Vaejovis elii, Ayrey, 2020

Ayrey, Richard F., 2020, A new species of Vaejovis from Mingus Mountain, northern Arizona (Scorpiones: Vaejovidae), Euscorpius 303, pp. 1-12 : 1-10

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.4648271

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Vaejovis elii

sp. nov.

Vaejovis elii View in CoL sp. n.

( Figures 1–13 View Figures 1–2 View Figure 3 View Figures 4–13 , Tables 1–2 View Table 1 View Table 2 )

http: //zoobank. org/urn: lsid: zoobank. org: act: 4CACA78A-2 A84-42FE-8132-05B04F2D11A9

TYPE LOCALITY AND TYPE DEPOSITORY. USA, Arizona, Yavapai County, Mingus Mt. , 34.70111°N 112.13939°W, 2,291 m a. s. l.; USNM GoogleMaps .

TYPE MATERIAL. USA, Arizona, Yavapai County, Mingus Mt. , 34.70111°N 112.13939°W, 2,291 m a. s. l., leg. R. F. Ayrey, 31 May 2019 1♀ (holotype, #RA2888), USNM, GoogleMaps 1♂ 3♀ (paratypes, #RA2901, 2887, 2889, 2890), RFA, 31 August 2016, GoogleMaps 3♂ (paratypes, #RA2442, 2885, 2886), RFA, 30 June 2012, GoogleMaps 3♀ (paratypes, #RA756, 761), RFA GoogleMaps .

The type specimens were found with a black light at night. The vegetation type is Ponderosa Pine Forest ( Figs. 18–19 View Figures 18–19 ). No other scorpion species were found syntopically.

ETYMOLOGY. The species epithet is a patronym in honor of Eli Ayrey who found the holotype specimen and many of the other types.

DIAGNOSIS. Small (holotype length 24.58 mm) scorpions. Color is dark brown, lighter on the legs, with underlying mottling on carapace and mesosoma ( Fig. 1 View Figures 1–2 ). Pedipalp movable finger with 7 ID denticles and fixed finger with 6, similar to most northern Arizona members of the “ vorhiesi ” group. Carapace of female is longer than the fifth metasomal segment. Pectinal tooth count for females 11.50 [n=8] and 13.00 [n=2] for males. Small poorly developed subaculear tubercle.

DESCRIPTION. Based on holotype female, unless otherwise noted.

Color. Color is dark brown, lighter on the legs. Faint underlying mottling on carapace and mesosoma.

Carapace. ( Figs. 4, 6 View Figures 4–13 ) Anterior margin of carapace moderately emarginated, posterior margin slightly emarginated. Carapace finely granular. Three lateral eyes on each side. Median furrow moderate and traverses entire length of carapace. Ratio of median eyes location from anterior edge/carapace length 0.33; carapace length/width at median eyes 1.44. Carapace of female is longer than metasomal segment V.

Mesosoma. Tergites finely granular with vestigial median carina on tergites I–VI. Tergite VII with vestigial carina on anterior third and strong dorsal lateral and lateral supramedian granular carinae on posterior half. Sternites III–VI finely granular and without carinae. Sternite VII with granular ventral lateral carinae on proximal 1/2, very weak to absent on posterior 1/5. Presternites smooth. Spiracles ovoid with median side rotated 35 degrees from posterior sternite margin. Sternites with variable number of microsetae.

Sternum ( Figs. 5, 7 View Figures 4–13 ). Sternum is Type 2.

Genital Operculum ( Fig. 5 View Figures 4–13 ). Sclerites separated on posterior one-fifth.

Pectines ( Figs. 5, 7 View Figures 4–13 ). Pectinal tooth counts 11/11 [2], 11/12 [1], 12/12 [n=6] and 13/12 [1] with a mean of 11.80 [n=20], SD 0.52 for females and 13/13 [1], 13/14 [2], and 14/13 [n=1], with a mean of 13.38 [n=8], standard deviatsion 0.52 for males. All pectinal teeth have exterodistal angling with large sensorial area. Middle lamellae 7/6. Fulcra are present. Each fulcra with 1–4 central setae.

Metasoma ( Fig. 11 View Figures 4–13 ). Ratios of segments I–V length/width see Table 2 View Table 2 . Segments I–IV: dorsolateral carinae strong and granular with distal denticle of I–IV enlarged and spinoid. Lateral supramedian carinae I–IV strong and granular with enlarged spinoid distal denticle. Lateral inframedian carinae moderately granular on segment I, weakly granular on II, III, and IV. Ventrolateral carinae I weak and granular; on II–III and IV moderate, granular. Ventral submedian carinae weak on segment I, weak to moderate on II, moderate, granular on III and IV. Dorsal and lateral intercarinal spaces very finely granular. Segment I–IV ventral submedian setae 3/3:4/4:4/4:4/4. Segment V: Dorsolateral carinae moderate, distally crenulate, basally granular. Lateromedian carinae weak and granular on basal 3/5, obsolete on distal 2/5. Ventrolateral and ventromedian carinae strong. Intercarinal spaces finely granular. Segment V ventrolateral setae 4/4.

Telson ( Fig. 12 View Figures 4–13 ). Smooth with 4 pairs of large setae on the ventral surface, 3 large setae along both lateral edges of the vesicle and numerous smaller setae. Small, poorly developed subaculear tubercle present. Subaculear setae present at basal portion of subaculear tubercle. Small number of lateral aculear serrations (LAS) present; average of 5.25 (holotype and paratypes).

Chelicerae ( Fig. 13 View Figures 4–13 ). Dorsal edge of movable cheliceral finger with two subdistal (sd) denticles. Ventral edge is smooth, with well-developed serrula on distal half. Fixed cheliceral finger with four denticles: basal, median, subdistal and distal. Basal and median denticles forked. Typical for genus.

Pedipalps ( Fig. 20 View Figure 20 ). Trichobothrial pattern type C ( Vachon, 1974). Trichobothria ib and it at base of fixed finger. Pedipalp ratios: chela length/width 3.42; femur length/width 3.54; patella length/width 3.12; fixed finger length/carapace length 0.61.

Chela. Carinae moderate. Fixed finger median (MD) denticles aligned and divided into 6 subrows by 5 outer (OD) denticles and 6 inner (ID) denticles. Movable finger with 6 subrows, 5 OD denticles and 7 ID denticles (Soleglad & Sissom, 2001).

Femur. Carinae moderate.

Patella. Carinae strong, internal surface with very large granules on the DPSc carina.

Legs. ( Fig. 9 View Figures 4–13 ). Ventral surface of tarsomere II with single median row of spinules terminating distally with one spinule pair.

Hemispermatophore ( Figs. 14–15 View Figures 14–15 ). All descriptions based on left hemispermatophore. Wide hemispermatophore trunk. Lamellar hook sclerotized, strongly bifurcated at distal tip. Deep trough. Trough difference accounts for 85% of entire lamellar hook length. Weak distal crest is present on the inner distal aspect of the lamella, which is also barely visible from the ventral surface. Measurements (mm): trough difference, 0.60; lamellar hook length, 0.71; lamina length, 2.30; trunk width, 0.81; lamina width, 0.47; ratio of lamellar hook length to lamina length, 0.21; ratio of trough difference to lamellar hook length, 0.85.

Variability. Variability of male and female pectine counts found in most species of the “ vorhiesi ” group was also noted in V. elii . See the pectine section.

REPRODUCTION. Several females were kept alive in captivity in order to observe them giving birth and to count the number of first instar juveniles ( Fig. 16 View Figures 16–17 ). Nine females gave birth. The juvenile counts were: 16, 18, 19, 20, 24, 24, 30, 31, and 31; mean = 23.67 (n=8), SD = 5.8524. Birth and postpartum behavior are as described in Ayrey (2013a).

AFFINITIES. With the description of Vaejovis elii presented herein, 22 species are currently placed in the “ vorhiesi ” group of Vaejovis (see map, Fig. 21 View Figure 21 ). Comparisons are made to Vaejovis crumpi , Vaejovis grayae and Vaejovis trinityae , the three species that are found nearest to Mingus Mountain, the locality of Vaejovis elii sp. n. It differs from all species compared by a combination of three important morphometric ratios: metasoma V L/W, femur L/W and chela L/W as well as the following.

V.crumpi differs from V. elii sp. n. by six, V. grayae by seven, and V. trinityae by seven important morphometric characters (see Tab. 2 View Table 2 ).

DISTRIBUTION. Known only from the type locality, Mingus Mountain , Yavapai County, Arizona, USA .


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Departamento de Geologia, Universidad de Chile













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