Macropygium Spinola, 1837

Silva, Layse Mitsue Harada Da & Campos, Luiz Alexandre, 2021, Revision of Macropygium Spinola, 1837 (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae: Ochlerini) with the revalidation of three species and the description of one new species, Zootaxa 4958 (1), pp. 605-627 : 606-612

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4958.1.36

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1616997B-867D-45CD-8470-515C39815F89

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4716452

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/D40F87E7-6F0D-FFD8-FF2C-DB63FA02B584

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Macropygium Spinola, 1837
status

 

Macropygium Spinola, 1837  

Macropygium Spinola, 1837: 287   ; Herrich-Schäffer, 1844: 48; Stål, 1867: 523; Stål, 1872: 4. P. 12; Distant, 1880: 49; Berg, 1884: 181; Dallas, 1851: 150–159; Kirkaldy, 1909: 184; Rolston, 1992: 5, 24–25; Campos & Grazia, 2006: 147, 151, 160, 162; Garbelotto et al., 2013: 454; Roell & Campos, 2018: 1139.

Oxyrhinus Amyot & Serville, 1843   (synonymized by Dallas 1851).

Type species: Cimex reticularis Fabricius, 1803   (senior synonym of Macropygium atrum Spinola, 1837   ).

Diagnosis. Medium size (10.0– 13.9mm); oval body, brown or dark brown with black irregular spots, anterolateral margins of pronotum yellowish in some specimens ( Figs 1 View FIGURE 1 , 2 View FIGURE 2 ); head triangular; mandibular plates surpassing apex of clypeus, touching each other in some specimens; four or five antennomeres, antepenultimate antennomere wider in males than females. Pronotum slightly sloping anterior to the humeri; scutellum shorter than coria; apex of rostrum surpassing urosternite III. Male urosternite VII, in the middle line, as long as or longer than all remainder abdominal segments taken together. Pygophore large, occupying more than a third of the abdominal cavity.

Description. Head triangular; mandibular plates surpassing the apex of clypeus, converging each other, or only touching each other in some specimens; anteocular processes spinose. Eyes pedunculated; ocelli posterior to a line connecting the hind margins of eyes; small punctures forming wrinkles over mandibular plates; antennae with four or five antennomeres; insertion of the labium posterior to an imaginary line tangent to the anterior margin of the eyes; apex of rostrum surpassing urosternite III.

Pronotum wider than long; dorsal surface of anterolateral margins flattened;anterior margin sinuous; anterolateral angles with a small triangular projection; cicatrices weakly tumid, smooth or with rare, inconspicuous punctures. Scutellum triangular, longer than wide, shorter than coria; completely brown or with small yellow spots: 1+1 near the foveae, one median at anterior margin, and one apical. Frenal lobe twice as long the postfrenal lobe. Coria covered by fine and sparse punctures; apical angle surpassing connexivum V; hemelytral membrane may extend beyond the abdominal apex. Meso- and metasternum smooth, bearing flat median carina; pleura rugose, uniformly dark brown or with irregular yellowish spots; evaporatorium smooth, velvety, covering one-third of the metapleura; peritreme short, spout; legs yellowish with brown rounded spots on femora and tibiae. Abdominal sternites with dark spots.

Male: antepenultimate antennomere wider than each the two last; large trapezoidal pygophore, occupying about 1/3 of the abdominal cavity; ventral rim with a medial conical projection ( Fig. 4A View FIGURE 4 ; cp); dorsal rim bearing 1+1 lateral projections directed dorsoposteriorly ( Fig. 4B–D, O View FIGURE 4 ; lp); posterolateral angles acute, directed dorsoposteriorly ( Fig. 4B–D View FIGURE 4 ; pl), with a broad medial projection ( Fig. 4B–D View FIGURE 4 ; ppla), this rounded at apex and directed dorsally. Apex of parameres visible posteriorly and ventrally between the posterolateral angles, ventral to segment X ( Fig. 4D View FIGURE 4 ; par). Segment X broad, ogival, surpassing posteriorly both the ventral rim and the posterolateral angles ( Fig. 4B, C; X View FIGURE 4 ). Anal opening subapical, dorsal to the posteriorly projected portion of segment X, this slit opened ventrally to give way to the phallus. Phallus highly sclerotized; phallotheca piriform, narrowed apically; vesica twisted and accompanying the ductus seminis distalis; conjunctiva reduced, surrounding vesica ( Fig. 5M–Y View FIGURE 5 ).

Female: antepenultimate antennomere the same width as the two last; posterior margin of valvifers VIII projecting over the base of laterotergites IX; sutural margins juxtaposed; disc evenly convex. Laterotergites VIII triangular, spiracles visible at basal angle lateral to valvifers VIII. Valvifers IX exposed, posterior margin biconcave; laterotergites IX trapezoid, touching each other in the medial angle; medial margins divergent; apex rounded. Segment X partially exposed between the laterotergites IX ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 ). Valvulae IX weakly sclerotized near the ring sclerites; infoldings of valvulae IX extending from valvifers IX almost to the ring sclerites; vaginal intima barely thickened, almost indistinguishable; proximal portion of ductus receptaculi large, wider than median duct of vesicular area, this globose at base; inner duct of vesicular area narrowing from the proximal aperture to the apical limit of the vesicular area; capsula seminalis globose with thin processes as long as the pars intermedialis, the latter twice longer than capsula seminalis ( Fig. 7 View FIGURE 7 ).

Comments. The species of Macropygium   show a cryptic body morphology, and species recognition is only possible assessing the genital morphology. The only exception is the new species, Macropygium graziae   sp. nov., whose antennae are four-segmented, while five-segmented in all the other species. Phylogenetic hypotheses ( Campos & Grazia 2006; Garbelotto et al. 2013; Roell & Campos 2019) recovered Macropygium   in the same clade with Uvaldus   and Clypona   . Macropygium   can be easily distinguished from Uvaldus   ( Fig. 3A View FIGURE 3 ) by the larger size, darker color, and longer mandibular plates; and differs from the monotypic Clypona   ( Fig. 3B, C View FIGURE 3 ) by two subtle characteristics, the second rostral segment slightly longer than the first segment, and the base of clypeus triangular in ventral view ( Rolston 1992). There is no clear difference in the genital plates between Clypona aerata Rolston, 1992   ( Fig. 3C View FIGURE 3 ) and Macropygium   spp. ( Fig. 6 View FIGURE 6 ). Because the male of C. aerata   is unknown, the validity of Clypona   as a separate genus and its relationship with the species of Macropygium   are still to be investigated.

Key to the species of Macropygium  

Because the species of Macropygium   show a cryptic body morphology, the present identification key is based mostly in characteristics of genital morphology.

1 Antennae with five segments ( Figs 1A–D View FIGURE 1 , 2A, B View FIGURE 2 ); male with lateral projections of dorsal rim of pygophore slim, placed near the posterolateral angles ( Fig. 4C, G, K View FIGURE 4 ); female with lateral portion of posterior margin of valvifers VIII projected over laterotergites IX ( Fig. 6A–C, E View FIGURE 6 )......................................................................... 2

- Antennae with four segments ( Fig. 2C View FIGURE 2 ); male with lateral projections of dorsal rim of pygophore wide, placed away from the posterolateral angles ( Fig. 4O View FIGURE 4 ); female with middle portion of posterior margin of valvifers VIII projected over laterotergites IX ( Fig. 6D View FIGURE 6 )................................................................. Macropygium graziae   sp. nov.

2 Male segment X subquadrangular in posterior view ( Fig. 4H View FIGURE 4 ); lateral portion of the posterior margin of female valvifers VIII projected over laterotergites IX well beyond the spiracles of laterotergites VIII, attaining or surpassing an imaginary line connecting the medial thrichobothria of urosternite VII ( Fig. 6B View FIGURE 6 )..................... Macropygium spinolae Stål, 1860  

- Male segment X subrectangular in posterior view ( Fig. 4D, L View FIGURE 4 ); lateral portion of the posterior margin of female valvifers VIII not exceeding the imaginary line of thrichobothria and the third part of valvifers VIII ( Fig. 6A, C, E View FIGURE 6 ).................. 3

3 Male conical projection of ventral rim of pygophore bifurcate at apex ( Fig. 4I View FIGURE 4 ); lateral portion of the female laterotergites VIII slightly deflected, and posterior angle oval ( Fig. 6C View FIGURE 6 )......................... Macropygium bifidum (Westwood, 1837)  

- Male conical projection of ventral rim single at apex ( Fig. 4A View FIGURE 4 , cp); lateral portion of the female valvifers VIII not deflected, and posterior angle rounded ( Fig. 6A, E View FIGURE 6 )...................................................................... 4

4 Posterior angle of valvifers VIII not reaching the lateral margin of laterotergites IX; maximum width of valvifer VIII about 0.7 times the length at the sutural margin ( Fig. 6A View FIGURE 6 )............................ Macropygium reticulare (Fabricius, 1803)  

- Posterior angle of valvifers VIII not covering the lateral margin of laterotergites IX; valvifer VIII rounded, maximum width of valvifer VIII about 0.9 times the length at the sutural margin ( Fig. 6E View FIGURE 6 )..................................................................................................... Macropygium subsulcatum (Amyot & Serville, 1843)  

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Pentatomidae

Loc

Macropygium Spinola, 1837

Silva, Layse Mitsue Harada Da & Campos, Luiz Alexandre 2021
2021
Loc

Macropygium

Garbelotto, T. A. & Campos, L. A. & Grazia, J. 2013: 454
Campos, L. A. & Grazia, J. 2006: 147
Rolston, L. H. 1992: 5
Spinola, M. 1837: 287
1837