 268 – 270 ) with scape minus radicle 2.8–3.3 × as long as wide, F 1 and F 2 the shortest funicle segments, F 3 a little longer than F 2 or F 4, mps on F 3 (usually 2, occasionally 1 on one antenna), F 4 (0 or 1), F 5 (2), F 6 (1 or 2), F 7 (2), F 8 (2), clava with 8 mps; propodeum ( Figs 265 View FIGURES 264 – 267 , 269 View FIGURES 268 – 270 ) with submedian carinae complete, curving anteriorly and posteriorly; fore wing ( Figs 267 View FIGURES 264 – 267 , 270 View FIGURES 268 – 270 ) 2.6–2.9 × as long as wide, with disc almost hyaline, mostly bare behind venation except for a few setae behind stigmal vein; hind wing ( Fig. 270 View FIGURES 268 – 270 ) 12–14 × as long as wide; ovipositor occupying 0.7–0.8 × length of gaster ( Fig. 266 View FIGURES 264 – 267 ), 1.0– 1.1 × as long as mesotibia, not exserted beyond gastral apex.

MALE. Not known from Europe.

The hind wing width and chaetotaxy seems to be quite variable among the examined specimens to G. latipennis   both from North America and Europe, being 11–13 × as long as wide and rather densely setose in some North American specimens ( Fig. 282 View FIGURES 281, 282 ); Huber (1988) also noticed that the hind wing width is fairly variable in this species. Also illustrated here are the antenna ( Fig. 278 View FIGURES 278 – 280 ), mesosoma ( Fig. 279 View FIGURES 278 – 280 ), and fore wing ( Fig. 280 View FIGURES 278 – 280 ) of the female from New York, USA, as well as the propodeum ( Fig. 281 View FIGURES 281, 282 ) and fore wing ( Fig. 282 View FIGURES 281, 282 ) of the female from California, USA.

Hosts. Unknown ( Huber 1988). The host record of the blue-green sharpshooter, Graphocephala atropunctata (Signoret)   ( Cicadellidae   ), in California by Boyd et al. (2004) and Boyd & Hoddle (2006) was due to my initial misidentification as G. latipennis   . After a more thorough examination of additional specimens of G.

latipennis   from the USA, I found that the reported parasitoid of G. atropunctata   belongs to a new species of G. ( Cosmocomoidea   ) which will be described elsewhere.

Comments. Note that the illustration of the propodeum of G. latipennis   in Huber (1988, p. 99) is mislabeled: his fig. 72 is of G. latipennis   whereas fig. 73 is of G. (Cosmocomoidea) morrilli (Howard)   .

The following records of G.? latipennis   from the eastern Palaearctic region and also of a female from Stavropol’skiy kray, Russia, need confirmation because they have the fore wing disc seemingly relatively more setose behind the stigmal vein ( Figs 273 View FIGURES 271 – 273 , 277 View FIGURE 277 ) than in specimens from England ( Fig. 267 View FIGURES 264 – 267 ) and Krasnodarskiy kray, Russia ( Fig. 270 View FIGURES 268 – 270 ), or from USA ( Figs 280 View FIGURES 278 – 280 , 282 View FIGURES 281, 282 ) while other features such as female antenna ( Fig. 271 View FIGURES 271 – 273 ) and propodeum ( Fig. 272 View FIGURES 271 – 273 ) are the same as in G. latipennis   . In some specimens from the Russian Far East the ovipositor is 1.3 × as long as mesotibia and slightly exserted beyond the gastral apex. The male of this form, which may represent a separate species, is similar to female, including the shape of the submedian carinae on the propodeum ( Fig. 275 View FIGURES 274 – 276 ), and except for the normal sexually dimorphic features: antenna ( Fig. 274 View FIGURES 274 – 276 ) with F 1 wider than other flagellomeres, and genitalia ( Fig. 276 View FIGURES 274 – 276 ). CHINA. BEIJING: Beijing, Fragrant Hills Park, 23–24.vii. 2002, M.L. Buffington [1 Ƥ, 1 3, UCRC]. Mentougou District, Xiaolongmen Station, 39 ° 59.22 ’N 115 ° 31.48 ’E, 1095 m, 28.vii. 2002, G. Melika [2 3, UCRC]. JAPAN. SHIZUOKA, Atami, 18.ii. 1921, C.P. Clausen (“on foliage hibernating”, California State Insectary record No. 1467) [6 Ƥ, UCRC]. RUSSIA. PRIMORSKIY KRAY, Ussuriyskiy rayon, Gornotayozhnoye, 43.66 °N 132.25 °E, 200 m, M.V. Michailovskaya: 8.vi. 1999 [1 Ƥ, UCRC]; 11–14.vii. 1999 [2 Ƥ, UCRC]; 24.vii– 1.viii. 1999 [1 Ƥ, UCRC]; 17–18.viii. 1999 [1 3, UCRC]; 27.vii. 2003 [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. STAVROPOL’SKIY KRAY, Levokumskiy rayon, Achikulak, 23.viii. 2002, V.V. Kostjukov [1 Ƥ, UCRC]. TAIWAN ( CHINA). Nantou Pilu Chi Hydroelectric Station, 2000 m, 15–30.vi. 1997, M. Yang [3 Ƥ, UCRC].

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

INHS

Illinois Natural History Survey

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

NEW

University of Newcastle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Genus

Gonatocerus

Loc

Gonatocerus (Cosmocomoidea) latipennis Girault, 1911

Triapitsyn, Serguei V. 2013
2013
Loc

Lymaenon latipennis

Peck 1963: 23
Burks 1958: 63
1958
Loc

Lymaenon maximus

Peck 1963: 24
Burks 1958: 63
1958
Loc

Gonatocerus latipennis

Huber 1988: 60
Girault 1929: 24
1929
Loc

Gonatocerus maximus

Girault 1929: 25
1929
Loc

Gonatocerus latipennis

Girault 1911: 268
1911
Loc

Gonatocerus maximus

Huber 1988: 60
Girault 1911: 264
1911