Geodiidae Gray, 1867

Sim-Smith, Carina, Hickman, Cleveland & Kelly, Michelle, 2021, New shallow-water sponges (Porifera) from the Galápagos Islands, Zootaxa 5012 (1), pp. 1-71 : 36

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5012.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:56C6852D-AAE0-4B6B-AB57-919CD62DAEC1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5162292

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/D3075148-FFF8-FFD8-FF67-8DD3B339CE33

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Geodiidae Gray, 1867
status

 

Family Geodiidae Gray, 1867

Genus Penares Gray, 1867

Diagnosis. Irregularly massive sponges, typically cream, grey, black or yellow in colour. Microspined microxeas and/or microrhabds are arranged more-or-less tangentially at the surface of the sponge, forming a crust. Megascleres are oxeas and short- to medium-shafted dicho-, ortho- or plagiotriaenes that form a layer under or above the cortex, cladomes uppermost. Oxeas are arranged more-or-less radially in the upper choanosome but are usually disorganised below the subectosome. Microscleres are smooth microxeas and/or blunt-ended microrhabds that may or may not be centrotylote; microspined or smooth euasters (oxyasters, tylasters), spherules and spherasters are sometimes present (from Sim-Smith & Kelly 2019).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Porifera

Class

Demospongiae

Order

Tetractinellida

Family

Geodiidae

Loc

Geodiidae Gray, 1867

Sim-Smith, Carina, Hickman, Cleveland & Kelly, Michelle 2021
2021
Loc

Penares

Gray 1867
1867