Maratus ottoi Baehr & Whyte

Baehr, Barbara C. & Whyte, Robert, 2016, The Peacock Spiders (Araneae: Salticidae: Maratus) of the Queensland Museum, including six new species, Zootaxa 4154 (5), pp. 501-525: 518-522

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4154.5.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9C689664-C36A-46F8-B106-6EF6D18B1D50

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D709975B-C529-5678-2DB3-FD0E36B5FE66

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Maratus ottoi Baehr & Whyte
status

sp. nov.

Maratus ottoi Baehr & Whyte   , sp. nov.

( FIGURES 11 View FIGURE 11 B, E, H, 13A ‒I)

Material examined. MALE HOLOTYPE (QM-S96332) from Australia, south-east Queensland, Venman Bushland National Park , 27°37’S, 153°12’E, M. Doe, 10 Nov. 2015 GoogleMaps   . ALLOTYPE: 1 female (QM-S96333), same data as previous, M. Duncan GoogleMaps   . PARATYPE: 1female (QM-S96334), same data as previous GoogleMaps   ; 1 male (QM-S35068), south-east Queensland, Rochdale State Forest , 27°37’S, 153°09’E, V. Davies, R. Raven, 6 Sep. 1979 GoogleMaps   .

Remarks. Maratus ottoi   was known from black and white drawings in a publication by Davies & Żabka (1989: 237, fig. 40), based on a male, collected by Val Davies and Robert Raven in 1979 in the Rochedale State Forest (QM-S35068). At that time it was not named. In 2015 live individuals were found by Madeline Girard, Michael Doe and Michael Duncan in the Venman Bushland National Park (QM-S96333, S96334 View Materials ).

Dance: You tube Peacock Spider 15 (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=my5AqKpC-Rs).

Etymology. The specific name is a patronym in honour of Dr Jürgen Otto, one of Australia’s most accomplished Maratus   experts.

Diagnosis. M. ottoi   is closely related to M. eliasi   sharing a nearly identical prosomal colour pattern ( Figs 12 View FIGURE 12 A, 13A) and a similar embolic disc ( Figs 11 View FIGURE 11 A, B). M. ottoi   can be separated from M. eliasi   by having a different opisthosomal colour pattern with no red posterior markings but an octopus-like pattern anteriorly (this species had the nickname “Mr Octopus”) ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 A) with tooth like denticules at the retrocentral part of the embolus ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 B) and a slightly rounded embolic tip ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 E).

Description. Male (Holotype, QM-S96332). Total length 4.11. Prosoma 2.11 long, 1.74 wide, pl/pw 1.21; sternum 1.00 long, 0.56 wide, sl/sw 1.78; abdomen 2.00 long, 1.40 wide, not inflated. Ocular quadrangle 0.99 long. Anterior eye row 1.53, posterior eye row 1.52 wide. AME largest; posterior eye group width 0.87 of caput width; AME 0.47; ALE 0.28; PME 0.20; PLE 0.08; AME ‒AME 0.05; AME ‒ALE 0.04; PME ‒PME 1.26; PME ‒PLE 0.20; ALE ‒PLE 0.31. Clypeus 0.16 high. Paturon with two promarginal teeth and one retromarginal tooth. Length of leg III, femur: 1.72, patella: 0.70, tibia: 0.91, metatarsus: 0.87, tarsus: 0.53; metatarsus III 0.94 the length of tibia III. Leg formula: 3421. Prosoma dark brown sides cinnamon with dark reticulation; ocular quadrangle covered with golden setae scattered with white setae, sides with a fringe, and two lateral patches of white setae just behind the PME; AME and ALE dorsally with a fringe of golden setae, ventrally with a fringe of white seatae. Endites, labium, chelicerae and sternum pale with darker reticulation; opisthosoma dark with patterns of bluish iridescent setae forming an “octopus pattern”, with two red lateral arms when seen from the front; venter pale with irregular black dots. Leg I, II, IV pale with darker spots, covered with white setae; leg III: femur medium brown, patella cinnamon, tibia and metatarsus dark brown tarsus white. Male palp ( Figs 11 View FIGURE 11 B, E, H, 13G ‒I): cymbium short, 1.6 times longer than wide, covered with long white setae; tip stout with distal scopula. Embolic disc wider than long, with smooth flat rim, no longitudinal ridges but tooth-like denticules at the retrocentral part of the embolus; embolus tip with rounded retrolateral ridge, embolus opening at dorsal part of the ridge; ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 E); lateral process of embolic disc compact with longitudinal pancake-stack shaped lamellae ( Fig. 11 View FIGURE 11 H); tegular shoulder with coneshaped lamella (LTS); retrobasal tegular lobe (TL) with narrow tip only prolateral side strongly concave ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 H); retolateral part of patella and tibia covered with long white setae covering 1/2 of the cymbium; retrolateral tibial apophysis narrow, finger-shaped ( Fig. 13 View FIGURE 13 I).

Female (Allotype, QM-S96333). Total length 4.54. Prosoma 2.36 long, 1.82 wide, pl/pw 1.30; sternum 0.92 long, 0.58 wide, sl/sw 1.58; abdomen 2.17 long, 1.73 wide; abdomen longer than wide, ol/ow1.56. Ocular quadrangle 0.93 long. Anterior eye row 1.73, posterior eye row 1.70 wide. AME largest; posterior eye group width 0.93 of caput width; AME 0.52; ALE 0.29; PME 0.26; PLE 0.07; AME ‒AME 0.05; AME ‒ALE 0.05; PME ‒PME 1.45; PME ‒PLE 0.19; ALE ‒PLE 0.20. Clypeus 0.14 high. Paturon with two promarginal teeth and one retromarginal tooth. Prosoma cinnamon with darker reticulation covered with black setae. Ocular quadrangle black, indented at middle; AME and ALE with white fringe. Endites, labium, chelicerae and sternum pale; opisthosoma dark brown with cinnamon sides and inverted v-shaped pattern dorsally; venter pale. Leg I ‒IV cinnamon with darker spots. Epigyne ( Figs 14 View FIGURE 14 G, H) with large semicircular windows, and a median septum, copulatory opening (CO) close to median septum, primary spermatheca large nearly circular, secondary spermatheca much smaller, circular. Accessory glands at anterior part of secondary spermatheca, fertilisation ducts laterally of primary spermathecae.

Distribution. Known only from the greater Brisbane area in Queensland.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Salticidae

Genus

Maratus